[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemical investigation of a marine-derived fungus, Penicillium steckii 108YD142, resulted in the discovery of a new tanzawaic acid derivative, tanzawaic acid Q (1), together with four known analogues, tanzawaic acids A (2), C (3), D (4), and K (5). The structures of tanzawaic acid derivatives 1-5 were determined by the detailed analysis of 1D, 2D NMR and LC-MS data, along with chemical methods and literature data analysis. These compounds significantly inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production and the new tanzawaic acid Q (1) inhibited the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) proteins and mRNA expressions in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Additionally, compound 1 reduced the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines. Taken together, the results of this study demonstrated that the new tanzawaic acid derivative inhibits LPS-induced inflammation. This is the first report on the anti-inflammatory activity of tanzawaic acid Q (1).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six new meroterpenoids (1-6), along with arenarol (7), a known rearranged drimane sesquiterpene hydroquinone, were isolated from a Dysidea sp. sponge collected from the Federated States of Micronesia. On the basis of the results of combined spectroscopic analysis, compound 1 was determined to be the cyclic ether derivative of 7, whereas 2 and 3 were assigned as the corresponding sesquiterpene quinones containing taurine-derived substituents. Compounds 4-6 possess a novel tetracyclic skeleton formed by a direct linkage between the quinone and sesquiterpene moieties. The configurations of these new compounds were assigned on the basis of combined NOESY and ECD analysis. These compounds exhibited cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities and weak inhibition against Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase.
No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Natural Products
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A concise and expeditious approach to the total synthesis of broussonone A, a p-quinol natural compound, has been developed. The key features of the synthesis include the Grubbs II catalyst mediated cross metathesis of two aromatic subunits, and a chemoselective oxidative dearomatizationin the presence of two phenol moieties. Especially, optimization associated with the CM reaction of ortho-alkoxystyrenes was also studied, which are known to be ineffective for Ru-catalyzed metathesis reactions under conventional reaction conditions because ortho-alkoxy group could coordinate to the ruthenium center, resulting in the potential complication of catalyst inhibition.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemical examination of the ethyl acetate extract from the fermentation broth of the marine-derived bacterium Bacillus licheniformis resulted in the isolation of two new glycolipids, ieodoglucomide C (1) and ieodoglycolipid (2). The structural characterization of 1 and 2 was achieved by extensive spectroscopic evidence, including 2D NMR experiments. A combination of chemical derivatization techniques followed by NMR studies, LC-MS data analysis and a literature review was deployed for the establishment of the stereo-configurations of 1 and 2. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited good antibiotic properties against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with MICs ranging from 0.01 to 0.05 μM. Furthermore, the antifungal activity of 1 and 2 was evaluated against plant pathogenic fungi Aspergillus niger, Rhizoctonia solani, Botrytis cinerea and Colletotrichum acutatum as well as the human pathogen Candida albicans. Compounds 1 and 2 inhibited the mycelial growth of these pathogens with MIC values of 0.03-0.05 μM, revealing that these compounds are good candidates for the development of new fungicides.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, we reported violapyrones B, C, H and I, unusual 3, 4, 6-trisubstituted α-pyrone derivatives, from the culture broth of the marine Streptomyces sp. 112CH148. In previous studies, violapyrones have been shown to have antibacterial and antitumor activities. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of violapyrones has not been reported yet. As part of our ongoing study for the discovery of bioactive metabolites from marine microorganisms, we found that violapyrones also have anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, we investigated the effect of violapyrones on LPS-induced inflammatory responses in vitro. Violapyrones B and C did not affect the viability of RAW 264.7 cells at concentrations up to 25 µM. However, violapyrones B and C inhibited the production of NO compared to the LPS-induced control. In addition, violapyrones B and C down-regulated the expression of iNOS protein in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the anti-inflammatory activity of violapyrones B and C.
Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Natural Product Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A facile and efficient method has been developed for the synthesis of novel thiazolyl carboxamide derivatives by direct reaction of the corresponding esters and 2-aminothiazole. Treatment of 2-aminothiozole with various carboxylic esters in the presence of t-butylmagnesium chloride provides the biologically significant thiazolyl carboxamide derivatives in good to excellent yields.
No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Tetrahedron Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eight scalarane sesterterpenoids, including four new compounds, were isolated from the marine sponge Scalarispongia sp. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by 2D-NMR and HRMS analyses. All of the isolated compounds, with the exception of 16-O-deacetyl-12,16-epi-scalarolbutanolide, showed significant in vitro cytotoxicity (GI50 values down to 5.2 μM) against six human cancer cell lines.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · International Journal of Molecular Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nine suvanine analogs including suvanine phenethylammonium salt and two new compounds were isolated from the marine sponge Coscinoderma sp., collected from Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by 2D NMR and HRMS analyses. Suvanine and a new analog exhibited weak but selective cytotoxicity against colon (HCT-15), lung (NCI-H23), stomach (NUGC-3), and prostate (PC-3) cancer cell lines.
No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new α-pyrone derivatives, violapyrones H (1) and I (2), along with known violapyrones B (3) and C (4) were isolated from the fermentation broth of a marine actinomycete Streptomyces sp. The strain was derived from a crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci, collected from Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia. The structures of violapyrones were elucidated by the analysis of 1D and 2D NMR and HR-ESIMS data. Violapyrones (1-4) exhibited cytotoxicity against 10 human cancer cell lines with GI50 values of 1.10-26.12 μg/mL when tested using sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. This is the first report on the cytotoxicity of violapyrones against cancer cell lines and the absolute configuration of violapyrone C.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antifungal resistance and toxicity problems of conventional fungicides highlighted the requirement of search for new safe antifungal agents. To comply with the requirement, we discovered four new non-cytotoxic lipopeptides, gageopeptides A–D, 1–4, from a marine-derived bacterium Bacillus subtilis. The structures and stereochemistry of gageopeptides were determined by NMR data analysis and chemical means. Gageopeptides exhibited significant antifungal activities against pathogenic fungi Rhizoctonia solani, Botrytis cinerea, and Colletotrichum acutatum with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 0.02–0.06 μM. In addition, these lipopeptides showed significant motility inhibition and lytic activities against zoospores of the late blight pathogen Phytophthora capsici. These compounds also showed potent antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria with MIC values of 0.04–0.08 μM. However, gageopeptides A–D did not exhibit any cytotoxicity (GI50 > 25 μM) against cancer cell lines in sulforhodamine B (SRB), 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), and WST-1 ((4-[3–4-iodophenyl]-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-2H-5-tetrazolio)-1,3-benzene disulfonate)) assays, demonstrating that these compounds could be promising candidates for the development of non-cytotoxic antifungal agents.
Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The suvanines, a new suvanine salt, five new (2, 4-8) and two known sesterterpenes from the same structural class, and two new modified lipids (9 and 10) were isolated from a Coscinoderma sp. sponge collected from Chuuk Island, Micronesia. On the basis of the results of combined spectroscopic and chemical analyses, a new suvanine salt was determined to be the suvanine N,N-dimethyl-1,3-dimethylherbipoline salt (2) and suvanine-lactam derivatives (4-8) formed by condensations between an oxidized furan moiety and amino acids. The lipid metabolites were found to be new derivatives of the taurine-containing deacyl irciniasulfonic acid class. The suvanines exhibited moderate cytotoxicities against the K562 and A549 cell lines, while the new suvanine salt (2) had significant antibacterial activity.
No preview · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Natural Products
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three new 5-hydroxyindole alkaloids (1, 2, 3) along with seven known analogs (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) were isolated from a Dokdo marine sponge Scalarispongia sp. The elucidation of the structures of the new compounds by spectroscopic analyses indicated that these compounds were an indole glyoxylate (1), a mono-indole analog of hyrtinadine A (2), and a symmetrical bis-indole with pyridine linker (3). The comparison of IC50 values for obtained compounds against a human leukemia cell line revealed that the bis-indole structure is a requirement for cytotoxicity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gageotetrins A-C (1-3), a unique class of linear lipopeptides, consisting of di- and tetrapeptides and a new fatty acid were isolated from a Marine Bacillus subtilis. The structures of 1-3 were assigned by spectroscopic data and their absolute stereochemistries were ascertained by chemical derivatization. Compounds 1-3 displayed good antimicrobial activities with MIC values of 0.01-0.06 μM. However, these compounds failed to register any cytotoxicity (GI50 > 30 μg/ml) against human cancer cell lines.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Concerning the requirements of effective drug candidates to combat against high rising multidrug resistant pathogens, we isolated three new linear lipopeptides, gageostatins A-C (1-3), consisting of hepta-peptides and new 3-β-hydroxy fatty acids from the fermentation broth of a marine-derived bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Their structures were elucidated by analyzing a combination of extensive 1D, 2D NMR spectroscopic data and high resolution ESIMS data. Fatty acids, namely 3-β-hydroxy-11-methyltridecanoic and 3-β-hydroxy-9,11-dimethyltridecanoic acids were characterized in lipopeptides 1 and 2, respectively, whereas an unsaturated fatty acid (E)-7,9-dimethylundec-2-enoic acid was assigned in 3. The 3R configuration of the stereocenter of 3-β-hydroxy fatty acids in 1 and 2 was established by Mosher's MTPA method. The absolute stereochemistry of amino acid residues in 1-3 was ascertained by acid hydrolysis followed by Marfey's derivatization studies. Gageostatins 1-3 exhibited good antifungal activities with MICs values of 4-32 µg/mL when tested against pathogenic fungi (R. solani, B. cinerea and C. acutatum) and moderate antibacterial activity against bacteria (B. subtilis, S. aeureus, S. typhi and P. aeruginosa) with MICs values of 8-64 µg/mL. Futhermore, gageostatins 1-3 displayed cytotoxicity against six human cancer cell lines with GI50 values of 4.6-19.6 µg/mL. It is also noteworthy that mixed compounds 1+2 displayed better antifungal and cytotoxic activities than individuals.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background / Purpose:
Microorganisms from marine origins continue to be potential producers of bioactive secondary metabolites. In fact, they are ubiquitous in the marine environment and can tolerate adverse conditions such as high temperature, pressure, salinity and pH, and possess unique metabolic pathways that are different from their terrestrial counterparts. As a consequence, a large number of natural product research on marine-derived Bacillus sp. resulted in the discovery of a diverse class of secondary metabolites including lipopeptides, polypeptides, macrolactones, fatty acids, polyketides, lipoamides, and isocoumarins.As part of our ongoing research presenting new antimicrobials to meet increasing demands against rising multidrug resistant pathogens, we discovered five new linear lipopeptides, kiostostatins 1-5 from a marine-derived bacterium B. subtilis.
In summary, we isolated five linear lipopeptides, kiostostatins 1-5, possessing new fatty acid moiety, from the marine derived- bacterium B. subtilis. A new unsaturated fatty acid was characterized as (E)-7,9-dimethylundec-4-enoic acid in compound 5. These lipopeptides displayed moderate antibacterial and good antifungal activity. Furthermore, with the exception of 1 and 2, compounds 3-5 exhibited cytotoxic activity against six human cancer cell lines with GI50 values of 4.6-23.2 micro-g/mL, respectively.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The nitric oxide inhibitory (NOI) and antioxidant (ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging effects with reducing power) activities of the ethanol (EtOH) extracts and solvent partitioned fractions from Scytosiphon lomentaria, Chorda filum, Agarum cribrosum, and Desmarestia viridis were investigated, and the correlation between biological activity and total phenolic (TP) and phlorotannin (TPT) content was determined by PCA analysis. The yield of EtOH extracts from four brown seaweeds ranged from 2.6 to 6.6% with the highest yield from D. viridis, and the predominant compounds in their solvent partitioned fractions had medium and/or less polarity. The TP and TPT content of the EtOH extracts were in the ranges of 25.0-44.1 mg GAE/g sample and 0.2-4.6 mg PG/g sample, respectively, which were mostly included in the organic solvent partitioned fractions. Strong NOI activity was observed in the EtOH extracts and their solvent partitioned fractions from D. viridis and C. filum. In addition, the EtOH extract and its solvent partitioned fractions of D. viridis exhibited little cytotoxicity to Raw 264.7 cells. The most potent ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging capacity was shown in the EtOH extracts and their solvent partitioned fractions from S. lomentaria and C. filum, and both also exhibited strong reducing ability. In the PCA analysis the content of TPT had a good correlation with DPPH ( r = 0.62), ABTS ( r = 0.69) and reducing power ( r = 0.65), however, an unfair correlation was observed between the contents of TP and TPT and NOI, suggesting that the phlorotannins might be responsible for the DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Ocean Science Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seventeen bromotyrosine-derived metabolites, including eight new compounds, were isolated from a Micronesian sponge of the genus Suberea. Four of the new compounds were psammaplysin derivatives (10-13), and the other four were ceratinamine derivatives (14-17). Of the compounds obtained, the psammaplysins exhibited cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines (GI50 values down to 0.8 μM), while the ceratinamine and moloka'iamine analogues showed almost no activity. These results suggest that the spirooxepinisoxazoline ring system is a requirement for cytotoxicity and, therefore, may serve as an attractive molecular scaffold for the development of a potent anticancer agent.
No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Journal of Natural Products
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Marine sponges are relatively less explored for their chemical features but highly anticipated resource for bioactive compounds. In this paper we report the screening of marine sponges crude extracts for their potential to bind the adenosine A1 receptor. Many samples showed very promising activity and in order to identify the active components, a metabolomics-chemometrics approach is employed. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is used for the metabolic profiling of the marine sponges and partial least squares (PLS) and orthogonal PLS (OPLS) algorithms are used to correlate the metabolomics with bioactivity data. Using several two dimensional-NMR techniques, the resonances responsible for the separation of high activity samples from the medium and low activity samples were identified as associated to metabolites like halisulfate 1, halisulfate 3–5, and suvanine (1–5), all belongs to sesterterpenes class. The reference compounds for these metabolites are also tested for the activity, which endorse the findings of the applied methodology.