[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Penile nerve block (PNB) is a well-established technique used for circumcision; it requires the injection of local anesthetics close to the dorsal nerve of the penis. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided PNB versus the classical landmark-based technique (LBT) in children undergoing circumcision.
Methods: Forty boys, aged 1–14 years old that were scheduled for circumcision were randomly assigned to ultrasound-guided and landmark-based groups. All patients were placed under standard anesthesia with sevoflurane. In each group, patients received the penile block with ropivacaine, 0.75 mg·kg−1 per side, and 0.05 mg·kg−1 at the penis base. Groups were compared for intraoperative failure rate of the block, anesthesia time, postoperative pain scale, time of first required dose of paracetamol, time to first micturition, and average duration of stay in the postanesthesia care unit.
Results: The failure rate of dorsal PNB was not statistically different between groups (P = 0.5). Ultrasound guidance improved the efficacy of the PNB compared to the LBT in terms of postoperative pain scores on arrival in the PACU (P < 0.01) and after 30 min (P < 0.01). The ultrasound-guided technique also delayed the time to the first paracetamol dose administration (P < 0.0001), but the duration of the procedure, defined as the time between anesthesia induction and the end of surgery, was increased by 10 min in the US-guided group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided PNB improved the efficacy of the block compared with the LBT in terms of the postoperative pain during the first postoperative hour and the time to the first requirement for postoperative analgesia.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · Pediatric Anesthesia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although rare, sacrococcygeal teratoma is the most common congenital tumor. We report a case of a precociously diagnosed and rapidly growing cystic lesion. These tumors may be associated with hemodynamic and hemorrhagic complications. Therefore, affected fetuses should be carefully followed during the entire pregnancy by ultrasound and MR imaging in order to evaluate the evolution of the mass, its consequences on the fetal organs and to appreciate the wellbeing of the fetus. Delivery and post natal work up can therefore be optimized.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · JBR-BTR: organe de la Société royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neonatal hemochromatosis is a heterogeneous disorder of iron metabolism characterized by hepatic failure and marked iron accumulation in liver and extrahepatic tissues. Autosomal recessive transmission is found in most cases. Neonatal hemochromatosis shares cellular features with the adult disease but is clinically and genetically distinct, the causal gene(s) being presently unknown. We report on a newborn from consanguineous parents who presented with multiple congenital anomalies and neonatal hemochromatosis. The syndrome consisted of intra-uterine growth retardation, intestinal atresia, gallbladder aplasia and diabetes mellitus, and fitted with the diagnosis of Martinez-Frias syndrome, a very rare autosomal recessive phenotype, the gene of which remains to be identified. We suggest that neonatal hemochromatosis may be part of the Martinez-Frias syndrome. Molecular analyses in this and other reported patients with the Martinez-Frias syndrome should shed light on gut development and iron metabolism.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · European journal of medical genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alimentary tract duplications are rare congenital malformations that occur most commonly in the jejunoileal part of the gastrointestinal tract. Management of this pathologic condition is usually drawn up. We report a case of descending colonic communicating duplication in which clinical presentation and anatomopathologic results were unexpected. A slightly echogenic abdominal mass reaching 72 x 36 mm in the left flank was diagnosed in a female fetus during the third trimester ultrasound examination. At birth, volume of the mass rapidly evolved, and despite no intestinal obstruction was observed by compression of the adjacent gastrointestinal tract, abdomen was distended. Abdominal plain film showed a large air collection, and the barium enema demonstrated a slight leak of contrast in the aerated mass, suggesting a communication with the sigmoid colon. No other abnormalities were seen. The patient underwent surgery in emergency. The mass was then totally excised through an antimesenteric resection of the tubular tract joining cystic mass and sigmoid colon. A lateral suture of the colon was subsequently performed. The wall of the duplication is usually composed of a smooth muscle layer covered by an epithelium, mostly of intestinal type. Herein, we describe a descending colonic duplication completely lined with nonkeratinizing squamous epithelium. Therefore, the association of a colonic mucosa (of endodermic origin) and a squamous epithelium (derived from the ectoderm) in our case is an interesting finding and is not explained by the various theories. Furthermore, the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal duplications are discussed with regard to literature.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Journal of Pediatric Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Splenic cysts are rarely observed in young patients. We report three cases of splenic cysts. The management and the surgical procedure, if needed, are discussed. If the splenic cyst is symptomatic or if its size reaches a diameter of 4-6cm, it requires surgical management. This treatment would be performed by laparoscopic approach and is intended to spare splenic tissue as much as possible. A prophylactic anti-pneumococcal vaccination is recommended before surgical treatment.
