[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) lymph node metastasis used to be shown a predictor for poor prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of RLN node metastasis and the number of metastatic lymph nodes in node-positive patients with squamous cell carcinoma of middle thoracic esophagus.
A cohort of 235 patients who underwent curative surgery for squamous cell carcinoma of middle thoracic esophagus was investigated. The prognostic impact was evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses.
Lymph node metastasis was found in 133 patients. Among them, 81 had metastatic RLN nodes, and 52 had at least one positive node but no RLN nodal involvement. The most significant difference in survival was detected between patients with metastatic lymph nodes below and above a cutoff value of six (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that the number of metastatic lymph nodes was a significant factor associated with overall survival (P < 0.001), but RLN lymph node metastasis was not (P = 0.865).
RLN Lymph node metastasis is not, but the number of metastatic nodes is a prognostic predictor in node-positive patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
The aim of this study is to compare clinical outcomes between patients with solitary lymph node metastasis and node-negative (N0) patients in squamous cell carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus.
A series of 135 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus were retrospectively investigated. There were 33 patients with solitary lymph node metastasis and 102 N0 patients. Skip metastasis in 33 patients with solitary lymph node metastasis was defined according to three criteria: Japanese Society for Esophageal Disease (JSED), American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC), and the anatomical compartment.
In 33 patients with solitary lymph node metastasis, skip metastasis was shown in 13, 23, and 8 patients according JSED, AJCC and anatomical compartment respectively. The 5-year survival rates for N0 patients and patients with solitary lymph node metastasis were 58% and 32% respectively (P =0.008). Multivariate analysis revealed that skip metastasis was not an independent prognostic factor.
For patients with middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, solitary lymph node metastasis has a negative impact on survival compared with N0 disease; skip metastasis, however, is comparable to N0 diseases in predicting prognosis.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical outcome of Ivor Lewis subtotal esophagectomy with two-field lymphadenectomy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus.
From January 1998 to December 2001, 73 patients with lower thoracic esophageal carcinoma underwent Ivor-Lewis subtotal esophagectomy with two-field lymphadenectomy. Clinicopathological information, postoperative complications, mortality and long term survival of all these patients were analyzed retrospectively.
The operative morbidity and mortality was 15.1% and the mortality was 2.7%. Lymph node metastases were found in 52 patients (71.2%). Nodal metastases to the upper, middle, lower mediastini and upper abdomen were found in 13 (17.8%), 15 (20.5%), 30 (41.1%), and 25 (34.2%) patients, respectively. Postoperative staging was as follows: stage I in 5 patients, stage II in 34 patients, stage III in 32 patients, and stage IV in 2 patients, respectively. The overall 5-year survival rate was 23.3%. For N0 and N1 patients, the 5-year survival rate was 38.1% and 17.3%, respectively (c2 = 22.65, P < 0.01). The 5-year survival rate for patients in stages IIa, IIb and III was 31.2%, 27.8% and 12.5%, respectively (c2 = 29.18, P < 0.01).
Ivor Lewis subtotal esophagectomy with two-field (total mediastinum) lymphadenectomy is a safe and appropriate operation for squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bronchial sleeve resection and/or pulmovascular sleeve resection can maximize preservation of normal lung tissues after tumor resection, which provides a resection mode for lung cancer surgery. This study was to investigate the technique, operative results and survival of lung cancer patients after sleeve resection.
Eighty-two central lung cancer patients underwent sleeve resection in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from Jun. 2001 to Dec. 2006. Among them, 23 underwent concomitant pulmovascular sleeve resection, 2 underwent pulmovascular sleeve resection alone. All patients received systematic lymph node dissection. The results of lymph node dissection and the occurrence of postoperative complications were studied. The survival of patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.
An average of 20 lymph nodes (range, 9-57; median, 19 ) were dissected from 82 patients. Of the 82 patients, 49 (59.8%) were at stage N1, 21 (25.6%) at stage N2. Two (2.4%) patients died 2 and 3 days after operation. No bronchial anastomotic leakage occurred. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 78.4%, 52.5%, 39.1%, and 23.4%, respectively, with a median survival of 26 months. There were no significant differences in 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates between male and female patients, or between the patients aged of <60 and > or =60. The differences in 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates among N1(-) N2(-), N1 (+) N2(-), N2(+) patients, and among stageI, II, IIIA, IIIB patients were significant (P<0.01).
Perioperative mortality and the incidence of anastomosis-related complications for lung cancer patients after sleeve resection are low. Sleeve resection is an alternative to pneumonectomy for certain indications. Systematic lymph node dissection does not increase operative complications and mortality. The survival of lung cancer patients after sleeve resection is conelated to lymph node metastasis and clinical stage, but has no correlation to gender or age.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Esophagectomy with local regional lymph node dissection is the main treatment for lower thoracic esophageal carcinoma. This study was to assess the clinical outcomes of Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus.
Clinical data of 73 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus, who underwent Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection from Jan. 1998 to Dec. 2001, were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.
The morbidity of postoperative complications was 15.1% with a 2.7% mortality rate. The lymph node metastasis rate was 71.2%; the metastasis rate of the upper mediastinal nodes was 17.8%. Of the 73 patients, 5 were at stage I, 35 at stage II, 32 at stage III, and 2 at stage IV. The overall 5-year survival rate was 23.3%. The 5-year survival rate was 38.1% for N0 patients and 17.3% for N1 patients (P<0.01), and was 31.2% for stage IIa patients, 27.8% for stage IIb patients, and 12.5% for stage III patients (P<0.01).
Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus is a safe operation, and may increase the chances of complete resection.
No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the complications and treatment results of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) for esophageal carcinoma.
Sixty patients with thoracic esophageal carcinoma underwent esophagectomy through right thoractomy, 30 patients of whom received IORT of 15 - 25 Gy.
In patients who underwent IORT, 2 cases of pneumonitis, 1 case of anastomotic leak and 1 case of incisional wound infection were found. In patients underwent surgery only, 1 case of thoracic empyema and 1 case of anastomotic leak were found. All the complications ultimately healed. There was no operative mortality. During the follow-up of 3 years, in patients who underwent IORT, 2 of 3 died of radiation pneumonitis 24 and 26 months after IORT with one complicated with bronchoesophageal fistula. One of 3 died of multiple lung metastases. The 3-year survival rate was 88.0% (22/25) in IORT group and 76.0% (19/25) in surgery only group.
Intraoperative radiotherapy can reduce locoregional recurrence if performed to thoracic esophageal carcinoma patients without surgical contraindication or distant metastasis. Radiation pneumonitis, a common complication difficult to manage, implies a poor prognosis and, consequently, the lung and bronchus should be protected from the radiation.
No preview · Article · Apr 2003 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]