Qing-Xia Fan

Zhengzhou University, Cheng, Henan Sheng, China

Are you Qing-Xia Fan?

Claim your profile

Publications (37)30.61 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Invasion and metastasis is the major cause of tumor recurrence, difficulty for cure and low survival rate. Excavating key transcription factors, which can regulate tumor invasion and metastasis, are crucial to the development of therapeutic strategies for cancers. PU.1 is a master hematopoietic transcription factor and a vital regulator in life. Here, we report that, compared to adjacent non-cancerous tissues, expression of PU.1 mRNA in metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but not primary HCC, was significantly down-regulated. In addition, levels of PU.1 mRNA in metastatic hepatoma cell lines MHCC97L and MHCC97H were much lower than in non-metastatic Hep3B cells. Transwell invasion assays after PU.1 siRNA transfection showed that the invasion of hepatoma cell lines was increased markedly by PU.1 knockdown. Oppositely, overexpression of PU.1 suppressed the invasion of these cells. However, knockdown and overexpression of PU.1 did not influence proliferation. Finally, we tried to explore the potential mechanism of PU.1 suppressing hepatoma cell invasion. ChIP-qPCR analysis showed that PU.1 exhibited a high binding capacity with miR-615-5p promoter sequence. Overexpression of PU.1 caused a dramatic increase of pri-, pre- and mature miR-615-5p, as well as a marked decrease of miR-615-5p target gene IGF2. These data indicate that PU.1 inhibits invasion of human HCC through promoting miR-615-5p and suppressing IGF2. These findings improve our understanding of PU.1 regulatory roles and provided a potential target for metastatic HCC diagnosis and therapy.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) refers to the unique ability of highly aggressive tumor cells to mimic the pattern of embryonic vasculogenic networks, and the presence of VM correlates to an increased risk of metastasis and poor clinical outcome of cancers. Several key molecules, including N-cadherin, have been implicated in VM. However, the role of N-cadherin in the formation of VM in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) had not been elucidated. In this study, firstly we aimed to identify VM patterns in ESCC tissues and to explore their clinical significance. VM was present in 12 out of 56 samples, and ESCC with lymph node metastasis had a higher incidence of VM than that without lymph node metastasis. More importantly, VM channels were associated with the expression of N-cadherin in ESCC tissues. In order to further explore the role of N-cadherin in VM formation and invasion and metastasis in ESCC, secondly, we silenced the expression of N-cadherin with small hairpin RNA in ESCC cell line KYSE-70; herein, we showed that KYSE-70 cells with N-cadherin silencing lost not only the capacity to form tube-like structures on collagen (VM) but also the invasion, metastasis and proliferation ability in KYSE-70 cells in vitro. Taken together, antivascular therapies targeting tumor cell VM may be an effective approach to the treatment of patients with highly metastatic ESCC.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Medical Oncology
  • Lin-Ping Xu · Yan Sun · Wei Li · Ling Mai · Yong-Jun Guo · Qing-Xia Fan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the expression levels and the clinical significance of MYC and MXI1 proteins in breast cancer. Methods: The expression levels of MYC and MXI1 were detected by immunohistochemical assay in 166 cases of breast cancer; the relationships among MYC, MXI1 and the clinicopathological parameters were analyzed by χ2 test. Univariate analysis and Cox's proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the prognostic significance of the 2 proteins. Results: 27.71% of the tumor specimens showed high staining intensity for MYC (high-expression group, HEG-MYC) and 22.89% showed high staining intensity for MXI1 (HEG-MXI1); the expression of 2 proteins was negatively correlated (r = -0.177 p = 0.022). The Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis showed that patients of the MYC-HEG demonstrated a significantly worse disease-specific survival than those of the MYC-low-expression group (LEG) (χ2 = 11.102, p = 0.001). However, patients of the MXI1-HEG had a significantly better disease-specific survival than those of the MXI1-LEG (χ2 = 7.858, p = 0.005). Both univariate analysis and Cox's proportional hazards model indicated that MYC and MXI1 could be independent prognostic molecular markers. Conclusion: MYC-HEG and MXI1-LEG levels are associated with poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer, suggesting that they may be useful molecular markers in breast cancer prognosis prediction.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Oncology Research and Treatment
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (CRTS) in patients with resectable esophageal carcinoma remains controversial. We performed a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis. Electronic databases were used to identify published studies between January 1992 and April 2012. Pooled relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was utilized to estimate the strength of the association between CRTS and surgery alone (SA) survival of the resectable esophageal carcinoma patients. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed in the present study. The final analysis of 2755 resectable esophageal carcinoma cases from 21 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are presented. Compared to the SA group, the 1, 3- and 5-year survival rates were significantly higher in the CRTS group (all P < 0.05); the 3- and 5-year survival rates for the Eastern patients, Western patients, patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy, patients with squamous cell carcinoma, patients undergoing High-dose radiotherapy (≥ 40 Gy), and patients given either "cisplatin + Fluorouracil" or "cisplatin + paclitaxel" chemotherapy were significantly higher in the CRTS group (all P < 0.05). There were no statistical significances in the 3- and 5-year survival rates for patients undergoing sequential chemoradiotherapy or patients with adenocarcinoma between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Compared to the RCTS group, the surgery rate in the SA group was higher (P < 0.05), while the CRTS group had significantly higher radical resection rate, R0 resection rate and lower postoperative local recurrence rate (all P < 0.05). The differences in postoperative complication incidence, post-operative distant metastasis and postoperative mortality rate were not statistically significant between the two groups (all P > 0.05). CRTS can significantly improve the survival and surgical conditions of patients with resectable esophageal carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Chinese medical journal
  • Feng Wang · Yu Qi · Xin Li · Wei He · Qing-Xia Fan · Hong Zong
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been shown to act as an anti-tumor agent; however, the effect and mechanism of TSA on the invasion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unknown. Methods: To determine whether TSA suppresses the invasiveness of ESCC cell via HDAC2, the expression of HDAC2 in ESCC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues were compared using Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Cells were transfected with HDAC2 siRNAs and non-targeting control siRNA using Lipofectamine TM 2000. Cell invasion was investigated using a transwell assay. The protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 (MMP-2/9) were examined by Western blot analysis. Results: Expression of HDAC2 was significantly higher in ESCC than in adjacent non-tumor tissues. Additionally, the in vitro invasion assay found that both downregulation of HDAC2 expression and TSA treatment inhibited ESCC cell invasion by approximately 75%. Also, an MMP2/9-specific inhibitor sharply suppressed ESCC cell invasion. Furthermore, both downregulation of HDAC2 and treatment with TSA decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels in ESCC cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of TSA on cancer invasion is mediated through the suppression of HDAC2 expression, and that the reduction of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression induced by HDAC2 may be involved in the anti-invasive effect of TSA.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of synuclein-γ (SNCG) downregulation by RNA interference (RNAi) on the clonogenicity and invasiveness of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. This study used four pairs of SNCG-specific siRNAs which were designed and cloned into the pGPU6 plasmid for introduction into an MCF-7 cell line. The SNCG knockdown efficacies of the four siRNAs were compared using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunocytochemistry. The cells' clonogenic and invasive phenotypes were examined with clonogenic and Boyden chamber assays. In comparison with the non-specific siRNA and empty vector controls, all four SNCG siRNAs were observed to significantly inhibit SNCG expression at the mRNA and protein levels (F=481.06, P<0.001; F=147.42, P<0.0001). SNCG suppression mediated by RNAi successfully inhibited the clonogenicity (P=0.002) and invasiveness (P<0.001) of transfected MCF-7 cells. According to the results of the present study, we concluded that SNCG suppression mediated by RNAi significantly suppressed SNCG expression at the mRNA and protein levels, suggesting that SNCG suppression mediated by an RNAi strategy may become a novel approach for treating advanced breast cancer.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Oncology letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the demethylation effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on ERα-negative human breast cancer MDA-MB-435s cells and its possible mechanisms, and to observe its treatment efficacy in combination with tamoxifen (TAM) after ERα re-expression. MTT assay was used to examine the inhibitory effect of As2O3 treatment alone or in combination with TAM on cell proliferation. A nude mouse xenograft model was used to further examine the treatment efficacy in vivo. MSP was used to detect the methylation status of ERα gene after treated with As2O3 in MDA-MB-435s cells and the transplanted tumor tissues. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of DNMT1 and Erα. Western bolt was used to detect the DNMT1 and ERα protein expression. The diameter of xenograft tumors was measured weekly, and the tumor growth curve was drawn. The level of proliferation of the MDA-MB-435s cells was significantly suppressed after treatment with different concentration of As2O3 alone or As2O3 combined with TAM, and the 4 µmol/L As2O3 + TAM treatment for 72 h showed the highest inhibition rate (62.6%). 1, 2, 4 µmol/L As2O3 had demethylation effect on MDA-MB-435s cells, and the DNMT1 mRNA and protein expression was inhibited and accompanied by ERα mRNA and protein re-expression. The unmethylation specific bands of ERα gene were enhanced after treated by As2O3 alone or As2O3 combined with TAM in the xenograft tumors. The expression of DNMT1 mRNA and protein was inhibited, and accompanied by ERα mRNA and protein re-expression. An significant decrease of volume and weight of the xenograft tumors in the As2O3 treated alone or combined with TAM groups was observed compared with those of the normal saline group or TAM alone group (P < 0.05), and the 4 mg/kg As2O3 + TAM group had the highest inhibition rate of tumor weight (79.5%) and volume (76.4%). ERα can be re-expressed in ERα-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-435s cells after treated with As2O3 by inhibiting the DNMT1 activity. MDA-MB-435s cells are re-sensitized to endocrine therapy after ERα re-expression. As2O3 combined with TAM may provide a new therapeutic approach for patients with ERα-negative breast cancer in the clinic.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • Source
    Wei He · Ke Li · Feng Wang · Yan-Ru Qin · Qing-Xia Fan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the expression pattern of OCT4 in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its significance in diagnosis and prognosis. Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blotting, immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry, the expression of OCT4 in three esophageal squamous cancer cell lines, KYSE70, KYSE140 and KYSE450, was characterized. OCT4 expression was investigated in a series of 153 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma samples using immunohistochemistry and explored its association with clinicopathological features. Immunohistochemically, OCT4 positive immunostaining was observed in cancer cell nuclei. OCT4 was variably expressed in three esophageal squamous cancer cell lines. Among 153 specimens, 105 (68.7%) were negative or weakly positive for OCT4 staining; 21 (13.7%) were moderately positive and 27 (17.6%) were strongly positive. Higher expression level of OCT4 was significantly associated with higher histological grade (P < 0.001) and poor clinic outcome (P < 0.001). The expression of OCT4 enables the tumor to have a higher degree of stemness, which in turn results in a poorer clinical outcome for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2012 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Prior studies had demonstrated potential synergistic antitumor activity of gemcitabine in combination with cisplatin. Therefore, we studied the efficacy and tolerability of such combination for esophageal cancer. Between October 2003 and October 2006, thirty-eight patients with metastatic or recurrent advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus were enrolled. The median number of treatment cycles per patient was 4 (range 1 - 7). Gemcitabine was given at 1000 mg/m(2) over 30 minutes on days 1, 8 and cisplatin 40 mg/m2 was given on days 1, 2 in an every 21-day cycle. The median follow-up for all 38 patients was 76 months (range 11 - 88 months). The overall response rate was 42.1% (95%CI, 25.5% - 56.5%). Median progression-free survival and median survival for all patients were 4.1 months (95%CI, 3.0 - 5.7 months) and 10 months (95%CI, 7 - 12 months), respectively. Patients with a response had significantly longer median survival compared with the patients without a response (11 months vs. 7.5 months, P = 0.0069). Overall survival at 1 year was 36.8%, at 2 years was 10.5%, and at 5 years was 5.3%. The most common grade 3 - 4 toxicity for all patients was leucopenia (44.7%). This cisplatin-gemcitabine regimen was manageable and had significant efficacy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with a response had improved survival time. Furthermore, a small number of the patients with metastatic esophageal cancer were still alive in 5 years with this regimen.