[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is a source of hematopoietic stem cells and other stem cells, and human UCB cells have been reported to contain transplantable hepatic progenitor cells. However, the fractions of UCB cells in which hepatic progenitor cells are rich remain to be clarified. In the present study, first, the fractionated cells by CD34, CD38, and c-kit were transplanted via portal vein of NOD/SCID mice, and albumin mRNA expression was examined in livers at 1 and 3 months posttransplantation. At 1 and 3 months, albumin mRNA expression in CD34+UCB cells-transplanted livers was higher than that in CD34- cells-transplanted livers. Albumin mRNA expression in CD34+CD38+ cells-transplanted livers was higher than that in CD34+CD38- cells-transplanted [corrected] liver at 1 month. However, it was much higher [corrected] in CD34+CD38- cell-transplanted livers at 3 months. Similar expression of albumin mRNA was obtained between CD34+CD38+c-kit+ cells- and CD34+CD38-c-kit- cells-transplanted livers, and between CD34+CD38-c-kit+ cells- and CD34+CD38-c-kit- cells-transplanted livers, respectively. Second, fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were performed to examine whether UCB cells really transdifferentiated into hepatocytes or they only fused with mouse hepatocytes. In mouse liver sections, of 1.2% cells which had human chromosomes, 0.9% cells were due to cell fusion, whereas 0.3% cells were transdifferentiated into human hepatocytes. These results suggest that CD34+UCB cells are rich fractions in hepatic progenitor cells, and that transdifferentiation from UCB cells into hepatocytes as well as cell fusion simultaneously occur in this situation.
No preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mechanisms of mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) from bone marrow to peripheral blood (PB) by cytokines are poorly understood. One hypothesis is that cytokines disrupt cytoadhesive interactions of stem cells with bone marrow stroma. The soluble portion of c-kit (s-kit) binds stem cell factor (SCF) and can specifically block the ability of SCF to bind HSC.
To examine stem cell mobilization by s-kit, we prepared PB mononuclear cells from s-kit- or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-treated mice and assayed their colony-forming abilities and their long-term reconstituting abilities by transplantation into lethally irradiated Ly-5.2 congenic mice.
We confirmed the published findings that human recombinant s-kit can block SCF-stimulated hematopoietic colony growing. We then found that s-kit could mobilize colony-forming cells from bone marrow to PB, and we found long-term reconstitution cells in the PB from s-kit-treated mice. The majority of s-kit-mobilized stem cells were in the CD34(+) cell population. We also tested the additive effect between G-CSF and s-kit. The mean percentages of donor cells in the mice transplanted with Lin(-) cells from the G-CSF-treated mice and the G-CSF/s-kit-treated mice were 44.6% and 64.8%, respectively (p=0.028).
These findings demonstrate that stem cells with long-term engraftment capabilities can be mobilized by s-kit, and that s-kit combined with G-CSF treatment leads to significant enhancement of engraftment efficiency, suggesting mobilization via disruption between c-kit and SCF as the mechanism.
No preview · Article · May 2004 · Experimental Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 51-year-old man without human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus was admitted with left scrotum swelling and hydrocele. The cytological finding of fluid in the left scrotum revealed malignant lymphoma, and the immunophenotypic analysis and monoclonal rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain demonstrated B-cell lymphoma. However, no solid tumor of lymphoma was identified in the specimen following a left orchiectomy, or in any other body site and genomic human herpes virus-8 and Epstein-Barr virus were not detected in the lymphoma cells. So we interpreted this as a primary effusion lymphoma without any ethological viral infection. Subsequently, he underwent chemo-radiation therapy and has remained in remission.
No preview · Article · May 2003 · Internal Medicine