[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Implant loosening represents one of the major factors of total hip arthroplasty (THA) failure. The purpose of this study was to identify specific markers indicative of septic and aseptic loosening in patients that underwent THA.
Flow cytometry was performed in blood samples of 20 patients with loosening (10 septic/10 aseptic). Additional ten healthy individuals served as a control group. The expression of surface receptors and cytoplasmic molecules in patients that underwent THA was quantified. CD62L, CD18, CD11a, CD11b and CD11c expressions were evaluated and correlated with the presence of loosening. Also, a comparison between septic and aseptic THA loosening characteristics was performed.
The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) for CD18 was significantly decreased on all leukocytes subsets in both septic and aseptic loosening compared to control group (p < 0.005 in all occasions). Patients with aseptic loosening showed increased MFI for CD11b in granulocytes and for CD11c in monocytes and granulocytes compared to the control and aseptic group (p = 0.02 and p = 0.005, respectively). In patients with septic loosening, an increase in MFI for CD11c was observed in monocytes only compared to control group (p = 0.03). The comparison between aseptic and septic loosening showed significantly lower CD18 MFI value in granulocytes for aseptic loosening (p = 0.008).
CD11 and CD18 MFI values appear to be indicative of loosening in THAs. Flow cytometry markers can be used to identify THA loosening, as well as to differentiate between septic and aseptic cases.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
We aimed to report outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in very young patients under the year of 30.
Thirty patients (45 hips) with various indications for THA were retrospectively reviewed radiologically and clinically and analyzed regarding survival, reasons of failure, factors associated with outcomes and postoperative complications.
Within a mean follow-up time of 116 months the 10-year survival rate was 90.3%. All hips were revised due to aseptic loosening. No association was found among the tested parameters with increased revision rates. Three complications associated with the THA were recorded and managed conservatively. All patients had statistically significant improved clinical scores compared to the pre-operative period, despite the underlying disorder that compromised the condition in the majority of the patients.
Our study showed excellent long term outcomes of THA in patients younger than 30 years of age, comparable with those in older patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cementless fixation has been a principal method for fixation of orthopedic implants for decades. Accordingly, different rough and porous surfaces have been developed and applied in clinical use. A variety of these coatings are continuously investigated in order to improve bone-implant integration and enhance osteogenesis at the implant surface. One of the most important elements used in joint arthroplasty is titanium.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and topoisomerase-II alpha and examine their clinical relevance in liposarcomas.
The expression of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and topoisomerase II alpha was examined immunohistochemically on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from 71 patients who underwent surgical treatment for liposarcomas of the extremities or the retroperitoneum in two major cancer reference centres between 1990 and 2000. Detailed medical notes were available for all patients who were followed for median 82 months (range 5 to 215 months). Obtained expression data were weighted against clinical and pathology parameters of clinical relevance.
Patients were mostly male (59%), median age was 56 years for the liposarcomas of the extremities and 60 years for the retroperitoneal liposarcomas. The tumours were of diverse histology, grade and size (median diameters 7 and 17 cm for tumours of the extremities and retroperitoneum respectively). Expression of β-catenin protein was weakly detected in 15 cases (21.1%). Similarly weak expression of topoisomerase II-alpha was detected in 14 (19.7%) cases of which only two had more than 20% of tumor cells stained positive. E-cadherin was not detected in the studied cohort of liposarcomas. We did not detect associations between the expression of the above proteins by liposarcoma cells and clinical outcome.
Liposarcomas do not express E-cadherin, which matches the absence of epithelioid differentiation in this sarcoma subtype, and have low topoisomerase II-alpha expression, which justifies to some extend their resistance to anthracycline-based chemotherapy.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the advances and improvement of computer-assisted surgery devices, computer-guided pedicle screws insertion has been applied to the lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine. The purpose of the present study was to perform a systematic review of all available prospective evidence regarding pedicle screw insertion techniques in the thoracic and lumbar human spine.
We considered all prospective in vivo clinical studies in the English literature that assessed the results of different pedicle screw placement techniques (free-hand technique, fluoroscopy guided, computed tomography (CT)-based navigation, fluoro-based navigation). MEDLINE, OVID, and Springer databases were used for the literature search covering the period from January 1950 until May 2010.
26 prospective clinical studies were eventually included in the analysis. These studies included in total 1,105 patients in which 6,617 screws were inserted. In the studies using free-hand technique, the percentage of the screws fully contained in the pedicle ranged from 69 to 94%, with the aid of fluoroscopy from 28 to 85%, using CT navigation from 89 to 100% and using fluoroscopy-based navigation from 81 to 92%. The screws positioned with free-hand technique tended to perforate the cortex medially, whereas the screws placed with CT navigation guidance seemed to perforate more often laterally.
In conclusion, navigation does indeed exhibit higher accuracy and increased safety in pedicle screw placement than free-hand technique and use of fluoroscopy.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · European Spine Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to identify the incidence, outcome and prognostic factors associated with spindle cell sarcomas of bone (SCSB). We studied 196 patients with a primary non-metastatic tumour treated with the intent to cure. The results were compared with those of osteosarcoma patients treated at our hospital during the same period. The overall incidence of SCSB was 7.8% of all patients with a primary bone sarcoma. The five- and ten-year survival rates were 67.0% and 60.0%, respectively, which were better than those of patients with osteosarcoma treated over the same period. All histological subtypes had similar outcomes. On univariate analysis, factors that were significantly associated with decreased survival were age > 40 years, size > 8 cm, the presence of a pathological fracture, amputation, involved margins and a poor response to pre-operative chemotherapy. Multivariate analyses showed that age > 65 years, amputation and involved margins were all statistically significant prognostic factors. Involved margins and poor response to pre-operative chemotherapy were associated with an increased risk of local recurrence. SCSB has a better prognosis than osteosarcoma when matched for age. Most prognostic factors for osteosarcoma also seem to apply to SCSB. Patients with SCSB should be treated in the same way as patients of the same age with osteosarcoma.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · The Bone & Joint Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonunions of the femoral shaft represent a treatment challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon and a serious socioeconomic problem for the patient. Inadequate fracture stability, insufficient blood supply, bone loss or presence of infection are the main reasons for the development of a nonunion. Careful classification and exclusion of infection are crucial for the choice of the proper treatment alternative. Nail dynamization, primary intramedullary nailing or nail exchange, plate osteosynthesis and external fixation along with bone grafting, usage of bone substitutes and electrical stimulation can stimulate osseous union. A review of the aetiology, classification and treatment should prove helpful managing this serious complication.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liposarcomas are malignant tumors that arise from primitive mesenchymal cells rather than mature adipose tissue. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients with extremities and superficial trunk liposarcomas in relation to some clinicopathological factors.
Sixty-three surgically treated patients with liposarcoma, with mean age 53 years, were included in this study. The 5-and 10-year survival rates were analyzed with respect to local recurrences, distant metastases and death with the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox models estimated univariate and multivariate hazard ratios for each candidate predictor of interest.
The 5-year overall survival was 77.8% (95% CI 65.5-87.3) and the 10-year overall survival was 63.5% (95% CI 50.4-75.3). The 5-and 10-year recurrence-free survival were 60% and 57%, respectively. The 5-and 10-year metastasis-free survival were 86% and 84%, respectively. In univariate analysis factors that were significantly associated with outcomes were grade III tumors, amputation procedures, use of chemotherapy and development of local recurrences. No significant association was observed in multivariate analysis.
Patients with liposarcoma surviving for 5 years, have also a high probability to be alive at 10 years. The development of metastases is observed within the first 5-years from diagnosis. Metastatic disease after that period is rare. The possibility of local recurrence is not negligible after the 5th year of follow up.
No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intramuscular hemangiomas (IHs) are rare benign neoplasms usually seen in children, adolescents and young adults. Although lower extremities are the commonest localization, the localization at the foot is extremely rare since only a few cases have been reported. We report a case of mixed type IH of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle in a 12-year-old boy who was treated with surgical excision, with wide surgical margins.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Foot and Ankle Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To present a new technique for wrist arthrodesis and review its treatment outcomes in 33 patients with brachial plexus palsy.
26 men and 7 women (mean age, 26 years) with global brachial plexus palsy underwent wrist arthrodesis using an external fixator and a cannulated screw. All surgeries were performed under local anaesthesia by a single senior surgeon. An external fixator was applied to the radius and the metacarpal of the index finger. The articular surfaces of the radius, scaphoid, lunate, and capitate were debrided, and a cannulated screw inserted from the base of the radial styloid to the carpo-metacarpal joint of the ring finger. Cancellous allografts mixed with demineralised bone matrix were added to the decorticated wrist bones. The external fixator was removed at week 8 and the wrist protected with a short-arm splint until solid wrist fusion.
All patients achieved wrist fusion after a mean of 14 (range, 12-16) weeks. Two patients had delayed fusion and slight wrist instability, because the shorter screw was embedded in the cancellous bone and not self-tapped to the cortex. Fusion was achieved after replacement with a longer screw. No patient developed a superficial or deep wound infection; 2 developed pin track infections. All patients were satisfied with the outcome and able to perform simple daily activities after one year.
Our new technique for wrist arthrodesis is less invasive. Blood loss, the risk of postoperative infection, and adhesions at the extensors are decreased.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To present the results of a prospective study which aimed to evaluate the efficacy of radiation dose in a combined protocol using postoperative radiotherapy (RT) and indomethacin for the prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and are at high risk for HO development.
Seventy-one patients with a mean age of 63 years received either a single dose of 7 Gy or a fractionated dose of 10 Gy in 5 fractions of 2 Gy within the 3 postoperative days. Concurrently all patients received 75 mg of indomethacin for 15 days. Patients were analysed for radiographical evidence of HO development and clinically with the Merle d'Aubigné score at 1 year.
At 12 months combined RT and indomethacin achieved excellent prophylaxis of HO. The overall radiographical incidence of HO was 7.04% (95% CI 2.33-15.67), while no patient with clinically significant HO (Brooker III-IV) was seen. There was no statistically significant difference between the two RT protocols. In a subgroup of 12 patients with bilateral THA the incidence of HO in the non-irradiated hips was statistically significantly higher compared with the irradiated hips. All patients had improved joint mobility and function during follow up compared with the preoperative period. No statistically significant differences regarding the Merle d'Aubigné score was documented between the 2 RT groups. No acute or late side effects related to RT were noted.
This study demonstrated the efficacy of combined RT and indomethacin in preventing heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. Fractionated total dose of 10 Gy seems to offer no further benefit compared to a single dose of 7.0 Gy.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to assess the efficacy of epidural steroid injections (ESI) in acute and subacute pain due to lumbar spine disk herniation, we conducted a randomized trial, comparing 2 different protocols. Fourty patients with radicular pain due to L4-L5 and L5-S1 disc herniation were assigned to receive either 3 consecutive ESI every 24 hours through a spinal catheter (group A) or 3 consecutive ESI every 10 days with an epidural needle (group B). All patients had improved Oswestry Disabilty Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain scores at 1 month of follow-up compared to baseline, while no significant differences were observed between the 2 groups. The scores for group B were statistically significant lower at 2 months of follow-up compared to those of group A. The improvement in the scores of group B was continuous since the mean scores at 2 months of follow up were lower compared to the respective scores at 1 month. Protocol B (3 consecutive ESI every 10 days) was found more effective in the treatment of subacute pain compared to Protocol A (3 consecutive ESI every 24 hours) with statistically significant differences in the ODI and VAS scores at 2 months of follow-up.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · The Open Orthopaedics Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patellar instability after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a serious complication that impairs functional outcome and may lead to revision surgery. Its aetiology can be related to the surgical technique and component positioning, extensor mechanism imbalance, and other causes. After TKA, the presence of anterior knee pain, especially during stressful activities, is indicative of patellar instability. Diagnosis can be made by radiological evaluation of the patella position, alignment, and component fixation. Main treatment options include revision of the TKA components (in case of malposition) and lateral retinacular release with or without a proximal or distal realignment (in case of soft-tissue imbalance).
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The expression of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and topoisomerase II has been associated with clinical outcome of several cancers including sarcomas. We aimed to evaluate the expression of these markers in leiomyosarcomas (LMS).
Paraffin blocks of 19 primary, nonmetastatic LMS were analysed immunohistochemically for the expression of the above-mentioned markers with a cutoff level for positivity of 20% of cell staining.
Expression of E-cadherin was negative in all LMS. Nuclear expression of beta-catenin was also negative in all cases, while positive cytoplasmic beta-catenin expression was observed in approximately half of the patients. The majority of LMS had expression of topoisomerase IIalpha, although only in 10 patients was this expression in more than 20% of tumour cells. From the analysed factors, tumour size was statistically significantly correlated with relapse-free survival.
Further evidence with larger series is required in order to determine the implication of these markers in LMS.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Clinical and Translational Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin and topoisomerase II has been associated with clinical outcome of several cancers
including sarcomas. We aimed to evaluate the expression of these markers in leiomyosarcomas (LMS).
Materials and methodsParaffin blocks of 19 primary, nonmetastatic LMS were analysed immunohistochemically for the expression of the above-mentioned
markers with a cutoff level for positivity of 20% of cell staining.
ResultsExpression of E-cadherin was negative in all LMS. Nuclear expression of β-catenin was also negative in all cases, while positive
cytoplasmic β-catenin expression was observed in approximately half of the patients. The majority of LMS had expression of
topoisomerase IIα, although only in 10 patients was this expression in more than 20% of tumour cells. From the analysed factors,
tumour size was statistically significantly correlated with relapse-free survival.
ConclusionsFurther evidence with larger series is required in order to determine the implication of these markers in LMS.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Clinical and Translational Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: :Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of combined radiotherapy and indomethacin as compared to indomethacin alone for the prevention of HO after hip arthroplasty.
96 patients were prospectively enrolled to receive either a single dose of postoperative radiotherapy of 7.0 Gy and indomethacin for the first 15 postoperative days or indomethacin alone for the same period. A historical group of 50 patients that received indomethacin alone served as control. Primary endpoint was the radiographic evidence of HO at 6 months. Secondary endpoints were the evaluation of factors related to HO development, side effects from each treatment, and group differences in the clinical assessment with the Merle d'Aubigné Score.
Four patients in the combined-therapy group developed HO compared to 13 patients in the indomethacin group (p < 0.05) and 13 patients in the historical group (p < 0.05). One patient each in the combined group and the historical group developed Brooker III HO (nonsignificant difference). Duration of surgery and congenital hip disease were associated with HO development in the indomethacin groups, while age and congenital hip disease showed such an association in the combined-therapy group. The side effects and mean Merle d'Aubigné Score did not differ significantly between the three groups.
Combined radiotherapy and indomethacin was more efficacious in preventing HO after total hip arthroplasty compared to indomethacin alone and should be considered for future investigation.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Strahlentherapie und Onkologie