Anthony Al-Dehneh

St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (5)3.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) have an array of multi-organ involvement, including cardiovascular disease. CD4 count is one of the best parameters to monitor the severity of HIV disease. The arrythmogenic potential of HIV disease has not been well defined. The aim of the study is to establish whether an association between the severity of HIV and atrial fibrillation (AF) exists. Methods: Out of a retrospective cohort of 780 HIV patients from January 2006 to December 2008, 40 patients were selected that developed AF during this period .The age and sex matched controls (n=40) were selected for comparison. The comparison between both groups was done using Fischer Exact Test. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was also performed to analyze the results. Results: The data shows that 47%(19/40) of the patients with HIV who developed AF had CD4 count lower than 250 as compared to 20%(8/40) in the control group (P value = 0.017) Conclusions: The data supports the presence of a relationship between HIV and AF. Patients with lower CD4 counts are more susceptible to develop AF.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the value of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in determining the presence of cardiac manifestations that required anticoagulation in patients presenting with acute stroke. Of 626 consecutive stroke patients who underwent TEE, 188 patients with no obvious etiology for stroke were subcategorized according to age. TEE results were analyzed for cardiac findings suggestive of a cause for embolic stroke, including complex atheromas in the arch/ascending aorta, patent foramen ovale (PFO), atrial septal aneurysm (ASA), and intracavitary thrombi. Data were analyzed using Fisher's exact test. Of 188 patients, 66% (125/188) were older than 50 years and 34% (63/188) were younger than 50 years. The incidence of complex atheroma was 12.8% (16/125) in patients older than 50 years as compared to 0% (0/63) in patients who were younger than 50 years (P = 0.002). In patients older than 50 years, findings that indicated a need for anticoagulation based on TEE results were found in 22.4% (28/125) (atheroma = 16, PFO = 12, ASA = 5, thrombus = 3, PFO + ASA = 1) compared to 14.3% (9/63) (atheroma = 0, PFO = 5, ASA = 2, thrombus = 2, PFO + ASA = 1) in patients younger than 50 years. TEE plays an important role in suspected embolic stroke patients of all age groups. Due to the higher incidence of complex atheromas in patients older than 50 years of age, TEE might be of added importance in identifying the candidates who may benefit from anticoagulation.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Echocardiography
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    Anthony Al-Dehneh · Hartaj Virk · Yazan Alkhouri · Aiman Hamdan · Mahesh Bikkina
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-eluting stents are considered to be superior to bare-metal stents in reducing restenosis rates at 6 months. However, drug-eluting stents appear to be subject to stent thrombosis, a concern that has been reported more frequently in recent times. In November 2003, a 64-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for the deployment of a sirolimus-eluting stent in the left anterior descending coronary artery. He experienced no complications. More than 4 years later, at age 69, he underwent neurosurgical treatment for a subdural hematoma that resulted from a fall, and he was advised to stop taking aspirin and clopidogrel. Thirty-three days later--1,659 days after stent deployment--he presented with a clinical event that was associated with very late stent thrombosis. After undergoing emergent coronary angiography and the placement of 2 bare-metal stents, he resumed antiplatelet therapy, recovered uneventfully, and was discharged from the hospital in stable condition. To the best of our knowledge, 1,659 days is the longest reported interval between the deployment of a drug-eluting stent and the occurrence of a clinical event that was associated with very late stent thrombosis. Herein, we discuss the case of our patient, review the pertinent medical literature, reinforce the importance of continuous and uninterrupted antiplatelet therapy in drug-eluting stent recipients, and offer considerations regarding the use of drug-eluting stents.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital
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    ABSTRACT: Primary cardiac tumors are rare and are diverse in histology and anatomic origin. Approximately 75% are benign, and nearly 50% of these are myxomas. Herein, we report concurrent myxoma and papillary fibroelastoma, which tumors were found attached to the left atrial septum and aortic valve, respectively. Concurrent primary cardiac tumors of differing histology and origin are rare, and, to our knowledge, this is one of the few such cases reported in the medical literature. (Tex Heart Inst J 2009;36(6):591-3)
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital
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    ABSTRACT: Studies have shown significant differences in door-to-balloon times (D2B) for ethnic minority patients (minorities) undergoing angioplasty for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to white patients (white). In this study, we evaluated the D2B for these groups before and after modification of the emergency protocol for STEMI. We compared D2B for 51 consecutive STEMIs during 2006, (serial activation protocol, SAP) with D2B times for 72 consecutive STEMI patients during 2007 when a "Code STEMI" (concurrent activation) protocol was instituted. Outcomes were D2B times in whites versus minorities, pre- and post-Code-STEMI, length of stay (LOS) and peak troponin I levels. The median D2B time in the SAP group was 113 (whites) vs. 122 (minorities) minutes (p = 0.324), as compared to 74 (whites) vs. 78 (minorities) minutes (p = 0.324) in the Code STEMI group. The D2B for both groups was significantly reduced (p < 0.0001) with the use of Code STEMI. The median peak troponin I in the SAP group was 97 ng/mL (whites) vs. 78 ng/mL (minorities) (p = 0.084), as compared to 54 ng/mL (whites) vs. 29 ng/mL (minorities) (p = 0.084) for the Code STEMI group. LOS was 4.88 days (whites) vs. 4.39 days (minorities) (p = 0.84) in the SAP group, as compared to 3.7 days (whites) vs. 3.4 days (minorities) (p = 0.84) for the Code STEMI group, a significant change (p = 0.012) for both groups. No ethnic disparity was observed in the mean D2B time, LOS and peak troponin I levels between whites and minorities; both groups demonstrated comparable improvement in all outcomes evaluated.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · The Journal of invasive cardiology