Xianghua Hou

University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium

Are you Xianghua Hou?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)9.47 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Identification of the risk predictor of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains a major challenge currently. Thus, proteomic approaches to identify DN-related biomarker were performed. A comparative proteomic approach of 2-D gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry to identify biomarkers in urine samples from 12 DN patients (six type 1 and six type 2 diabetic patients) and six healthy controls. Then, the urinary level of identified protein biomarker was detected by immunoturbidimetry assay in urine samples from 90 type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients with normo-, micro- and macroalbuminuria (n = 30 in each group), and 30 healthy controls. A novel DN-related protein, orosomucoid (alpha1-acid glycoprotein), was identified by proteomic method. Its abundance was highly upregulated (>eightfold) in DN patients. The data of immunoturbidimetry assay showed urinary orosomucoid excretion rate (UOER) was gradually increased in the normo-, micro- and macroalbuminuria group versus control (0.71 +/- 0.41, 1.93 +/- 0.68, 2.88 +/- 0.94 vs 0.39 +/- 0.28 ug/min, P < 0.05). The result indicated that UOER increased in early stage of DN and gradually increased with the development of DN. Also, Pearson's correlation analysis indicated UOER was positively correlated with urinary albumin excretion rate, serum creatinine and C-reactive protein (r = 0.830, 0.787 and 0.360, respectively; P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis also showed that increased UOER was an independent risk factor for DN (odds ratio = 3.10, P < 0.0001). Urinary orosomucoid is a DN-related biomarker, which is associated with the development and progression of DN. Furthermore, increased UOER is an independent risk factor of DN.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Nephrology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Currently, early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains a major challenge. Thus, more investigations into new DN-related biomarkers are needed. We employed urinary proteomic approach of fluorescence-based difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) and mass spectrometry to identify novel biomarkers in urine samples, which were from type 2 diabetes patients with normoalbuminuria (DM group), microalbuminuria (DN1 group), macroalbuminuria (DN2 group) and control group (n=8 in each group). The identified biomarker was further studied by western blot in urine samples (n=6 in each group) and immunohistochemistry in renal biopsies. Besides, the urinary level of biomarker was detected and analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method (n=40 in each group). A novel DN-related biomarker, urinary E-cadherin, was identified by proteomic methods, which up-regulated 1.3-fold, 5.2-fold and 8.5-fold in DM, DN1 and DN2 groups compared with control group. Meanwhile, high expression of urinary soluble 80 kDa fragment of E-cadherin (sE-cadherin) was verified in DN groups by western blot. The ELISA data also demonstrated that urinary sE-cadherin-to-creatinine ratio was significantly increased in DN1 and DN2 groups versus DM group or control group (2751.5+/-164 and 5839.6+/-428 vs 721.9+/-93 or 652.7+/-87 microg/g; p<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of urinary sE-cadherin for diagnosis of DN were calculated as 78.8% (95% CI, 74-83%) and 80% (95% CI, 65-91%). Besides, immunohistochemical stain showed that E-cadherin expression was markedly decreased in renal tubular epithelial cells of patients with DN versus healthy controls. Urinary sE-cadherin has a potential clinical diagnostic value for DN and E-cadherin may participate in the pathogenesis of DN.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Whole blood and serum samples of Chinese stable chronic renal failure (CRF) patients (n = 81), hemodialysis patients (n = 135), posttransplant patients (n = 60), and subjects with normal renal function (NRF; N = 42) were collected, as well as water and dialysate samples from five dialysis centers. The concentration of selenium (Se), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) was measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. The mean serum Se levels in patients with different degrees of renal failure were significantly lower than those of subjects with NRF (p < 0.01). Pb levels were not increased in renal failure patients, while the Cd levels in patients with various degrees of renal failure were higher than in subjects with NRF (p < 0.05). After correcting the results of Pb and Cd for hematocrit (Hct) however, Pb levels of dialysis patients were also increased. In the dialysis population under study, blood Pb and Cd levels were closely related to the time on dialysis, while contamination of the final dialysate may also contribute to the increased blood Cd and to a less extent Pb levels. Correction for Hct may be recommended to accurately compare blood Pb and Cd levels in dialysis patients and CRF patients with varying degrees of anemia to those of subjects with NRF.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Biological trace element research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The knowledge on renal lymphatics is very limited and their importance is often neglected in kidney transplantation surgery practice. Early papers demonstrated that acute ligation of hilar lymphatic ducts has a significant effect on sodium excretion and urine volume. However, the long-term effects of hilar lymphatic ducts ligation on renal function and histology were not mentioned. Here we show the time course of renal lesions caused by long-term ligation of renal hilar lymphatic vessels in rats with or without contralateral nephrectomy. Animals were divided into three groups: rats with bilateral renal lymphatic ducts ligation (2KL); rats with one renal ligation and another nephrectomy (1KL); sham-operated rats (Sham). Proteinuria, serum creatinine value and creatinine clearance were monitored. Renal histology was examed by light microscopy. Further biochemical analysis was provided using real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunostaining and western blot techniques. From week 1 after ligation, both 1KL and 2KL rats developed severe proteinuria, whereas elevated serum creatinine and reduced creatinine clearance were observed from week 2. Histomorphological changes appeared in ligated kidneys at week 2, characterized by tubular damage, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and expansion of the mesangium. Overexpression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), Smad2/3, COL I genes and proteins were detected in 1KL and 2KL rats. Compared with 2KL rats, the changes in renal function and histology were more pronounced in 1KL rats. Disturbance of lymph circulation induced chronic renal failure and renal fibrosis, which were aggravated by lymphatic vessels ligation combined with contralateral nephrectomy. The effect of lymphatic ducts ligation on renal lesions may be explained by enhanced activation of the TGF-beta1/Smad signalling.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Nephrology