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Chinese medical journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the inhibitory effect and apoptosis induction on human esophageal carcinoma EC9706 cell by Fufangkushen. The experiment of Fufangkushen was designed into three groups including 25.00 µl/ml group, 6.25 µl/ml group and control group in vitro. The method of MTT was used to evaluate the growth inhibition effects. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in vitro. The morphological changes of cells were observed under inverted microscope. FACS was used to analyze the distribution of cell cycle and apoptosis. The expressions of Bcl-2, Fas and caspase-3 in EC9706 cells were detected by Western blotting. The clone formation in plate was used to test the capacity of cell clone formation. Nude mice experiments were conducted to investigate the tumor inhibition of Fufangkushen in vivo. The mice were divided into 3 groups of 200 µl/d treatment, 25 µl/d treatment and saline control. PCNA and Bcl-2 were detected by IHC. And the apoptotic index was detected by terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) on xenograft of nude mice. The proliferative capacities of 25.00 µl/ml group were lower than that of the control group at 48, 72, 96 h respectively (all P < 0.01). IHC showed the PCNA expressions, cell clone formation rate were both lower than that of control group (in 25.00 µl/ml treatment group both P < 0.05). Many apoptotic cells could be observed. And the apoptotic rate was higher in 25.00 µl/ml group than that in the control group ((25.2 ± 7.3)% vs (3.4 ± 1.5)%, P < 0.01). After a treatment of Fufangkushen, the activation of caspase-3 and the Fas were higher ((21.3 ± 4.4)% vs (1.8 ± 0.6)%, (30.2 ± 8.3)% vs (5.4 ± 1.6)%, both P < 0.01), the Bcl-2 were lower (P < 0.01) were observed in vitro. Comparing with the saline control group, the tumor weight in 200 µl/d treatment group were lower ((987 ± 386) vs (1935 ± 838) mg, P < 0.01) and the apoptotic index higher ((33.8 ± 8.7)% vs (5.3 ± 1.4)%, P < 0.01). Fufangkushen can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells and induce the cellular apoptosis. The mechanism of apoptosis is probably associated with the arrest of cell cycle, the up-regulation of Fas, the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and the activation of caspase-3 in ESCC EC9706 cells.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • Hong Zong · Feng Wang · Qing-Xia Fan · Liu-Xing Wang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), is extracted from the plant Curcuma longa. It was recently reported for its anticancer effect on several types of cancer cells in vitro however, the molecular mechanisms of this anticancer effect are not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of curcumin on human mammary epithelial carcinoma MCF-7 cells. Cells were treated with curcumin and examined for cell viability by MTT assay. The cells invasion was demonstrated by transwell assay. The binding activity of NF-κB to DNA was examined in nuclear extracts using Trans-AM NF-κB ELISA kit. Western blot was performed to detect the effect of curcumin on the expression of uPA. Our results showed that curcumin dose-dependently inhibited (P < 0.05) the proliferation of MCF-7 cells. Meanwhile, the adhesion and invasion ability of MCF-7 cells were sharply inhibited when treated with different concentrations of curcumin. Curcumin also significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the expression of uPA and NF-κB DNA binding activity, respectively. It is concluded that curcumin inhibits the adhesion and invasion of MCF-7 cells through down-regulating the protein expression of uPA via of NF-κB activation. Accordingly, the therapeutic potential of curcumin for breast cancer deserves further study.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Molecular Biology Reports
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The potential application of retinoic acid receptor activators, such as all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), for treating various cancers have been studied both pre-clinically and clinically. Whether ATRA has an anticancer effect on human esophageal squamous cancer cell (ESCC) is still unknown. We have explored the anticancer effect of ATRA in ESCC, and in this study, the effects of ATRA on levels and patterns of expression of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signal transduction pathway in transplantable tumor growth of the human ESCC cell line, EC9706, in nude mice. The animal model of the ESCC xenograft was made by subcutaneous implantation of tumor cells into nude mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting and immunohistochemical assays were used to detect the expression of the VEGF signal transduction pathway in ESCC xenograft tissues. Compared to the control group, the tumor inhibition rates in the low dose ATRA, high dose ATRA, and 5-FU groups were 83.21%, 88.32%, 91.02%, respectively. The protein and mRNA levels of VEGF were down-regulated after being treated with ATRA and 5-FU compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The study also revealed that ATRA specifically down-regulated VEGF and the component of the VEGF signal transduction pathway of CD31, CD34, and CD105 (component of the TGF-β receptor) in ESCC xenograft tissues (P < 0.05). ATRA can significantly inhibit tumor growth and has anticancer effects on transplantable tumor growth of human ESCC cell line EC9706 in nude mice. These findings indicate that ATRA specifically down regulated VEGF and the components of VEGF signal transduction, which may be an important mechanism responsible for the neoangiogenesis inhibition of ESCC cells.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Chinese medical journal
  • Wang Ma · Wen Li · Qing-Xia Fan · Liu-Xing Wang · Rui-Lin Wang · Shi-Xin Lu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the correlation of IGF-1R expression with clinical features of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to investigate the effect of silencing IGF-1R by siRNA on the proliferation of esophageal cancer cell line EC9706 cells. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expresion of IGF-1R in 80 specimens of ESCC and 18 specimens of normal esophageal mucosa. IGF-1R siRNA was transfected into esophageal squamous cell carcinoma EC9706 cells, and the effect of RNAi was assessed by Western blot. The proliferation of EC9706 cells was determined by drawing growth curve, MTT assay and plate colony-forming assay. The total and strong positive rates of IGF-1R expression were 86.3% and 51.3% in ESCC, and 61.1% and 11.1% in normal esophageal epithelium, respectively. The total and strong positive rates of IGF-1R expression in patients with lymph node metastasis were 94.4% and 74.1%, significantly higher than 69.2% and 3.9%, respectively, in those without lymph node metastasis (P<0.01). A significantly higher IGF-1R expression was associated with lower histological grade (P<0.05). The total and strong rates of IGF-1R expression in 39 patients of stages III and IV were 97.4% and 71.8% , significantly higher than the 75.6% and 31.7%, respectively, in 41 cases of stages I and II (P<0.01). IGF-1R RNAi significantly inhibited IGF-1R expression and the growth of EC9706 cells. The clone formation rate of RNAi-IGF-1R transfected cells was 19.1%, significantly lower than that of 52.3% in non-transfected cells and 49.0% in empty vector-transfected EC9706 cells (P<0.05). The overexpression of IGF-1R is colerated with lymph node metastasis, differentiation and clinical stage. Down-regulation of IGF-1R can inhibit the proliferation of esophageal cancer EC9706 cells in vitro.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • Feng Wang · Liu-Xing Wang · Sheng-Lei Li · Ke Li · Wei He · Hong-Tao Liu · Qing-Xia Fan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stathmin plays a critical role in the regulation of mitosis and mediates the development of malignant tumors. Here, we investigated the potential role of stathmin in cell cycle and apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A stathmin short hairpin RNA (shRNA) plasmid was employed to downregulate stathmin expression in the ESCC cell line EC9706 cells. Cell proliferation was measured by cell counting, MTT, and colony formation assay. Cell migration was measured by Boyden chamber. Western blot was used to analyze the expressions of stathmin, survivin, and apoptosis-related proteins in transfected cells. Cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry and DNA ladder. Oncogenicity assay in nude mice was utilized to analyze phenotypic changes of transfected cells in vivo. After transfection with stathmin shRNA plasmid, stathmin expression markedly decreased in EC9706 cells. Stathmin downregulation significantly inhibited cell proliferation, cell migration in vitro, and tumorigenicity in vivo, meanwhile arrested cell cycle in the G2/M phase and induced cell apoptosis. Further, stathmin downregulation resulted in downregulation of Bcl-2 and survivin proteins, activation of Caspase-3. These findings demonstrate that stathmin may play an essential role in carcinogenesis of ESCC, which will lay a foundation for target therapy of ESCC.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the TOP2A RNA expression and the relationship of TOP2A protein expression with metastasis-free interval in breast cancer patients. TOP2A expression was analyzed prior to surgery in 86 patients. The level of TOP2A gene amplification was analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), its RNA expression level with RT-PCR, and their correlation with TOP2A protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The correlation between RNA expression level and metastasis-free interval in breast cancer patients was also analyzed. Aberrations (amplification or deletion) of TOP2A copy number was observed in 25.6% (22/86) of the cases. TOP2A protein expression was detected in 66.3% (57/86) of the samples. There was a significant correlation between the TOP2A RNA expression and protein expression (P < 0.001). TOP2A gene expression was significantly associated with the metastasis-free interval in the breast cancer patients (P = 0.001). There was no significant correlation between TOP2A gene amplification and TOP2A protein expression (P = 0.211). TOP2A RNA level is an objective and reliable prognostic indicator in breast cancer.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of breast cancer-specific gene 1 (SNCG) is associated with poor prognosis in advanced breast cancer patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of SNCG knockdown in breast cancer cells by using small hairpin RNA (shRNA). Four different SNCG shRNA oligonucleotides were designed and chemically synthesized to construct mammalian expression vectors. These vectors were then stably transfected into a breast cancer MCF-7 cell line to knockdown SNCG expression. After SNCG knockdown was confirmed, the stable cell lines were inoculated into nude mice. SNCG mRNA and protein expressions were analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry, respectively in both the stable cell lines and xenografts. All four SNCG shRNA constructs significantly reduced SNCG mRNA and protein levels in MCF-7 cells, as compared to the unrelated sequence control shRNA and the liposome control mice (P < 0.05). SNCG-knockdown MCF-7 cells formed significantly smaller tumor masses than cells expressing the unrelated sequence control or the liposome control mice (P < 0.05). SNCG shRNA effectively suppressed breast cancer cell formation in vivo and may be a useful clinical strategy to control breast cancer.
    Preview · Article · May 2011 · Chinese medical journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mechanism of apoptosis of EC9706 tumor-bearing nude mice induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Human esophageal carcinoma cell line EC9706 cells were inoculated into nude mice to establish the solid tumor model. The tumor models were divided into the following groups: ATRA group, fluorouracil group, the two-drugs combination group, and with an equal volume fraction of solvent as the control group. The nude mice were sacrificed after 10 days of medication. TUNEL staining was used to detect cell apoptosis. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of mRNA and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression level of protein of caspase-3 and survivin, the apoptosis-related genes in the tumor tissue. The apoptosis rates of the ATRA group, 5-Fu group and ATRA + 5-Fu group were 44.3%, 39.7% and 91.0%, respectively. There was a significant difference in comparison with the control group (0.7%), and the ATRA group had no significant difference compared with that of the fluorouracil group (P > 0.05), but the apoptosis rate of the two-drugs combination group was significantly higher than that in the two single-drug groups (P < 0.05). The average gray value of caspase-3 protein expressed in the control group was 46.12 ± 0.33 and the relative expression of caspase-3 mRNA was 0.14 ± 0.03, both were significantly lower than that in the ATRA group, 5-Fu group and the two-drugs combination group (P < 0.05). The average gray value of survivin protein expressed in the control group was 96.07 ± 0.13 and the relative expression of survivin mRNA was 0.84 ± 0.04, both were significantly higher than those of other groups (P < 0.05). The ATRA group had no significant difference compared with the fluorouracil group (P > 0.05), but the two-drugs combination group was significantly different compared with the single-drug groups (P < 0.05). Apoptosis in the EC9706 tumor cells in nude mice can be induced by ATRA. The mechanism may be related with down-regulation of the level of survivin gene expression and up-regulation of the level of caspase-3 gene expression.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To observe the relationship between expression of retinoic acid receptor-β(RAR-β) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and chemotherapy response. Fifty-two cases advanced ESCC patients treated by DDP and 5-FU, DDP 80 mg/m(2), divided into 5 days; 5-FU 375 mg/m(2), d1-5. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of RAR-β in ESCC. Fifty cases normal esophageal tissue were used as controls. RAR-β immunoreactivity was recognized in both cytoplasm and nucleus, RAR-β positive rate was lower in ESCC compared with normal tissue (61.5% vs 92%, P < 0.05). The 52 cases ESCC patients were treated 228 chemotherapy cycles, the overall response rate (OR) was 71.2%. The OR in RAR-β positive patients was 84.4% (27/32), significant higher than RAR-β negative patients 50.0% (10/20) (P < 0.05). The time-to-progression (TTP) for RAR-β positive patients was 5.9 months, the median survival period was 12.1 months, 2 years survival rate was 56.7%; whereas TTP for RAR-β negative patients was 2.1 months, the median survival period was 5.8 months, 2 years survival rate was 32.9%. There was significant difference between the 2 groups (P < 0.05). RAR-β protein expression by immunohistochemistry may be a useful indicator to predict the chemotherapy response and clinical outcome for ESCC, meanwhile it may be an avenue for target therapy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine]
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the inhibitory effects of siRNA targeting BCSG1 gene expression in tumor transplants of human breast cancer cell line in nude mice. Four-pairs of small interfering RNA sequences of BCSG1 were chemically synthesized and inserted into the plasmid expression vectors, and were then transfected into human breast carcinoma cell line MCF7 by liposome method. Plasmid vector with unrelated sequence was used as the vector control. Cells transfected with 4 siRNA sequences, control vector and naive FCF7 cells were transplanted into the nude mice. The tumor inhibition was analysised. Immunohistochemical SP method and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were adopted to detect the BCSG1 mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Breast tissue samples of human infiltrating ductal carcinoma, ductal hyperplasia and fibroadenoma were also used as the controls. The inhibition rates of tumor growth in four BCSG1-siRNA transfected groups were remarkably higher than those of the vector control group and naive MCF7 cells (P<0.01). Compared with that of the vector control and naïve MCF7 cell group, there was a significant decrease of BCSG-1 protein expression in the four experimental groups by immuno-histochemistry staining (P<0.01). In addition, BCSG1 mRNA expression in the four groups transfected with BCSG1-siRNA were significantly less than that of the control vector group, naive MCF7 cell control group and human breast IDC (P<0.01). BCSG1-siRNA down-regulates the expression of BCSG1 and inhibits effectively growth of the transplaned human breast cancer cell line in nude mice.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on chemosensitivity to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma EC9706 cells in vitro and its mechanism. EC9706 cells were routinely cultured as the control group. The experimental group was divided into three groups. The ATRA group with ATRA in final concentration of 1 µmol/L; the 5-Fu group with 5-Fu in final concentration of 50 mg/L; the combined treatment group with ATRA in final concentration of 1 µmol/L and 5-Fu 50 mg/L. The cell apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidy transferase mediated dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL). The cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The results of TUNEL showed that in the combined treatment group appeared a large number of apoptotic cells, and their nuclei were stained brown, with a positive rate of 89.7%. There was a significant difference in the comparison with the ATRA group (38.3%) and 5-Fu group (40.3%) (P < 0.05). The flow cytometry showed that the ATRA + 5-Fu group had a significantly higher apoptosis rate (76.9% ± 2.7%) than that in the ATRA group (38.2% ± 2.6%) and 5-Fu group (45.2% ± 2.3%) (P < 0.05). The ratio of cells in G(1) phase increased in the ATRA + 5-Fu group (83.4% ± 3.0%), significantly higher than (48.2% ± 2.5%) in the ATRA group and (53.2% ± 2.6%) in the 5-Fu group (P < 0.05). The ratio of cells in S + G(2)/M phase was decreased in the ATRA + 5-Fu group, with a significant difference (P < 0.05) when compared with other groups. There was no significant difference between the ATRA group and 5-Fu group (P > 0.05) in the apoptosis rate and the proportion of cells at different phases. ATRA can induce apoptosis of esophageal carcinoma EC9706 cells in vitro. The combination of ATRA and 5-Fu may enhance the chemotherapeutic efficacy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]