Zuoming Nie

Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Ch’u-chou, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (38)88.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we identified a heat-resistant protein from the chrysalis stage of the silkworm which we named sex-specific storage protein 2 (SSP2). This protein was stable even at 80 °C, and has an amino acid sequence that is 90.65 % homologous to SP2. We utilized the heat-resistant characteristics of SSP2 to purify the protein and maintain its biological activity. In addition, using flow cytometry and the MTT assay, we found that SSP2 had anti-apoptotic effects on BmN cells, and that SSP2 could also inhibit cell apoptosis induced by chemical factors. These results suggest that SSP2 has a cell-protective function, and provides a basis for future work on the function of storage proteins in silkworm.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Protein Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are abundant and ubiquitous in almost all organisms from bacteria to mammals. BmHSP20.8 is a small (sHSP) in Bombyx mori that contains a 561 bp open reading frame that encodes a protein of 186 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 20.8 kDa. The subcellular localization prediction indicated that BmHSP20.8 is likely distributed in the mitochondria with a 51% probability. To identify the subcellular localization of BmHSP20.8, three recombinant vectors were constructed and used to transfect BmN cells. The cytoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins were extracted 72 h after transfection. The Western blot showed that recombinant BmHSP20.8 exists only in the mitochondria. To locate the mitochondrial localization signal domain of BmHSP20.8 more accurately, we cloned four truncated recombinant vectors. The Western blot analysis of the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins showed that the mitochondrial localization signal domain of BmHSP20.8 is located between amino acids 143 to 186. We constructed the pETduet-HIS-SUMO-BmHSP20.8 vector and a soluble BmHSP20.8 was expressed. In a citrate synthase (CS) thermal aggregation experiment, we found that the recombinant BmHSP20.8 protein can protect CS from aggregating at 43 and 48°C and thus exhibited molecular chaperone activity. Taken together, the results showed that BmHSP20.8 could be a mitochondrial protein and has a molecular chaperone activity, suggesting an important role in mitochondria. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Entomological Society of America.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Insect Science
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    ABSTRACT: Lysine acetylation in proteins is a dynamic and reversible post-translational modification (PTM) and plays an important role in diverse cellular processes. In this study, using lysine-acetylation (Kac) peptide enrichment coupled with nano-HPLC/MS/MS, we initially identified the acetylome in the silkworms. Overall, a total of 342 acetylated proteins with 667 Kac sites were identified in silkworm. Sequence motifs analysis around Kac sites revealed an enrichment of Y, F and H in the +1 position, and F was also enriched in the +2 and -2 positions, indicating the presences of preferred amino acids around Kac sites in the silkworm. Functional analysis showed the acetylated proteins were primarily involved in some specific biological processes. Furthermore, lots of nutrient-storage proteins, such as apolipophorin, vitellogenin, SPs and 30K proteins, were highly acetylated, indicating lysine acetylation may represent a common regulatory mechanism of nutrient utilization in the silkworm. Interestingly, Ser2 proteins, the coating proteins of larval silk, were found to contain many Kac sites, suggesting lysine acetylation may be involved in the regulation of larval silk synthesis. This study is the first to identify the acetylome in a lepidoptera insect, and expands greatly the catalog of lysine acetylation substrates and sites in insects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Proteomics
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    ABSTRACT: APSL (active peptide from shark liver) is a hepatic stimulator cytokine from the liver of Chiloscyllium. It can effectively protect islet cells and improve complications in mice with alloxan-induced diabetes. Here, we demonstrate that the APSL sequence is present in the N-terminus of novel TBC (Tre-2, Bub2 and Cdc16) domain family, member 15 (TBC1D15) from Chiloscyllium plagiosum. This shark TBC1D15 gene, which contains an ORF of 2088 bp, was identified from a cDNA library of regenerating shark liver. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the gene is highly homologous to TBC1D15 genes from other species. Moreover, the N-terminus of shark TBC1D15 contains a motif of unknown function (DUF3548), which encompasses the APSL fragment. Rab-GAP activity analysis showed that shark TBC1D15 is a new member of the TBC1D15 family. These results demonstrated that shark TBC1D15 possesses Rab-GAP activity using Rab7 as a substrate, which is a common property of the TBC1D15 family. The involvement of APSL at the N-terminus of TBC1D15 also demonstrates that this protein might be involved in insulin signaling and may be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. The current findings pave the way for further functional and clinical studies of these proteins from marine sources.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Marine Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that recombinant human granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) produced by the silkworm pupae bioreactor is absorbed into blood through oral administration and functions as an active cytokine. The aim of this study was to further examine and identify synergetic protein factors in silkworm pupae that improve rhGM-CSF absorption via an oral route. The rhGM-CSF in serum concentrations were evaluated in mice after oral administration of rhGM-CSF using different chemical compositions of silkworm pupae as pharmaceutical excipients. The experimental data revealed that the supernatant lyophilized powder of silkworm pupae homogenized slurry (SLP) causes a significant increase in the rhGM-CSF level in blood when rhGM-CSF was orally administered with SLP, suggesting that synergetic protein factors that improve the oral absorption of rhGM-CSF primarily exist in SLP. As shown by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microspheres were formed when rhGM-CSF was coated with SLP. Animal experimental data showed that the absorption of orally administered rhGM-CSF through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract primarily resulted from protein factors present in the SLP retentate obtained after10-kDa ultrafiltration. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy analysis demonstrated that several protein factors present in the SLP retentate obtained after 10-kDa ultrafiltration were bound to rhGM-CSF. Proteins bound to rhGM-CSF by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were identified as chymotrypsin inhibitor SCI-II precursor, cationic peptide CP8 precursor, Kazal-type proteinase inhibitor and chymotrypsin inhibitor SCI-I. These findings indicate that these proteinase inhibitors play an important role in improving rhGM-CSF absorption in the GI tract.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Molecular Pharmaceutics
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    ABSTRACT: Human growth hormone (hGH) is a peptide hormone secreted by eosinophils of the human anterior pituitary, and a regulatory factor for a variety of metabolic pathways. A 30-kD protein from the pupa stage of silkworm was detected by Western blotting and confirmed by immunoprecipitation based on its ability to bind to anti-hGH antibody. This protein, named BmhGH-like protein, was purified from fresh silkworm pupas through low-temperature homogenization, filtration, and centrifugation to remove large impurity particles. The supernatants were precipitated, resuspended, and passed through a molecular sieve. Further purification by affinity chromatography and two-dimensional electrophoresis resulted in pure protein for analysis by MS MALDI-TOF-MS analysis. An alignment with predicted proteins indicated that BmhGH-like protein consisted of two lipoproteins, which we named hGH-L1 and hGH-L2. These proteins belong to the β-trefoil superfamily, with β domains similar to the spatial structure of hGH. Assays with K562 cells demonstrated that these proteins could promote cell division in vitro. To further validate the growth-promoting effects, hGH-L2 was cloned from pupa cDNA to create recombinant silkworm baculovirus vBmNPV-hGH-L2, which was used to infect silkworm BmN cells at low titer. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the protein shortened the G0/G1 phase of the cells, and enabled the cells to rapidly traverse the G1/S phase transition point to enter S phase and promote cell division. Discovery of hGH-like protein in silkworm will once again arouse people's interest in the potential medicinal value of silkworm and establish the basis for the development of new hormone drugs.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: The E(spl)mγ gene in Drosophila is a regulatory target gene downstream of the Notch pathway. BmE(spl)mγ (Bombyx mori, E(spl)mγ) is an ortholog of the Drosophila E(spl)mγ gene, and the gene encodes a protein with 248 amino acid residues. This gene was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant protein was purified and subsequently used to generate a rabbit polyclonal antibody. Western blotting analyses showed that BmE(spl)mγ expression is high in pupa and egg, and low in larva and moth. In the fifth instar larva, the protein levels are high in head, epidermis, sexual gland, trachea, and the fatbody and low in the Malpighian tubule, hemolymph, gut, and silk gland. The further immunohistochemical analyses also showed higher BmE(spl)mγ expression in the head of fifth instar larva and pupa. Of the four moth parts studied, the thorax had the highest expression level. Thus, BmE(spl)mγ might be associated with neurogenesis in silkworm. Furthermore, DAPT (a γ-secretase inhibitor and an indirect inhibitor of Notch) blocking experiments showed that higher concentrations of the blocking agent and a longer processing time reduce the transcription levels of the BmE(spl)mγ gene, demonstrating that the silkworm BmE(spl)mγ gene is associated with the Notch signal pathway. These findings suggest that the function of BmE(spl)mγ may be similar to that of its Drosophila homolog.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of miR-452 has been observed in many tumors, but its biological function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unknown. Our results showed that miR-452 expression is significantly increased in HCC tissues and HCC cell lines. We also found that overexpression of miR-452 dramatically accelerated proliferation, induced cell cycle from G1 to S transition, and blocked apoptosis of HCC cells. Migration and matrigel invasion assays indicated that miR-452 significantly promotes HepG2 and QGY-7703 cells migration and invasion in vitro. Further studies showed that miR-452 directly targets the 3'-untranslated region of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B), ectopic miR-452 expression suppressed CDKN1B expression on mRNA and protein level. Silencing CDKN1B by small interfering RNA resembled the phenotype resulting from ectopic miR-452 expression. This study provides new insights into the potential molecular mechanisms that miRNA-452 contributed to HCC.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether cholera toxin B subunit and active peptide from shark liver (CTB-APSL) fusion protein plays a role in treatment of type 2 diabetic mice, the CTB-APSL gene was cloned and expressed in silkworm (Bombyx mori) baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS), then the fusion protein was orally administrated at a dose of 100 mg/kg for five weeks in diabetic mice. The results demonstrated that the oral administration of CTB-APSL fusion protein can effectively reduce the levels of both fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb), promote insulin secretion and improve insulin resistance, significantly improve lipid metabolism, reduce triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels and increase high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, as well as effectively improve the inflammatory response of type 2 diabetic mice through the reduction of the levels of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Histopathology shows that the fusion protein can significantly repair damaged pancreatic tissue in type 2 diabetic mice, significantly improve hepatic steatosis and hepatic cell cloudy swelling, reduce the content of lipid droplets in type 2 diabetic mice, effectively inhibit renal interstitial inflammatory cells invasion and improve renal tubular epithelial cell nucleus pyknosis, thus providing an experimental basis for the development of a new type of oral therapy for type 2 diabetes.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Marine Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression in eukaryotes. Previously, only microRNAs (miRNAs) and piRNAs have been identified in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Furthermore, only ncRNAs (50-500nt) of intermediate size have been systematically identified in the silkworm. Here, we performed a systematic identification and analysis of small RNAs (18-50nt) associated with the Bombyx mori argonaute2 (BmAgo2) protein. Using RIP-seq, we identified various types of small ncRNAs associated with BmAGO2. These ncRNAs showed a multimodal length distribution, with three peaks at ~20nt, ~27nt and ~33nt, which included tRNA-, transposable element (TE)-, rRNA-, snoRNA- and snRNA-derived small RNAs as well as miRNAs and piRNAs. The tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) were found at an extremely high abundance and accounted for 69.90% of the BmAgo2-associated small RNAs. Northern blotting confirmed that many tRFs were expressed or up-regulated only in the BmNPV-infected cells, implying that the tRFs play a prominent role by binding to BmAgo2 during BmNPV infection. Additional evidence suggested that there are potential cleavage sites on the D, anti-codon and TpsiC loops of the tRNAs. TE-derived small RNAs and piRNAs also accounted for a significant proportion of the BmAgo2-associated small RNAs, suggesting that BmAgo2 could be involved in the maintenance of genome stability by suppressing the activities of transposons guided by these small RNAs. Finally, Northern blotting was also used to confirm the Bombyx 5.8 s rRNA-derived small RNAs, demonstrating that various novel small RNAs exist in the silkworm. Using an RIP-seq method in combination with Northern blotting, we identified various types of small RNAs associated with the BmAgo2 protein, including tRNA-, TE-, rRNA-, snoRNA- and snRNA-derived small RNAs as well as miRNAs and piRNAs. Our findings provide new clues for future functional studies of the role of small RNAs in insect development and evolution.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · BMC Genomics
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the mechanisms of liver regeneration better to promote research examining liver diseases and marine biology, normal and regenerative liver tissues of Chiloscyllium plagiosum were harvested 0 h and 24 h after partial hepatectomy (PH) and used to isolate small RNAs for miRNA sequencing. In total, 91 known miRNAs and 166 putative candidate (PC) miRNAs were identified for the first time in Chiloscyllium plagiosum. Through target prediction and GO analysis, 46 of 91 known miRNAs were screened specially for cellular proliferation and growth. Differential expression levels of three miRNAs (xtr-miR-125b, fru-miR-204, and hsa-miR-142-3p_R-1) related to cellular proliferation and apoptosis were measured in normal and regenerating liver tissues at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h using real-time PCR. The expression of these miRNAs showed a rising trend in regenerative liver tissues at 6 h and 12 h but exhibited a downward trend compared to normal levels at 24 h. Differentially expressed genes were screened in normal and regenerating liver tissues at 24 h by DDRT-PCR, and ten sequences were identified. This study provided information regarding the function of genes related to liver regeneration, deepened the understanding of mechanisms of liver regeneration, and resulted in the addition of a significant number of novel miRNAs sequences to GenBank.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are indispensable players in the regulation of a broad range of biological processes. Here, we report the first deep sequencing of the whitespotted bamboo shark (Chiloscyllium plagiosum) liver. We mapped 91 miRNAs in the Callorhinchus milii genome that have previously been described in the Danio rerio, Fugu rubripes, Oryzias latipes, Xenopus laevis, Xenopus tropicalis, Homo sapiens, and Mus musculus. In addition, 156 new putative candidate (PC) Chiloscyllium plagiosum miRNAs were identified. From these 247 miRNAs, 39 miRNAs clusters were identified, and the expression of these clustered miRNAs were observed to vary significantly. A total of 7 candidate miRNAs were selected for expression confirmation by stem-loop RT-PCR. This study resulted in the addition of a significant number of novel miRNAs sequences to GenBank and laid the foundation for further understanding of the function of miRNAs in the regulation of Chiloscyllium plagiosum liver development.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Gene
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    ABSTRACT: The Ras oncogene of silkworm pupae (Bras2) may belong to the Ras superfamily. It shares 77% of its amino acid identity with teratocarcinoma oncogene 21 (TC21) related ras viral oncogene homolog-2 (R-Ras2) and possesses an identical core effector region. The mRNA of Bombyx mori Bras2 has 1412 bp. The open reading frame contains 603 bp, which encodes 200 amino acid residues. This recombinant BmBras2 protein was subsequently used as an antigen to raise a rabbit polyclonal antibody. Western blotting and real-time PCR analyses showed that BmBras2 was expressed during four developmental stages. The BmBras2 expression level was the highest in the pupae and was low in other life cycle stages. BmBras2 was expressed in all eight tested tissues, and it was highly expressed in the head, intestine, and epidermis. Subcellular localization studies indicated that BmBras2 was predominantly localized in the nuclei of Bm5 cells, although cytoplasmic staining was also observed to a lesser extent. A cell proliferation assay showed that rBmBras2 could stimulate the proliferation of hepatoma cells. The higher BmBras2 expression levels in the pupal stage, tissue expression patterns, and a cell proliferation assay indicated that BmBras2 promotes cell division and proliferation, most likely by influencing cell signal transduction.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · International Journal of Genomics
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    ABSTRACT: Active peptide from shark liver (APSL) is a cytokine from Chiloscyllium plagiosum that can stimulate liver regeneration and protects the pancreas. To study the effect of orally administered recombinant APSL (rAPSL) on an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus, the APSL gene was cloned, and APSL was expressed in Bombyx mori N cells (BmN cells), silkworm larvae and silkworm pupae using the silkworm baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS). It was demonstrated that rAPSL was able to significantly reduce the blood glucose level in mice with type 2 diabetes induced by streptozotocin. The analysis of paraffin sections of mouse pancreatic tissues revealed that rAPSL could effectively protect mouse islets from streptozotocin-induced lesions. Compared with the powder prepared from normal silkworm pupae, the powder prepared from pupae expressing rAPSL exhibited greater protective effects, and these results suggest that rAPSL has potential uses as an oral drug for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the future.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Marine Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: The presently available expression tools and vectors (e.g., eukaryotic expression vectors and the adenovirus expression system) for studying the functional genes in Bombyx mori are insufficient. The baculovirus expression system is only used as a protein production tool; therefore, recombinant proteins expressed by B. mori using the baculovirus expression system equipped with a polyhedrin promoter cannot be used for in vivo research applications. In this work, we constructed and screened a eukaryotic expression vector for silkworm cells The EGFP and B. mori Argonaute2 proteins were found to be efficiently expressed using the screened pIEx-1 vector with the FuGENE 6 transfection reagent. Additionally, we constructed a novel nucleopolyhedrovirus ie1-Bacmid expression system for the production of recombinant protein; we then used the system to highly express the EGFP and B. mori Argonaute2 proteins. In this system, the protein of interest can be efficiently expressed 13 h after infection by controlling the B. mori nucleopolyhedrovirus immediate early ie1 promoter. The ie1-Bacmid system provides a powerful "adenovirus-like" expression tool; not only can the tool be used to study baculovirus molecular biology for the silkworm but it is also useful in other research applications as well, such as the study of gene functions involved in cellular physiological processes.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are the family of noncoding single-strand RNA molecules of 21-25 nucleotides in length and play a broad and key regulation role in various physiological and pathological processes including differentiation, apoptosis, proliferation, and tumorigenesis. In Bombyx mori, a total of 487 pre-miRNAs and 562 mature miRNAs were identified by experimental or computational approaches, but their functions remain unknown. To carry out the research of gain-of-function of miRNAs in BmN cells, we firstly identified the endogenous expression of miRNAs in BmN cells by microarray and found that only 73 miRNAs could be detected by miRNA microarray. Then three low abundance or undetected miRNAs, pri-mir-1a, pri-mir-8 and pri-mir-133, were selected to express in BmN cells. The eukaryotic expression vector pIEx-1 harboring baculovirus ie1 promoter and hr5 enhancer was screened and used for expressing miRNA in BmN cells. Three miRNA expression vectors pIEx-1-EGFP-pri-mir-1a/8/133 were constructed, which contained the three corresponding pri-miRNA sequences, respectively. The constructed miRNA vectors were successfully transfected into BmN cells and the qRT-PCR analysis showed that relative abundance of bmo-mir-1a, bmo-mir-8 and bmo-mir-133 in BmN cells transfected with the pIEx-1-EGFP-pri-mir-1a/8/133 is as 32, 4.4 and 904 times as that in BmN cells transfected with the control vector pIEx-1-EGFP, respectively. The present work lays a foundation for the further functional studies of miRNAs in silkworm.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Gene
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    ABSTRACT: The polyhedrin gene promoter has an essential role in regulating foreign gene expression in baculovirus expression vector systems (BEVS); however, the high-level transcription mechanism is still unknown. One-hybrid screening in yeast is a powerful way of identifying rapidly heterologous transcription factors that can interact with the polyhedrin promoter DNA sequence. In the current study, total RNA was extracted from the fat bodies of fifth-instar silkworm larvae that had been infected with Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) for 5 days; complementary DNA (cDNA) was then generated using reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR to construct a silkworm gene expression library. Key polyhedrin promoter bait sequences were synthesized to generate a bait yeast strain, which was used to screen the one-hybrid cDNA library. In total, 12 positive yeast colonies were obtained from the SD/-Leu/AbA plates; sequencing analysis showed that they belong to two different protein cDNA colonies. Positive colonies underwent bioinformatics analysis, which revealed one colony to be ribosomal proteins [B. mori ribosomal protein SA (BmRPSA)] and the other to be NPV DNA-binding proteins (DBP). To further verify the regulatory function of these two protein groups, transient expression vectors (pSK-IE-dbp and pSK-IE-BmRPSA) were constructed. The recombinant plasmids were then transfected into cultured B. mori N (BmN) cells, which had been infected with a recombinant bacmid containing the gene encoding luciferase (luc). The results showed that overexpression of either dbp or BmRPSA upregulated the polh promoter-driven transcription of luc in BmN cells. In addition, dbp or BmRPSA RNA interference (RNAi) resulted in the downregulation of luciferase reporter expression in BmN cells, demonstrating that DBP and BmRPSA are important for luc transcription. EMSA results further confirmed that DBP could directly bind to the conserved single-stranded polh promoter region in intro. However, EMSA assay also showed that BmRPSA did not bind to this region, precluding a direct DNA association. Both DBP and BmRPSA are important for polh transcription. DBP can regulate polh promoter activity by direct binding to the conserved single-stranded polh promoter region, BmRPSA may regulate polh promoter activity by indirect binding to this region.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Virology Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The Ras subfamily is the member of small G proteins superfamily involved in cellular signal transduction. Activation of Ras signaling causes cell growth, differentiation, and survival. Bombyx mori Ras-like protein (BmRas1) may belong to the Ras subfamily. It contained an H-N-K-Ras-like domain. The BmRas1 mRNA consisted of 1459 bp. The open reading frame contained 579 bp, encoding 192 amino acids. The protein had such secondary structures as α-helices, extended strand, and random coil. BmRas1 was expressed successfully in E. coli BL21. The recombinant protein was purified with metal-chelating affinity chromatography. The GTPase activity of purified protein was determined by FeSO(4)-(NH(4))(2)MoO(4) assay. The results showed that purified recombinant protein had intrinsic activity of GTPase. High titer polyclonal antibodies were generated by New Zealand rabbit immunized with purified protein. The gene expression features of BmRas1 at different stages and in different organs of the fifth instar larvae were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that BmRas1 was expressed highly in three development stages including egg, pupae, and adult, but low expression in larva. BmRas1 was expressed in these tissues including head, malpighian tubule, genital gland, and silk gland. The purified recombinant protein would be utilized to further function studies of BmRas1.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Comparative and Functional Genomics
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    ABSTRACT: Prohibitin (PHB) is an evolutionarily conserved multifunctional protein with ubiquitous expression. However, its molecular roles are largely unknown. To better understand the function of prohibitin protein in silkworm (BmPHB), its coding sequence was isolated from a cDNA library of silkworm pupae. An His-tagged BmPHB fusion protein was expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) and purified with affinity and reversed-phase chromatography. Purified rBmPHB was used to generate anti-BmPHB polyclonal antibody. The subcellular localization of BmPHB was analysed by immunohistochemistry. BmPHB gene has an ORF of 825 bp, encoding a predicted peptide with 274 amino acid residues. Immunostaining indicate that prohibitin is expressed in nucleus and predominately in cytoplasm. Western blot analyses indicated that, in the fifth instar larva, BmPHB was expressed descendingly in gonad, malpighian tubule, trachea, fatty body, intestine, and head. However, no expression was detected in larva's silk gland and epidermis. In addition, BmPHB was expressed in the nascent egg, larva and pupa, but not in the moth. The expression of BmPHB gene presents differential characteristic in different stage and tissues. It may play important roles in the development of silkworm. Studies on prohibitin have been still restricted to a few specific insects and insect cell lines such as Drosophila, Acyrthosiphon pisum and mosquito cell lines, not yet in silkworm. This is a first characterization of prohibitin in silkworm, B. mori.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Gene
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    ABSTRACT: We identified a novel gene encoding a Bombyx mori thymosin (BmTHY) protein from a cDNA library of silkworm pupae, which has an open reading frame (ORF) of 399 bp encoding 132 amino acids. It was found by bioinformatics that BmTHY gene consisted of three exons and two introns and BmTHY was highly homologous to thymosin betas (Tβ). BmTHY has a conserved motif LKHTET with only one amino acid difference from LKKTET, which is involved in Tβ binding to actin. A His-tagged BmTHY fusion protein (rBmTHY) with a molecular weight of approximately 18.4 kDa was expressed and purified to homogeneity. The purified fusion protein was used to produce anti-rBmTHY polyclonal antibodies in a New Zealand rabbit. Subcellular localization revealed that BmTHY can be found in both Bm5 cell (a silkworm ovary cell line) nucleus and cytoplasm but is primarily located in the nucleus. Western blotting and real-time RT-PCR showed that during silkworm developmental stages, BmTHY expression levels are highest in moth, followed by instar larvae, and are lowest in pupa and egg. BmTHY mRNA was universally distributed in most of fifth-instar larvae tissues (except testis). However, BmTHY was expressed in the head, ovary and epidermis during the larvae stage. BmTHY formed complexes with actin monomer, inhibited actin polymerization and cross-linked to actin. All the results indicated BmTHY might be an actin-sequestering protein and participate in silkworm development.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · PLoS ONE