No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Hepato-gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of foetal urinary bladder rupture due to posterior urethral valves. A megacystis was diagnosed in a male foetus during routine second trimester ultrasound examination. The diagnosis of bladder rupture was made as, one week later, the bladder became undetectable with the appearance of ascites. During the follow-up, no oligohydramnios developed and intercurrent ascites resolved spontaneously. There are three described mechanisms releasing bladder hyperpressure: bladder diverticles, unilateral vesicoureteral reflux and bladder rupture. In this case, another mechanism might be involved: a patent urachus. The urethral valves were resected and no other surgical treatment was needed. The renal function remained normal. No long-term vesical follow-up of this pathology is available in the literature.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2007 · Acta chirurgica Belgica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a newborn presenting with a pediculated mass arising from the anal margin. Antenatal sonogram and magnetic resonance imaging were unable to diagnose the precise nature of the lesion. Sacrococcygeal teratoma, an enterogenous cyst, a polyp, a prolapse or other perineal tumors were all proposed as possible entities. At birth, no other anatomic anomaly than this homogenous 2 cm para-anal lesion was seen. Excision of the mass was performed under general anesthesia. The postoperative histological exam showed mature fat cells. Reviewing the literature, there have been few previously reported cases of congenital perineal lipoma. It is a rare, benign and easy-to-treat condition that can be evocated by morphological sonography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
No preview · Article · May 2007 · European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new technical tool was developed and introduced into the therapeutic field of videoscopic surgery-robotic telemanipulation surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate in a prospective randomized trial the feasibility of the Nissen procedure using the da Vinci and to evaluate the benefits and the costs of this new technique compared with the conventional laparoscopic approach.
Twenty patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) were randomized into laparoscopic Nissen versus robot-assisted Nissen fundoplication. All the patients signed an informed consent document. The time data of the procedure, the efficacy of the instruments, the intra-operative incidents, postoperative morbidity, and cost minimization are presented.
Nine patients were assigned to the robot, and 11 to the laparoscopic procedure. Both groups were similar in age, male/female ratio, and body mass index. The robot procedure time was significantly longer. The hospital stay and the alimentation day were similar. The number of postoperative complaints was similar after the 1st, 6th, and 12th postoperative months. However, on the 3rd postoperative month, the number of complaints was significantly higher in the robot group. The robot procedure was more expensive with regard to the instrumentation and reusable material, the nursing costs, the investment costs, and the maintenance costs.
No clear advantage of using robotics in the Nissen procedure was observed. The procedure seems to be feasible and safe. The technique is limited because of unadapted instruments. The disadvantages are the high costs and prolonged operative time.
No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · World Journal of Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal malrotation is a developmental anomaly affecting the position and peritoneal attachments of the small and large intestines during fetal life. Most often the diagnosis is established in the first year of life on the basis of abdominal pain and bile-stained vomiting secondary to bowel obstruction. The antenatal diagnosis can be suggested by identification of the complications such as bowel dilatation, ascites or meconium peritonitis. We describe two cases of isolated antenatal gastric malposition without any other associated anomaly that were confirmed after birth to be due to intestinal malrotation. We suggest that such an antenatal finding should alert the paediatrician to close clinical follow-up and prompt the diagnosis and surgical treatment in case of abdominal pain and/or bilious vomiting.
No preview · Article · May 2006 · Pediatric Radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Better tools for predicting the risk of death while awaiting transplantation are urgently needed because organ shortage is increasing the numbers on transplantation waiting lists. The aminopyrine breath test (ABT), model for endstage liver disease (MELD), and Child-Pugh (C-P) score were compared as predictors of this risk in 137 cirrhotic candidates for liver transplantation. Eighty-three were transplanted within 3 months of registration, 35 others survived, 13 died before transplantation, and 6 were removed from the list. By univariate analysis, the continuous variables significantly associated with death while awaiting transplantation were: history of infected ascites, C-P score, ABT, and international normalized ratio or prothrombin time. Receiver operating characteristic curves for quantitative variables showed that the area under the curve was greatest for ABT (0.858±0.067). By Youden curve analysis, the best cut-off points for identifying cirrhotic patients at high risk of death while on the waiting list were: > 10, > 16, and <0.7% for the C-P score, MELD score, and ABT, respectively. These results show that ABT is as good as the MELD and C-P scores, or better, as a predictor of death among cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2005 · Transplant International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Better tools for predicting the risk of death while awaiting transplantation are urgently needed because organ shortage is increasing the numbers on transplantation waiting lists. The aminopyrine breath test (ABT), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), and Child-Pugh (C-P) score were compared as predictors of this risk in 137 cirrhotic candidates for liver transplantation. Eighty-three were transplanted within 3 months of registration, 35 others survived, 13 died before transplantation, and 6 were removed from the list. By univariate analysis, the continuous variables significantly associated with death while awaiting transplantation were: history of infected ascites, C-P score, ABT, and international normalized ratio or prothrombin time. Receiver operating characteristic curves for quantitative variables showed that the area under the curve was greatest for ABT (0.858 +/- 0.067). By Youden curve analysis, the best cut-off points for identifying cirrhotic patients at high risk of death while on the waiting list were: > 10, > 16, and < 0.7% for the C-P score, MELD score, and ABT, respectively. These results show that ABT is as good as the MELD and C-P scores, or better, as a predictor of death among cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Transplant International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of cases and organ shortage justify reconsidering the global therapeutic approach for hepatocelluar carcinoma in cirrhotic patients.
Recent literature was reviewed, focused on new therapeutic technologies such as radiofrequency.
For small tumors, liver transplantation offers theoretically the best chance for cure. However, organ shortage may eliminate this advantage, because of tumor progression while waiting for a graft. For small tumors, arising on compensated cirrhosis, resection or radiofrequency ablation may provide efficient local tumor control without precluding subsequent transplantation in case of tumor recurrence and/or cirrhosis decompensation.
For small tumors and compensated cirrhosis, resection or radiofrequency could represent acceptable first line treatments. In addition to permit safe and immediate tumor control, this strategy would allow a preferential redistribution of grafts to patients with decompensated cirrhosis in whom transplantation is the only possibility.
No preview · Article · Sep 2003 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal complications are a well-documented source of morbidity and mortality after heart and lung transplantation.
We report on two patients who presented with gastric perforation caused by mucormycosis during the first 2 months after heart-lung and heart transplantation.
In the first patient, the clinical presentation was insidious and the diagnosis was made at an advanced stage of the disease. Despite surgery and aggressive antifungal treatment, the patient died. In the second patient, the diagnosis was made promptly, but despite antifungal treatment, he presented with gastric perforation within a week.
These cases illustrate that fungal invasive disease may be a cause of early gastrointestinal perforation after solid organ transplantation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Perinatal ultrasonography is very important for the detection, identification, and follow-up of abdominal wall defects. The ability to distinguish between types of abdominal wall defects and reach a correct diagnosis is not always easy. We present two unusual cases of gastroschisis with change in the ultrasonographic appearance as pregnancy progressed and discuss perinatal management.
Full-text · Article · Mar 1998 · Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine