Y Matsuda

The University of Tokushima, Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan

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Publications (22)62.16 Total impact

  • A Tsuji · E Hashimoto · T Ikoma · T Taniguchi · K Mori · M Nagahama · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 (SPC4), a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family of proteases that cleave at paired basic amino acids, exhibits a dynamic expression pattern during embryogenesis and colocalizes with bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Recently Cui et al. reported that the ectopic expression of α1-antitrypsin variant Portland (α1-PDX), an engineered serpin that contains the minimal SPC consensus motif in its reactive loop, blocks the proteolytic activation of BMP4, leading to abnormal embryogenic development TGFβ-related factors such as BMPs are synthesized as inactive precursors and activated by limited proteolysis at multibasic amino acids. Therefore, an α1-PDX-inhibitable protease is thought to participate in BMP activation. However, conflicting properties, including sensitivity to α1-PDX, have been reported for PACE4. In this study, we examined whether α1-PDX is responsible for the inhibition of PACE4 by measuring the protease/inhibitor complex directly. Here we show that α1-PDX has the ability to form an SDS-stable acyl-intermediate (180 kDa) with PACE4 in vivo and in vitro. Further, we characterized the PACE4 secreted into the culture medium from Cos-1 cells by a specific immunological assay. An α1-PDX-insensitive and decanoyl-RVKR-chloromethylketone-sensitive 60-kDa protease(s) is greatly activated in conditioned medium by PACE4 overexpression, suggesting that the activation of an unknown protease(s) other than PACE4 is the cause of the variation in the properties of PACE4. PACE4 is a Ca 2+-dependent protease with an optimal Ca 2+ requirement of 2 mM, and shows its highest activity at weakly basic pH. PACE4 activity is completely inhibited by EDTA and EGTA, but not by leupeptin. These results show that PACE4 activity can be inhibited by (α1-PDX as well as furin (SPC1) and suggest that the inhibition of PACE4-mediated activation of factors such as BMPs by α1-PDX causes abnormal embryogenic development.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1999 · Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 (SPC4) is a member of the mammalian subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family, which participates in maturation of precursor proteins. PACE4 is expressed at high levels in the anterior pituitary, central nervous system, the developing olfactory bulb, heart, and liver. Recently, we determined the gene structure of human PACE4. [Tsuji et al. (1997) J. Biochem. 122, 438-452]. The 5'-flanking region of PACE4 gene contains 12 E-boxes (E1 to E12) within 1 kb upstream of the transcription initiation site. To examine the function of these E-box elements in the regulation of PACE4 expression, deletion and mutation constructs of the 5'-flanking region were ligated to the luciferase gene and analyzed for promoter activity in HepG2 and GH4C1 cells, which express PACE4 at high level. Some differences were observed in the activity of each promoter construct between HepG2 and GH4C1 cells, although the overall profiles of activity for the promoter fragment series were similar regardless of cell type. We showed that the basal promoter activity of the PACE4 gene is first determined by sequences lying between -315 and -1 bp and further regulated by positive and negative elements in the upstream region. Site-directed mutagenesis of E-boxes in these regulatory elements showed that the E10 E-box act as positive regulator, whereas an E-box cluster (E4-E9) acts as a negative regulator in both cells. E2 E-box acts as a positive regulator only in HepG2 cells. Other E-boxes (E1, E3, and E12) had no effect on the promoter activity. These results indicate that E-box elements play a critical role in controlling PACE4 expression in HepG2 and GH4C1 cells and that PACE4 expression is regulated by a mechanism distinct from that of other SPC family proteases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1999 · Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Serum albumin is synthesized as a larger precursor form, proalbumin, which undergoes proteolytic processing at a dibasic site by a hepatic proprotein convertase within the secretory pathway to generate the mature form. Although furin, a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family, was thought to be the only candidate hepatic convertase for proalbumin, SPC family members other than furin were recently suggested to also be involved in proalbumin processing. This study was designed to identify the endogenous proprotein convertases involved in proalbumin processing. Since human hepatoma HepG2 cells are highly differentiated and produce major plasma proteins, this cell line was used as a model for hepatocytes. Northern blot analysis revealed that PACE4, furin and PC8 of the SPC family were expressed in HepG2 cells as well as in the liver. Ribonuclease protection assay showed that PACE4A-II mRNA is the major transcript in HepG2 cells among the PACE4 isoforms. The coexpression studies showed that furin, PACE4A-II and PC8 were all able to convert proalbumin to albumin correctly. To elucidate the roles of these endogenous SPC family members in proalbumin processing, the antisense RNA for PACE4, furin and PC8 was stably expressed in HepG2 cells, respectively. The expression of each antisense RNA resulted in approximately 30% inhibition of endogenous proalbumin processing. We therefore concluded that PACE4 and PC8, as well as furin, are involved in the processing of proalbumin in HepG2 cells, and that these SPC family members are functionally redundant in this processing.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1999 · Journal of Biochemistry
  • K Mori · A Tsuji · Y Matsuda

    No preview · Article · Feb 1998
  • Y Matsuda · A Tsuji

    No preview · Article · Nov 1997 · Tanpakushitsu kakusan koso. Protein, nucleic acid, enzyme
  • A Tsuji · C Hine · Y Tamai · K Yonemoto · K Mori · S Yoshida · M Bando · E Sakai · T Akamatsu · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 (paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme) is a member of a family of the mammalian kexin-like proprotein convertases containing a subtilisin-like catalytic domain. Previously we reported seven isoform mRNAs of PACE4 that vary in size and 3'-coding sequence [A. Tsuji et al. (1994) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 200, 943-950; K. Mori et al. (1997) J. Biochem. 121, 941-948]. To determine the origin of these isoforms, the entire human PACE4 gene has been isolated as a set of overlapping genomic DNA fragments, and analyzed by restriction enzyme digestion and nucleotide sequence determination. The human PACE4 gene spans at least 250 kb and is distributed over 25 exons that range in size from 39 to 1,422 base pairs. Human PACE4 gene is the largest kexin-like proprotein convertase gene reported to date. The most striking feature of its genomic structure is the size of the introns and the number of exons, although the general organization of signal peptide, propeptide, and catalytic domains, which are conserved in this family, is very similar to that reported for other kexin-like protease genes. The structural analysis of PACE4 genomic DNA indicates that multiple PACE4 transcripts are produced as a consequence of alternative RNA splicing events, including exon skipping, and differences in the usage of the inner 5'-splicing donor and polyadenylation sites. A major transcriptional start site was detected 314 bp upstream from the ATG translational start site by primer extension analysis. Sequence analysis of the 5'-flanking region revealed that PACE4 gene lacks TATA and CCAAT boxes in the proximal upstream region of the start site, although potential binding sites for several transcription factors including SP1, AP1, AP2, PEA3, Ets-1, GHF (growth hormone factor)-1, CREB (cyclic AMP response element binding protein), and basic helix-loop-helix proteins, were present. An unusual sequence of six tandem repeats of a nonadecamer (GGCCTGGGGGTTCACCTGC) containing an E box is found in the 5'-flanking region. These results suggest that PACE4 is not a constitutive gene product and its expression is regulated by various transcription factors.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1997 · Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 is a mammalian Kexin family protease that is involved in the maturation of precursor proteins. Four PACE4 isoforms have been identified. We identified a novel PACE4 isoform, PACE4E, from a human cerebellum cDNA library, which possesses a hydrophobic cluster in its C-terminus participating in membrane association. The size of PACE4E mRNA from adult rat brain was estimated by Northern blotting to be 4.4 kb. In situ hybridization histochemistry revealed that the highest level of PACE4E mRNA was expressed in the mitral cells of the adult rat olfactory bulb (OB). The OB is a unique sensory organ in that it has a lifelong regenerating capacity and it affects brain development. We further analyzed the expression of PACE4E mRNA in the developing olfactory system. On day 13.5 of gestation, PACE4E mRNA was expressed at high levels in the neuroepithelium of the forebrain vesicle (FV), olfactory epithelium, and cells in the fiber bundles projecting to the FV. As development proceeded, PACE4E mRNA was expressed in developing mitral cells but decreased in the olfactory epithelium. In the newborn, its expression was confined to the mitral cells in both the main and accessory OB and in some periglomerular cells, as shown in adult rats. The spatio-temporal expression of PACE4E suggests that it plays a role in the establishment and maintenance of the olfactory receptor system.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1997 · Histochemie
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 is a processing protease which processes the precursor protein to the mature protein. Currently, four PACE4 isoforms have been reported [Tsuji, A. et al. (1994) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 200, 943 950]. In this study, we have cloned cDNA encoding a novel isoform, PACE4E, by screening the human brain cerebellum cDNA library and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis of total RNA from human hepatoma HepG2 cells. The PACE4E cDNA encoded an amino acid sequence of 975 residues. The sequence from the amino terminus to Arg900 of PACE4E was identical to the corresponding sequence of PACE4A, but the carboxy terminal sequence (75 residues) was unique and contained a hydrophobic cluster (Leu952-Gly968). PACE4E cDNA was transiently transfected in COS-1 cells, and the expressed proteins were a 112-kDa precursor form and a 105-kDa mature form. They were secreted into the culture medium, but their secretion was retarded compared with that of PACE4A. The expression of a mutant of PACE4E truncated up to the hydrophobic cluster from the carboxy terminus resulted in a remarkable increase in secretion level, suggesting that PACE4E tends to be retained intracellularly due to interaction with the membrane through the hydrophobic cluster. On the contrary, the transient expression experiment of PACE4C showed that only 68-kDa protein (precursor form) was detected in the cell and not secreted into the medium. In addition, coexpression experiment revealed that PACE4E was able to process the precursor form of von Willebrand factor to the mature form, but PACE4C did not process it.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1997 · Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: A novel cytotoxin (intermedilysin) specific for human cells was identified as a cytolytic factor of Streptococcus intermedius UNS46 isolated from a human liver abscess. Intermedilysin caused human cell death with membrane blebs. Intermedilysin was purified from UNS46 culture medium by means of gel filtration and hydrophobic chromatography. The purified toxin was resolved into major and minor bands of 54 and 53 kDa, respectively, by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These proteins reacted with an antibody against intermedilysin. Five internal peptide fragments of intermedilysin were sequenced and found to have 42 to 71% homology with the thiol-activated cytotoxin pneumolysin. However, the action of intermedilysin differed from that of thiol-activated cytotoxins, especially in terms of a lack of activation by dithiothreitol and resistance to treatments with N-ethylmaleimide and 5,5'-dithio-bis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid), although cholesterol inhibited the toxin activity. Intermedilysin was potently hemolytic on human erythrocytes but was 100-fold less effective on chimpanzee and cynomolgus monkey erythrocytes. Intermedilysin was not hemolytic in nine other animal species tested. Since human erythrocytes treated with trypsin were far less sensitive to intermedilysin than were the intact cells, a cell membrane protein(s) may participate in the intermedilysin action. These data demonstrated that intermedilysin is distinguishable from all known bacterial cytolysins.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 1996 · Infection and Immunity
  • A Tsuji · K Edazawa · K Sakiyama · K Nagata · Y Sasaki · H Nagamune · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: A novel trypsin-like serine proteinase was purified to homogeneity from the bovine pancreas microsome fraction. The enzyme was solubilized with 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethyl-ammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS), and purified by a series of column chromatographic steps on Ultrogel AcA-34, trypsin inhibitor-Sepharose 4B, and arginine-Sepharose 4B. The molecular mass of this pancreas trypsin-like proteinase (bPTLP) was estimated to be 29.5 kDa by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions. The NH2-terminal sequence of bPTLP is very homologous, but not identical to those of other serine proteinases, especially such as elastases IV, II, and III. Substrate specificity studies involving a synthetic substrate and glucagon indicated that the enzyme hydrolyzes Arg-X, Lys-X, and Leu-X bonds. The best synthetic substrate for bPTLP was t-butyloxycarbonyl Gln-Arg-Arg-4-methylcoumaryl 7-amide. The enzyme failed to hydrolyze the substrate for chymotrypsin and elastase. The enzyme activity was inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate, p-amidinophenylmethane sulfonylfluoride, and leupeptin, indicating that it is a serine-proteinase. These findings show that bPTLP is a novel serine-proteinase which differs from all known proteinases. The physiological function of the enzyme has yet to be determined.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1996 · Journal of Biochemistry
  • H Nagamune · K Muramatsu · T Akamatsu · Y Tamai · K Izumi · A Tsuji · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of Kexin family proteases in adult rat pancreatic islets was investigated by immunohistochemical means using a series of specific antibodies specific for PC1, PC2, PC6, Furin, PACE4A and a recently identified member of the Kexin family, PACE4C. PACE4C expression was limited to B cells of the pancreatic islets. PC2 was found in A and in some D cells more than in B cells and PC1 was evident only in B cells. Furin and PC6 were weakly and evenly expressed in the entire islet. PACE4A was hardly found in the islets. These findings indicated that individual Kexin family proteases are uniquely distributed in the islets and suggested that these proteases share roles in these cells as follows: PC2 is involved in the peptide hormone precursor processing in A cells and in D cells, and PACE4C, PC1 and PC2 (mainly PACE4C and PC1) are responsible for the processing event(s) specific to B cells.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1995 · Endocrinology
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    A. Tsuji · K. Higashine · C. Hine · K. Mori · Y. Tamai · H. Nagamune · Y. Matsuda

    Preview · Article · Nov 1994 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • A Tsuji · C Hine · K Mori · Y Tamai · K Higashine · H Nagamune · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: By polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with primers corresponding to the sequences of catalytic domain conserved among the mammalian kexin-like protease family, a cDNA fragment encoding a novel member of the family was obtained from rat pituitary. A cDNA for the novel protease was obtained from three overlapping clones isolated from a rat pituitary cDNA library using the PCR product as a screening probe. The protein, designated as PC7, encoded by this cDNA contained a putative activation site with the sequence RXKR, subtilisin-like catalytic domain and a homo B region which are typical of mammalian kexin-like proteases, and short cysteine-rich region at the carboxyl-terminal end. It exhibited surprising sequence similarity to PACE4A. The PC7 transcript was expressed at high levels in the brain. However it was undetectable in the liver, kidney, heart, and spleen. The presence of PC7 isoforms (PC7A and PC7B) was also shown.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1994 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • A Tsuji · R Oda · K Sakiyama · H Nagamune · K Itoh · R Kase · H Sakuraba · Y Suzuki · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: Improvement of the delivery of exogenous enzymes is essential to achieve effective enzyme replacement therapy in lysosomal storage diseases. To test whether alpha 2-macroglobulin, an endogenous plasma protein, could serve as a transport vehicle of therapeutic agents to cells, alpha 2-macroglobulin and acid alpha-glucosidase or alpha-galactosidase A were coupled using two heterobifunctional cross-linking reagents. The alpha-glucosidase-alpha 2-macroglobulin conjugate was internalized and transported into lysosomes of acid alpha-glucosidase-deficient fibroblasts. The enzyme activity was stable after being taken up by the cells. Uptake of the conjugate resulted in the degradation of glycogen accumulated in lysosomes. The alpha-galactosidase A-alpha 2-macroglobulin conjugate was also internalized into the lysosomes of alpha-galactosidase A-deficient fibroblasts. Internalized alpha-galactosidase A-conjugate degraded globotriaosylceramide accumulated in lysosomes. The endocytosis of both conjugate was inhibited by alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin complex, indicating that the conjugates were endocytosed by an alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor system. These results showed the usefulness of alpha 2-macroglobulin as a transport vehicle of lysosomal enzymes for effective enzyme replacement.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1994 · Journal of Biochemistry
  • A Tsuji · K Higashine · C Hine · K Mori · Y Tamai · H Nagamune · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: PACE4 has been identified as a second human subtilisin-like protease by Keifer et al. [DNA and Cell Biology (1991) 10, 757-769]. In this study, we isolated two novel cDNAs coding for PACE4 isoforms (PACE4C and PACE4D) from a human placenta cDNA library. The deduced PACE4C protein sequence (652 amino acids) lacks the cysteine-rich region located at the carboxy terminus of PACE4. The DNA sequence of the 3'-untranslated region (1 kb) of PACE4C is not homologous to the PACE4 sequence. The protein (497 amino acids) encoded by PACE4D cDNA lacks a signal peptide, a propeptide and the cysteine-rich region. These isoform cDNAs were also isolated from rat pituitary cDNA library.
    No preview · Article · May 1994 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    A Tsuji · T Akamatsu · H Nagamune · Y Matsuda
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    ABSTRACT: The alpha 1-macroglobulin-proteinase complex endocytosed into rat liver lysosomes was purified by a series of column chromatographic steps on concanavalin A-Sepharose, Sephacryl S-300, DEAE-cellulose and TSK gel DEAE-5PW columns. The complex contained no detectable alpha 2-macroglobulin. Studies on the substrate specificity indicated that the complex had tryptase-like activities towards various synthetic substrates, but no elastase, chymotrypsin, cathepsin-B and cathepsin-L activities. The proteinase activity was completely inhibited by di-isopropyl fluorophosphate, leupeptin and antipain, indicating that the proteinase bound to alpha 1-macroglobulin is a serine proteinase. Two protein bands (62 and 59 kDa) of the complex were labelled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate and both bands cross-reacted with anti-(mast-cell tryptase)antibody. These results suggest that mast-cell tryptase is a major targeting proteinase for alpha 1-macroglobulin in vivo. The main alpha-macroglobulin-proteinase complex in the adjuvant-treated rats was also the alpha 1-macroglobulin-tryptase complex, even though the plasma level of alpha 2-macroglobulin was elevated.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 1994 · Biochemical Journal
  • O Hasebe · K Simakura · Y Matsuda · K Mukawa · T Akamatsu · S Furuta
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    ABSTRACT: An 80-yr-old female presented with obstructive jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a carcinoma in the middle extrahepatic bile duct, and a biliary endoprosthesis was inserted. Exfoliative cytology of the bile and forceps biopsy of the tumor revealed a papillary adenocarcinoma. Surgical resection could not be done because of her cardiovascular complications, and neither chemotherapy nor radiotherapy was administered. Stents were exchanged and cleaned 21 times because of occlusion and cholangitis. Subsequent serial cholangiogram showed a slow growth of the papillary tumor, but local invasion to the adjacent organs or distant metastasis was not observed. The patient survived for 7 yr and 6 months after insertion of the biliary endoprosthesis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1993 · The American Journal of Gastroenterology
  • Y Matsuda · K Shimakura · T Akamatsu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the factors affecting the patency of biliary stents, we performed univariate and multivariate analyses in 370 straight stents with diameters of 10- to 12-French gauge which had been inserted singly as palliative treatment in 228 patients with malignant biliary obstructive disease. In the analysis of 226 first stents, advanced age of patients and higher serum bilirubin levels before insertion were found to be significant unfavorable factors limiting the duration of stent function. Overall, older age, male sex, no stent cleaning, and insertion on three or more occasions were significant unfavorable prognostic factors for patency. The risk of occlusion for stents inserted on three or more occasions was 2.32 times that of the first stent insertion. The median duration of patency of first, second, and subsequent stents was 177, 98, and 97 days, respectively. Diagnosis and the area of stenosis were unrelated to patency. No predictive significance of length or size of stent between 10- and 12-French gauge was found in our study.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1991 · The American Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of multiple cavernous hemangioma of the small intestine which was diagnosed definitively before operation. A 33-yr-old male was found to have multiple polypoid lesions in the small intestine during examination for recurrent iron deficiency anemia. Plain X-ray film of the abdomen revealed multiple calcifications in the middle to lower region, suggestive of cavernous hemangioma, which was further confirmed by angiography and scintigraphy with Tc 99m-labeled red blood cells. Endoscopy during surgery was used to determine the extent of surgical resection. Seventy-three cases of hemangioma of the small intestine were reported in Japan between 1953 and 1988 and their clinical features were reviewed.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1990 · Gastroenterologia Japonica
  • O Hasebe · Y Matsuda · K Shimakura · K Yamaguchi · M Sakato · S Furuta

    No preview · Article · Oct 1988 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology

Publication Stats

383 Citations
62.16 Total Impact Points


  • 1994-1999
    • The University of Tokushima
      • • Faculty of Engineering
      • • Department of Biological Science and Technology
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 1991
    • Shinshu University
      • Department of Medicine
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan