Peter Seizer

University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Are you Peter Seizer?

Claim your profile

Publications (95)458.05 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study sought to evaluate a ventilation maneuver to facilitate percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (PMVR) and its effects on heart geometry. Background: In patients with challenging anatomy, the application of PMVR is limited, potentially resulting in insufficient reduction of mitral regurgitation (MR) or clip detachment. Under general anesthesia, however, ventilation maneuvers can be used to facilitate PMVR. Methods: A total of 50 consecutive patients undergoing PMVR were included. During mechanical ventilation, different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) were applied, and parameters of heart geometry were assessed using transesophageal echocardiography. Results: We found that increased PEEP results in elevated central venous pressure. Specifically, central venous pressure increased from 14.0 ± 6.5 mm Hg (PEEP 3 mm Hg) to 19.3 ± 5.9 mm Hg (PEEP 20 mm Hg; p < 0.001). As a consequence, the reduced pre-load resulted in reduction of the left ventricular end-systolic diameter from 43.8 ± 10.7 mm (PEEP 3 mm Hg) to 39.9 ± 11.0 mm (PEEP 20 mm Hg; p < 0.001), mitral valve annulus anterior-posterior diameter from 32.4 ± 4.3 mm (PEEP 3 mm Hg) to 30.5 ± 4.4 mm (PEEP 20 mm Hg; p < 0.001), and the medio-lateral diameter from 35.4 ± 4.2 mm to 34.1 ± 3.9 mm (p = 0.002). In parallel, we observed a significant increase in leaflet coaptation length from 3.0 ± 0.8 mm (PEEP 3 mm Hg) to 5.4 ± 1.1 mm (PEEP 20 mm Hg; p < 0.001). The increase in coaptation length was more pronounced in MR with functional or mixed genesis. Importantly, a coaptation length >4.9 mm at PEEP of 10 mm Hg resulted in a significant reduction of PMVR procedure time (152 ± 49 min to 116 ± 26 min; p = 0.05). Conclusions: In this study, we describe a novel ventilation maneuver improving mitral valve coaptation length during the PMVR procedure, which facilitates clip positioning. Our observations could help to improve PMVR therapy and could make nonsurgical candidates accessible to PMVR therapy, particularly in challenging cases with functional MR.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platelets store and release CXCL12 (SDF-1), which governs differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors into either endothelial or macrophage-foam cells. CXCL12 ligates CXCR4 and CXCR7 and regulates monocyte/macrophage functions. This study deciphers the relative contribution of CXCR4-CXCR7 in mediating the effects of platelet-derived CXCL12 on monocyte function, survival, and differentiation. CXCL12 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) that ligate CXCR4-CXCR7 induced a dynamic bidirectional trafficking of the receptors, causing CXCR4 internalization and CXCR7 externalization during chemotaxis, thereby influencing relative receptor availability, unlike MCP-1. In vivo we found enhanced accumulation of platelets and platelet-macrophage co-aggregates in peritoneal fluid following induction of peritonitis in mice. The relative surface expression of CXCL12, CXCR4, and CXCR7 among infiltrated monocytes was also enhanced as compared with peripheral blood. Platelet-derived CXCL12 from collagen-adherent platelets and recombinant CXCL12 induced monocyte chemotaxis specifically through CXCR4 engagement. Adhesion of monocytes to immobilized CXCL12 and CXCL12-enriched activated platelet surface under static and dynamic arterial flow conditions were mediated primarily through CXCR7 and were counter-regulated by neutralizing platelet-derived CXCL12. Monocytes and culture-derived-M1-M2 macrophages phagocytosed platelets, with the phagocytic potential of culture-derived-M1 macrophages higher than M2 involving CXCR4-CXCR7 participation. CXCR7 was the primary receptor in promoting monocyte survival as exerted by platelet-derived CXCL12 against BH3-mimetic induced apoptosis (phosphatidylserine exposure, caspase-3 activation, loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential). In co-culture experiments with platelets, monocytes predominantly differentiated into CD163(+) macrophages, which was attenuated upon CXCL12 neutralization and CXCR4/CXCR7 blocking antibodies. Moreover, OxLDL uptake by platelets induced platelet apoptosis, like other platelet agonists TRAP and collagen-related peptide (CRP). CXCL12 facilitated phagocytosis of apoptotic platelets by monocytes and M1-M2 macrophages, also promoted their differentiation into foam cells via CXCR4 and CXCR7. Thus, platelet-derived CXCL12 could regulate monocyte-macrophage functions through differential engagement of CXCR4 and CXCR7, indicating an important role in inflammation at site of platelet accumulation.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Cell Death & Disease
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Double ventricular response is a rare arrhythmia that results from simultaneous antegrade conduction over the fast and slow pathways of AV node. Double ventricular responses may lead to arrhythmia-related cardiomyopathy. As far as we know, there is not any reported reversible cardiomyopathy development that resulted from double ventricular responses to one atrial impulse after slow pathway ablation. We report a unique case of double ventricular response cardiomyopathy that has been developed 5 years after slow pathway ablation.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Conventional catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias is associated with radiation risks for patients and laboratory personnel. Widespread use of zero-fluoroscopic catheter ablation in clinical routine is limited by safety concerns. This study investigated the feasibility of zero-fluoroscopy catheter ablation using a three-dimensional mapping system and optional catheter contact force technology for an all-comers collective. Patients and methods: The study comprised 184 patients; 91 patients, including 29 pediatric patients, underwent a zero-fluoroscopic electrophysiology (EP) study using the EnSite NavX system with real-time visualization of all electrodes. These patients were matched to a control group, which was treated using fluoroscopy in the same period. Inclusion criteria were documented supraventricular tachycardia or a history of symptomatic paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Transseptal access, if necessary, was achieved under transesophageal echocardiographic guidance for ablation of left-sided arrhythmias. Radiofrequency (using optional contact force measurement) or a cryotechnique was used for ablation. Results: We observed no major acute complications. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the follow-up period. Conclusion: Zero-fluoroscopic catheter ablation is generally feasible in right-sided cardiac arrhythmias. Safety concerns regarding left atrial substrates or children can be overcome with optional real-time contact force measurement.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Herz

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · International journal of cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, we reported that extracellular cyclophilin A (CyPA) is an important agonist for platelets. Whereas soluble CyPA-levels have been associated with cardiovascular risk factors, cell-bound CyPA has not been investigated yet. In this study, we analyzed for the first time platelet-bound CyPA in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). blood was obtained from 388 consecutive patients: 204 with stable CAD and 184 with acute coronary syndrome (76 with unstable angina, 78 with non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and 30 with STEMI). In vitro stimulation of platelets with classical agonists revealed an enhanced expression of CyPA on the platelet surface. In patients with stable CAD, platelet-bound CyPA correlated excellently with platelet activity measured by P-selectin exposure in flow cytometry. The analysis of classical risk factors for atherosclerosis revealed that patients with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia had significantly enhanced platelet-bound CyPA, whereas diabetes and smoking were not associated with enhanced CyPA-binding to the platelet surface. In multivariate analysis, hypercholesterolemia was the only significant predictor of enhanced platelet-bound CyPA. Interestingly, in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) platelet-bound CyPA was significantly decreased compared with patients with stable CAD. Enhanced platelet-bound CyPA is associated with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia in stable CAD patients. In patients with AMI platelet-bound CyPA is significantly decreased.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Platelets

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Thrombosis Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Risk stratification in patients with suspected myocarditis is pivotal for optimizing therapy. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is an inflammatory chemokine expressed in the inflamed and failing myocardium. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether endomyocardial expression of SDF-1 identifies high-risk patients with suspected myocarditis. We prospectively enrolled 174 patients with non-ischemic HF who underwent endomyocardial biopsy for suspected myocarditis. Biopsies were analyzed using established histopathological and immunohistological criteria together with SDF-1 staining. SDF-1 was significantly enhanced in patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy (65.4 % positive biopsies) as compared to patients with non-inflammatory cardiomyopathy (19.1 %, p < 0.001). SDF-1 expression levels correlated significantly with the degree of myocardial fibrosis (correlation coefficient r = 0.196; p = 0.010) since patients with severe myocardial fibrosis displayed high myocardial SDF-1 expression. During a mean follow-up of 27.5 months, 20 patients (11.5 %) died. The 4-year mortality rate was 26.0 % among the 92 SDF-1-positive patients vs. 9.5 % among the 82 SDF-1-negative patients (p = 0.001). On multivariable analysis which considered clinical (NYHA functional class, left ventricular ejection fraction), laboratory (brain natriuretic peptide, troponin I) and biopsy staining, SDF-1 was the strongest independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio 6.1; 95 % confidence interval 1.4-27.5; p = 0.018). Subgroup analysis revealed SDF-1 as a predictor of mortality in both patients with inflammatory and non-inflammatory cardiomyopathy. Endomyocardial expression of SDF-1 is enhanced in inflammatory cardiomyopathy, positively correlates with myocardial fibrosis and identifies high-risk patients with suspected myocarditis.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Clinical Research in Cardiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with a variable phenotype including heart failure, arrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, histopathological findings and outcome of patients with SSc and a clinical phenotype suggesting cardiac involvement. Methods and results: 25 patients with SSc and clinical signs of cardiac involvement were included between June 2007 and December 2010. They underwent routine clinical work-up including laboratory testing, echocardiography, left and right heart catheterization, holter recordings and endomyocardial biopsy. Primary endpoint (EP) was defined as the combination of cardiovascular death, arrhythmic endpoints (defined as appropriate discharge of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)) or rehospitalization due to heart failure. The majority of patients presented with slightly impaired left ventricular function (mean LVEF 54.1±9.0%, determined by echocardiography). Endomyocardial biopsies detected cardiac fibrosis in all patients with a variable area percentage of 8% to 32%. Cardiac inflammation was diagnosed as follows: No inflammation in 3.8%, isolated inflammatory cells in 38.5%, a few foci of inflammation in 30.8%, several foci of inflammation in 15.4%, and pronounced inflammation in 7.7% of patients. During follow up (FU) (22.5 months), seven (28%) patients reached the primary EP. Patients with subsequent events showed a higher degree of fibrosis and inflammation in the myocardium by trend. While patients with an inflammation grade 0 or 1 showed an event rate of 18.2%, the subgroup of patients with an inflammation grade 2 presented with an event rate of 25% versus an event rate of 50% in the subgroup of patients with an inflammation grade 3 and 4, respectively (p=0.193). Furthermore, the subgroup of patients with fibrosis grade 1 showed an event rate of 11%, patients with fibrosis grade 2 and 3 presented with an event rate of 33% and 42% respectively (p = 0.160). Conclusions: Patients with SSc and clinical signs of cardiac involvement presented with mildly impaired LVEF. Prognosis was poor with an event rate of 28% within 22.5 months FU and was associated with the degree of cardiac inflammation and fibrosis.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sirs:A 46-year-old male patient was admitted to our emergency room due to instable angina pectoris and progressive dyspnea. Relevant stenosis of coronary arteries was excluded by coronary angiography. MRI revealed septal linear late enhancement. Interestingly, the incidental finding of an abnormal “black” liver on cardiac MRI indicated an iron overload. Myocardial biopsy confirmed a significant myocardial iron deposition. Elevated serum transferrin-saturation index confirmed the diagnosis of an iron overload. Finally, genetic testing confirmed a homozygous C282Y mutation.Acute decompensated heart failure with troponin elevation is a rare first clinical presentation of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). With the use of advanced diagnostic modalities (MRI, biopsy) and genetic testing, we confirmed our diagnosis.A 46-year-old male patient was admitted to our emergency room due to instable angina pectoris and progressive dyspnea (NYHA III). The patient was completely healthy until a week ear ...
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Research in Cardiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclophilins are a group of highly conserved cytosolic enzymes that have a peptidylprolyl cis/trans isomerase activity. Cyclophilin A (CyPA) can be secreted in the extracellular space by inflammatory cells and upon cell death. The presence of CyPA in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy is associated with poor clinical prognosis. Here, we investigated the inhibition of extracellular CyPA in a mouse model of troponin I-induced autoimmune myocarditis using the strictly extracellular CyPA-inhibitor MM284. Since A/J mice develop severe inflammation and fibrosis after immunization with murine cardiac troponin I (mcTn I), we used this model to analyze the effects of an extracellular CyPA inhibition. As extracellular CyPA-inhibitor we used the recently described CsA-derivate MM284. In vitro studies confirmed that MM284 inhibits CyPA-induced monocytic migration and adhesion. A/J mice immunized with mcTnI were treated with MM284 or vehicle every second day. After 28 days, we found a considerable reduction of myocardial injury and fibrosis. Further analysis revealed a reduced myocardial presence of T-cells and macrophages compared to control treated animals. Whereas MMP-9 expression was reduced significantly by MM284, we observed no significant reduction of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 or TNFα. Extracellular CyPA plays an important role in autoimmune myocarditis for myocardial damage and fibrosis. Our data suggest a new pharmacological approach for the treatment of myocardial inflammation and reduction of cardiac fibrosis by inhibition of extracellular CyPA.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of individual monocyte subsets in inflammatory cardiovascular diseases is insufficiently understood. Although the Extracellular Matrix Metalloproteinase Inducer (EMMPRIN) regulates important processes for inflammation such as MMP-release, its expression and regulation on monocyte subsets has not been characterized. In this clinical study, blood was obtained from 80 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), 49 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 34 healthy controls. Monocytes were divided into 3 subsets: CD14(++)CD16(-) (low), CD14(++)CD16(+) (intermediate), CD14(+)CD16(++) (high) according to phenotypic markers analyzed by flow cytometry. Surface expression of EMMPRIN was evaluated and compared with CD36 and CD47 expression. In all patients, EMMPRIN expression was significantly different among monocyte subsets with the highest expression on "classical" CD14(++)CD16(-) monocytes. EMMPRIN was upregulated on all monocyte subsets in patients with AMI as compared to patients with stable CAD. Notably, neither CD47 nor CD36 revealed a significant difference in patients with AMI compared to patients with stable CAD. EMMPRIN could serve as a marker for classical monocytes, which is upregulated in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Thrombosis Research

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · International journal of cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Discontinuation of oral anticoagulation (OAC) after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is not recommended in patients with elevated CHADS2-scores. However, a low incidence of thromboembolic events is reported when OAC is stopped in these patients. We introduce an algorithm for discontinuation of OAC after ablation based on the AF burden documented by implantable cardiac monitors (ICM). 65 patients with CHADS2 scores 1-3 free from AF 3 months after ablation (AF ablation (n = 49) or ablation of possible AF triggers (n = 16)) were included. One day after implantation of the ICM, OAC was stopped. Patients performed a daily interrogation of the ICM which was programmed to alarm the patient if daily AF burden exceeded 1 hour. Study endpoint was the first recurrence of a daily AF-burden ≥1 hour or a thromboembolic event, which both triggered reinitiation of OAC. During a follow-up time of 32 ± 12 months (126 patient-years), 41 of the 65 patients (63%) had an AF-burden <1 hour/day and were able to stay off OAC. 21 patients (32%) had to reinitiate OAC due to an AF burden ≥1 hour and 3 patients due to other reasons. No stroke, TIA or other thromboembolic event was observed during follow-up. Rhythm monitoring by ICM in patients that have stopped OAC after catheter ablation of AF or ablation of possible AF triggers seems to be a safe and promising method to monitor for AF recurrence. Within 1.3 years after ablation, about two-thirds of patients were able to stay off OAC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
  • Source
    Henry M Nording · Peter Seizer · Harald F Langer
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platelets contribute to processes beyond thrombus formation and may play a so far underestimated role as an immune cell in various circumstances. This review outlines immune functions of platelets in host defense, but also how they may contribute to mechanisms of infectious diseases. A particular emphasis is placed on the interaction of platelets with other immune cells. Furthermore, this article outlines the features of atherosclerosis as an inflammatory vascular disease highlighting the role of platelet crosstalk with cellular and soluble factors involved in atheroprogression. Understanding, how platelets influence these processes of vascular remodeling will shed light on their role for tissue homeostasis beyond intravascular thrombosis. Finally, translational implications of platelet-mediated inflammation in atherosclerosis are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Frontiers in Immunology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis, an inflammatory disease of arterial vessel walls, requires migration and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9-dependent invasion of monocytes/macrophages into the vascular wall. MMP-9 expression is stimulated by transcription factor nuclear factor-κB, which is regulated by inhibitor κB and thus inhibitor κB-kinase IκB kinase. Regulators of nuclear factor-κB include serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1). The present study explored involvement of SGK1 in vascular inflammation and atherogenesis. Gene-targeted apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice without (apoe(-/-)sgk1(+/+)) or with (apoe(-/-)sgk1(-/-)) additional SGK1 knockout received 16-week cholesterol-rich diet. According to immunohistochemistry atherosclerotic lesions in aorta and carotid artery, vascular CD45(+) leukocyte infiltration, Mac-3(+) macrophage infiltration, vascular smooth muscle cell content, MMP-2, and MMP-9 positive areas in atherosclerotic tissue were significantly less in apoe(-/-)sgk1(-/-)mice than in apoe(-/-)sgk1(+/+)mice. As determined by Boyden chamber, thioglycollate-induced peritonitis and air pouch model, migration of SGK1-deficient CD11b(+)F4/80(+) macrophages was significantly diminished in vitro and in vivo. Zymographic MMP-2 and MMP-9 production, MMP-9 activity and invasion through matrigel in vitro were significantly less in sgk1(-/-) than in sgk1(+/+)macrophages and in control plasmid-transfected or inactive (K127N)SGK1-transfected than in constitutively active (S422D)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells. Confocal microscopy revealed reduced macrophage number and macrophage MMP-9 content in plaques of apoe(-/-)sgk1(-/-) mice. In THP-1 cells, MMP-inhibitor GM6001 (25 μmol/L) abrogated (S422D)SGK1-induced MMP-9 production and invasion. According to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, MMP-9 transcript levels were significantly reduced in sgk1(-/-)macrophages and strongly upregulated in (S422D)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells compared with control plasmid-transfected or (K127N)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells. According to immunoblotting and confocal microscopy, phosphorylation of IκB kinase and inhibitor κB and nuclear translocation of p50 were significantly lower in sgk1(-/-)macrophages than in sgk1(+/+)macrophages and significantly higher in (S422D)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells than in control plasmid-transfected or (K127N)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells. Treatment of (S422D)SGK1-transfected THP-1 cells with IκB kinase-inhibitor BMS-345541 (10 μmol/L) abolished (S422D)SGK1-induced increase of MMP-9 transcription and gelatinase activity. SGK1 plays a pivotal role in vascular inflammation during atherogenesis. SGK1 participates in the regulation of monocyte/macrophage migration and MMP-9 transcription via regulation of nuclear factor-κB. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is secreted under inflammatory conditions by various cell types. Whereas the important role of intracellular CyPA for platelet function has been reported, the effect of extracellular CyPA on platelet function has not been investigated yet. Inhibition of extracellular CyPA through a novel specific inhibitor MM284 reduced thrombus after ferric chloride-induced injury in vivo. In vitro extracellular CyPA enhanced thrombus formation even in CyPA(-/-) platelets. Treatment of isolated platelets with recombinant CyPA resulted in platelet degranulation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of the platelet surface receptor extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (cluster of differentiation 147) by an anticluster of differentiation 147 monoclonal antibody significantly reduced CyPA-dependent platelet degranulation. Pretreatment of platelets with CyPA enhanced their recruitment to mouse carotid arteries after arterial injury, which could be inhibited by an anticluster of differentiation 147 monoclonal antibody (intravital microscopy). The role of extracellular CyPA in adhesion could be confirmed by infusing CyPA(-/-) platelets in CyPA(+/+) mice and by infusing CyPA(+/+) platelets in CyPA(-/-) mice. Stimulation of platelets with CyPA induced phosphorylation of Akt, which could in turn be inhibited in the presence of phosphoinositid-3-kinase inhibitors. Akt-1(-/-) platelets revealed a markedly decreased degranulation on CyPA stimulation. Finally, ADP-induced platelet aggregation was attenuated by MM284, as well as by inhibiting paracrine-secreted CyPA without directly affecting Ca(2+)-signaling. Extracellular CyPA activates platelets via cluster of differentiation 147-mediated phosphoinositid-3-kinase/Akt-signaling, leading to enhanced adhesion and thrombus formation independently of intracellular CyPA. Targeting extracellular CyPA via a specific inhibitor may be a promising strategy for platelet inhibition without affecting critical functions of intracellular CyPA. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Inhibition of components of the complement system or of its receptors has been postulated as a concept for primary and secondary prevention in atherosclerosis and was applied in clinical trials. Although the anaphylatoxin-receptors C3aR and C5aR are commonly associated with inflammatory cells, in vitro studies suggested their expression also on platelets. Methods and results: Expression levels of C3aR and C5aR were measured by flow cytometry in a collective of 302 patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) including patients with stable CAD (n = 152), unstable angina (n = 54), acute myocardial infarction (AMI; Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, n = 70, ST elevation MI, n = 26) or healthy controls (n = 21). Patients with stable CAD, unstable angina or AMI had significantly higher expression of C5aR on platelets in comparison to healthy controls (MFI 14.68 (5.2), 14.56 (5.18) and 13.34 (4.52) versus 10.68 (3.1)); p < 0.001). In contrast, the expression of C3aR on platelets was significantly enhanced in patients with stable and unstable CAD but not in patients with AMI compared to controls. While there was a strong correlation between the soluble ligands of these receptors C3a and C5a, we observed only a weak correlation with their receptors on platelets. Similarly, agonist induced aggregation (MEA, ADP, and TRAP) showed only a weak correlation with the expression level of anaphylatoxin - receptors on platelets. Of note, the expression of both anaphylatoxin-receptors on platelets strongly correlated with platelet activation as assessed with the surface activation marker P-selectin (r = 0.47, p > 0.001 for C3aR, r = 0.76 for C5aR, p < 0.001). Likewise, we observed a positive correlation of C3aR with other molecules associated with platelet activation such as SDF-1. Conclusion: In summary, we observed a positive correlation between the expression of anaphylatoxin-receptors C3aR and C5aR with platelet activation in patients with CAD. Further investigations are needed to study the clinical and mechanistic relevance of these findings.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Atherosclerosis
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. Functional recovery and prognosis after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are mainly driven by the extent of reperfusion injury and myocardial repair mechanisms. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) is critically involved in cardiac injury, repair and remodeling. In this study, we investigated the prognostic role of platelet TGF-β1 surface expression and circulating TGF-β1 levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results. Expression of TGF-β1 in platelets and circulating TGF-β1 levels were investigated by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively, among patients with ACS and stable CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In a cohort study, platelet and circulating TGF-β1 was measured in 299 patients with symptomatic CAD (stable CAD = 145, ACS = 154) at the time of PCI. The primary combined endpoint was defined as death and/or STEMI during 12-month follow-up. Platelets expressed TGF-β1 and circulating TGF-β1 showed a weak, but significant negative correlation. TGF-β1 surface expression was significantly elevated on platelets in ACS patients compared to patients with stable CAD (median MFI 13.4 vs. median MFI 11.7, p = 0.003). During follow-up, lower platelet expression of TGF-β1 was associated with all-cause mortality (median MFI 11.0 vs. median MFI 13.9, p = 0.011) as well as for the combined endpoint of death and/or STEMI, (median MFI 10.8 vs. median MFI 13.9, p = 0.006). In multivariate analysis platelet TGF-β1 expression was independently associated with the combined primary endpoint in the overall cohort (Hazard Ratio 0.31, 95% Confidence Interval 0.11-0.89, p = 0.029) and was strongly associated with prognosis in ACS patients. There was no significant association of circulating TGF-β1 levels neither with the presence of ACS nor the occurrence of the primary endpoint. Conclusion. These findings highlight a potential role of platelet expressed TGF-β1 in ACS and indicate a prognostic value of TGF-β1 on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Large scale studies are warranted to further evaluate the regulatory mechanisms of platelet TGF-β1 expression- and its prognostic impact in CAD. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Atherosclerosis
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Targeted contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) using microbubble agents is a promising non-invasive imaging technique to evaluate atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, we decipher the diagnostic and therapeutic potential of targeted-CEU with soluble glycoprotein (GP)-VI in vivo. Microbubbles were conjugated with the recombinant fusion protein GPVI-Fc (MBGPVI) that binds with high affinity to atherosclerotic lesions. MBGPVI or control microbubbles (MBC) were intravenously administered into ApoE(-/-) or wild type mice and binding of the microbubbles to the vessel wall was visualized by high-resolution CEU. CEU molecular imaging signals of MBGPVI were substantially enhanced in the aortic arch and in the truncus brachiocephalicus in ApoE(-/-) as compared to wild type mice. High-frequency ultrasound (HFU)-guided disruption of MBGPVI enhanced accumulation of GPVI in the atherosclerotic lesions, which may interfere with atheroprogression. Thus, we establish targeted-CEU with soluble GPVI as a novel non-invasive molecular imaging method for atherosclerosis. Further, HFU-guided disruption of GPVI-targeted microbubbles is an innovate therapeutic approach that potentially prevents progression of atherosclerotic disease.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Biomaterials

Publication Stats

2k Citations
458.05 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006-2015
    • University of Tuebingen
      • Institute for Physiology
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2008-2014
    • Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
      • • Internal Medicine III - Cardiology and circulatory disorders
      • • Department of Medicine
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany