[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Extrahepatic portal-vein obstruction (EHPVO) is a common cause of portal hypertension in developing countries. The main risk in pregnant women with this condition is variceal bleeding, which may be life-threatening. The objective of our study was to assess the outcome of pregnancy in women with EHPVO.
Materials and methods:
A retrospective analysis of 21 pregnancies in 12 women with EHPVO was carried out at a tertiary hospital in India.
The mean age of pregnant women with EHPVO was 25.3 years, and the mean duration of disease since diagnosis was 6.1 ± 1.2 years. All the patients had chronic EHPVO, and two patients were diagnosed in the index pregnancy. The incidence of abortion, preterm deliveries, and small for gestational age fetus was 23.8%, 18.7%, and 12.5%, respectively. Thrombocytopenia was found to complicate 61.9% of the pregnancies, while anemia was detected in 40% of the pregnancies. Variceal bleeding occurred in one woman, who was diagnosed during pregnancy and was managed successfully with endoscopic sclerotherapy. None of the patients who were diagnosed prenatally had variceal bleeding during pregnancy. The outcome in nine pregnancies, in which prenatal endoscopic variceal ligation was done, was compared with eight pregnancies, in which endoscopic sclerotherapy was done. No significant difference between the two groups in terms of pregnancy outcome and complications was found. There were no stillbirths or maternal mortality.
Women with EHPVO who have been diagnosed and treated prenatally have a good pregnancy outcome. They should be managed in a tertiary care center with a multidisciplinary approach.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Serous ovarian cancer is the most common malignant ovarian tumour. Traditional management consists of surgical resection with postoperative chemotherapy. Currently neoadjuvant chemotherapy is offered to patients with advanced stage disease. The present study aims to analyse the histomorphological alterations in serous ovarian cancer following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Correlation of these morphological alterations with survival is also presented here. Serous ovarian cancers from 100 advanced stage cases were included; 50 were treated with pre-surgery chemotherapy. Semi-quantitative scoring was used to grade the alterations in tumour morphology. Survival data was correlated with the final morphological score. Tumour morphology was significantly different in cases treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CT group) as compared to cases with upfront surgery. The CT group cases showed more fibrosis, calcification, and infiltration by lymphocytes, plasma cells, foamy and hemosiderin-laden macrophages. The residual tumour cells had degenerative cytoplasmic changes with nuclear atypia. Patients with significant morphological response had a longer median survival, although it did not attain statistical significance in the current study. With the increasing use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in management, the pathologist needs to be aware of the altered morphological appearance of tumour. Further studies are required to establish a grading system to assess the tissue response which can be helpful in predicting the overall therapeutic outcome and the prognosis of patients.
No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Malaysian journal of pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adenomatoid tumor is a benign neoplasm of mesothelial origin encountered most often in the male and female genital tracts. This tumor has a distinct morphology and is characterized by anastomosing and variably sized tubules lined by epithelioid and flattened cells. Only 4 cases of the extremely rare leiomyoadenomatoid variant are on record. We report 5 cases of adenomatoid tumor including 3 cases of leiomyoadenomatoid tumor of the uterus, which is an extremely rare variant of adenomatoid tumor, difficult to recognize on morphology.
A detailed histopathological review of all the uterine tumor diagnosed as fibroid and adenomatoid tumor over the period of 4 years was done.
A total of 5 cases of adenomatoid tumor were documented including 3 cases of leiomyoadenomatoid variant.
Leiomyoadenomatoid variant of adenomatoid tumor often missed both on imaging and histopathological examination and hence needs to be recognized as a distinct morphological entity.
No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the role of genital tuberculosis as an etiological factor for ectopic pregnancy.
A total of eighteen women of ectopic pregnancy with concomitant female genital tuberculosis and a total of one hundred thirty six patients of ectopic pregnancy over a period of three years were enrolled.
Mean age of patients with ectopic pregnancy and concomitant female genital tuberculosis was twenty-six and mean parity was 0.7. Most of these patients were in poor socio-economic group. Diagnosis of female genital tuberculosis was made by presence of granuloma in histopathological examination of endometrial aspirate or tubal specimen, positive acid fast bacilli in microscopy or culture, positive polymerase chain reaction in endometrial tissue and positive findings of genital tuberculosis during laparoscopy or laparotomy. Genital tuberculosis was responsible for 13.2% of all cases of ectopic pregnancy in the present study.
Genital tuberculosis appears to be an important cause of ectopic pregnancy in India.
No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · The Indian journal of tuberculosis
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on the number and quality of oocytes and embryos in poor responders undergoing IVF cycles. A total of 50 patients with a history of poor ovarian response in the previous cycle(s) were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. They were treated with oral micronized DHEA 25 mg three times a day for 4 months. Oocyte and embryo number and quality were recorded before and after treatment. The results were analysed using Student’s paired t-test. After treatment with DHEA, a significant increase in number of mature follicles was seen in the post treatment period (⩽35 years P < 0.001; ⩾36 years P = 0.002). There were significant increases in numbers of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rates and, consequently, the total number of embryos available. More embryos were vitrified among patients ⩽35 years (P < 0.001) post treatment, and clinical pregnancy rate in this group was 26.7%. DHEA treatment resulted in a higher number of oocytes retrieved, oocytes fertilized, embryos overall and of grade-I embryos. It can help in increasing pregnancy rate in poor responders.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Reproductive biomedicine online
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Serous ovarian cancer (SOC) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in females with poor prognosis because of advanced stage at presentation. Recently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is being used for management of advanced SOC, but role of tissue biomarkers in prognostication following NACT is not well established. The study was conducted on advanced stage SOC patients (n = 100) that were treated either conventionally (n = 50) or with NACT (n = 50), followed by surgery. In order to evaluate the expression of tissue biomarkers (p53, MIB1, estrogen and progesterone receptors, Her-2/neu, E-cadherin, and Bcl2), immunohistochemistry and semiquantitative scoring were done following morphological examination. Following NACT, significant differences in tumor histomorphology were observed as compared to the native neoplasms. MIB 1 was significantly lower in cases treated with NACT and survival outcome was significantly better in cases with low MIB 1. ER expression was associated with poor overall survival. No other marker displayed any significant difference in expression or correlation with survival between the two groups. Immunophenotype of SOC does not differ significantly in samples from cases treated with NACT, compared to upfront surgically treated cases. The proliferating capacity of the residual tumor cells is less, depicted by low mean MIB1 LI. MIB 1 and ER inversely correlate with survival.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · BioMed Research International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular emergencies especially aortic dissections are rare in pregnancy. We report a case of Stanford Type A aortic dissection at 33 weeks of pregnancy presenting in shock. Rapid multidisciplinary approach and special obstetric considerations led to a successful outcome in this case.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the efficacy of estrogen in preventing intrauterine adhesions following hysteroscopic septal resection and to investigate its effect on reproductive outcome.
After hysteroscopic septal resection, 90 women received either estrogen or placebo (n = 45 per group) for 30 days. A second-look hysteroscopy was performed after 2 months. All pregnancies occurring during the study period were recorded.
Adhesions developed in three of 43 (6.9%) patients in the control group compared to none in the estrogen group. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.24). Regarding reproductive outcome, the differences between the two groups were also not significant.
Estrogen treatment was not found to prevent intrauterine adhesions or improve reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic septal resection.
No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the toxicity and clinical outcome in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with whole pelvic conventional radiation therapy (WP-CRT) versus intensity modulated radiation therapy (WP-IMRT).
Between January 2010 and January 2012, 44 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO 2009) stage IIB-IIIB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix were randomized to receive 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions delivered via either WP-CRT or WP-IMRT with concurrent weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m(2). Acute toxicity was graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0, and late toxicity was graded according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group system. The primary and secondary endpoints were acute gastrointestinal toxicity and disease-free survival, respectively.
Of 44 patients, 22 patients received WP-CRT and 22 received WP-IMRT. In the WP-CRT arm, 13 patients had stage IIB disease and 9 had stage IIIB disease; in the IMRT arm, 12 patients had stage IIB disease and 10 had stage IIIB disease. The median follow-up time in the WP-CRT arm was 21.7 months (range, 10.7-37.4 months), and in the WP-IMRT arm it was 21.6 months (range, 7.7-34.4 months). At 27 months, disease-free survival was 79.4% in the WP-CRT group versus 60% in the WP-IMRT group (P=.651), and overall survival was 76% in the WP-CRT group versus 85.7% in the WP-IMRT group (P=.645). Patients in the WP-IMRT arm experienced significantly fewer grade ≥2 acute gastrointestinal toxicities (31.8% vs 63.6%, P=.034) and grade ≥3 gastrointestinal toxicities (4.5% vs 27.3%, P=.047) than did patients receiving WP-CRT and had less chronic gastrointestinal toxicity (13.6% vs 50%, P=.011).
WP-IMRT is associated with significantly less toxicity compared with WP-CRT and has a comparable clinical outcome. Further studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up times are warranted to justify its use in routine clinical practice.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), the cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) has been conventionally used to help in diagnosis and assessment of response to treatment. Currently, YKL-40 (Tyrosine-Lysine-Leucine-40) and circulating cell-free DNA are being evaluated for possession of similar ability. In this study, we aimed to assess the ability of a repertoire of potential biomarkers in detecting and assessing therapeutic response, in advanced EOC. Blood levels of CA-125, YKL-40, total cell-free DNA (CFDNA), cell-free nuclear DNA (CFnDNA), and cell-free mitochondrial DNA (CFmDNA) levels were measured in 100 untreated patients of advanced EOC from November 2009 to June 2011, and again on treatment completion from the 20 patients who appeared for follow-up analysis. Significantly, higher proportion of untreated patients had serum CA-125 >3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (90.0 %; P < 0.0001) and plasma YKL-40 >ULN (77.0 %; P < 0.0001), both of which significantly decreased, Posttherapy. posttherapy, CFDNA (P < 0.0001), and CFnDNA (P < 0.0001) levels significantly decreased as compared to pretreatment levels. Positive and significant correlations existed between pretherapy CFDNA and CFnDNA [Spearman rho (ρ) = 1.000; P < 0.0001], and also with CFmDNA (ρ = 0.301; P = 0.002), separately between CFnDNA and CFmDNA (ρ = 0.303; P = 0.002), as well as between plasma YKL-40 and patient age (ρ = 0.353; (P < 0.0001). On treatment completion, CFDNA and CFnDNA levels showed positive and significant correlation (ρ = 1.000; P < 0.0001). Therefore serum CA-125 and plasma YKL-40 aid detection and assessment of therapeutic response, in advanced EOC. CFDNA and CFnDNA help in estimating extent of therapeutic response in advanced EOC.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry