[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Atelectasis is an important prognostic factor that can cause pleuritic chest pain, coughing or dyspnea, and even may be a cause of death. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential impact of atelectasis and PET parameters on survival and the relation between atelectasis and PET parameters.
Materials and methods:
The study consisted of patients with lung cancer with or without atelectasis who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT examination before receiving any treatment. (18)F-FDG PET/CT derived parameters including tumor size, SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV, total lesion glycosis (TLG), SUV mean of atelectasis area, atelectasis volume, and histological and TNM stage were considered as potential prognostic factors for overall survival.
Fifty consecutive lung cancer patients (22 patients with atelectasis and 28 patients without atelectasis, median age of 65 years) were evaluated in the present study. There was no relationship between tumor size and presence or absence of atelectasis, nor between presence/absence of atelectasis and TLG of primary tumors. The overall one-year survival rate was 83% and median survival was 20 months (n=22) in the presence of atelectasis; the overall one-year survival rate was 65.7% (n=28) and median survival was 16 months (p=0.138) in the absence of atelectasis. With respect to PFS; the one-year survival rate of AT+ patients was 81.8% and median survival was 19 months; the one-year survival rate of AT- patients was 64.3% and median survival was 16 months (p=0.159). According to univariate analysis, MTV, TLG and tumor size were significant risk factors for PFS and OS (p<0.05). However, SUVmax was not a significant factor for PFS and OS (p>0.05).
The present study suggested that total lesion glycolysis and metabolic tumor volume were important predictors of survival in lung cancer patients, in contrast to SUVmax. In addition, having a segmental lung atelectasis seems not to be a significant factor on survival.
Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Serum thyroglobulin detection plays an essential role during the follow-up of thyroid cancer patients treated with total/near total thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relationship between stimulated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level at the time of high dose 131I ablation and risk of recurrence, using a three-level classification in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) according to the ATA guidelines. Also we investigated the relationship between postoperative stimulated Tg at the time of ablation and DxWBS results at 8-10 months thereafter.
Materials and methods:
Patients with radioiodine accumulation were regarded as scan positive (scan +). If there was no relevant pathological radioiodine accumulation or minimal local accumulation in the thyroid bed region, this were regarded as scan negative (scan-) at the time of DxWBS. We classified patients in 3 groups as low, intermediate and high risk group for assessment of risk of recurrence according to the revised ATA guidelines. Also, we divided patients into 3 groups based on the stimulated serum Tg levels at the time of 131I ablation therapy. Groups 1-3 consisted of patients who had Tg levels of ≤ 2 ng/ml, 2-10 ng/ml, and ≥ 10 ng/ml, respectively.
A total of 221 consecutive patients were included. In the high risk group according to the ATA guideline, while 45.5% of demonstrated Scan(+) Tg(+), 27.3% of patients demonstrated Scan(-) Tg(-); in the intermediate group, the figures were 2.3% and 90.0% while in the low risk group, they were 0.6% and 96.4%. In 9 of 11 patients with metastases (81.8%), stimulated serum Tg level at the time of radioiodine ablation therapy was over 10, however in 1 patient (9.1%) it was < 2 ng/mL and in one patient it was 2-10 ng/mL (p = 0.005). Aggressive subtypes of DTC were found in 8 of 221 patients and serum Tg levels were ≤ 2 ng/ml in 4 of these 8.
We conclude that TSH-stimulated serum thyroglobulin level at the time of ablation may not determine risk of recurrence. Therefore, DxWBS should be performed at 8-12 months after ablation therapy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
P-glycoprotein (Pgp), encoded by the multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene, is an efflux transporter which plays an important role in pharmacokinetics. The current preliminary study was designed to determine associations between a germ-line polymorphism in the MDR1 gene with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).
Materials and methods:
In the current case-control study, 60 differentiated thyroid cancers (DTC)- 45 papillary TC (PTC), 9 follicular TC(FTC) and 6 well-differentiated tumors of uncertain malignant potential (WDT-UMP) were examined. Results were compared to a healthy control group (n=58) from the same population. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood with EDTA and the target gene was genotyped by real-time PCR.
Carriers of the variant allele of MDR1 exon 26 polymorphism were at 2.8-fold higher risk of DTC than the control group (odds ratio [OR]: 0.3805, 95% confidence interval [Cl]: 0.1597-0.9065 (p> 0.046).
Presented results suggest that the MDR1 3435TT genotype might influence risk of development of DTC and that the CC genotype might be linked to a poor prognosis. Large-scale studies are now needed to validate this association.
Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the myocardial viability in nondiabetic patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CCAD) or past myocardial infarction (MI), using thallium-201 infusion myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (MPSPECT) imaging after oral glucose application (Glu+Tl-infusion).
In this study, 33 nondiabetic patients (three female, 30 male, mean age: 55.24+/-11 years, range: 33-77 years) with MI history or known CCAD were included. Rest/redistribution/24 h-late-MPSPECT imaging was performed for all patients. In all patients in whom fixed perfusion defect was observed on any wall of the left ventriculi, after 24 h-late-MPSPECT imaging, 75 g oral glucose was given. Thirty minutes later, 1 mCi thallium-201 in 100 ml of physiological saline solution was applied in a period of 20 min by slow infusion. After infusion at the 10th minute, MPSPECT imaging was performed. Perfusion was evaluated visually for a total of 3432 segments with the 26-segment 5-point scoring technique. Scoring measured perfusion as 0 = no perfusion defect, 1 = mildly reduced, 2 = moderately reduced, 3 = severely reduced, and 4 = absent uptake. Scores '0 and 1' were considered normal and scores '2-4' were considered abnormal.
For serum insulin levels measured after glucose application, a significant increase was determined, according to the period before glucose application (P<0.001). When compared with rest MPSPECT images, segmental perfusion improvement both in redistribution and in the 24 h-late-MPSPECT images were 16.3 and 18.3%, respectively. This ratio was found to be 27.2% for Glu+Tl-infusion images. The ratios of segments in which perfusion was worsening were calculated to be 9.4, 14.5, and 7.3%, respectively, for redistribution, 24 h-late-MPSPECT, and Glu+Tl-infusion images. When this evaluation was made for all three vessel areas, again the highest perfusion improvement and the lowest perfusion worsening were detected for Glu+Tl-infusion images. In addition, when this evaluation was made for the three vessel areas according to the coronary narrowing degree, again the highest perfusion improvement was detected for Glu+Tl-infusion images, in segments in the left anterior descending artery, and right coronary artery areas with >/=90% narrowing. In rest images, in segments with segmental scores of 3 and 4, when the total reversibility ratio was evaluated, this ratio was calculated to be 0.7% for redistribution images and 4.5% for 24 h-late-MPSPECT. The highest total reversibility ratio in these segments was detected with Glu+Tl-infusion images to be 10.3%. When we evaluated the patients with respect to the MI history time, the highest segmental perfusion improvement was detected in patients with 0-3 months of MI history.
We conclude that in nondiabetic patients who are known to have CCAD or past MI history, Glu+Tl-infusion is an easily applicable method that gives better results for the evaluation of myocardial viability.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2009 · Nuclear Medicine Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are very few data about relations between leptin and bone mineral density (BMD) in regular haemodialysed patients. We aimed to examine the relationship of serum leptin levels with BMD values in dialysed patients. We also assessed whether leptin is a significant predictor of BMD in haemodialysed patients.
Leptin levels were studied using commercially available kits and BMD values were calculated using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at femoral neck and distal radius in 74 (30 men and 44 women ) haemodialysis patients.
BMD values at the femoral neck and distal radius did not differ significantly between the 2 genders. BMD at the distal radius correlated positively with bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) (r = 0.503, P = 0.005) in male patients and correlated positively with phosphorus (r = 0.343, P = 0.02) in female patients. The time ondialysis treatment was longer in men (59 +/- 48 vs 44 +/- 41) but the difference was not statistically significant. Leptin levels were negatively correlated with BMD at the distal radius (r = -0.250 and P = 0.03) in all patients. Serum leptin levels were also correlated with body mass index (BMI) in all the patients (r = 0.749 and P = 0.001) and in both genders (r = 0.653 and P = 0.001 in women, r = 0.704 and P = 0.001 in men). In multivariate regression analysis, it was found that leptin level was not an independent determinant of BMD at all skeleton sites measured.
There was significant difference between the 2 genders with reference to leptin levels, BMI, phosphorus and creatinine. Serum leptin levels are not significant predictors of BMD in the current study.
Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia is still unknown thus effective primary prevention is not possible at the stage. The present study was conducted to research the smooth muscle responses in the pre-eclampsia model with suramin treated rats and the effect of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor on these responses. Rats of three groups; control, suramin and suramin+sildenafil were given intraperitoneal injections of saline, suramin or sildenafil citrate. Suramin injections caused increased blood pressure, protein in urine and caused fetal growth retardation. The use of sildenafil citrate straightened significantly both blood pressure and average fetus weight, but did not reach to control values. At the end of pregnancy, thoracic aorta rings were exposed to contractile and relaxant agents. KCl contraction responses, sodium nitroprusside and papaverine relaxation responses were similar in three groups. Contraction responses of phenylephrine, increased significantly in suramin group. Relaxation responses of acethylcholine and bradykinin decreased in suramin group. The use of sildenafil citrate partially straightened both relaxation and contraction responses, but did not reach to control values. In all groups in the presence of L-nitromonomethylarginine (L-NAME), 1H-(1, 2, 4) oxadiazole (4, 3-a) guinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) and indomethacin decreased the relaxation responses of acetylcholine and bradykinin. The cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) content of thoracic aorta tissue was determined by radioimmunoassay technique. The content of cGMP in suramin group decreased and use of sildenafil citrate increased the cGMP content but did not reach to control values. We conclude that in pre-eclampsia, the increase of contraction responses, the decrease of relaxation responses and the decrease of cGMP content can depend on insufficiency about synthesis or release of relaxant factors which was released from the vessel endothelium. The results in this study show that in pre-eclampsia; PDE5 inhibitors enhance endothelial function and may be used for protection. Further studies are needed to clear the efficiency and safety of PDE5 inhibitors.
No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · European Journal of Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study was to determine the possible crucial role of cancer antigen 125 (CA125) in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). The CA125 levels of study and control groups were statistically compared. In a total of 146 patients that were included in the current study, 30 had active PTB, 37 inactive PTB, 28 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), 25 pleural or pulmonary malignancies, and 13 patients exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mean CA125 levels in PTB, inactive PTB, CAP, and pleural-pulmonary malignancies were 118.46 +/- 248.41, 40.80 +/- 50.95, 47.76 +/- 60.76, and 57.77 +/- 65.59, respectively. For active-inactive discrimination of PTB, with a cut-off level of >35 U/ml, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CA125 were 63, 59, 56, and 67%, respectively. Increased CA125 levels were detected in active PTB in the current results. The current results also show that high level CA125 should be reconsidered in the prediagnosis and/or discrimination of active and inactive PTB patients.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Japanese journal of infectious diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In addition to tumor size, it has been suggested that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and/or oxyphilic cell content in parathyroid adenomas has an important influence on the results of technetium 99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m MIBI) parathyroid imaging.
In this study, we compared the results of MIBI parathyroid imaging and immunohistochemical analysis (IHA) of P-gp expression, oxyphilic cell content, and tumoral tissue volume in parathyroid adenomas. We also evaluated the relationship between MIBI and ultrasound (US) results, operation findings, serum biochemical values.
Forty (40) patients (36 female and 4 male; mean age, 53.2 +/- 8.16 years) with hyperparathyroidism who had undergone surgery were included in this study. Preoperatively, "double phase" parathyroid scintigraphy with Tc-99m MIBI (including imaging of the neck and mediastinum) was performed in all patients. Thirty-two (32) of the patients had also neck US. Serum parathormon (PTH), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were measured preoperatively. In resected parathyroid tissues, P-gp expression and percentage of oxyphilic cell content were analyzed with IHA in 34 patients.
Three (3) of the resected parathyroid tissues were hyperplastic parathyroid tissue, whereas 31 of the tissues were parathyroid adenoma (mean volume, 1.99 +/- 1.93 mL). In Tc-99m MIBI parathyroid scintigraphy, 70% of the parathyroid adenoma/hyperplastic parathyroid tissue was detected in correct localization; at US, this rate was 46.8%. According to the resected parathyroid tissue localization at surgery, sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and prevalence in scintigraphy were 82.3%, 70%, 82.3%, and 85%, respectively. Those were 60%, 46.8%, 68.2%, and 78.1% for US, respectively. No significant correlation and no concordance was found between MIBI and US results (kappa, -0.103, r = -0.11; p: 0.53). Interestingly, significant correlation was found between tumoral volume and ALP level (r = 0.42; p = 0.010) and between PTH and ALP levels (r = 0.72; p < 0.001). Significant correlation was also found between patient age and tumoral volume (r =-0.37; p = 0.02) and between PTH and serum Ca levels (r = 0.32; p = 0.04). In 23 of 34 patients in whom histopathological examination was done MIBI was positive and in 13 of these patients (56.5%), P-gp expression was positive. When the histopathological results and MIBI results were compared, there was no significant correlation and concordance between P-gp expression (kappa = 0.09, r = 0.10; p = 0.54), oxyphilic cell content (r = -0.17; p = 0.33), and tumoral tissue volume (r = -0.14; p = 0.38). In 12 of 19 patients (63%) who had parathyroid tissue < 1 mL and in 15 of 24 patients (62.5%) who had oxyphilic cell content < 10%, lesions were also detected correctly with MIBI scintigraphy.
Present study results suggest that MIBI scintigraphy was clearly superior to US as a diagnostic tool. However, P-gp expression, oxyphilic cell content, and tumoral volume may have not a main effect on MIBI parathyroid scintigraphy results in parathyroid adenoma.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2006 · Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the relaxant effect of beta2-adrenoceptor agonist formoterol and beta3-adrenoceptor agonist BRL 37344 on bovine iris sphincter and ciliary muscle and measured cAMP and cGMP levels. Iris sphincter (n = 16) and ciliary muscle (n = 16) strips were mounted in organ baths and tested for changes in isometric tension in response to formoterol and BRL 37344. Their relaxant effects on serotonin-induced contractions in the presence or absence of metoprolol, ICI 118.551 and SR 59230A (beta1-, beta2-, beta3-adrenoceptor antagonist, respectively) were investigated. Their effects on cAMP and cGMP levels in iris sphincter (n = 12) and ciliary muscle (n = 12) were evaluated. Formoterol (10(-11)-10(-5) M) and BRL 37344 (10(-10)-10(-5) M) decreased the serotonine-induced contractions in a concentration-dependent manner. Emax values of formoterol were significantly higher than those of BRL 37344 in iris sphincter and ciliary muscle, with no significant change in pD2 values. The relaxation responses by formoterol and BRL 37344 were antagonized with ICI 118.551 (10(-6) M) and SR 59230A (10(-6) M). cAMP levels of formoterol- and BRL 37344-treated tissues were significantly higher than those of the control tissues. cGMP levels of BRL 37344-treated tissues were significantly higher than those of control tissues, but this effect of BRL 37344 was less significant than its effect on cAMP levels. beta-adrenoceptor relaxation responses in bovine iris sphincter and ciliary muscle are mediated by a mixed population of beta2- and beta3-adrenoceptor subtypes, with a predominant contribution of cAMP. Potency of formoterol and BRL 37344 was similar, but efficacy of formoterol was better than BRL 37344.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · European Journal of Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study had two aims; (1) to describe the cell death pathway (apoptosis or necrosis) induced by a low and high dose of radioiodine (I-131) in rat thyroid tissue in in vivo conditions and (2) to determine the role of apoptosis in the development of "stunning effect" in the thyroid tissue with low and high doses of I-131 application.
The experimental group consisted of 18 rats; low and high I- 131 doses with a 1-week interval were administered to this group. At first, low doses were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) (net injected dose was 51.54 +/- 8.6 microCi). After 1 week of the low-dose injection, high doses were also injected (net injected dose was 934.9 +/- 211.8 microCi). Thyroidal I-131 uptakes for both low- and high-dose applications were calculated by using a gamma camera after 24 hours of injections. Immediately after the uptake calculation, thyroid tissues were resected. A control group of 10 rats was also included in the study; in this group, I-131 was not administered. Thyroid tissues of this group rats were also resected. DNA was extracted from thyroid tissues, and damage was examined with the "DNA ladder by agaroz gel electrophoresis."
Thyroidal I-131 uptakes were calculated as 11.3% +/- 3.6% and 9.8% +/- 5.3% at the 24th hour after low- and high-dose I-131 applications, respectively. When the low- and high-dose uptake values were compared for each rat; a significant relationship was not found between thyroidal uptakes and injected low and high doses of I-131. When the chromosome images were examined, there was healthy DNA appearance in 1 rat; in 4 rats, only necrotic hyperfragmentations were observed; in 9 rats, both apoptotic specific fragmentations and necrotic hyperfragmentations were observed; and in 4 rats, apoptosis, necrosis, and healthy DNA appearances were seen together. In none of the rats, specific fragmentations concordant only with apoptosis was found. When the thyroidal uptake alterations were taken into consideration, significant difference was not found between first and second uptake calculations (p = 0.28). No significant relationship was also observed between thyroidal uptake alterations and apoptosis-necrosis-healthy DNA findings. Additionally, when we take into consideration the DNA results of only 13 of the rats that had reduced thyroidal uptake, a significant relationship could also not be observed between reduced uptake and apoptotic, necrotic, or healthy tissue findings. Interestingly, apoptotic and necrotic tissue or only necrotic, tissue findings were observed in the other 5 rats which had increased thyroidal uptake.
Following I-131 administration, two types of cell death--both apoptosis and necrosis findings--have been observed in most of the rats. We think that the decreased uptake values are because of the probable stunning effect in thyroid tissue. We also investigated whether the stunning effect is related to apoptosis. According to our results, it can be concluded that the stunning effect is not related to tissue damage, cell decrease, or cell death. Alternatively, we think that this can be related to a radiation-induced reduction of iodine uptake/metabolism or a modified iodine transport mechanism. For further in vivo studies, this experimental model using normal rat thyroid tissue may be useful in investigating the cell death pathways induced by I-131 and its probable roles in the development of the stunning phenomenon.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2006 · Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this experimental study, investigators explored p53 tumor suppressor gene mutation induced by low and high doses of iodine-131 sodium iodide (I-131) in salivary gland tissue in rats. Group 1 consisted of 10 rats; low and high I-131 doses were applied at a 1-wk interval. First,low doses of I-131 were injected. (The net injected dose was 47.5-/+9.2 microCi.) After 1 wk, high doses of I-131 were also injected. (The net injected dose was 1007.2-/+53 microCi.) Group 2 consisted of 5 rats, and only a low I-131 dose was applied. (The net injected dose was 52.7-/+5.5 microCi.) The Control Group consisted of 5 rats that did not receive I-131. Thyroidal I-131 uptakes were calculated for Groups 1 and 2 with the use of a gamma camera after 24 h of injections. Immediately after uptake was calculated, salivary glands were resected in all groups and DNA was extracted for genotyping. Genomic DNA of the p53 gene exon 5 was examined by polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformational polymorphism. In Group 1, thyroidal I-131 uptakes were calculated as 12.45%-/+4.14% and 9.66%-/+6.73% after low-dose and high-dose I-131 applications, respectively. In Group 2, thyroidal I-131 uptake was calculated as 13.12%-/+3.04%. In Group 1, p53 gene abnormality was seen in the salivary gland of only 1 of the rats. Double- and single-strand gene profiles showed that both alleles of this rat have a mutated single-strand conformational polymorphism profile of point mutation in the p53 gene exon 5. This rat received the highest low dose and the second highest total dose of I-131; its thyroidal uptakes were the second highest. In the other rats in Group 1, and in Group 2 and the Control Group, p53 gene abnormalities were not observed. In Groups 1 and 2, a significant relationship could not be discerned between thyroidal uptake of I-131 and p53 gene mutation in the salivary gland. No significant relationship was observed between thyroidal uptake alterations and p53 gene mutations in salivary glands in Group 1. A point mutation in the p53 gene exon 5 that was seen in only 1 of the rats in Group 1 seems related to the high-dose application of I-131, although coincidental occurrences could not be excluded. We believe that this topic is open to additional in vivo studies.
Full-text · Article · May 2006 · Advances in Therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An animal study is performed to determine the early effect of 1% Na hyaluronate on mucociliary clearance function.
One percent of Na hyaluronate was introduced into the maxillary sinuses of rabbits by anterior antrostomy. A physiological solution of 1% NaCl was introduced into the maxillary sinuses of a control group to equalize the influence of Na for both groups. The treatment material was sprayed with an atomizer for coating the maxillary sinus lining. Technetium-99m diethylenetriamine pentaacetate dynamic scintigraphic imaging was performed to evaluate mucociliary clearance function on all rabbits 72 hours after the surgical procedure.
Although the mean rate of mucociliary clearance of the Na hyaluronate group was slightly worse than the control group; there was no statistically significant difference between them.
There is no early effect of exogenous 1% Na hyaluronate on mucociliary clearance function.
No preview · Article · May 2005 · American Journal of Rhinology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of same day short rest-dobutamine stress Tetrofosmin (TF) SPECT imaging protocol and to compare TF SPECT results with MIBI SPECT in the same subjects who were unable to perform treadmill exercise or were unsuitable for pharmacological vasodilator stress.
The study group consisted of 19 patients (2 female and 17 male, with a mean age of 53.8 +/- 7.9 yrs) in whom coronary artery disease (CAD) had been proven or excluded at coronary angiography (CA). MIBI SPECT imaging was performed first. TF SPECT images were obtained one week after MIBI imaging. Immediately after the rest SPECT imaging in both of the MIBI and TF studies, patients underwent dobutamine stress tests. Rest-stress radiotracer doses and dobutamine doses were the same for both TF and MIBI studies. While 60 min waiting periods were applied for MIBI study, only 30 min waiting periods were applied for TF study after the rest and stress injections. Images were evaluated by visual and quantitative analysis.
Dobutamine stress parameters were similar for both studies. Although in TF study, the time between radiopharmaceutical injection and imaging was shorter than in MIBI study, there was no significant difference between heart-to-liver (H/Li) and heart-to-lung (H/Lu) ratios. According to CA results, diagnostic accuracy was similar for TF and MIBI. While sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for TF study were calculated as 82%, 84% and 82%, respectively, the corresponding values for MIBI were 82%, 88% and 84%, respectively. This clinical study has shown comparable diagnostic performance for the detection of CAD between MIBI and TF. Good correlation was found between segmental analysis for both studies.
MIBI and TF showed similar perfusion defects and good segmental correlation during dobutamine stress with the same quality images. Both radiopharmaceuticals may be acceptable with this imaging protocol. Besides this, TF study showed better reversibility degree (55%) in a shorter time when compared to MIBI study (25%) in perfusion defects (especially in segments with severely decreased perfusion or no uptake).
Preview · Article · May 2005 · Annals of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This case report illustrates the dynamic and static renal scintigraphic images of a patient with an unusual large diverticulum of the renal pelvis. The initial diagnosis by intravenous pyelography (IVP) and ultrasonographic (US) examination was a renal pelvic diverticulum of the left kidney, and the patient was referred to the nuclear medicine department for exploration of the effect of the pelvic diverticulum on renal functions.
We performed dynamic renal scintigraphy with technetium-99m (Tc-99m) labeled mercapto-acetyl triglycine (MAG-3) and static renal scintigraphy with Tc-99m labeled dimercaptosuc-cinic acid (DMSA). In dynamic renal scintigraphy, bilaterally normal concentration function was observed. While right kidney excretion function was normal, an incomplete excretion pattern was seen on the left side. Complete urinary flow obstruction occurred approximately at the 10th minute of the acquisition, which did not seem to respond to the i.v. furosemide application. However, when only the renal cortex was included in the region of interest, the obstructive pattern disappeared. In static renal scintigraphy, a large renal pelvic diverticulum localized antero-medially was clearly visualized in the left-anterior oblique projection, most probably due to accumulation of radiopharmaceutical inside it.
This case showed that a renal pelvic diverticulum should be thought of when an incomplete excretion pattern is seen on dynamic renal scintigraphy. Using only a cortical region of interest may also help to distinguish other types of obstructive pattern from diverticulum. Additionally, Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy may show diverticulum localization with antero-oblique projections in addition to routine projections.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2005 · Annals of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastric emptying time measurement by radionuclide study, although quite informative, is rarely remembered in clinical practice. We presented a patient with brittle diabetes who had multiple emergency admissions due to hypoglycemia under routinely prescribed insulin therapy. She had severe gastroparesis, which was determined by scintigraphic gastric emptying study (gastric half-emptying time = 260 min for a mixed meal). She had not presented to the emergency service for two years because of only a slight change the timing of her insulin administration time (after meal instead of before meal) in the light of gastric-emptying study.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2004 · Annals of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although it is well known that radiation induces chromosomal aberrations, there is a lack of information on the in vivo dose-effect relationship in patients receiving iodine-131 treatment, and the results of previous studies are controversial. In this study, the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) method was employed to investigate acute and late chromosomal damage (CD) in the peripheral lymphocytes of 15 patients who received various doses of 131I (259–3,700 MBq), either for thyrotoxicosis (TTX) or for ablation treatment in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The SCE frequencies in cultured peripheral lymphocytes were determined before treatment (to assess basal SCE frequencies), on the 3rd day (to assess acute SCE frequencies) and 6 months later (to assess late SCE frequencies). The basal, acute and late SCE frequencies (mean±SD) were 3.19±0.93, 10.83±1.72 and 5.75±2.06, respectively, in the whole group, and these values differed significantly from each other (P<0.001). In order to perform a quantitative evaluation of the present data and a comparative analysis with the results of previous studies reported in the literature, we defined acute and late effects using a “damage ratio” (DR) and a “recovery ratio” (RR), based on the basal, acute and late data for individual patients. No statistically significant difference was found in the DR between DTC and TTX patients (76.4%±11.5% vs 67.6%±9.0%), while the mean RR was higher in TTX patients than in the DTC group (75.2%±24.4% vs 36.8%±13.7%). The DR on the 3rd day was not related to the administered 131I dose in the whole group, but a negative correlation was found between the 131I dose and the RR at the 6th month (r=−0.60, P=0.04). The best fit for this relationship was obtained by a linear-quadratic model, as y=104.89x−28.4x
2=0.51, P=0.04). On the other hand, comparative analysis with the results of previous studies with comparable sampling times revealed that the best fit for the relationships between the administered dose of 131I and DR and RR were obtained with a linear-quadratic model (Y=αD+βD
2) rather than a linear one. However, there was an interesting difference in comparison with in vitro studies, in that we found the coefficient β to have a negative value, suggesting the disappearance of damaged lymphocytes from the peripheral circulation in a dose-dependent manner following 131I treatment. Further studies are therefore needed to clarify the effect of the negative β value on the biological dosimetry approach in continuous internal low LET radiation, as in the case of 131I treatment.
Full-text · Article · May 2004 · European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of same day rest-stress myocardial perfusion SPECT (MP SPECT) protocol by using technetium-99m (Tc-99m) furifosmin in conjunction with dobutamine stress test in subjects in whom coronary artery disease (CAD) had been proven or excluded at coronary angiography (CA).
The study group consisted of 25 patients (8 female and 17 male with a mean age of 53.04±8.56 yrs) unable to perform treadmill exercise or unsuitable for pharmacologic vasodilator stress testing. Ten mCi (370 MBq) of Tc-99m furifosmin was injected intravenously at rest. Sixty min after injection, planar and SPECT images were acquired. One hour later all patients underwent dobutamine stress test. At the peak stress, 20 mCi (740 MBq) of Tc-99m furifosmin was injected. Sixty min after stress dose injection, planar and SPECT images were acquired. Rest-stress planar and SPECT data were evaluated by using visual and quantitative analysis. Heart to adjacent organ (Heart/Lung; H/Lu and Heart/Liver; H/Li) activity ratios were calculated from anterior planar images by using regions of interest (ROI). SPECT data were interpreted by using 20 segment-5 point scoring system from short axis and vertical long axis slices. The results of rest-dobutamine stress Tc-99m furifosmin MP SPECT were compared with CA results.
There were statistically significant differences between H/Lu and H/Li ratios at rest and stress conditions. Heart/adjacent organ activity ratios were similar and significant statistical difference could not be found between CA positive and CA normal patients.
Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for Tc-99m furifosmin SPECT study were calculated as 90%, 80% and 84% for left anterior descending (LAD), 87%, 94% and 92% for left circumflex (LCx) and 67%, 86% and 80% for right coronary artery (RCA), respectively. Overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated as 83%, 87% and 85%, respectively.
According to the results obtained in this study, it may be concluded that same day rest-dobutamine stress Tc-99m furifosmin SPECT protocol is a feasible and accurate technique in the evaluation of CAD, especially in patients unable to perform treadmill exercise or unsuitable for pharmacologic vasodilator stress testing.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2003 · Annals of Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The standardized uptake value (SUV) has gained recognition in recent years as a semiquantitative evaluation parameter in positron emission tomography (PET) studies. However, there is as yet no consensus on the way in which this index should be determined. One of the confusing factors is the normalisation procedure. Among the proposed anthropometric parameters for normalisation is lean body mass (LBM); LBM has been determined by using a predictive equation in most if not all of the studies. In the present study, we assessed the degree of agreement of various LBM predictive equations with a reference method. Secondly, we evaluated the impact of predicted LBM values on a hypothetical value of 2.5 SUV, normalised to LBM (SUV(LBM)), by using various equations. The study population consisted of 153 women, aged 32.3+/-11.8 years (mean+/-SD), with a height of 1.61+/-0.06 m, a weight of 71.1+/-17.5 kg, a body surface area of 1.77+/-0.22 m(2) and a body mass index of 27.6+/-6.9 kg/m(2). LBM (44.2+/-6.6 kg) was measured by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) method. A total of nine equations from the literature were evaluated, four of them from recent PET studies. Although there was significant correlation between predicted and measured LBM values, 95% limits of agreement determined by the Bland and Altman method showed a wide range of variation in predicted LBM values as compared with DEXA, no matter which predictive equation was used. Moreover, only one predictive equation was not statistically different in the comparison of means (DEXA and predicted LBM values). It was also shown that the predictive equations used in this study yield a wide range of SUV(LBM) values from 1.78 to 5.16 (29% less or 107% more) for an SUV of 2.5. In conclusion, this study suggests that estimation of LBM by use of a predictive equation may cause substantial error for an individual, and that if LBM is chosen for the SUV normalisation procedure, it should be measured, not predicted.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2003 · European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging