M K Hong

Ulsan University Hospital, Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea

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Publications (78)597.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the myocardial enhancement pattern of the left ventricle on two-phase contrast-enhanced electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Two-phase contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT examinations were performed in 16 patients with AMI. The presence, location and pattern of myocardial enhancement were evaluated. MDCT findings were compared with the catheter angiographic results. Subendocardial (n = 9) or transmural (n = 6) area of early perfusion defects of the myocardium was detected in 15 of 16 patients (94%) on early-phase CT images. Variable delayed myocardial enhancement patterns on late-phase CT images were observed in 12 patients (75%): (1) subendocardial residual perfusion defect and subepicardial late enhancement (n = 6); (2) transmural late enhancement (n = 1); (3) isolated subendocardial late enhancement (n=1); and (4) isolated subendocardial residual perfusion defect (n = 2). On catheter angiography, 14 of 15 corresponding coronary arteries showed significant stenosis. Variable abnormal myocardial enhancement pattern was seen on two-phase, contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT in patients with AMI. Assessment of myocardial attenuation on CT angiography gives additional information of the location and extent of infarction.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Clinical Radiology
  • BK Lee · YH Kim · MK Kim · BR Choi · MJ Kim · KH Ko · SW Lee · KH Han · CW Lee · MK Hong · JJ Kim · SW Park · SJ Park

    No preview · Conference Paper · Apr 2005
  • SW Lee · SW Park · MK Hong · CW Lee · YH Kim · JH Park · SJ Kang · KH Han · JJ Kim · SJ Park
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the safety and efficacy of cilostazol and clopidogrel after coronary stenting. Patients (n = 689) who underwent successful stenting were randomly assigned to receive cilostazol (group 1, n = 344, 612 lesions) or clopidogrel (group 2, n = 345, 628 lesions). The incidence of subacute stent thrombosis or major adverse cardiac events, including death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization within 30 days (2.6% in group 1 vs 2.0% in group 2, p = 0.61) and side effects that required cessation of study drug (0.6% each) did not differ statistically between groups. These results indicate that cilostazol is as safe and effective as clopidogrel in preventing thrombotic complications after stenting. (c) 2005 by Excerpta Medica Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · The American Journal of Cardiology
  • JK Song · SW Park · DH Kang · MK Hong · CW Lee · JM Song · JJ Kim · SJ Park
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of ergonovine echocardiography (Erg Echo) for diagnosis of coronary vasospasm (CVS) in patients without significant fixed coronary stenosis. Material and Methods: Medical records of 650 patients who underwent Erg Echo were reviewed. Before Erg Echo, absence of significant fixed coronary stenosis was confirmed by invasive coronary angiography (CAG) in 316 patients (49%) or by noninvasive confirmation of negative treadmill or normal myocardial perfusion scan in 334 patients (51%). The cardiac events after Erg Echo were tabulated and these included cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), readmission due to intractable chest pain. Results. The average age was 54 +/- 10 years, with 223 women and 427 men. Erg Echo was positive in 237 patients (36%), for whom long-acting calcium channel blocker and nitrates were prescribed. During follow-up (46 +/- 23 months), cardiac events developed in 13% (30 of 237) of the positive Erg Echo group and 3% (14 of 413) of the negative Erg Echo group (P < .001). Incidence of cardiac death was higher in the positive Erg Echo group (3.4% vs 0.7%, P = .022). The 5-year survival rate (93% +/- 3% vs 99% +/- 1%, P = .013) and event-free survival rate (94% +/- 2% vs 77% +/- 6%, P < .001) were significantly lower in the positive Erg Echo group. Smoking (hazards ratio 6.3; 95% CI 1.7-23.5) and multivessel spasm (hazards ratio 37.2, 95% CI, 8.1 to 170.4) were independent factors associated with cardiac death and/or MI. Conclusion: Erg Echo for noninvasive diagnosis of CVS in the differential diagnosis of chest pain provides useful prognostic information for patients without significant fixed coronary stenosis and can play a role as a cost-effective diagnostic strategy in these selected patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate: 1) the long-term outcomes of 127 selected patients receiving unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenting; and 2) the impact of the debulking procedure before stenting and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance on their clinical outcomes. The long-term safety of stenting of unprotected LMCA stenoses has not been established yet. A total of 127 consecutive patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis and normal left ventricular function were treated by elective stenting. The long-term outcomes were evaluated between two groups: IVUS guidance (n = 77) vs. angiographic guidance (n = 50); and debulking plus stenting (debulking/stenting; n = 40) vs. stenting only (n = 87). Angiographic restenosis was documented in 19 (19%) of 100 patients. The lumen diameter after stenting was significantly larger in IVUS-guided group (p = 0.003). The angiographic restenosis rate was significantly lower in the debulking/stenting group (8.3% vs. 25%, p = 0.034). The reference artery size was the only independent predictor of angiographic restenosis. During follow-up (25.5 +/- 16.7 months), there were four deaths, but no nonfatal myocardial infarctions occurred. The survival rate was 97.0 +/- 1.7% at two years. These data suggest that stenting of unprotected LMCA stenosis might be associated with a favorable long-term outcome in selected patients. Guidance with IVUS may optimize the immediate results, and debulking before stenting seems to be effective in reducing the restenosis rate. However, we need a large-scale, randomized study.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2001 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Terminal QRS complex distortion on admission has an impact on a patient's prognosis after primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the determinants and prognostic significance of terminal QRS complex distortion in 153 consecutive patients with AMI after primary angioplasty. The study population was divided into 2 groups according to the presence (group I, n = 41) or absence (group II, n = 112) of terminal QRS complex distortion. The primary end points were the occurrence, within 6 weeks after AMI, of death, nonfatal reinfarction, or congestive heart failure. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. However, patients in group I had higher peak levels of serum creatine kinase than those in group II (5,100 +/- 3,100 vs 3,000 +/- 1,800 U/L, respectively, p <0.01). The rate of angiographic no-reflow (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade < or =2) was 31.7% in group I and 10.7% in group II (p <0.01). The predischarge left ventricular ejection fraction was 45.0 +/- 12.0% in group I and 54.0 +/- 8.0% in group II (p <0.01). Multivariate analysis identified the pressure-derived fractional collateral flow index and the culprit lesion in the left anterior descending coronary artery as independent determinants of the terminal QRS complex distortion. No patients died during 6 weeks of follow-up. The 2 groups were similar for life-threatening arrhythmia or reinfarction. However, there were more patients in group I than in group II with congestive heart failure (26.8% vs 5.4%, respectively, p <0.01) or who reached the primary end points (29.3% vs 5.4%, respectively, p <0.01). In conclusion, terminal QRS complex distortion on admission is associated with poor clinical outcome after primary angioplasty for AMI, and collateral flow may have a major influence on terminal QRS complex distortion during AMI.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · The American Journal of Cardiology
  • JH Lee · CW Lee · SW Park · MK Hong · JJ Kim · RS Rhee · SJ Park
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Many patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) are angina-free, but the optimal treatment for these patients remains uncertain. Hypothesis: In cases with asymptomatic moderate noncritical ISR, deferral of the intervention may be safe and associated with favorable clinical outcome. Methods: We evaluated the long,-term. clinical outcome of asymptomatic patients (Group 1, n = 98) with moderate noncritical ISR (< 70% diameter stenosis) after intervention was deferred, and compared it with that of patients (Group 2, n = 655) without restenosis. After repeat angioplasty was deferred, all patients were treated medically and later underwent angioplasty only in the case of clinical recurrence. Results: Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Clinical follow-up was available in all patients at 26.3 +/- 15.9 months. Twenty patients died during the follow-up: I in Group I and 19 in Group 2. Target lesion revascularization was performed in 3 patients in Group I and 11 patients in Group 2 during follow-up (p = NS), and new lesion revascularization in 2 patients in Group I and 27 patients in Group 2 (p NS). Event-free survival rate (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization) was 86.7 +/- 6.1 % in Group I and 84.8 +/- 2.2% in Group 2 at the end of follow-up (p = NS). Major adverse cardiac events were only associated with the presence of diabetic mellitus (hazards ratio 2.65, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48-4.73, p < 0.01). The percentage of patients receiving antianginal medication was similar between the two groups at the end of the study (p = NS). Conclusions: Asymptomatic patients with moderate noncritical ISR have a good prognosis and similar clinical outcome as those without ISR, suggesting, that it may be safe to defer repeat angioplasty in these patients until angina recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2001 · Clinical Cardiology
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    C W Lee · J H Lee · T H Lim · H S Yang · M K Hong · J K Song · S W Park · S J Park · J J Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral metabolic abnormalities were proposed as a potential marker of disease severity in congestive heart failure (CHF), but their prognostic significance remains uncertain. We investigated the prognostic value of cerebral metabolic abnormalities in 130 consecutive patients with advanced CHF (100 men aged 42.6+/-11.9 years; left ventricular ejection fraction, 22.2+/-6.2%). Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy data were obtained from localized regions ( approximately 8 mL) of the occipital gray matter and the parietal white matter. The primary end point was the occurrence of death after the proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. During follow-up (18.5+/-14.4 months), 21 patients died and 15 underwent urgent heart transplantation. In the Cox proportional model, occipital metabolites (N-acetylaspartate, creatine, choline, and myoinositol), parietal N-acetylaspartate level, and the duration of CHF symptoms (>12 months) were validated as univariate predictors of death. In multivariate Cox analyses, however, the occipital N-acetylaspartate level was an independent predictor of death (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.67; P<0.001). An analysis with respect to the combined end point of death or urgent transplantation showed similar results. The best cutoff value (9.0 mmol/kg) for occipital N-acetylaspartate level had 75% sensitivity and 67% specificity to predict mortality. The occipital N-acetylaspartate level is a powerful and independent predictor of CHF mortality, suggesting that cerebral metabolic abnormalities may be used as a new prognostic marker in the assessment of patients with CHF.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2001 · Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Compared with balloon angioplasty, stenting has been established as an effective treatment modality to reduce restenosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, the immediate results that predict favorable long-term outcomes in the acute infarct stenting are unknown. Therefore, we evaluated long-term outcomes of stenting for infarct-related artery (IRA) lesions by using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) compared with that of stenting for non-IRA lesions. IVUS-guided coronary stenting was successfully performed in 510 native coronary lesions (105 IRA vs 405 non-IRA). A 6-month follow-up angiogram was performed in 419 (82.2%) lesions: 87 (82.9%) IRA lesions and 332 (82.0%) non-IRA lesions. Coronary stenting on the IRA lesions was successfully performed within 7 to 10 days after onset of infarction in 42 patients and within 12 hours in 45 patients. Results were evaluated by clinical, angiographic, and IVUS methods. There were no significant differences in clinical and angiographic variables between the two groups. IVUS variables including reference vessel area and minimal stent area were also similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference in angiographic restenosis rate between the two groups in cases of minimal stent area > or = 7 mm(2): 12.8% (6 of 47) in IRA versus 19.1% (33 of 173) in non-IRA lesions (P = .315). However, the angiographic restenosis rate in cases of minimal stent area <7 mm(2) was 50% (20 of 40) in IRA lesions versus 31.5% (50 of 159) in non-IRA lesions (P = .028). Angiographic restenosis is significantly higher in stenting for IRA lesions compared with that for non-IRA lesions in cases of minimal stent area < 7 mm(2).
    No preview · Article · May 2001 · American Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous recanalization (SR) occurs after the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but its clinical significance in the reperfusion era remains uncertain. We evaluated the determinants and prognostic significance of SR in 196 consecutive patients with AMI who underwent primary angioplasty at our institution. The study population was divided into 2 groups according to the presence (group I, n = 44) or absence (group II, n = 152) of SR (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] anterograde > or = 2 flow on the preintervention angiogram). The primary end point was the occurrence, within 6-weeks after AMI, of death, nonfatal reinfarction, and congestive heart failure. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 groups. Peak levels of creatine kinase were lower in group I than in group II (2,500 +/- 1,800 vs 4,000 +/- 2,900 U/L, respectively, p < 0.05). The rate of TIMI flow grade 3 after intervention was higher in group I than in group II (93.2% vs 79.6%, respectively, p < 0.05), and patients in group I had a faster corrected TIMI frame count than those in group II (22.7 +/- 12.4 vs 30.3 +/- 22.8, respectively, p < 0.05). Preinfarction angina (odds ratio [OR] 2.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10 to 4.33, p < 0.05), heavy thrombi (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.74, p < 0.05), and good angiographic collaterals (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.89, p < 0.05) were independent predictors of SR. Death, reinfarction, and severe arrhythmia were not different between the 2 groups. However, heart failure occurred more frequently in group II than in group I (15.1% vs 2.3%, respectively, p < 0.05). The primary end point was also significantly lower in group I than in group II (4.5% vs 18.4%, respectively, p < 0.05). In conclusion, SR in AMI is associated with faster coronary flow, smaller infarct size, and a better clinical outcome after primary angioplasty.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2001 · The American Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Abciximab was shown to have important beneficial effects beyond the maintenance of epicardial coronary artery patency. However, it remains uncertain whether abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and with incomplete reperfusion after primary angioplasty (PA). The study aimed to evaluate whether rescue use of abciximab may lead to a better functional outcome in such patients. The study included 25 patients with first AMI who met the following criteria: (1) total occlusion of the infarct-related artery, (2) PA within 12 h of symptom onset, (3) postprocedural diameter stenosis < 30%, and final Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2. Echocardiographic examination was performed before and on Days 7 and 30 after PA. The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 (usual care, n = 13) and Group 2 (rescue use of abciximab, n = 12). Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Peak level of creatine kinase was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (5,800+/-2,700 vs. 3,800+/-2,000 U/I, p < 0.05). At 1 month follow-up, infarct zone wall motion score index (2.71+/-0.26 vs. 2.05+/-0.63, p < 0.01) and left ventricular (LV) volume indices were smaller in Group 2 than in Group 1, whereas LV ejection fraction was higher in Group 2 than in Group 1 (52.1+/-7.8 vs. 42.1+/-6.4, p < 0.01). At 1-month, abciximab was the only independent predictor of wall motion recovery index by multiple regression analysis. Rescue use of abciximab may reduce the infarct size in patients with AMI and TIMI grade 2 flow after PA, which may improve the recovery of regional LV function.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2001 · Clinical Cardiology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2001 · Cardiovascular Radiation Medicine
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    M K Hong · S W Park · S J Park

    Preview · Article · Feb 2001 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    ABSTRACT: Covering a stent with a membrane (stent graft) allows treatment of diverse coronary abnormalities such as aneurysms, rupture and fistulas (which, until recently, required surgical therapy). A stent graft could also reduce embolic complications associated with angioplasty of saphenous vein grafts. The objective of this study is to evaluate bovine pericardium as a graft for conventional stents. In vitro testing of the bovine pericardium disclosed an elasticity of 15% and a resistance to rupture of 0.22 kg/mm2, well above the pressure commonly used during stent deployment. In 18 pigs, 29 of 32 (90.63%) attempts to implant stent grafts were successful. Histology of acute porcine studies revealed correct apposition of the stent graft to the vessel wall, subacute and chronic (10 days and 1 month) samples showed adequate endothelization and exclusion of proliferative media. Twenty stents were placed in 15 patients with a 100% success rate. Seven patients had coronary aneurysms and in all a complete exclusion of the aneurysm was obtained without complications. Fourteen patients have a follow-up of 6 or more months with evidence of clinical restenosis in 2 (14.28%), whereas angiographic follow-up in 9 patients, which included the 2 cases with recurrent angina, evidenced restenosis in 3 of 14 stents (21.4%), two of which were overlapped in the LAD of one patient and one corresponded to a series of 9 stents (in 5 patients) placed in saphenous vein grafts. It is concluded that bovine pericardium is a suitable material for stent-grafts and its efficacy to seal coronary aneurysms was demonstrated. These results warrant a larger comparative study to better define its restenosis rate and further delineate its usefulness in the treatment of diseased saphenous vein grafts.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2001 · Archivos de cardiología de México
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    S W Park · C W Lee · M K Hong · J J Kim · G Y Cho · D Y Nah · S J Park
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    ABSTRACT: Angioplasty of lesions in small coronary arteries remains a significant problem because of the increased risk of restenosis. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of elective coronary stent placement and optimal balloon angioplasty in small vessel disease. One hundred and twenty patients with lesions in small coronary arteries (de novo, non-ostial lesion and reference diameter <3 mm) were randomly assigned to either balloon angioplasty or elective stent placement (7-cell NIR stent). The primary end-point was restenosis at 6 months follow-up. Optimal balloon angioplasty was defined as diameter stenosis less than or = 30% and the absence of major dissection after the angioplasty, and crossover to stenting was allowed. Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar in the two groups. Procedure was successful in all patients, and in-hospital events did not occur in any patient. However, 12 patients in the angioplasty group were stented because of suboptimal results or major dissection. Postprocedural lumen diameter was significantly larger in the stent group than in the angioplasty group (2.44 +/- 0.36 mm vs 2.14 +/- 0.36, P<0.05, respectively), but late loss was greater in the stent group (1.12 +/- 0.67 mm vs 0.63 +/- 0.48, P<0.01, respectively). The angiographic restenosis rate was 30.9% in the angioplasty group, and 35.7% in the stent group (P = ns). Clinical follow-up was available in all patients (15.9 +/- 5.7 months) and clinical events during the follow-up were similar in both groups. These results suggest that optimal balloon angioplasty with provisional stenting may be a reasonable approach for treatment of lesions in small coronary arteries.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2000 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary stenting has been accepted as a very effective treatment modality in patients with coronary artery disease.(1,2) Poststent high-pressure inflation techniques with the introduction of antiplatelet agents and use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provide a marked reduction in stent thrombosis and a lower rate of late restenosis.(3-5) Therefore, aggressive dilatation with high-pressure inflation for stent deployment has usually been recommended.(5) However, edge dissections were sometimes observed as one of the complications of the aggressive stent dilatation.(6) If the plaque of edge dissection protrudes into the lumen and limits the distal coronary blood flow, it is necessary for the operators to deploy an additional stent to cover a significant dissection. However, when the edge dissection is minor and non-flow limiting, there has been controversy over deploying or not deploying an additional stent as the treatment modality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influences of minor edge dissections on late angiographic in-stent restenosis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2000 · The American Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Direct myocardial revascularization (DMR) has been examined as an alternative treatment for patients with chronic refractory myocardial ischemic syndromes who are not candidates for conventional coronary revascularization. Methods and Results-We used left ventricular electromagnetic guidance in 77 patients with chronic refractory angina (56 men, mean age 61+/-11 years, ejection fraction 0.48+/-0.11) to perform percutaneous DMR with an Ho:YAG laser at 2 J/pulse. Procedural success (laser channels placed in prespecified target zones) was achieved in 76 of 77 patients with an average of 26+/-10 channels (range 11 to 50 channels). The rate of major in-hospital cardiac adverse events was 2.6%, with no deaths or emergency operations, 1 patient with postprocedural pericardiocentesis, and 1 patient with minor embolic stroke. The rate of out-of-hospital adverse cardiac events (up to 6 months) was 2.6%, with 1 patient with myocardial infarction and 1 patient with stroke. Exercise duration after DMR increased from 387+/-179 to 454+/-166 seconds at 1 month and to 479+/-161 seconds at 6 months (P=0.0001). The time to onset of angina increased from 293+/-167 to 377+/-176 seconds at 1 month and to 414+/-169 seconds at 6 months (P=0.0001). Importantly, the time to ST-segment depression (>/=1 mm) also increased from 327+/-178 to 400+/-172 seconds at 1 month and to 436+/-175 seconds at 6 months (P=0.001). Angina (Canadian Cardiovascular Society classification) improved from 3.3+/-0.5 to 2.0+/-1.2 at 6 months (P<0.001). Nuclear perfusion imaging studies with a dual-isotope technique, however, showed no significant improvements at 1 or 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous DMR guided by left ventricular mapping is feasible and safe and reveals improved angina and prolonged exercise duration for up to a 6-month follow-up.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: There are few data about the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) findings in patients with vasospastic angina, especially regarding patterns of vascular remodeling. Coronary spasm was documented by angiography and electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia in 36 patients after administration of ergonovine (cumulative doses up to 350 microg). After relief of spasm with 1000 microg of intracoronary nitroglycerin, quantitative angiography and IVUS imaging were performed and analyzed by standard methods. The 36 focal spasm sites were compared with the proximal and distal reference segments. The angiographic baseline minimum lumen diameter measured 1.78 +/- 0.66 mm, which decreased to 0.66 +/- 0.38 mm with ergonovine provocation (P <.0001), increased to 2.66 +/- 0.64 mm after intracoronary nitroglycerin (P <.0001 compared with baseline and after ergonovine), and did not change after IVUS imaging (2.66 +/- 0.63, P =.9). By IVUS, atherosclerotic lesions were observed at all coronary spasm sites; the mean plaque burden measured 56% at the spasm site and 35% at the reference. Spasm site plaque composition was hypoechoic in 31 and hyperechoic, noncalcific in 5; there was no calcium. The mean eccentricity index (maximum divided by minimum plaque thickness) was 6.7. Positive remodeling (spasm site arterial area greater than proximal reference) was present in 5; intermediate remodeling (proximal reference greater than spasm site greater than distal reference arterial area) was present in 7; and negative remodeling (spasm site arterial area less than distal reference) was present in 24. Sites of vasospasm in patients with variant angina showed characteristics of early atherosclerosis, except for an unusually high incidence of negative arterial remodeling.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · American Heart Journal
  • G Y Cho · C W Lee · M K Hong · J J Kim · S W Park · S J Park
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the incidence, predictors, and clinical significance of side-branch occlusion (SBO) after rotational atherectomy (RA) for treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and compared it with those of native coronary artery (NC). RA was performed in 64 patients with 34 ISR (42 side branches) and 30 NC (40 side branches). SBO occurred 14% after RA in ISR group compared with 0% in NC group (P < 0.05), and 33% after adjunctive balloon inflation in ISR group compared with 2.5% in NC group (P < 0.01). Non-Q myocardial infarction developed in seven patients in ISR group and four patients in NC group (P = NS). The presence of significant side-branch (SB) ostial disease (OR = 4.7, P < 0.05) and ISR lesions (OR = 15.5, P < 0.05) were the only independent predictors of SBO by multivariate analysis. The incidence of SBO is higher after RA of ISR than RA of NC and may be associated with an increased risk of non-Q myocardial infarction.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2000 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    J K Song · S W Park · D H Kang · M K Hong · J J Kim · C W Lee · S J Park
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to address the issues of safety, feasibility and clinical impact of noninvasive diagnosis of coronary vasospasm (CVS). The safety of ergonovine provocation for CVS performed outside the catheterization laboratory has been questioned. We performed a retrospective analysis of the results of bedside ergonovine provocation testing by monitoring left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs) using two-dimensional echocardiography (Erg Echo). After confirming that there was no significant epicardial coronary stenosis, Erg Echo was performed on 1,372 patients from July 1991 to December 1997. Ergonovine echocardiography was terminated prematurely in 13 patients (0.9%) because of limitations caused by side effects unrelated to myocardial ischemia. Among 1,359 completed tests, 31% (n = 421) showed positive results, with development of RWMAs in 412 tests (98%) or ST displacement in electrocardiograms of nine tests (2%). Arrhythmias developed in 1.9% (26/1,372), including transient ventricular tachycardia (n = 2) and atrioventricular block (n = 4), which were promptly reversed with nitroglycerin. There was no mortality or development of myocardial infarction. Based on the angiographic criteria of 218 patients, the sensitivity and specificity of Erg Echo for the diagnosis of CVS were 93% and 91%, respectively. Since 1994, Erg Echo has become a more popular diagnostic method than invasive spasm provocation testing in the catheterization laboratory and has comprised more than 95% of all spasm provocation tests during the last three years. In the outpatient clinic, 453 patients underwent Erg Echo safely. Although this is a retrospective study in a single center, we believe that Erg Echo is highly feasible, accurate and safe for the diagnosis of CVS and can replace invasive angiographic spasm provocation testing in the catheterization laboratory.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2000 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Publication Stats

3k Citations
597.18 Total Impact Points


  • 2006
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 1996-2005
    • University of Ulsan
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 1994-1999
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1998
    • Red Cross
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1997
    • Keimyung University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Asan Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea