Toshiyuki Katogi

Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Saitama, Japan

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Publications (74)136.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cystic structures within the pericardial cavity are rare. They are divided into epicardial and pericardial variants. Pericardial and epicardial cysts rarely cause symptoms. This report describes a case of epicardial cyst with acute cardiac tamponade in a 2-year-old boy with no previous cardiac history who was transferred to our hospital because of hemodynamic instability. Emergency drainage of the pericardial effusion and complete excision of the cyst were performed through a median full sternotomy. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions:
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The relationship between atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) and valve annulus after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA) and adequate indications for valve repair are unclear. Methods: We evaluated the size of the valve annulus and the grade of AVVR before and immediately after BCPA, and at the most recent follow-up before the Fontan operation in 37 patients with a functional single ventricle. Results: Nine patients underwent concomitant valve surgery. The mean z value of the valve annulus was significantly lower postoperatively than preoperatively in the 28 patients who were not treated by valve surgery (0.45 vs 1.51, p=0.01). However, mean regurgitation scores did not significantly change after BCPA (1.60 vs 1.78, p=0.08). The most recent assessment showed that the mean z value increased compared with that immediately after BCPA (1.36 vs 0.45, p=0.005). This increase was significant in the patients with moderate regurgitation. The mean z value of the valve annulus of the patients treated by concomitant valvuloplasty was significantly lower postoperatively than preoperatively (-0.25 vs 3.9, p=0.0001) and remained low at the latest evaluation. Mean regurgitation scores also significantly decreased after BCPA (2.25 vs 3.37, p=0.007). Conclusions: Unloading the systemic ventricle by BCPA leads to a decrease in the relative size of the atrioventricular valve. However, this decrease does not improve the degree of AVVR in the absence of concomitant valve repair. Concomitant valve repair is justified in patients with moderate or worse AVVR and an abnormal valve structure.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · International journal of cardiology
  • Ayumu Masuoka · Naritaka Kimura · Toshiyuki Katogi · Takaaki Suzuki
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    ABSTRACT: Few reports have described traumatic heart injury in children. We describe a case of acute mitral regurgitation associated with papillary muscle rupture, traumatic ventricular septal defect, and impending left ventricular free wall rupture due to blunt trauma in a 2-year-old girl. The papillary muscle was sutured to the left ventricular free wall. The septal defect and surrounding ruptured muscle were covered with a pericardial patch, and a Hemashield patch was used to close the ventriculotomy. A residual defect caused by dehiscence of the pericardial patch necessitated reoperation 10 months later. The patient is currently being observed on an outpatient basis.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) through a left lateral thoracotomy is a useful approach for some congenital heart procedures, although vascular access for the arterial and venous cannulation can be challenging in the selective patients. Six patients underwent successful extracorporeal circulation through a left lateral thoracotomy using the innominate vein for venous drainage. No operative deaths or major complications occurred. Venous drainage solely from the innominate vein was adequate to establish partial bypass without the need for pericardiotomy. Total bypass was established with combined venous drainage from the innominate vein and the main pulmonary artery. Exposure of the systemic atrioventricular valve was excellent through a left thoracotomy. Venous drainage from the innominate vein without using atrial drainage can safely be used for extracorporeal circulation through a left lateral thoracotomy without compromising the procedure and it is a useful approach to congenital heart surgery in selected patients.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Cardiac Surgery
  • Toshiyuki Katogi
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    ABSTRACT: The Fontan procedure has provided excellent surgical palliation for patients with various types of univentricular hearts, and it has evolved over time. Among many modifications, the lateral tunnel Fontan connection (LTF) and the extracardiac Fontan connection (ECF) are currently the most popular techniques for completing the total cavopulmonary connection. The advantages and disadvantages of both techniques are reviewed here. The advantages of the ECF includes adaptability to all types of univentricular hearts, ease of construction without aortic cross clamping and fewer atrial suture lines. The advantages of the LTF include the ability to complete Fontan circulation in young, very small patients with potential for growth. This review also compares post-operative arrhythmias and fluid dynamics associated with both techniques.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Toshiyuki Katogi

    No preview · Article · Jun 2012
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    ABSTRACT: A full-term baby with double-outlet right ventricle and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) complicated with left main pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis, presented with heart failure caused by increased pulmonary blood flow. Based on significant discrepancies in size and development between the left and right PAs, we performed right PA banding concomitant with TAPVC repair to promote left PA growth and restrict overall PA flow. PA-graphy performed 3 months after surgery showed marked increase in the left PA size with appropriately low pressure, which enabled us to successfully complete Glenn anastomosis. Under appropriate patient selection, unilateral PA banding for patients with unbalanced peripheral PA size could serve as an effective and less invasive strategy to simultaneously promote PA growth and control PA flow.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Heart and Vessels
  • Naritaka Kimura · Ayumu Masuoka · Toshiyuki Katogi · Takaaki Suzuki

    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Although previous studies have demonstrated that modified ultrafiltration improves laboratory parameters in pediatric cardiac surgery, the clinical outcome data have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing modified versus conventional ultrafiltration. We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature to identify clinical trials that met our inclusion criteria. To be included, studies had to be prospective randomized trials that compared modified ultrafiltration and conventional ultrafiltration in pediatric cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. We focused on the following outcome variables: hematocrit and mean arterial blood pressure after cardiopulmonary bypass, amount of chest tube drainage after surgery, time to extubation, and length of stay in the intensive care unit. The random effects model was used to determine the pooled effect estimates. The estimators of treatment effects were expressed as the weighted mean difference with 95% confidence intervals. The heterogeneity of collected data was also evaluated. We screened 54 studies, 8 of which satisfied our inclusion criteria. Combined analysis revealed that modified ultrafiltration resulted in significantly higher postbypass hematocrit and higher mean arterial blood pressure. Benefits in postoperative blood loss, ventilator time, and intensive care unit stay were not apparent. There was significant heterogeneity among the studies surveyed. The advantage of modified ultrafiltration over conventional ultrafiltration consists of significant improvement of clinical conditions in the immediate postbypass period. The postoperative outcome parameters were not significantly influenced. We should also take into account possible clinical or methodologic variations in the currently available ultrafiltration studies.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The arterial switch operation (ASO) has evolved into the treatment of the choice for most forms of transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Despite advancement in the technical aspects of the procedure, certain anatomical variations of the coronary arteries are still considered as surgical risks. We have recently employed a novel technique for coronary artery reconstruction in ASO to achieve further improvement of coronary transfer in cases with complex coronary anatomy. The technical key of the procedure is that reconstruction of the coronary arteries is preceded by neo-aortic anastomosis. After neo-aortic reconstruction is accomplished, the neo-aorta is temporarily distended with removal of the cross-clamp. The distended neo-aorta informs us its postsurgical geometry, which facilitates accurate assessment for the optimal site of coronary button transfer. The technique was feasible in 13 of 15 children who were consecutively treated by our group between 2003 a nd 2008. All patients recovered uneventfully and no coronary perfusion issue has occurred during the follow-up period. However, the complex anatomy of the coronary arteries in two children was not amenable to this technique. One with double loops (1RL; 2Cx) accompanied by side-by-side relationship of the great arteries underwent the open trapdoor technique, while the other with intramural coronary artery underwent the Imai method, that is one of procedure in which the coronary arteries are left in situ. The coronary re-implantation after neo-aortic reconstruction is promising to minimize postsurgical coronary ischemia and suitable for most ASO cases. However, various modifications of coronary transfer are required in a few variations of the coronary anatomy and we have to pursue further technical refinement of coronary artery transfer in ASO.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · The Keio Journal of Medicine
  • Mika Iwazaki · Ayumu Masuda · Shunei Kyo · Toshiyuki Katogi

    No preview · Article · Jan 2009
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    ABSTRACT: Despite successful repair, patients with coarctation of the aorta (COA) often show persistent hypertension at rest and/or during exercise. Previous studies indicated that the hypertension is mainly due to abnormalities in the arterial bed and its regulatory systems. We hypothesized that ventricular systolic stiffness also contributes to the hypertensive state in these patients in addition to increased vascular stiffness. The study involved 43 patients with successfully repaired COA and 45 age-matched control subjects. Ventricular systolic stiffness (end systolic elastance) and arterial stiffness (effective arterial elastance) were measured invasively by ventricular pressure-area relationship during varying preload before and after beta-adrenergic stimulation. The mean systolic blood pressure was significantly higher with concomitant increases in both end systolic elastance and effective arterial elastance in patients with COA compared with control subjects (113.2+/-16.8 versus 91.0+/-9.1 mm Hg, 44.5+/-17.0 versus 19.2+/-6.7 mm Hg/mL/m(2), and 27.8+/-11.4 versus 20.2+/-4.8 mm Hg/mL/m(2), respectively; P<0.01 for each). End systolic elastance and effective arterial elastance of patients with COA showed exaggerated responses to beta-adrenergic stimulation, further amplifying blood pressure elevation. Quantification analyses assuming that ventricular systolic stiffness of patients with COA is equal to that of the control revealed that ventricular systolic stiffness accounts for approximately 50% to 70% of the elevated blood pressure in patients with COA. Furthermore, combined ventricular-arterial stiffening amplified systolic pressure sensitivity to increased preload during abdominal compression and limited stroke volume gain/relaxation improvement induced by beta-adrenergic stimulation. Increased ventricular systolic stiffness, coupled with increased arterial stiffness, plays important roles in hypertension in patients with repaired COA. Thus, ventricular systolic stiffness is a potentially suitable target for reduction of blood pressure and improvement of prognosis of patients with COA.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Sedation is an important step in the management of patients with hypercyanotic spells associated with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) to ameliorate and prevent recurrence of cyanosis. This case report illustrates the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine-induced sedation in the management of hypercyanotic spells in a neonate with TOF. An 8-day-old term newborn patient with TOF showed hypercyanotic spells, as indicated by an abrupt decrease in arterial saturation (SpO2) level measured by a pulse oximeter from 80% to as low as 50%, when the patient became irritable and agitated. We started continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine at a dose of 0.2 microg/kg/min without a loading bolus injection. About half an hour after commencement of dexmedetomidine infusion, the patient reached an acceptable level of sedation, together with a drop in heart rate by approximately 20 beats/min. There was no apparent respiratory depression or marked change in blood pressure. SpO2 was also stable during dexmedetomidine infusion. The patient underwent a successful Blalock-Taussig shunt operation on the next day of admission. Dexmedetomidine may be useful for the management of hypercyanotic spells in pediatric patients with TOF.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Jornal de Pediatria
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    ABSTRACT: In Japan, no pulsatile ventricular assist devices are available specifically for use in children. Pumps designed for adults are thus often used in children. We report herein a case of end-stage heart failure in a 3-year old girl (height 100.4 cm; body weight 16.2 kg; body surface area 0.66 m2) who underwent implantation with an adult-sized Toyobo-NCVC left ventricular assist device (Toyobo-National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan) in our unit. We started with the driving mode to "full-fill, full-empty" mode. The problem was difficult-to-treat hypertension due to excessive stroke volume induced by the left ventricular assist device. Aggressive administration of antihypertensive therapy was needed. Successful heart transplantation was performed in Germany 5 months after beginning support with the Toyobo-NCVC left ventricular assist device.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the efficacy and safety of torasemide in children with chronic heart failure (HF). 102 children with chronic HF who had received oral torasemide were analysed. Of these, 62 (de novo group) were newly diagnosed as having HF and were given torasemide as a diuretic. The remaining 40 (replacement group) had been given furosemide for >3 months before the study, and furosemide was then replaced with torasemide. Clinical signs and symptoms of HF (assessed as the HF index), humoral factors and serum potassium concentrations before torasemide treatment were compared with those obtained 3-4 weeks after torasemide treatment. Patients were also monitored for adverse effects. In the de novo group, torasemide significantly improved the HF index with concomitant improvement in plasma brain natriuretic peptide concentration (median (interquartile range) 52 (51) vs 43 (49) pg/ml). In a randomly selected group of 25 de novo patients with ventricular septal defect, echocardiography showed that torasemide significantly improved left ventricular geometry and function. In the replacement group, brain natriuretic peptide concentrations were also significantly decreased from 50 (104) to 45 (71) pg/ml after substitution of torasemide, but the HF index showed only a tendency for improvement (p = 0.07). Torasemide also had a potassium-sparing effect (de novo group, no change in potassium concentration; replacement group, significant increase from 4.2 (0.5) to 4.3 (0.5) mEq/l), and caused a significant rise in serum aldosterone concentration, consistent with the anti-aldosterone effect of this drug. Serum concentrations of sodium and uric acid had not changed after torasemide treatment, and there were no serious adverse events that necessitated drug withdrawal. Torasemide can be safely used, and appears to be effective for treatment of HF in children. Future clinical trials are warranted to verify the present results.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Archives of Disease in Childhood
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    ABSTRACT: Recent histological studies of the aortic wall of patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have shown massive degeneration of the tunica media of the aorta. Such changes in arterial wall structure may significantly alter arterial wall mechanical properties, and thus cause abnormal arterial haemodynamics. To test the hypothesis that after repair of TOF, there are abnormal arterial haemodynamics which are associated with aortic dilatation and which increased after load on the left ventricle. The subjects comprised 38 patients who had undergone complete repair of TOF, and 55 control subjects. Systemic arterial haemodynamics were investigated by measuring aortic input impedance during cardiac catheterisation. The patients with TOF had significantly higher characteristic impedance (158 (43) dyne x s x cm(-5) x m(2) vs 105 (49) dyne x s x cm(-5) x m(2)) and pulse wave velocity (561 (139) cm/s vs 417 (91) cm/s) and significantly lower total peripheral arterial compliance (0.93 (0.39) ml/mm Hg/m(2) vs 1.24 (0.58) ml/mm Hg/m(2)) than the controls (for all three variables, p<0.01 vs controls), suggesting that central and peripheral arterial wall stiffness are increased after TOF repair. Additionally, patients with TOF had significantly higher arterial wave reflection than the controls (reflection coefficient: 0.21 (0.12) vs 0.16 (0.06)). These abnormalities in patients with TOF increased the pulsatile load on the left ventricle and significantly contributed to decreased cardiac output, even when right ventricular function was taken into account by multivariate regression analysis. The increase in aortic wall stiffness was closely associated with the increase in aortic root diameter. These results indicating abnormal arterial haemodynamics after TOF repair highlight the importance of regular monitoring of the systemic arterial bed and potentially relevant cardiovascular events in long-term follow-up of TOF.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Jornal de Pediatria

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2008
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary malperfusion due to acute type A aortic dissection (DAA) is a lethal complication. It is especially difficult to rescue the patients with left coronary malperfusion because of acute global myocardial infarction (AMI), even with successful surgical treatments, including the replacement of the ascending aorta and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We review our experience and illustrate our approach to these critically ill patients. In addition, we classify the mechanism of malperfusion into 4 types based upon perioperative findings and discuss surgical management indivisually. From January 1990 to April 2005, a total of 260 patients were operated for DAA in our institution. Twenty (7.7%) patients, 11 men and 9 women were suffering from coronary malperfusion due to DAA. The mean age was 55 (range 28-72) years. The right coronary artery was involved in 9 patients, and the left in 11. All procedures such as graft replacement and CABG were done on an emergent or urgent basis. Hospital mortality rate of right coronary malperfusion was 22% (2/9 patients), and that related to left coronary malperfusion was 5/11 (45%). Assisting device was required in 9 cases, veno-arterial bypass (VAB) in 6 cases, left ventricular assist system (LVAS) in 1, left heart bypass (LHB) in 1, LHB+right heart bypass (RHB) in 1. We lost all patients using VAB. Only 3 patients supported with strong assist device survived. Aggressive myocardial resuscitation and early operation are the key factors in the management of these critically ill patients. But once severe myocardial infarction occurs, V-A bypass (percutaneous cardiopulmonary support) is useless in treating patients with DAA who develop severe heart failure. We recommend to implant stronger assist device including LVAS immediately before exacerbation of multiple organ failure. In conclusion, surgical management is not easy for emergency patients with DAA in association with myocardial ischemia. However, reasonable surgical results can be obtained with supplemental CABG and strong mechanical support of the left ventricle.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery