Soo Ryang Kim

Kinki University, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

Are you Soo Ryang Kim?

Claim your profile

Publications (77)159.78 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases: JGLD
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: At present, for adults with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, two new analogues, entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir, are recommended as the first-line therapy by the EASL (European Association for the Study of the Liver), AASLD (American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases), and APASL (Asian PacixFB01;c Association for the Study of the Liver) guidelines. The use of pegylated interferon-α (PEG IFN-α) is recommended as the first-line therapy instead of standard IFN-α according to the above 3 guidelines. In this paper, the aim was to assess: (1) the long-term efficacy and safety as well as the resistance to ETV and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF); (2) the efficacy of PEG IFN-α; (3) the role of combination therapy with IFN plus two analogues, such as lamivudine and ETV; (4) the efficacy and safety of two analogues with cirrhosis, and (5) suppression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by ETV and IFN treatment. The results are as follows: (1) both ETV and TDF showed long-term efficacy and safety; (2) PEG IFN-α resulted in a greater decline in HBV DNA levels and a higher rate of HBeAg seroconversion; (3) combination therapy with IFN plus two analogues did not elevate the rate of sustained responses; (4) both ETV and TDF showed efficacy and safety with cirrhosis (ETV especially displayed efficacy and safety with decompensated cirrhosis), and (5) suppression of HCC was observed by ETV and IFN.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The efficacy of the all-oral administration of daclatasvir and asunaprevir for 24 weeks was compared with that of telaprevir for 12 weeks plus pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) for 24 weeks, and that of simeprevir for 12 weeks plus PEG-IFN/RBV for 24 weeks, with a focus on the prevention of occurrence and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) as suppressive markers of HCC were also measured. Methods: Patients received daclatasvir and asunaprevir (n = 17), simeprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV (n = 15) and telaprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV (n = 25). Sustained virological response (SVR) and the mean change in the level of serum ALT, AFP and platelet (PLT) count were compared among the three groups. Results: No difference in SVR was observed in patients given daclatasvir with asunaprevir (SVR4), telaprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV or simeprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV (SVR24). Also, no significant difference was observed in the mean change of serum ALT, AFP or PLT count among the three groups. Conclusion: The preventive effect of the IFN-free, all-oral regimen of daclatasvir and asunaprevir was observed with a focus on the occurrence and recurrence of HCC, as was IFN-based treatment with telaprevir or simeprevir plus PEG-IFN/RBV.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate cytokeratin-18M65 (CK-18M65) for distinguishing between simple steatosis (SS) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) against healthy individuals (HIs) in Japanese population. Methods: The serum from 24 HIs, 21 patients with SS and 20 patients with NASH were examined. Serum CK-18M65 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Aspartate aminotransferase was significantly different between NASH patients and HIs with p < 0.0001 (SS patients and HIs: p < 0.0001), as was alanine aminotransferase between NASH patients and HIs with p < 0.0001 (SS patients and HIs: p < 0.0001). Serum CK-18M65 increased in a stepwise fashion in HIs and also in SS and NASH patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that NASH could be diagnosed with the use of CK-18M65 alone (p = 0.0285, OR 1.0038, 95% CI 1.0004-1.0073). At the optimal cut-off level of 548 U/l, CK-18M65 had an AUC value of 0.7369, 60.00% sensitivity and 85.70% specificity. In patients with NASH, no significant difference was observed between low fibrosis (Stage 0-1, 794.30 ± 454.41, n = 10) and high fibrosis (Stage 2-3, 809.70 ± 641.43, n = 10; p = 0.5967) and between slight steatosis (<33%, 512.89 ± 229.65, n = 9) and moderate steatosis (≥33%, 655.13 ± 480.78, n = 32) in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD; p = 0.7647) with the use of CK-18M65. Conclusion: Serum CK-18M65 distinguished NASH from SS, but could not assess the severity of steatosis in NAFLD patients or the grade of fibrosis in NASH patients in Japanese population.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The characteristics of hypovascular and hypervascular well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) were compared in terms of tumor size, tumor markers and detectability by imaging modalities. Methods: Well-differentiated HCC nodules that are smaller than 2 cm (n = 27) were evaluated in 27 patients using histopathology and divided into 2 groups: hypovascular (n = 10) and hypervascular (n = 17). The diagnostic sensitivity of imaging modalities was then evaluated for efficiency in disclosing tumor size and tumor markers in the 2 types. Results: No difference was observed in tumor size and tumor markers between the 2 types; however, the sensitivity of contrast-enhanced CT, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and arterioportal angiography was significantly different between the 2 types, whereas that by Gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI) demonstrated no difference. Conclusion: Hypovascular HCC could be diagnosed by Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI in the hepatobiliary phase.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background & Aims: A comparative study between plasma diagnostic markers and oxidative stress-induced biomarkers localized differently in the liver has not been reported in non-alcohol fatty liver NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis NASH. Methods: Pathological observations by Hematoxylin and Eosin HE) staining and immunostaining by specific antibodies against metalloth-ionein MT)-l/2 and -3, heme oxygenase -l(HO-l), adiponectin using biopsy samples and plasma diagnostic makers were determined in 37 cases. Results: The MT-1/2, HO-1 and adiponectin evels were all significantly reduced in the liver with NASH compared with NAFLD and control. MT-1/2 was most strongly stained in hepatocytes in the normal and NAFLD liver, while it was significantly reduced in NASH. Adiponectin was stained significantly less at blood vessels in NASH compared with NAFLD and control. HO-1 was also stained significantly less in he Kupffer cells in NASH compared with NAFLD and control. MT-3 was stained similarly among he three groups at blood vessel cell Those biomarkers tended negatively with plasma liver injury biomarkers. Conclusions: The significantly educed expression of oxidative stress-induced biomarkers in NASH may be associated with he degree of pathological damage. in particular, MT-1/2 appears o exert an important effect in hepatocytes against stress-induced damage in NASH.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · The Kitakanto Medical Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: We attempted to elucidate the clinical features of chronic hepatitis C patients who develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after achieving a sustained viral response (SVR) to interferon (IFN) therapy. Methods: The clinical features of 130 patients at 19 hospitals who developed HCC after obtaining an SVR were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Overall, 107 (82%) of the 130 patients were men, with 92 (71%) being ≥60 years of age and 76, 38 and 16 developing HCC within 5, 5-10 and 10-16.9 years after IFN therapy, respectively. Before receiving IFN therapy, 92 (71%) patients had cirrhosis and/or a low platelet count (<15×10(4) cells/μL). Lower albumin (<3.9 g/dL) and higher alpha fetoprotein (AFP) (≥10 ng/mL) levels were identified in a multivariate analysis to be independent variables of the development of HCC within five years after IFN therapy. Among 4,542 SVR patients, HCC occurred in 109 (2.4%) during a 5.5-year follow-up period, thus resulting in an occurrence rate of 4.6% for men and 0.6% for women. Conclusion: SVR patients with lower albumin or higher AFP levels require careful assessments to prevent early HCC development after IFN therapy. HCC occurrence within >10 years of IFN therapy is not uncommon, and the risk factors remain uncertain, thus suggesting that all SVR patients should undergo long-term follow-up examinations for HCC development.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Internal Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study explores viral factors of the interferon (IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) resistance-determining region (IRRDR), the IFN sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) and the core protein, and host factor interleukin 28B associated with response to pegylated IFN (PEG-IFN) and RBV combination therapy, and the correlation of viral and host factors with IFN-λ1. Methods: A total of 58 patients underwent PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy for 48 weeks. The pretreatment factors associated with rapid virological response (RVR) and sustained virological response (SVR) were analyzed. Pretreatment IFN-λ1 serum levels were compared with the viral and host factors. Results: Univariate analysis showed that IRRDR ≥6 and ISDR ≥2 were significant pretreatment predictors of RVR, and multivariate analysis identified IRRDR ≥6 and hemoglobin as significant predictors of SVR. Pretreatment IFN-λ1 was significantly higher in the SVR group than in the non-SVR group and also in the IRRDR ≥6 group than in the IRRDR ≤5 group. Conclusions: IRRDR ≥6 was the only significant predictor of SVR and was correlated with IFN-λ1. High serum levels of IFN-λ1 may be conducive to effective PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy because of the immunomodulatory system.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: We assessed the outcome of double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) combined with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b whose HCV had not disappeared during PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy, or who had relapsed after the end of the therapy. Additionally, we investigated factors predictive of sustained virological response (SVR), including host and viral genetic factors, to DFPP plus IFN/RBV therapy. Methods: A total of 40 patients infected with HCV-1b whose HCV virus had not been eradicated by previous PEG-IFN/RBV therapy were enrolled for treatment by DFPP plus IFN/RBV. Rapid virological response (RVR) and SVR were assessed, and pretreatment factors associated with SVR - the interleukin (IL)28B gene, the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR) and the IFN sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) - were analyzed. Results: Of the 40 patients, 9 (23%) achieved RVR and 10 (25%) achieved SVR. The significant factors associated with SVR were IL28B major and RVR, as assessed by multivariate analysis (p = 0.0182, p = 0.0005). Conclusion: Patients whose HCV is not eradicated by previous PEG-IFN/RBV would be good candidates for combined DFPP and IFN/RBV retreatment provided they demonstrate IL28B major and have achieved RVR.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: The recommended treatment for chronic hepatitis C is a combination of pegylated interferon (PEG IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV). However, the sustained virological response (SVR) rate of PEG IFN-RBV therapy was approximately 50% in patients with genotype 1b and a high viral load. Thus, we compared the efficiencies and side-effects of PEG IFN-RBV and self-injected low-dose natural (n) IFN-α in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Methods: A prospective, multicenter, open-label study was conducted in 12 Japanese institutions. A total of 129 patients with chronic hepatitis C and no detectable HCV after 24-72 weeks of PEG IFN-RBV treatment were assigned to the control (n = 82) or treated (n = 47) group. Treated patients received 3 million units of nIFN-α 2-3 times/week over 96 weeks. The groups were compared regarding treatment efficiency and side-effects. Results: Significant treatment success regarding virus negativation rates was found, with 89% and 73% for the treated and control groups, respectively (P = 0.039). In contrast, there was no difference in relapse rate between the groups 24 weeks after the 96-week nIFN-α treatment (P = 0.349). However, when early viral responders and late viral responders (LVR) were separated, LVR patients responded significantly to the treatment with 90% sustained virological response, compared to 53% for the control group (P = 0.044). The side-effects of nIFN-α were less than that of PEG IFN-RBV treatment. Conclusion: Self-injected nIFN-α has larger benefits than prolonged PEG IFN-RBV for chronic hepatitis C patients with high viral loads of genotype 1b who fail to achieve early viral response during initial combination treatment.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Hepatology Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) positive nodule detected by immunohistochemical analysis in a 37-year-old woman with alcohol-related cirrhosis. Imaging studies at first admission pointed to HCC, a dysplastic nodule, an inflammatory pseudotumor or focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). US-guided biopsy in S2 showed minimal atypical changes, except for a slight increase in cell density, and micronodular cirrhosis in the non-nodular portion. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI carried out after a year and a half revealed hypervascularity in the arterial phase and isointensity in the hepatobiliary phase. Three years thereafter, however, the imaging displayed a change from isointensity to a defect in the hepatobiliary phase, and the nodule demonstrated minimal histological atypia. Immunohistochemical staining of the nodule was positive for SAA, CRP, liver fatty acid-binding protein and glutamine synthetase, but negative for β-catenin, heat shock protein 70 and Glypican 3. Organic anion transporter (OATP) 8 staining was weaker in the nodule than in the non-nodular portion of the alcohol-related micronodular cirrhosis. The nodule was diagnosed as an SAA and CRP positive nodule, and HCC was ruled out. Despite the change from isointensity to a defect in the hepatobiliary phase, no evidence of HCC was found in the biopsy specimen. The change might be explained more by the weak OATP8 staining compared with that of alcohol-related liver cirrhosis than by malignant transformation into HCC.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Hepatology Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background We conducted a multicenter randomized clinical trial to determine the optimal treatment strategy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) with genotype 1b and a high viral load (G1b/high). Methods The study subjects included 153 patients with G1b/high. Patients were initially treated with PEG-IFNα-2a alone and then randomly assigned to receive different treatment regimens. Ribavirin (RBV) was administered to all patients with HCV RNA at week 4. Patients negative for HCV RNA at week 4 were randomly assigned to receive PEG-IFNα-2a (group A) or PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV (group B). Patients who showed HCV RNA at week 4 but were negative at week 12 were randomly assigned to receive weekly PEG-IFNα-2a (group C) or biweekly therapy (group D). Patients who showed HCV RNA at week 12 but were negative at week 24 were randomly assigned to receive PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV (group E) or PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV/fluvastatin (group F). Results Overall, the rate of sustained virological response (SVR) was 46 % (70/153). The total SVR rate in the group (A, D, and F) of response-guided therapy was significantly higher than that in the group (B, C, and E) of conventional therapy [70 % (38/54) versus 52 % (32/61), p = 0.049]. Although IL28-B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation were significantly associated with efficacy, patients with rapid virological response (RVR) and complete early virological response (cEVR) achieved high SVR rates regardless of their status of IL-28B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation. Conclusion In addition to knowing the IL-28B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation status, understanding the likelihood of virological response during treatment is critical in determining the appropriate treatment strategy.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Gastroenterology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have developed a novel insertion method, a non-trocar technique (NTT), for laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation, whereby an ablation needle, guided by a 14.8-mm echo probe (PVM-787LA; Toshiba, Tokyo, Japan), accurately and easily punctures the target tumor in the liver. By existing methods, an ablation needle is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a puncture hole away from the echo probe because of the presence of a 15-mm trocar. Under such circumstances, fitting and sliding an ablation needle along the groove of the probe into the abdominal cavity is difficult because of the longitudinal dissociation between the needle and the probe. To avoid this dissociation, an echo probe is inserted directly through the small incision from which the 12-mm trocar is withdrawn and an ablation needle is introduced directly into the abdominal cavity through a puncture hole adjacent to and slid along the groove of the probe.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives and methods: Findings of histological analyses of 2 cases of liver biopsy revealing hypovascular nodules are described. Results: Ultrasound examination revealed hypovascular and hypoechoic nodules (8 mm in diameter) in segment 1 (case 1) and (8 mm) in segment 8 (case 2). The nodules were detected by only Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Hematoxylin and eosin staining of ultrasound-guided biopsy of the nodules revealed slight hypercellularity without the features of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) such as cell atypia, fatty change and pseudoglandular formation. Early HCC was suspected; however, Victoria blue staining disclosed terminal portal tract invasion, the most important finding of early HCC. Also, cytokeratin 7 staining revealed decreased ductular reaction compatible with early HCC. Taken together, these histological analyses confirmed the two nodules to be early HCC. Conclusion: Based on the criteria of the International Consensus Group, the two nodules were diagnosed as early HCC through biopsy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Digestive Diseases
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The outcomes of sequential therapy with lamivudine followed by interferon have been unsatisfactory in Japanese patients with hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B. However, the efficacy of sequential therapy with entecavir and interferon remains unclear. Methods: Twenty-four HBeAg-positive patients (23 men and 1 woman; mean age 39 ± 7 years) received entecavir 0.5 mg alone for 36-52 weeks, followed by entecavir plus interferon-α for 4 weeks, and lastly by interferon-α alone for 20 weeks. Twenty-three patients had genotype C infection, and one had genotype A infection. Results: No entecavir-resistant mutant variants emerged in any patient. Hepatitis flare occurred in three patients during interferon-α treatment after the withdrawal of entecavir, but none had hepatic decompensation. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen levels did not change during or after therapy. Serum hepatitis B core-related antigen levels were significantly decreased at the start (P < 0.0001) and at the end of interferon-α treatment (P < 0.0001), but returned to baseline levels after treatment. Twenty-four weeks after the completion of the sequential therapy, a sustained biochemical, virological, and serological response was achieved in 5 (21 %) patients. The proportion of patients in whom HBeAg was lost during entecavir treatment was significantly higher among those with a sustained response than among those with no response (P = 0.015). Conclusions: The rate of response to sequential therapy with entecavir and interferon-α in Japanese patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B was not higher than the rate in previous studies of lamivudine followed by interferon.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of Gastroenterology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study explores pretreatment predictive factors for ultimate virological responses to pegylated interferon-α (1.5 μg/kg/week) and ribavirin (600-1000 mg/day) (PEG-IFN/RBV) combination therapy for patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b and a high viral load. A total of 75 patients underwent PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy for 48 weeks. HCV amino acid (aa) substitutions in non-structural protein 5a, including those in the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR) and the IFN sensitivity-determining region and the core regions, as well as the genetic variation (rs8099917) near the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene (genotype TT) were analyzed. Of the 75 patients, 49 % (37/75) achieved a sustained virological response (SVR), 27 % (20/75) showed relapse, and 24 % (18/75) showed null virological response (NVR). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified IRRDR with 6 or more mutations (IRRDR ≥6) [odds ratio (OR) 11.906, p < 0.0001] and age <60 years (OR 0.228, p = 0.015) as significant determiners of SVR and IL28B minor (OR 14.618, p = 0.0019) and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) (OR 0.113, p = 0.0096) as significant determiners of NVR. A combination of IRRDR ≥6 and age <60 years improved SVR predictability (93.3 %), and that of IRRDR ≤5 and age ≥60 years improved non-SVR predictability (84.0 %). Similarly, a combination of IL28B minor and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) improved NVR predictability (85.7 %), and that of IL28B major and platelets ≥15 × 10(4)/mm(3) improved non-NVR (response) (97.1 %) predictability. IRRDR ≥6 and age <60 years were significantly associated with SVR. IL28B minor and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) were significantly associated with NVR. Certain combinations of these factors improved SVR and NVR predictability and could, therefore, be used to design therapeutic strategies.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Gastroenterology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The epidemiological patterns of endemic hepatitis A virus (HAV) are unclear in northeastern Asia depending on the ethnicity of the country in question. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HAV in northeastern China, South Korea, and Japan. A total of 1,500 serum samples were collected from five groups of inhabitants (300 each) who were over 40 years of age (Korean Chinese, indigenous Chinese, South Korean, Korean living in Japan, and indigenous Japanese). The samples were screened for antibodies to HAV using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Positivity for HAV antibodies was 93.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 90.9-96.4) in Koreans living in northeastern China, 99.7% (95% CI: 99.0-100.3) in indigenous Chinese, 98.0% (95% CI: 96.4-99.6) in indigenous Koreans, 33.3% (95% CI: 28.0-38.7) in Koreans living in Japan, and 20.4% (95% CI: 15.8-25.0) in indigenous Japanese persons. The overall anti-HAV prevalence was not significantly different between northeastern China and South Korea, but it was different in Japan. These results indicate that differences in seroprevalence can be attributed to geological, environmental, and socioeconomic conditions rather than ethnicity.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with alcohol-related liver cirrhosis in a 69-year-old man. Ultrasonography (US) disclosed a 10 mm hypoechoic nodule in segment 4; Sonazoid contrast-enhanced US and gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no defect in either the Kupffer phase or the hepatobiliary phase. Computed tomography during hepatic arteriography (CTHA), however, revealed a hypovascular nodule, but CT during arterial portography showed no perfusion defect. Histological analysis indicated a well-differentiated HCC. Thus, our detection of well-differentiated HCC disclosed by only CTHA attested to the efficiency of this modality, suggesting that it is more sensitive than Gd-EOB-GTPA-enhanced MRI.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Internal Medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) together with interferon (IFN) administration produces a substantial reduction in the viral load during the early stages of treatment. Based on their responses to previous pegylated IFN and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy, 20 patients were divided into null virological response (NVR; n = 12) and relapse (n = 8) groups. DFPP was used in combination with IFN-β/RBV with subsequent administration of PEG-IFN-α2a/RBV therapy (DFPP + IFN-β/RBV then PEG-IFN/RBV). Early viral dynamics was assessed, focusing especially on complete early virological response (cEVR) associated with sustained virological response. Additionally, the interleukin 28B gene, the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region, the IFN sensitivity-determining region and the core regions were analyzed. Rapid virological response was achieved in 0% (0/12) of NVR and in 75% (6/8) of relapse patients, with a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.001). Similarly, cEVR was achieved in 8% (1/12) of NVR and in 88% (7/8) of relapse patients, with a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.037). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, interleukin-28B major was a significant determiner of cEVR (odds ratio = 24.19, p = 0.037). DFPP + IFN-β/RBV then PEG-IFN/RBV therapy is indicated more for relapse than for NVR patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Digestion
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance (IR) has been reported to be an independent predictor of treatment outcome in chronic hepatitis C patients. We analyzed the relationship between IR and the outcome of pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy, taking into account host factors of body mass index and histological index, such as rate of fatty change and fibrosis. Japanese patients (n = 30; 19 men and 11 women; median age 60.0 ± 8.7 years) with chronic hepatitis C-1b with a high viral load were treated with PEG-IFN-α2b/RBV for 48 weeks. Sustained virological response (SVR) was seen in 60% (18/30) and non-SVR in 40% (12/30). HOMA-IR (homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance index) at the start and at 24 weeks of treatment showed no statistical difference between SVR and non-SVR. Correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and body mass index (r = 0.45, p = 0.013). Among 20 patients, steatosis and fibrosis were assessed by biopsy. Correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and steatosis (r = 0.57, p = 0.0093), whereas no correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and fibrosis. A larger prospective study is needed to clarify the role of IR in the outcome of PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy and hepatic fibrosis in Japanese patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Digestion

Publication Stats

587 Citations
159.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • Kinki University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2004
    • Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital
      Amagasaki, Hyōgo, Japan