[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents an analysis of samples from 75 patients for the presence of rubella virus, viral RNA, and specific antibodies. For all samples, RNA detection was higher than virus isolation. It was found that it was not possible to isolate rubella virus in every sixth clinical sample containing the viral RNA. Primary structures of the site (from the 8072nd to 8291st nucleotide) of the rubella virus genome from 14 samples were determined. This paper shows that all the samples of rubella virus belong to the first genotype, subgroups 1h, and very likely to subgroups 1a and 1F. For the first time, the circulation of rubella virus of the genotype has been shown both prior to the start of mass vaccination in Western Siberia and after.
No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Molecular Genetics Microbiology and Virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synergistic action of the cytostatic drug cyclophosphamide (CP) and fragmented exogenous DNA causes illness and death in mice (Dolgova et al., 2011–2013). The observed “delayed death” effect was most clearly pronounced when the DNA preparation was administered 18 to 30 h after CP treatment. This time span was termed the “death window.”
It was found that injections of exogenous DNA result in a sustained increase in bone-marrow cell (BMC) apoptosis, which occurs throughout the time of DNA administration (18–30 h). Exogenous DNA, both allogeneic and belonging to various taxa, induces BMC apoptosis. Plasmid DNA has the greatest effect on apoptosis induction. The analysis of reduction and restoration of the BMC subpopulations as the mice progressed to death revealed a virtually complete loss of the 12–20-μm fraction of the cell population (about 3–4% vs. 35–40% in the control), which corresponds to the maximum leukopenia on day 3 after CP treatment. However, the relative number of CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from day 15 and until the end of the observation constituted 1.2–1.4%, which corresponds to the wild-type range. Comparison of BMC smears from the sternal bone marrow of the CP and CP + DNA groups of mice indicated that the BMC populations isolated from CP + DNA animals lack young committed lymphopoiesis progenitor cells. Moreover, the affected mice had immature blast cell types in their blood, which was never observed in healthy or CP-treated mice. Pathological and morphological analyses show that starting from posttreatment day 9, mice that received CP + DNA preparations displayed pronounced morphological changes in their lungs, liver, pancreas, central and peripheral immune system organs, and brain. Most of the pathological changes observed are consistent with a severe inflammatory response. This suggestion was proven by structural equivalents of functional involution of lymphoid organs, such as the thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes.
We speculate that the death of treated animals resulted from multiple organ dysfunctions caused by accidental involution of lymphoid organs and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome, both associated with injections of fragmented exogenous DNA into experimental animals within the “death window,” which corresponds to the final step in the repair of the majority of CP-induced double-strand breaks.
No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A molecular epidemiological study of novel strain of Rubella virus isolated during the outbreak in Western Siberia in 2004 is described. A detailed phylogenetic analysis performed based upon entire SP-section, which encodes all three Rubella structural proteins (C, E2, and El), is implemented. This analysis provides characterization of this strain and classifies it in the 1H genotype, thereby correcting a previous classification of this strain based upon a shorter nucleotide sequence only encoding El protein. Therefore, this study identified the genotype of the Rubella virus not previously detected in western Siberia (and even the entire Russian Federation), which highlights the importance of more extensive characterization of genetic variability of the Rubella virus, especially with regard to the potential influence of vaccination on the Rubella virus mutagenesis.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Molecular Genetics Microbiology and Virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Injections of exogenous DNA combined with a cytostatic agent cyclophosphamide (CP) cause illness and death in experimental mice. This phenomenon is referred to as delayed death. It has been found that fragments of exogenous DNA reach the bone marrow and enter the bone marrow cells (BMCs) 1–5 min after injections. Fragments of exogenous DNA are captured from culture medium by BMCs generated ex vivo. After joint incubation with BMCs of mice, the fragments of exogenous DNA are internalized into internal compartments in a nondegraded form. Up to 1800 kb of nucleic acid material can be present in each cell of BMCs generated ex vivo and treated with fragments of exogenous DNA. The fragments of exogenous DNA internalized in BMCs generated ex vivo of both intact and CP pretreated mice become circularized. In the case of intact mice, the fragments of exogenous DNA can form high-molecular weight structures in vivo. It is suggested that the exogenous fragments localized in BMC nuclei integrate into chromosome(s) of the recipient mouse genome when treated with CP and exogenous DNA.
No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study of basic biological properties of H5N1 subtype strain isolated during an outbreak among wild birds in Russia in 2010 was presented. The study was carried out using conventional methods according to the WHO recommendations. H5N1 influenza virus isolated in Siberia belonged to clade 2.3.2 of the hemagglutinin gene; the phylogenetic analysis was performed. The antigenic characteristics and the basic genetic markers of biological properties were studied. It was shown that all strains were highly pathogenic for chickens and white mice. Thus, it was shown that in Russia in the 2010 H5N1 virus phylogenetically closely related to Asian variants caused epizootic among wild birds. The potential danger of this variant of the virus for humans was confirmed by different methods. We discussed the possibility of formation of H5N1 influenza natural focus.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Molekuliarnaia genetika, mikrobiologiia i virusologiia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genetical features of the A(H1N1) influenza virus strain that caused the 2009 pandemic are analyzed in the review. Mutations typical for this strain, unique and similar to influenza viruses of swine, avian and seasonal types, and phenotypic (pathologic) features associated with them, that are experimentally confirmed, are described. A possibility of reassortation of avian and swine influenza viruses and possible epidemiologic consequences are discussed.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Studies of cultural, virologic, antigenic properties of 89 samples of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus isolated in Russian Federation from May 2009 to March 2010.
Properties of isolated samples were compared with those of the reference strain A/ California/04/2009 (H1N1).
Studies of biological properties and analysis of genome nucleotide sequences of the isolated samples showed that those strains are closely related to the reference strain.
Monitoring of genetic, virologic and antigenic properties of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus isolates carried out from May 2009 to March 2010 did not reveal significant changes in the abovementioned properties of the virus or emergence of mutations that can lead to such changes.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cells from the rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid comprising over 70% of neutrophils were labeled with 51Cr and administered intraperitoneally or intravenously to control animals and to rats which were injected subcutaneously with 2 mg of ketalog 5 days before the onset of experiment. Blood samples, lung, hepatic, splenic, renal, small intestinal, and muscular biposies were taken 1 hour after cell infusion. The intraperitoneal administration of 51Cr-labeled neutrophils did not significantly increase the radioactivity count rate in any organ examined. The rise was most notable in the lungs after v/v infusion of labeled neutrophils. Rats given kenalog showed a low level of radioactivity in the lung tissue compared with controls probably because the glucocorticoid caused a specific change in the mechanism of uptake of labeled neutrophils.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ akademii meditsinskikh nauk / Rossiĭskaia akademiia meditsinskikh nauk
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study efficacy of anaferon pediatric in mice infected by pandemic influenza virus A(H1N1/09)v.
Influenza virus strain A/California/07/2009 (H1N1)v was used. Three groups of BALB/c mice intranasally inoculated with influenza virus were studied. First group received solution of Anaferon pediatric during 5 days before and 8 days after inoculation, 2nd group received Tamiflu during 5 days after inoculation. Distilled water was administered orally to mice from control group.
It was shown that Anaferon pediatric used as preventive and treatment agent in mice intranasally inoculated with 100% infectious dose of influenza virus strain A/ California/07/2009 (H1N1)v had antiviral effect, which expressed in 10-fold decreased reproduction of influenza virus in lungs of infected mice compared to control group measured 4, 6, and 8 days after inoculation.
Use of anaferon pediatric before and after inoculation with influenza virus A(H1N1/09)v was not less effective than use of Tamiflu after inoculation.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Molecular epidemiological study of novel strain of Rubella virus isolated during the outbreak in Western Siberia in 2004 was described. Detailed phylogenetic analysis performed based upon entire SP-region, which encodes all three Rubella structural proteins (C, E2, and E1), was implemented. This analysis provides characterization of this strain and classifies it as 1H genotype, thereby correcting previous classification of this strain based upon shorter nucleotide sequence, only encoding E1 protein. Therefore, this study identified the genotype of the Rubella virus not previously detected in Western Siberia (and even entire Russian Federation), which highlights the importance of more extensive characterization of genetic variability of the Rubella virus, especially with regard to potential influence of vaccination on the Rubella virus mutagenesis.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Molekuliarnaia genetika, mikrobiologiia i virusologiia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study antiviral activity of extracts obtained from basidial fungi against influenza viruses of different subtypes.
Antiviral activity of extracts obtained from basidial fungi against influenza virus A/chicken/Kurgan/05/2005 (H5N1) was determined in in vitro experiments. Changes in infectiousness of pandemic influenza virus A/Moscow/226/2009 (HIN1)v caused by extracts of basidial fungi was studied in experiments in vitro and in vivo.
Seventy water extracts of basidial fungi were studied, of which 10 were able to inhibit infectiousness of influenza virus strain A/ chicken/Kurgan/05/2005 (H5N1) in MDCK cell culture. Also, several studied extracts decreased infectiousness of pandemic influenza virus strain A/ Moscow/226/2009 (H1N1)v in MDCK cells and inhibit its reproduction in lungs of infected mice.
High antiviral activity of extracts obtained from basidial fungi against influenza viruses opens perspectives for development of drugs with preventive and treatment effects.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isolation and study of molecular genetic characteristics of pandemic influenza virus A (H1N1) circulated in Amur region in autumn 2009 as well as testing of serum samples taken from citizens of this region during November- December 2009 in order to measure levels of antibodies to socially significant serotypes of influenza A virus.
Strain of pandemic influenza virus A/Blagoveschensk/01/2009 (H1N1) was isolated on MDCK cell culture and nucleotide sequences of all eight segments of viral genome were determined. Five hundred seventy-six serum samples taken in Amur region in autumn 2009 were tested by hemagglutination inhibition assay.
Nucleotide sequence of A/Blagovechensk/01/2009 (H1N1) strain was 99.7% identical to reference influenza virus strain A/California/04/2009. Diagnostically significant titers of antibodies to pandemic influenza virus were observed in 46.3% of persons younger 30 years old and in 20.1% older persons. Antibodies to seasonal influenza virus H1N1 and H3N2 were detected in 39.5 and 29.8% of persons respectively.
Final seroepidemiological picture of distribution of pandemic virus in Amur region matches with the one for seasonal influenza virus A (H1N1): > 60% of seropositive persons were registered in age group < 18 years old, and this proportion increases with increasing age.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze influenza viruses isolated in the 2008-2009 autumn-winter season, and to test sera collected in the south of Western Siberia during the beginning and the end of the epidemic seasons from 2007 until the A/H1N1 pandemic.
Total 149 clinical samples were analyzed and 2190 blood sera were tested. During the 2008-2009 season 17 influenza viruses were isolated. 9 of these were A/H1N1, 5-were A/H3N2, and 3 were influenza B viruses. The nucleotide sequences and amino acid composition of influenza A virus hemagglutinin (HA) were compared with reference strains.
Among A/H1N1 viruses circulating in Novosibirsk region three viruses contained four amino acid replacements in antigen sites Ca, Cb and Sb. In A/ H3N2 viruses from Novosibirsk, 2 amino acid substitutions were detected in antigen sites B and E.
Based on genotyping influenzae epidemic on February to April of 2009 in the south of western Siberia was associated with influenza viruses A/H1N1, A/H3N2, and B. All A/H3N2 influenza virus isolates were variants of reference A/Brisbane/10/2007(H3N2) and A/ H1N1 influenza viruses isolates were similar to reference A/Brisbane/59/2007(H1N1).
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anaferon (pediatric formulation) administered in the therapeutic-and-prophylactic regimen to mice receiving intranasally 100% infecting dose of A/California/07/2009(H1N1)v influenza virus exhibited an antiviral effect and 10-fold reduced the production of influenza virus in the lungs of infected mice on days 4, 6, and 8 after infection compared to the control (distilled water). The efficiency of Anaferon (pediatric formulation) administered before and after infection with A/California/07/2009(H1N1)v influenza virus was not inferior to the use of Tamiflu after infection.
No preview · Article · May 2010 · Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The levels of susceptibility to influenza virus A/Aichi/2/68 H3N2 and the virus yield were determined using primary cells of the trachea and lungs of CD-1 mice and Wistar rats, and for 3 sets of cells obtained from primary lung cells of the both species by centrifugation in the gradient of density and by sedimentation on a surface. The values of ID50 virus dose for 10(6) cells and virus yield per 1 infected cell determined for primary mice cells were 4.0+/-0.47 and 3.2+/-0.27 IgEID50 (lung cells), 3.8+/-0.17 and 3.3+/-0.20 IgEID50 (tracheal cells), and those determined for primary rat cells were 4.0+/-0.35 and 2.1+/-0.24 IgEID50 (lung cells), 3.7+/-0.27 and 2.2+/-0.46 IgEID50 (tracheal cells). The values of ID50 and yield measured for mixtures of cells obtained from primary lung cells by centrifugation in gradient of density and by sedimentation on a surface differed insignificantly (p = 0.05) from the values of the corresponding parameters measured for lung and tracheal cells for both rats and mice. The analysis of data on the variation of the concentrations of different cell types in the experimental cell mixtures shows that type 1 and 2 alveolocytes possess significantly lower (p = 0.05) susceptibility and productivity vs. ciliated cells of the both species. The investigation was conducted within the frame of the ISTC/DARPA#450p project.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ akademii meditsinskikh nauk / Rossiĭskaia akademiia meditsinskikh nauk
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two outbreaks of rubella infections notified in the Tomsk and Kemerovo Regions were investigated. Two rubella virus strains from one patient in each outbreak were isolated and genetically characterized. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to reveal partial E1 gene sequence at a length of 915 nucleotides. Analysis indicated that the rubella virus strains circulating in the West-Siberian region belonged to international genetic 1g group, which had been first detected in Russia.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Voprosy virusologii