Scott M Montgomery

Örebro universitet, Örebro, Örebro, Sweden

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Publications (245)1627.38 Total impact

  • Z Al Dabbagh · K Å Jansson · C O Stiller · S Montgomery · R J Weiss
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The use of opioids in non-cancer-related pain following skeletal trauma is controversial due to the presumed risk of dose escalation and dependence. We therefore examined the pattern of opioid prescriptions, that is, those actually dispensed, in patients with femoral shaft fractures. Methods: We analysed data from the Swedish National Hospital Discharge Register and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register between 2005 and 2008. Results: We identified 1471 patients with isolated femoral shaft fractures. The median age was 75 (16-102) years and 56% were female. In this cohort, 891 patients (61%) received dispensed opioid prescriptions during a median follow-up of 20 months (interquartile range 11-32). In the age- and sex-matched comparison cohort (7339 individuals) without fracture, 25% had opioid prescriptions dispensed during the same period. The proportions of patients receiving opioid analgesics at 6 and 12 months after the fracture were 45% (95% CI 42-49) and 36% (32-39), respectively. The median daily morphine equivalent dose (MED) was between 15 and 17 mg 1-12 months post-fracture. After 3 months, less than 5% used prescription doses higher than 20 mg MED per day. Older age (≥ 70 compared with < 70 years) was a significant predictor of earlier discontinuation of opioid use (Hazard ratio [HR] 1.9). Conclusion: A notable proportion of patients continued to receive dispensed prescriptions for opioids for over 6 months (45%) and more than a third of them (36%) continued treatment for at least 12 months. However, the risk of dose escalation seems to be small in opioid-naïve patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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    Scott Montgomery · Ole Brus · Ayako Hiyoshi · Yang Cao · Jennifer Rider · Katja Fall
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Childhood exposures in mothers, signaled by number of older and younger siblings, have lifelong consequences for aspects of immune function. We hypothesized that these may influence young adult-onset Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) risk in offspring. Materials and methods: Swedish registers identified 2028 cases of young adult onset HL (diagnosed between ages 15-39 years) up to 2012 among those born since 1958; and 18,374 matched controls. Conditional logistic regression was used to assess HL risk associated with number of older and younger siblings of mothers. Results: Having a mother with more than two older siblings is associated with lower HL risk, and the association is statistically significant for mothers with three or more siblings, compared with none. The adjusted odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) are 1.04 (0.93-1.16); 0.95 (0.81-1.10); and 0.81 (0.66-0.98) for one, two, and three or more older siblings, respectively. There is no association between number of mothers' younger siblings and HL risk. Conclusions: Exposures during the childhood of mothers may influence young onset adult HL risk in offspring, perhaps through vertical transmission of infectious agents, or through other long-term influences on maternal immune function.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Physical fitness may reduce systemic inflammation levels relevant to the risk of symptomatic Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC); we assessed if fitness in adolescence is associated with subsequent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) risk, independent of markers of risk and prodromal disease activity. Methods: Swedish registers provided information on a cohort of 240,984 men (after exclusions) who underwent military conscription assessments in late adolescence (1969-1976). Follow-up started at least 4 years after the conscription assessment until 31 December 2009 (up to age 57 years). Cox's regression assessed the association of physical fitness with CD (n=986) and UC (n=1,878) in separate models, with adjustment including: socioeconomic conditions in childhood; physical fitness, height, body mass index, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in adolescence; and subsequent diagnoses of IBD. Results: Low fitness was associated with a raised risk of IBD, with unadjusted hazard ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) of 1.62 (1.31-2.00) for CD and 1.36 (1.17-1.59) for UC. The results were attenuated by adjustment, particularly for markers of prodromal disease activity to 1.32 (1.05-1.66) and 1.25 (1.06-1.48), respectively. Raised ESR in adolescence was associated with increased risks for subsequent CD (5.95 (4.47-7.92)) and UC (1.92 (1.46-2.52)). Conclusions: The inverse association of physical fitness with IBD risk is consistent with a protective role for exercise. However, evidence of disease activity before diagnosis was already present in adolescence, suggesting that some or all of the association between fitness and IBD may be due to prodromal disease activity reducing exercise capacity and therefore fitness.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Changes in medical therapy and surgery might have influenced the natural history of Crohn's disease (CD). Our aim was to explore the short-term outcome of CD and to specifically assess trends in disease phenotype, medications and surgery in the first five years from diagnosis. Material and methods: A population-based cohort comprising 472 CD patients diagnosed within the primary catchment area of Örebro University Hospital 1963-2005 were identified retrospectively and described. Data on medication, surgery, progression in disease location and behavior, were extracted from the medical records. Patients were divided into three cohorts based on year of diagnosis. Results: The proportion of patients with complicated disease behavior five years after diagnosis decreased from 54.4% (95%CI, 43.9-65.6) to 33.3% (27.4-40.0) in patients diagnosed 1963-1975 and 1991-2005, respectively (p = 0.002), whereas the proportion of patients progressing to complicated disease behavior was stable among those with non-stricturing, non-penetrating disease at diagnosis (p = 0.435). The proportion of patients undergoing surgery decreased from 65.8% (55.4-76.0) to 34.6% (28.6-41.5) in patients diagnosed 1963-1975 and 1991-2005, respectively (p < 0.001). The reduction in surgery preceded an increased use of immunomodulators and was explained by a decrease in surgery within three months from diagnosis (p = 0.001). Conclusions: We observed a striking decrease in complicated disease behavior and surgery five years after CD diagnosis, the latter largely due to a decrease in early surgery. Our findings suggest that the introduction of new treatments alone does not explain the reduction in surgery rates, the increasing proportion of patients with inflammatory disease at diagnosis also play an important role.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Cancer Prevention Research

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · European Respiratory Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) are both clinically useful health status instruments. The main objective was to compare CAT and CCQ measurement instruments. Methods: CAT and CCQ forms were completed by 432 randomly selected primary and secondary care patients with a COPD diagnosis. Correlation and linear regression analyses of CAT and CCQ were performed. Standardised scores were created for the CAT and CCQ scores, and separate multiple linear regression analyses for CAT and CCQ examined associations with sex, age (≤ 60, 61-70 and >70 years), exacerbations (≥1 vs 0 in the previous year), body mass index (BMI), heart disease, anxiety/depression and lung function (subgroup with n = 246). Results: CAT and CCQ correlated well (r = 0.88, p < 0.0001), as did CAT ≥ 10 and CCQ ≥ 1 (r = 0.78, p < 0.0001). CCQ 1.0 corresponded to CAT 9.93 and CAT 10 to CCQ 1.29. Both instruments were associated with BMI < 20 (standardised adjusted regression coefficient (95%CI) for CAT 0.56 (0.18 to 0.93) and CCQ 0.56 (0.20 to 0.92)), exacerbations (CAT 0.77 (0.58 to 0.95) and CCQ 0.94 (0.76 to 1.12)), heart disease (CAT 0.38 (0.17 to 0.59) and CCQ 0.23 (0.03 to 0.43)), anxiety/depression (CAT 0.35 (0.15 to 0.56) and CCQ 0.41 (0.21 to 0.60)) and COPD stage (CAT 0.19 (0.05 to 0.34) and CCQ 0.22 (0.07 to 0.36)). Conclusions: CAT and CCQ correlate well with each other. Heart disease, anxiety/depression, underweight, exacerbations, and low lung function are associated with worse health status assessed by both instruments.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · COPD Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • A Hiyoshi · K Fall · G Netuveli · S Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: As marriage is associated with lower depression rates compared with being single in men, we aimed to examine if remarriage compared with remaining divorced is also associated with a reduced depression risk. Swedish register data were used to define a cohort of men who were born between 1952 and 1956 and underwent a compulsory military conscription assessment in adolescence. This study population comprised men who were divorced in 1985 (n = 72,246). The risk of pharmaceutically treated depression from 2005 to 2009 was compared for those who remarried or remained divorced between 1986 and 2004. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to estimate hazard ratios for the risk of depression identified by pharmaceutical treatment, with adjustment for a range of potential confounding factors including childhood and adulthood socioeconomic circumstances, cognitive, physical, psychological and medical characteristics at the conscription assessment. The results showed that, even though divorced men who remarried had markers of lower depression risk in earlier life such as higher cognitive and physical function, higher stress resilience and socioeconomic advantages than men who remained divorced, remarriage was associated with a statistically significant elevated risk of depression with an adjusted hazard ratio (and 95% confidence interval) of 1.27(1.03 1.55), compared with men who remained divorced. Remarriage following divorce is not associated with a reduced risk of depression identified by pharmaceutical treatment, compared with remaining divorced. Interpersonal or financial difficulties resulting from remarriage may outweigh the benefits of marriage in terms of depression risk. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Social Science [?] Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Consanguineous marriage is associated with increased risks for congenital anomalies, low birth weight, and other adverse perinatal outcomes. In this population-based, case-control study we investigated the association between consanguineous marriage (first cousins marriage) and stillbirth risk, using prospectively collected information from pre-pregnancy visits. From 2007 to 2009, We identified 283 stillbirths (cases) and 2088 randomly selected live control births through pre-pregnancy visits in rural Golestan, Iran.The associations between consanguinity and pre-pregnancy maternal characteristics and stillbirth risk were examined using multivariate logistic regression. The rate of consanguineous marriage was 19.4% among cases and 13.6% among controls. Consanguinity was associated with increased stillbirth risk (Odds ratio [OR]: 1.53; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.10-2.14).The association was significantly increased for preterm (<37 gestational weeks) stillbirth (OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.46-4.04) but not for term (≥37 weeks) stillbirth (OR 1.14; 95% CI: 0.75-1.74). Low and high maternal age, underweight, obesity, nulliparity, a history of infertility or miscarriage, previous obstetric complications (preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and stillbirth in previous pregnancies) were also associated with increased stillbirth risks. Consanguineous marriage is associated with increased risk of stillbirth, particularly preterm stillbirth. Findings for other maternal risk factors for stillbirth in rural Iran are consistent with previously reported findings from high income countries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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    ABSTRACT: Adult obesity and inflammation have been associated with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, less is known about how adolescent body mass index (BMI) and inflammation, as measured by erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), relate to CRC risk. We sought to evaluate these associations in a cohort of 239 658 Swedish men who underwent compulsory military enlistment examinations in late adolescence (ages 16-20 years). At the time of the conscription assessment (1969-1976), height and weight were measured and ESR was assayed. By linkage to the national cancer registry, these conscripts were followed for CRC through 1 January 2010. Over an average of 35 years of follow-up, 885 cases of CRC occurred, including 501 colon cancers and 384 rectal cancers. Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted HRs and corresponding 95% CIs. Compared with normal weight (BMI 18.5 to <25 kg/m(2)) in late adolescence, upper overweight (BMI 27.5 to <30 kg/m(2)) was associated with a 2.08-fold higher risk of CRC (95% CI 1.40 to 3.07) and obesity (BMI 30+ kg/m(2)) was associated with a 2.38-fold higher risk of CRC (95% CI 1.51 to 3.76) (p-trend: <0.001). Male adolescents with ESR (15+ mm/h) had a 63% higher risk of CRC (HR 1.63; 95% CI 1.08 to 2.45) than those with low ESR (<10 mm/h) (p-trend: 0.006). Associations did not significantly differ by anatomic site. Late-adolescent BMI and inflammation, as measured by ESR, may be independently associated with future CRC risk. Further research is needed to better understand how early-life exposures relate to CRC. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Gut
  • M Gunnarsson · R Udumyan · S Bahmanyar · Y Nilsagård · S Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: Associations with multiple sclerosis (MS) of living conditions in childhood and characteristics in adolescence including physical fitness, cognitive function and psychological stress resilience were investigated. A cohort of male Swedish residents born 1952-1956 who were included in the Swedish Military Conscription Register was used to create a nested case-control study comprising 628 MS cases and 6187 controls matched on birth year, county of residence and vital status at time of diagnosis. Conscription examination records were linked with other national register data. Conditional logistic regression was used to evaluate associations with MS subsequent to the conscription examination. Men with MS were less likely to be from more crowded households in childhood (>two persons per room) with an adjusted odds ratio of 0.67 (95% confidence interval 0.51-0.86, P = 0.023). They had lower physical working capacity in adolescence with adjusted odds ratio of 0.94 (95% confidence interval 0.89-0.99, P = 0.026). Cognitive function and stress resilience scores displayed no significant differences between cases and controls. Parental occupation in childhood and body mass index in adolescence were not associated with future MS risk. The inverse association of MS risk with higher levels of household crowding may reflect environmental factors such as the pattern of exposure to microorganisms. Lower physical fitness in men at MS risk may indicate a protective effect of exercise or could be due to prodromal disease activity, although there was no association with cognitive function. Poor psychological stress resilience (and thus risk of chronic stress arousal) was not associated with MS. © 2015 The Authors. European Journal of Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Academy of Neurology.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · European Journal of Neurology
  • H Roshanisefat · S Bahmanyar · J Hillert · T Olsson · S Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: A reduced cancer risk amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been reported. Theoretically, this could represent a genuine reduction in risk or, alternatively, 'diagnostic neglect', where cancer is undiagnosed when symptoms are misattributed to MS. Assess all-cause mortality risk following a cancer diagnosis in patients with MS compared with a cohort without MS. A cohort of MS patients (n = 19 364) and a cohort of the general population (n = 192 519) were extracted from national Swedish registers from 1969 to 2005. All-cause mortality after cancer in MS was compared with the general population. Poisson regression analysis was conducted in the MS and non-MS cohorts separately. The models were adjusted for follow-up duration, year at entry, sex, region and socioeconomic index. The two cohorts were combined and differences in mortality risk were assessed using interaction testing. The adjusted relative risk (and 95% confidence interval) for all-cause mortality following a cancer diagnosis in MS patients (compared with MS patients without cancer) is 3.06 (2.86-3.27; n = 1768) and amongst those without MS 5.73 (5.62-5.85; n = 24 965). This lower magnitude mortality risk in the MS patients was confirmed by multiplicative interaction testing (P < 0.001). A consistent pattern of lower magnitude of all-cause mortality risk following cancer in MS patients for a range of organ-specific cancer types was found. It suggests that cancer diagnoses tend not to be delayed in MS and diagnostic neglect is unlikely to account for the reduced cancer risk associated with MS. The lower magnitude cancer risk in MS may be due to disease-associated characteristics or exposures. © 2015 EAN.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · European Journal of Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: Some studies have suggested that childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by extensive intestinal involvement and rapid progression to complications. Here, we report the presentation and progression of patients diagnosed with IBD during childhood in a population-based cohort from northern Stockholm County. Medical records for all 280 patients diagnosed in the period 1990-2007 with childhood-onset IBD in northern Stockholm County were followed until 2011 (median follow-up time, 8.8 yr). Disease phenotypes were classified according to the Paris pediatric IBD classification. Among the 74 patients with ulcerative colitis, 72% presented with pancolitis. Among the 200 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 75% presented with colitis. Complicated disease behavior was observed in 18% of patients with CD by end of follow-up. Extension of the disease territory was observed in 22% of patients with ulcerative colitis and 15% of patients with CD. The cumulative risk of intra-abdominal surgery after 10 years was 8% (95% confidence interval, 4%-20%) for ulcerative colitis and 22% (95% confidence interval, 15%-28%) for patients with CD. Nonmucosal healing at 1 year was associated with a complicated disease course in patients with CD (hazard ratio = 14.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.79-118.68; P = 0.01). Patients with childhood-onset IBD were characterized by extensive colitis that was relatively stable over time and associated with a relatively low risk of complications and abdominal surgery. Our findings confirm the more extensive disease location in pediatric IBD but did not identify the proposed dynamic and aggressive nature of the childhood-onset phenotype. The association of nonmucosal healing with a complicated disease course suggests that endoscopy should guide treatment intensity in childhood-onset CD.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: It is unclear whether psychological resilience to stress in adolescence represents a persistent characteristic relevant to the subsequent risk for depression and anxiety in later adulthood. We aimed to test whether low psychological stress resilience assessed in adolescence is associated with an increased risk of receiving medication for depression and anxiety in middle age. We utilized Swedish register-based cohort study. Men born between 1952 and 1956 (n = 175,699), who underwent compulsory assessment for military conscription in late adolescence were followed to examine subsequent risk of pharmaceutically-treated depression and anxiety in middle age, from 2006 to 2009 corresponding to ages between 50 and 58 years, using Cox regression. The associations of stress resilience with prescription of antidepressant and anxiolytics medication through potential mediating factors cognitive and physical function and adult socioeconomic factors were calculated. Low stress resilience was associated with elevated risks for antidepressant (hazard ratio (HR):1.5 (95% CI 1.4 1.6)) and anxiolytics (HR:2.4 (CI 2.0 2.7)) medication. Adjustment for measures of childhood living circumstances attenuated the associations somewhat. Around a third of association with low stress resilience, and a half of that with moderate resilience, was mediated through cognitive and physical function in adolescence and adult socioeconomic factors. The magnitude of the inverse association of higher cognitive function with antidepressant medication was eliminated among those with low stress resilience. These results indicate that low stress resilience in adolescence is associated with an increased risk for antidepressant and anxiolytics medication over 30 years later, in part mediated through developmental factors in adolescence and socioeconomic circumstances in adulthood, and low stress resilience can diminish or eliminate the inverse association of higher cognitive function with antidepressant medication. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Social Science [?] Medicine
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    Cecilia Bergh · Ruzan Udumyan · Katja Fall · Henrik Almroth · Scott Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: Psychosocial stress is a suggested risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). The relationship of stress resilience in adolescence with subsequent CHD risk is underinvestigated, so our objective was to assess this and investigate the possible mediating role of physical fitness. In this register-based study, 237 980 men born between 1952 and 1956 were followed from 1987 to 2010 using information from Swedish registers. Stress resilience was measured at a compulsory military conscription examination using a semistructured interview with a psychologist. Some 10 581 diagnoses of CHD were identified. Cox regression estimated the association of stress resilience with CHD, with adjustment for established cardiovascular risk factors. Low-stress resilience was associated with increased CHD risk. The association remained after adjustment for physical fitness and other potential confounding and mediating factors, with adjusted HRs (and 95% CIs) of 1.17 (1.10 to 1.25), with some evidence of mediation by physical fitness. CHD incidence rates per 1000 person-years (and 95% CIs) for low-stress, medium-stress and high-stress resilience were 2.61 (2.52 to 2.70), 1.97 (1.92 to 2.03) and 1.59 (1.53 to 1.67) respectively. Higher physical fitness was inversely associated with CHD risk; however, this was attenuated by low-stress resilience, shown by interaction testing (p<0.001). Low-stress resilience in adolescence was associated with increased risk of CHD in middle age and may diminish the benefit of physical fitness. This represents new evidence of the role of stress resilience in determining risk of CHD and its interrelationship with physical fitness. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    C. Melinder · R. Udumyan · A. Hiyoshi · R. J. Brummer · S. Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Psychosocial stress may influence peptic ulcer disease (PUD) risk, but it can be difficult to identify reliably whether stressful exposures pre-dated disease. The association of stress resilience (susceptibility to stress) with subsequent PUD risk has been incompletely investigated.AimTo assess if stress resilience in adolescence is associated with subsequent PUD risk.Methods The participants comprised of 233 093 men resident in Sweden, born 1952–1956 and assessed for compulsory military conscription during 1969–1976, with data provided by national Swedish registers. Stress resilience was evaluated through semi-structured interviews by a certified psychologist. Cox regression assessed the association between stress resilience in adolescence and the risk of PUD from 1985 to 2009, between ages 28 and 57 years, with adjustment for parental socioeconomic index, household crowding and number of siblings in childhood, as well as cognitive function and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in adolescence.ResultsIn total, 2259 first PUD diagnoses were identified. Lower stress resilience in adolescence is associated with a higher risk of PUD in subsequent adulthood: compared with high resilience, the adjusted hazard ratios (and 95% CI) are 1.84 (1.61–2.10) and 1.23 (1.09–1.38) for low and moderate stress resilience, respectively.Conclusion Stress may be implicated in the aetiology of PUD and low stress resilience is a marker of risk.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Prenatal exposure to elemental mercury may be a potential hazard for the offspring of female dental personnel working with dental amalgam. The aim of this study was to investigate whether potential We used national Swedish registers to investigate risks for diseases potentially related to adverse effects on neurodevelopment. Sons of female dentists (n=1690) and dental nurses (n=10,420) were compared with cohorts consisting of sons of other female healthcare personnel. Due to changes in mercury exposure in dentistry during the study period, analyses were stratified by decade of birth. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models. We found no elevated risk for neurological disease, epilepsy or intellectual disability among the sons of dental personnel during any of the decades studied. HRs for neurological disease among the dental nurse cohort were even below 1.00 during the 1970s and 1980s. A low number of events resulted in uncertainty regarding results in the dentist cohort. We did not find any support for the hypothesis that mercury exposure in Swedish dentistry during the 1960s, 1970s or 1980s had any effect on the incidence of neurological disease or intellectual disability among the sons of female dental personnel. Our results imply that current use of dental amalgam should not represent an elevated risk for neurological disease or intellectual disability among the offspring of dental personnel.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Asthma control is achieved in a low proportion of patients. The primary aim was to evaluate risk factors for uncontrolled asthma. The secondary aim was to assess quality of life associated with asthma control. Methods In a cross-sectional study, asthma patients aged 18–75 were randomly selected from primary and secondary health care centers. Postal questionnaires were sent to 1,675 patients and the response rate was 71%. A total of 846 patients from primary and 341 patients from secondary care were evaluated. Data were collected using a questionnaire and review of medical records. The questionnaire included questions about asthma control and a quality-of-life questionnaire, the mini-AQLQ, with four domains (symptoms, activity limitation, emotional function, and environmental stimuli). The mean score for each domain and the overall score were calculated. Asthma control was divided into three levels according to the GINA guidelines and partly and uncontrolled asthma were combined into one group – poorly controlled asthma. Results Asthma control was achieved in 36% of the sample: 38% in primary and 29% in secondary care. In primary and secondary care, 35 and 45% had uncontrolled asthma, respectively. Risk factors for poorly controlled asthma were female sex [OR 1.31 (1.003–1.70)], older age [OR 2.18 (1.28–3.73)], lower educational level [OR 1.63 (1.14–2.33)], and current smoking [OR 1.68 (1.16–2.43)]. Older age and lower educational level remained statistically significantly associated with poorly controlled asthma when the analyses were limited to never-smokers. Depression was an independent risk factor for poorly controlled asthma in men [OR 3.44 (1.12–10.54)]. The mini-AQLQ scores and the mean overall score were significantly lower in uncontrolled asthma. Conclusion Risk factors for poorly controlled asthma were female sex, older age, low educational level, and smoking. Uncontrolled asthma was significantly associated with lower quality of life.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014
  • Per-Ola Sundin · Ruzan Udumyan · Per Sjöström · Scott Montgomery
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of predictors of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in adolescence could provide intervention targets and improve understanding of the cause.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · American Journal of Kidney Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aim The incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) is continuing to rise in several countries and in others it appears to have already levelled off after a period of increase. We updated our previous population-based study, by re-extraction of all information on patients diagnosed with CD between 1963 and 2010. Our aim was to assess temporal trends in incidence, prevalence and disease phenotype at diagnosis. Methods Patients of all ages with a potential diagnosis of CD were identified retrospectively by evaluation of medical notes of all current and previous patients at the colitis clinic, Örebro University Hospital amended by computerised search in the inpatient, outpatient, primary care and histopathological records. Diagnosis was confirmed by subsequent evaluation of medical notes. Disease phenotype was defined according to the Montreal classification. Results The incidence increased over time, especially among Crohn's disease, A1 and A3. SaTScan model revealed a statistically significant high incidence during 1991–2010 (p = 0.0001). The median age at diagnosis increased from 28 (3–79) years to 37 (5–87) years (p = 0.0002). The point prevalence increased from 21/105 (14–32) in 1965 to 267/105 (244–291) in 2010. Non-stricturing and non-penetrating disease at diagnosis increased from 12.5% in 1963–1965 to 82.3% in 2006–2010 (p < 0.0001). Conclusion The incidence of CD increased over time, although it seemed to be plateauing during the most recent decades. A striking increase in non-stricturing, non-penetrating disease at diagnosis was observed, suggesting earlier diagnosis or phenotypic change. The observed point prevalence in 2010 is among the highest reported.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Crohn s and Colitis

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,627.38 Total Impact Points


  • 2010-2015
    • Örebro universitet
      • • School of Health and Medical Sciences
      • • School of Medicine
      Örebro, Örebro, Sweden
  • 2003-2015
    • Karolinska University Hospital
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Department of Infectious Diseases
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Institute for Social Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2001-2015
    • Karolinska Institutet
      • • Department of Medicine, Solna
      • • Clinical Epidemiology Unit
      Сольна, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2007-2014
    • Akademiska Sjukhuset
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
    • Uppsala University
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2005-2014
    • Örebro University Hospital
      • • Clinical Research Center (KFC)
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Örebro, Örebro, Sweden
  • 2011
    • Mid Sweden University
      Härnösand, Västernorrland, Sweden
  • 2001-2010
    • Imperial College London
      • Department of Primary Care and Public Health
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2009
    • Stockholm University
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2008
    • University of Pavia
      Ticinum, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2006
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1997-2000
    • Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 1998
    • National University Hospital of Iceland
      Reikiavik, Capital Region, Iceland
    • Royal Free Academy of PMC
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 1997-1998
    • University of London
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 1995
    • City University London
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom