Kimihiko Moriya

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (76)192.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate actual post-pubertal penile size and factors affecting it in hypospadias patients, we retrospectively reviewed medical charts. Patients and methods Hypospadias patients whose external genitalia were categorized into Tanner stage 5, and whose stretched penile length was evaluated at 15 years old or older from April 2008 to April 2015, were enrolled in the present study. Stretched penile length was measured by a single examiner. Actual post-pubertal stretched penile length and factors affecting the post-pubertal stretched penile length were estimated. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann–Whitney U test and univariate and multivariate linear regression models for the determination of independent factors. Results Thirty patients met the inclusion criteria. Median age at evaluation was 17.2 years. Thirteen and 17 had mild and severe hypospadias, respectively. Endocrinological abnormality was identified in 5. Multivariate analysis showed that the severity of hypospadias and endocrinological abnormality were significant factors affecting stretched penile length. Stretched penile length in 25 patients without endocrinological abnormality was significantly longer than that in those with endocrinological abnormality (p = 0.036). Among patients without endocrinological abnormality, stretched penile length in 13 with severe hypospadias was significantly shorter than that in 12 with mild hypospadias (p = 0.004). Conclusions While the severity of hypospadias and endocrinological abnormality at post-pubertal evaluation were factors affecting post-pubertal penile size, stretched penile length in patients with severe hypospadias was shorter even in cases without endocrinological abnormality. These results suggest that severe hypospadias is not only a disorder of urethral development, but also a disorder of penile development.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · World Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Sexually dimorphic brain development and behavior are known to be influenced by sex hormones exposure in prenatal periods. On the other hand, second-to forth digit ratio (2D/4D) has been used as an indirect method to investigate the putative effects of prenatal exposure to androgen. In the present study, we herein investigated the relationship between gender-role play behavior and the second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D/4D), which has been used as an indirect method to investigate the putative effects of prenatal exposure to androgens, in school-aged children. Among 4981 children who became 8 years old by November 2014 and were contactable for this survey by The Hokkaido Study of Environment and Children's Health, 1631 (32.7%), who had data for 2D/4D and Pre-school Activities Inventory (PSAI) as well as data for the survey at baseline, were available for analysis. Parents sent reports of PSAI on the sex-typical characteristics, preferred toys, and play activities of children, and black and white photocopies of the left and right hand palms via mail. PSAI consisted of 12 masculine items and 12 feminine items, and a composite score was created by subtracting the feminine score from the masculine score, with higher scores representing masculine-typical behavior. While composite scores in PSAI were significantly higher in boys than in girls, 2D/4D was significantly lower in boys than in girls. Although the presence or absence of brothers or sisters affected the composite, masculine, and feminine scored of PSAI, a multivariate regression model revealed that 2D/4D negatively correlated with the composite scores of PSAI in boys, whereas no correlation was found in girls. Although 2D/4D negatively correlated with the masculine score in boys and girls, no correlation was observed between 2D/4D and the feminine score. In conclusion, although social factors, such as the existence of brother or sisters, affect dimorphic brain development and behavior in childhood, the present study revealed that the prenatal hormonal environment was an important factor influencing masculine-typical dimorphic brain development and behavior in school-aged children.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We investigated risk factors for lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction and LUT symptoms in patients who successfully underwent renal transplantation (RTX). Material/Methods: Ninety-five patients (54 males and 41 females) undergoing RTX (median age: 45 years old) at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Uroflowmetry (UFM), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), and 24-h bladder diaries were performed. We analyzed risk factors for voiding dysfunction, urinary frequency, polyuria, nocturia, and nocturnal polyuria after RTX using logistic regression analysis. Results: End-stage renal disease arose from diabetes mellitus in 18 patients (19%). Pre-transplant dialysis had been carried out in 74 patients. Voiding dysfunction as assessed by UFM and PVR was observed in 24 patients (27%). Based on the 24-h bladder diaries, we identified frequent micturition in 29 patients (35%), polyuria in 44 (54%), nocturia in 30 (37%), and nocturnal polyuria in 46 (56%). A multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that diabetes mellitus, which may cause autonomic disorders, was a risk factor for voiding dysfunction and nocturnal polyuria. A risk factor for frequent micturition and nocturia was older age at RTX. Being female was a risk factor for polyuria, which suggested that fluid intake in relation to body weight was higher in females. Conclusions: LUT dysfunction and LUT symptoms were not uncommon in patients who successfully underwent RTX. LUT dysfunction and LUT symptoms need to be considered in patients with risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, older age at RTX, and being female, even after successful RTX.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
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    T Mitsui · T Kitta · K Moriya · M Takeda · N Shinohara
