[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We previously showed that B cell receptor associated protein 31(BAP31) was significantly upregulated in colorectal cancer
compared with normal mucosa epithelia. However, its expression pattern and pathological role in colorectal cancer are not
clearly understood. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of BAP31 was associated with the clinicopathological
parameters of colorectal cancer. The expression pattern of BAP31 was detected by immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray
in both primary tumor and paired distant normal mucosa samples from 120 consecutive colorectal cancer patients. Furthermore,
BAP31 protein expression was also determined in twenty colorectal adenomas and eight liver metastasis samples. There was positive
expression of BAP31 in 64.17% of primary tumors and 6.67% in distant normal mucosa (P=0.000). Negative expression of BAP31 was correlated with distant metastasis (P=0.036) and lower tumor differentiation grade (P=0.001). Patients with BAP31-negative expression showed significantly lower overall survival rate (P=0.003) compared to patients with BAP31-positive expression. Our results demonstrate that BAP31 may serve as a candidate prognostic
marker in colorectal cancer and negative BAP31 expression may lead to more aggressive invasion of colorectal cancer.
KeywordsBAP31–colorectal cancer–immunohistochemistry–tissue microarray–prognostic marker
Preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Chinese Science Bulletin
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GC) is the one of the most common types of cancer in Asia. To better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying GC, and to seek new markers of tumor progression, we used a proteomics strategy to analyze the protein expression patterns in matched pairs of GC tissue and normal gastric mucosa of 8 GC patients. Comparative proteomic analysis, using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), revealed that 32 protein spots showed a >2-fold difference in intensity between tumor and normal tissues. Twenty-six proteins were up-regulated and 6 proteins were down-regulated in tumor tissue compared to control. Western blot analysis confirmed differential expression for 9 proteins, including AGR2, ENO1, GDI2, GRP78, GRP94, PPIA, PRDX1, PTEN and VDAC1. Immunohistochemical staining of a tissue microarray, derived from 145 GC patients, with antibodies for each of the 9 proteins demonstrated a significant association between the level of protein immunostaining and the clinical features of the disease in the donor. The identified proteins were functionally classified using bioinformatics methods, showing that the 9 proteins identified were related to BCL2, BAX, ERBB2 and CASP3 proteins and involved in the process of apoptosis. These proteomic data provide potentially valuable insights into both the biology of GC and the identity of biomarkers for tumor progression. We propose ENO1, GRP78, GRP94, PPIA, PRDX1 and PTEN as potential GC biomarkers.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · International Journal of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To search for potential protein markers of colorectal cancer (CRC), the changes in protein expression levels between microdissected tumor cells and normal mucosa epithelia were analyzed by an acetylation stable isotopic labeling method coupled with linear quadrupole ion trap fourier transform mass spectrometry (LTQ-FTMS). In total, 137 proteins were up-regulated or down-regulated significantly in cancer by at least two-fold. Based on gene ontology analysis, the largest part of differential proteins were unknown for both subcellular localization and biological process. In particular, the significant up-regulation of transgelin-2 (TAGLN2) in CRC was validated by Western blot analysis and further evaluated by immunohistochemistry in paired tumor and normal mucosa samples from 120 consecutive CRC patients, 20 adenomas, and eight synchronous hepatic metastases of CRC. TAGLN2 expression was frequently observed in cancer cells, precancerous lesions, and hepatic metastases, whereas in normal epithelia expression was rarely observed. The overexpression of TAGLN2 was associated with lymph node and distant metastasis, advanced clinical stage (P < 0.001), and shorter overall survival in CRCs. Cox regression analysis indicated that high tumor-TAGLN2 expression represents an independent prognostic factor. Consequently, over-expression of TAGLN2 may serve as a new biomarker for predicting progression and prognosis of CRC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to analyze the expression of Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN in relation to clinicopathological features of gastric cancer tissue biopsies in order to determine the value of a combined analysis of Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN expression in distinguishing histological types and prognosis of gastric cancers. The expression of Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN was studied using immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded tumor specimens from 99 patients who underwent radical D2 gastrectomy between 1999 and 2001. Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN expression were detected in 39.6% (36 of 91) and 70.3% (64 of 91) of gastric cancer cases, respectively. There was a negative correlation between Cdx2 expression and Lauren classification (p=0.032), and between nuclear PTEN expression and lymph node metastasis (p=0.049). Patients with Cdx2-positive, or nuclear PTEN-positive expression had higher survival rates than those with Cdx2-negative or nuclear PTEN-negative expression (p<0.001 and p=0.003, respectively). Co-expression of Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN showed significantly lower levels in diffuse- or mixed-type cancers than in intestinal-type cancers (p=0.005). Multivariate analysis revealed that Cdx2 expression was an independent prognostic indicator of gastric cancer (p=0.014). These data suggest that combined analysis of Cdx2 and nuclear PTEN expression can have significant value in distinguishing histological types of gastric cancer and assessing prognosis in patients with gastric cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To show that Stat3 plays a key role in the G1 to S phase transition in colon cancer cells.
Human colon cancer cell lines SW480 and HCT116 were transfected with Stat3 antisense oligonucleotide mediated by liposome, MTT assay was used to measure the proliferation, flow cytometry was applied to analyze the cell cycle, and the expressions of Stat3, phosphorylation-specific Stat3 (tyrosine 705), Cyclin D1, Cyclin E, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, p21 and p27 were measured by western blot.
SW480 and HCT116 colon cancer cell lines expressed constitutively activated Stat3. Targeting of Stat3 using antisense oligonucleotide which directed against the translation site resulted in growth inhibition, downregulation of Stat3, p-Stat3, Cyclins and CDKs, and up-regulation of p21 and p27.
Our findings suggest that Stat3 plays an important role in the G1 to S phase transition in colon cancer cells, Stat3 orchestrates cell cycle by regulating the balance between CDK/Cyclin complex and CKI.
No preview · Article · Mar 2003 · Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expressions of cyclin E, cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK-2) and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p57(KIP2) in human gastric cancer, and to evaluate the relationships between protein levels and clinicopathological parameters.
Western blot was used to measure the expressions of cyclin E, CDK-2 and p57(KIP2) proteins in the surgically resected gastric carcinoma, adjacent normal mucosa and metastatic lymph nodes from 36 patients.
Cyclin E and CDK-2 protein levels were higher in gastric cancer tissues in comparison with normal tissues (P < 0.05). Overexpression of cyclin E was correlated with lymph node involvement, poor histological grade and serosa invasion (P < 0.05). Overexpression of CDK-2 was correlated with lymph nodes involvement (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference between cyclin E and CDK-2 expression was found when samples were stratified according to tumor size (P > 0.05). Expression of cyclin E and CDK-2 showed a positive linear correlation (r = 0.451, P = 0.01). Protein levels of p57(KIP2) were lower in gastric cancer tissues than in the normal mucosa (P < 0.05). Decreased expression of p57(KIP2) was correlated with lymph node involvement (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference in p57(KIP2) expression was found when sample were stratified according to tumor size, histological grade or serosa invasion (P > 0.05). In metastatic lymph nodes, expression of cyclin E was increased and the expression of p57(KIP2) decreased.
Overexpressions of cyclin E, CDK-2 and downregulated expression of p57(KIP2) may play important roles in tumorigenesis and metastatic potential of gastric cancer.
No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Chinese medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal cascade in the non-estrogen antagonistic mechanism of tamoxifen (TAM).
Human breast cancer cells MCF-7 were cultured. TAM, PD98075, inhibitor of MAPK kinase (MEK), or TAM + PD98075 was added into the culture media, followed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and DMSO. Then the 542nm absorption value was measured and the growth curve was drawn. Western blot was used to measure the expression of p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in MCF-7 cells. Flow cytometry was applied to analyze the cell cycle and apoptosis.
The optical density representing the relative expression of p-ERK was lower successively in the control, TAM, PD09875, and TAM + PD09875 groups. The apoptotic rate of MCF-7 cells was 6.44%, 8.3%, 36.5% and 53.5% in the control, PD98075, TAM, and TAM + PG98075 groups respectively The rate of cells in G(0)G(1) phase was 74.25%, 79.76%, 84.02%, and 95.82% in those groups respectively. Ther rate o cells in S phase was 21.03%, 15.22%, 11.43%, and 2.22% respectively in those groups. The rate of cells in G(2)M phase was 4.71%, 5.02%, 4.52%, and 1.96% respectively in those groups.
MAPK signal transduction pathway plays a certain role in the non-estrogen antagonistic mechanism of tamoxifen.
No preview · Article · Oct 2002 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the MEK and ERK expression and their relationship with clinicopathological parameters in human breast carcinoma, and the effect of preoperative chemotherapy on MEK and ERK protein expression.
Samples were obtained from 56 patients with breast carcinoma and 8 patients with benign tumors. Sixteen of the 56 patients received preoperative chemotherapy. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression of MEK1, MEK2 and ERK1, ERK2 protein.
MEK2 and ERK1, ERK2 protein levels were increased in breast carcinoma tissue compared with those in adjacent normal tissues (t = 7.244, 5.959, 3.735, P < 0.01) and benign tumors (t = 2.206, P < 0.05). The levels of MEK1 were decreased. The expression of MEK2 protein in ER negative patients was higher than that in ER positive ones. MEK2 protein levels were lower in patients who received preoperative chemotherapy than in those who did not.
Overexpression of MEK-ERK may play an important role in the development of human breast carcinoma. MEK and ERK protein expressions are inhibited by preoperative chemotherapy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]