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term urodynamic and urological outcomes were evaluated in pediatric patients following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The medical charts of three pediatric patients following traumatic SCI were retrospectively reviewed. The level of the injury was cervical in two patients and thoracic in one. Two patients, whose initial urodynamics demonstrated voluntary or reflex detrusor contraction with synergic sphincter relaxation, managed to void; however, urinary management was switched in one of these patients from voiding to clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) with anti-cholinergic agents because of a treatment for urinary incontinence. There were also no episodes of hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) or renal dysfunction in these two patients. Although one patient with hyperreflexic bladder was initially managed with CIC and anti-cholinergic agents, detrusor myectomy was ultimately performed because of severe VUR associated with the progressive worsening of lower urinary tract (LUT) function. Careful follow-ups including urodynamics are mandatory for children with progressively deteriorated LUT function or problematic urinary incontinence.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: AimsWe investigated the relationship between IL-1β and morphological and functional changes following partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO).Methods Female wild-type C57/BL6 mice (WT) and IL-1β-/- mice (KO) were used. Animals were sacrificed either 1 or 3 weeks after pBOO or sham surgery, and their bladders were harvested to determine bladder weight, for RT-PCR to measure interleukin-1β (IL-1β), insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) levels, and for histological analysis with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining. Cystometry was performed on conscious animals 3 weeks after surgery to evaluate urodynamic parameters. IGF-1 was also administered intraperitoneally to KO with pBOO, and bladder weight was then investigated.ResultsIL-1β-mRNA levels were significantly higher in WT-pBOO than in WT-sham. IGF-1-mRNA and TGF-β-mRNA levels were also significantly higher in WT-pBOO than in WT-sham; however, these increases were smaller in KO-pBOO than in WT-pBOO. Bladder weight was significantly higher in WT-pBOO than in WT-sham, while increases in bladder weight were significantly suppressed in KO-pBOO. HE staining revealed the thickened bladder wall in WT-pBOO, and this phenomenon was less in KO-pBOO than in WT-pBOO. Regarding the urodynamic parameters examined, micturition pressure and bladder capacity were significantly higher in WT-pBOO than in WT-sham, but remained unchanged in KO-pBOO. The administration of IGF-1 to KO-pBOO led to similar increases in bladder weight and the thickened bladder wall as those observed in WT-pBOO.ConclusionIL-1β has the potential to induce bladder remodeling and deteriorate urodynamic parameters in pBOO. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Neurourology and Urodynamics

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of the PFC in the micturition reflex using an in vivo microdialysis study in rats. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were used and microdyalysis in the PFC and cystometrography (CMG) were performed under consciousness and free movement in the present study. Experiment 1: Samples including extracellular neurotransmitters were collected by microdyalysis and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. At the same time, CMG were performed to measure intercontraction interval (ICI) and maximum voiding pressure (MVP). Experiment 2: SSRI (citalopram, 1 µM) was administered into the PFC, and microdyalysis and cystometrography (CMG) were performed simultaneously. Experiment 3: Following SSRI administration, 5-HT1A agonist (8-OH-DPAT, 300 µM), which has the effect of decreasing the level of serotonin (5-HT) in the PFC, was administered into the PFC, and microdyalysis and CMG were performed simultaneously. Experiment 1: Extracellular level of 5-HT in the PFC significantly increased during micturition reflex (P < 0.05), whereas levels of glutamate or dopamine were not significantly changed. Experiment 2: Local administration of SSRI in the PFC increased the 5-HT level up to approximate 600% of the basal level. It also significantly increased ICI (P < 0.05), whereas no significant change was found in MVP. Experiment 3: The extracellular level of 5-HT gradually decreased after local administration of 5-HT1A agonist, thereby ICI significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The results of the present study suggest that the PFC has a suppressive effect on neural control of the micturition reflex via serotonin. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Neurourology and Urodynamics

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · European Urology Supplements
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND We investigated risk factors for lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction and LUT symptoms in patients who successfully underwent renal transplantation (RTX). MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety-five patients (54 males and 41 females) undergoing RTX (median age: 45 years old) at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Uroflowmetry (UFM), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), and 24-h bladder diaries were performed. We analyzed risk factors for voiding dysfunction, urinary frequency, polyuria, nocturia, and nocturnal polyuria after RTX using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS End-stage renal disease arose from diabetes mellitus in 18 patients (19%). Pre-transplant dialysis had been carried out in 74 patients. Voiding dysfunction as assessed by UFM and PVR was observed in 24 patients (27%). Based on the 24-h bladder diaries, we identified frequent micturition in 29 patients (35%), polyuria in 44 (54%), nocturia in 30 (37%), and nocturnal polyuria in 46 (56%). A multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that diabetes mellitus, which may cause autonomic disorders, was a risk factor for voiding dysfunction and nocturnal polyuria. A risk factor for frequent micturition and nocturia was older age at RTX. Being female was a risk factor for polyuria, which suggested that fluid intake in relation to body weight was higher in females. CONCLUSIONS LUT dysfunction and LUT symptoms were not uncommon in patients who successfully underwent RTX. LUT dysfunction and LUT symptoms need to be considered in patients with risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, older age at RTX, and being female, even after successful RTX.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Prenatal sex hormones can induce abnormalities in the reproductive system and adversely impact on genital development. We investigated whether sex hormones in cord blood influenced the ratio of the second to fourth digit lengths (2D/4D) in school-aged children. Of the 514 children who participated in a prospective cohort study on birth in Sapporo between 2002 and 2005, the following sex hormone levels were measured in 294 stored cord blood samples (135 boys and 159 girls); testosterone (T), estradiol (E), progesterone, LH, FSH, inhibin B, and insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3). A total of 350 children, who were of school age and could be contacted for this survey, were then requested via mail to send black-and-white photocopies of the palms of both the left and right hands. 2D/4D was calculated in 190 children (88 boys and 102 girls) using photocopies and derived from participants with the characteristics of older mothers, a higher annual household income, higher educational level, and fewer smokers among family members. 2D/4D was significantly lower in males than in females (p<0.01). In the 294 stored cord blood samples, T, T/E, LH, FSH, Inhibin B, and INSL3 levels were significantly higher in samples collected from males than those from females. A multivariate regression model revealed that 2D/4D negatively correlated with INSL3 in males and was significantly higher in males with <0.32 ng/mL of INSL3 (p<0.01). No correlations were observed between other hormones and 2D/4D. In conclusion, 2D/4D in school-aged children, which was significantly lower in males than in females, was affected by prenatal Leydig cell function.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: A review of functional brain imaging studies of bladder control in participants with normal control and pathological conditions. In the normal condition, bladder and urethral afferents received in the periaqueductal gray relay the information to the insula, the anterior cingulate cortex and the prefrontal cortex. During the storage phase, these superior regions control the pontine micturition center to inhibit voiding. In overactive bladder patients, brain responses are different. Cortical responses become exaggerated, especially in the anterior cingulate cortex and the supplementary motor area. That is what presumably evokes the "urgency". The supplementary motor area is activated during contraction of the pelvic floor muscles, and provides protection against incontinence. We believe that functional brain imaging studies are promising not only for the understanding of bladder dysfunction, but also as an aid to the development of therapeutic options for chronic disorders. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · International Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: What percentage of cases with non-syndromic hypospadias can be ascribed to mutations in known causative/candidate/susceptibility genes or submicroscopic copy-number variations (CNVs) in the genome? Monogenic and digenic mutations in known causative genes and cryptic CNVs account for >10% of cases with non-syndromic hypospadias. While known susceptibility polymorphisms appear to play a minor role in the development of this condition, further studies are required to validate this observation. Fifteen causative, three candidate, and 14 susceptible genes, and a few submicroscopic CNVs have been implicated in non-syndromic hypospadias. Systematic mutation screening and genome-wide copy-number analysis of 62 patients. The study group consisted of 57 Japanese and five Vietnamese patients with non-syndromic hypospadias. Systematic mutation screening was performed for 25 known causative/candidate/susceptibility genes using a next-generation sequencer. Functional consequences of nucleotide alterations were assessed by in silico assays. The frequencies of polymorphisms in the patient group were compared with those in the male general population. CNVs were analyzed by array-based comparative genomic hybridization and characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Seven of 62 patients with anterior or posterior hypospadias carried putative pathogenic mutations, such as hemizygous mutations in AR, a heterozygous mutation in BNC2, and homozygous mutations in SRD5A2 and HSD3B2. Two of the seven patients had mutations in multiple genes. We did not find any rare polymorphisms that were abundant specifically in the patient group. One patient carried mosaic dicentric Y chromosome. The patient group consisted solely of Japanese and Vietnamese individuals and clinical and hormonal information of the patients remained rather fragmentary. In addition, mutation analysis focused on protein-altering substitutions. Our data provide evidence that pathogenic mutations can underlie both mild and severe hypospadias and that HSD3B2 mutations cause non-syndromic hypospadias as a sole clinical manifestation. Most importantly, this is the first report documenting possible oligogenicity of non-syndromic hypospadias. This study was funded by the Grant-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; by the Grant-in-Aid from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; by the Grants from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, from the National Center for Child Health and Development and from the Takeda Foundation. The authors have no competing interests to disclose. Not applicable. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Human Reproduction
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To investigate the effect of descending serotonergic and noradrenergic pathways on nociception in the lower urinary tract (LUT).Methods Female Sprague–Dawley rats were used. Following intraperitoneal administration of Vehicle or Milnacipran (30 mg/kg), which is one of serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRI), 0.1% AA was infused into the bladder in normal (n = 4, each) and spinal cord injury (SCI) (n = 4, each) rats for 2 h on consciousness, and c-Fos, 5-HT and DβH were stained using immunohistochemistry at the L6 spinal cord as spinal areas associated with LUT.ResultsIn SCI rats, 5-HT or DβH-positive fibers were not observed at the L6 spinal cord, while there were many 5-HT and DβH-positive fibers in normal rats. The total number of c-Fos-positive cells was significantly increased in SCI rats compared to Normal rats (209.4 ± 7.1 in Normal, 336.4 ± 28.9 in SCI, P < 0.05), which indicated that interruption of supraspinal modulation enhances nocieptive transmission in the LUT. Regarding the effect of Milnacipran administration, the number of c-Fos-positive cells was significantly decreased at all region of the L6 spinal cord in normal rats (P < 0.05), while this reduction was not observed in SCI rats. This result demonstrated that administration of SNRI attenuates nocieptive transmission in the LUT, indicating that 5-HT and noradrenaline work as mediators of endogenous analgesic mechanisms through the supraspinal descending pain pathways.Conclusions Supraspinal projections of descending serotonergic and noradrenergic pathways to the lower lumbar spinal cord modulate nocieptive transmission in the LUT. Administration of SNRI attenuates nocieptive transmission in the LUT, which could result from enhancement of modulating descending serotonergic and noradrenergic pathways.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Lower urinary tract symptoms
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To assess the postoperative lower urinary tract function in patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery.MethodsA total of 24 women with advanced anterior vaginal wall prolapse underwent transvaginal repair using a polypropylene mesh. The preoperative, 1-week and 3-month postoperative evaluations were carried out by urodynamics. Maximal flow rate detrusor pressure at maximal flow rate, voided volume and bladder contractility index were measured. A value of P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.ResultsThe mean age of patients was 73.5 years (range 49–84 years). The mean postoperative maximal flow rate, voiding efficiency and bladder contractility index decreased significantly after the operation compared with the preoperative values (P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed between preoperative and 3-month postoperative parameters. Of the patients, 33.3%, 11.1% and 50% were classified as having normal/strong contractility preoperative, 1 week and 3 months, respectively. The proportion of normal/strong contractility decreased significantly after the operation, and it recovered 3 months postoperatively. The grade of obstruction did not change significantly.Conclusions Patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery present temporary impaired detrusor contractility, which improves significantly during the midterm postoperative period.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · International Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To review laparoscopy in patients with disorders of sex development (DSD) in order to clarify its usefulness in diagnosis, devising subsequent therapeutic strategies and managing patients with various conditions. Patients and methods: Between April 1992 and December 2012, 29 laparoscopic surgeries were performed in 25 DSD patients. Among them, ten were diagnostic laparoscopy including gonadal biopsy, and 19 were therapeutic laparoscopy. Surgical procedures and complications were evaluated. Results: For diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic gonadal biopsy was performed in three patients. Inspection, with or without open gonadal biopsy, was performed on four out of seven patients with 46XY DSD or mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD). Additional surgery was planned and performed based on diagnostic laparoscopic findings in six out of seven patients. In the three patients with ovotesticular DSD, the gonadal pathology was diagnosed as: testis/ovary in one, testis/ovotestis in one and ovary/ovotestis in one--this was from the laparoscopic inspection and/or gonadal biopsy. However, the final diagnoses were bilateral ovotestis in two patients and ovary/ovotestis in one patient. For therapeutic laparoscopy, surgical procedures were: gonadectomy in 17 patients (bilateral in 13, unilateral in three, partial in two); hysterectomy in two patients; orchiopexy in one; and sigmoid vaginoplasty in one patient (included multiple procedures). There were no severe perioperative complications. In the four patients with a history of diagnostic laparoscopy, no severe intra-abdominal adhesions that would disturb therapeutic laparoscopic surgery were observed. Conclusion: While diagnostic laparoscopy was helpful in devising a therapeutic surgical strategy in most of the patients with DSD who were suspected as having complex gonadal status or Müllerian duct derivatives, attention must be paid to precisely diagnosing the gonadal status in ovotesticular DSD. On the other hand, therapeutic laparoscopic surgeries were valuable procedures in treating DSD patients, even with a history of previous diagnostic laparoscopy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of pediatric urology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We retrospectively assessed the incidence of and risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection in children during active surveillance after early discontinuation of antibiotic prophylaxis. Materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 9 females and 61 uncircumcised males diagnosed with primary vesicoureteral reflux before age 1 year who had persistent reflux on followup voiding cystourethrogram and were subsequently followed under active surveillance without continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. Patients with secondary vesicoureteral reflux or associated urological abnormality were excluded. Clinical outcomes, including incidence of febrile urinary tract infection and new scar formation, were evaluated. Risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection were also analyzed. Results: Mean age at stopping continuous antibiotic prophylaxis was 21 months, and mean followup was 61 months. During active surveillance 21 patients had febrile urinary tract infection, and the 5-year infection-free rate under active surveillance was 67.5%. One or 2 foci of minimal new scarring developed in 4 of 16 patients who underwent followup dimercapto-succinic acid scan after febrile urinary tract infection. On multivariate analysis dilated vesicoureteral reflux on followup voiding cystourethrogram was the only significant risk factor for febrile urinary tract infection. Conclusions: This study revealed that about two-thirds of patients with persistent vesicoureteral reflux were free of febrile urinary tract infection during 5 years of active surveillance. Those with dilated vesicoureteral reflux on followup voiding cystourethrogram are at significantly greater risk for febrile urinary tract infection. Accordingly active surveillance, especially in patients with nondilated vesicoureteral reflux on followup voiding cystourethrogram, seems to be a safe option even in children who have not yet been toilet trained.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · The Journal of Urology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · European Urology Supplements

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the contribution of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to the changes in bladder morphology in response to partial bladder outlet obstruction. Allogenic bone marrow cells were transplanted from transgenic rats expressing green fluorescent protein into female Sprague-Dawley rats 1 day after their bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells had been destroyed by irradiation. This generated chimeric rats in which green fluorescent protein labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells replaced host bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. The animals received partial bladder outlet obstruction or sham surgery 6 weeks later. The animals were killed 6 weeks after the surgery, and bladder tissue was prepared for immunofluorescence with antibodies against a urothelium marker (AE1/AE3), a myofibroblast marker (vimentin), a smooth muscle marker and green fluorescent protein. More labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were found in the partial bladder outlet obstruction group than in the in the sham group. Most bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were present around the basement membrane (laminin) and lamina propria below the urothelium. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells were also found in the urothelium layer, and some of them were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and AE1/AE3. Some bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, which were located in the interstitial tissue, were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and vimentin. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, which migrated into the smooth muscle layer, showed fusiform morphology, and some were double-stained with green fluorescent protein and smooth muscle marker. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells home to the partial bladder outlet obstruction bladder, and these cells have the potential to differentiate into the several components of bladder tissue including the urothelium, myofibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Thus, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells contribute to the morphological changes of the bladder in response to partial bladder outlet obstruction.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · International Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: We investigated relation of preoperative renal scar to incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis following ileocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder. Patients: Thirty patients with neurogenic bladder, who underwent ileocystoplasty, were enrolled in the present study. Median age at ileocystoplasty was 13.9 years and median follow-up period after ileocystoplasty was 8.2 years. Metabolic acidosis was defined based on the outlined criteria: base excess (BE) is less than 0 mmol l(-1). Preoperative examination revealed that no apparent renal insufficiency was identified in blood analysis, although preoperative (99m)Tc-DMSA scintigraphy indicated abnormalities such as renal scar in 14 patients (47%). Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was compared between patients with and without preoperative renal scar, which may reflect some extent of renal tubular damage. Results: Postoperative metabolic acidosis was identified in 13 patients (43%). Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was significantly higher in patients with renal scar (11/14, 79%) compared with patients without renal scar (2/16, 13%; P<0.01). Particularly, all eight patients who had bilateral renal scars showed metabolic acidosis postoperatively. Compared with patients without preoperative renal scar, pH (P<0.05) and BE (P<0.01) were significantly lower postoperatively in patients with preoperative renal scar. However, there was no significant difference in PCO2. Hyperchloremia was observed in each patient with or without preoperative renal scar. Conclusion: Incidence of postoperative metabolic acidosis was significantly implicated in preoperative renal scar. If renal abnormalities are preoperatively identified in imaging tests, we need to care patients carefully regarding metabolic acidosis and subsequent comorbidities following ileocystoplasty.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Spinal Cord

Publication Stats

292 Citations
192.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2016
    • Hokkaido University
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Department of Renal and Genito−Urinary Surgery
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 2008
    • Hokkaido University Hospital
      • Division of Urology
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan