[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of infancy and usually they don't require specific therapy. In 10-20% of cases IHs are able to generate complication and medical/surgical intervention is needed. For many decades standard treatment consisted in oral or intralesional corticosteroids untill Lèautë-Labrëze and colleagues published the first report on the efficacy of propranolol for cutaneous infantile hemangiomas in 2008. IHs can be sometimes part of complex syndrome. Here we report the case of a patient with tetralogy of Fallot operated at 5 month of age who stopped propranolol treatment for hypoxic spells and unusually developed facial and subglottic IHs configuring the diagnosis of PHACES syndrome (posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects and/or aortic coarctation, ocular anomalies and sternal defects). To our knowledge this is the first first report in the international literature of a delayed appearance of an infantile hemangioma involving the skin and the airways (PHACES syndrome). The pathophysiological explanation relies in the mechanism of action of propranolol which seems to act initially with vasoconstriction, down-regulating proangiogenetic factors and inducing endothelial cell apoptosis. Many decades since their introduction β-blockers are useful in a growing group of diseases. The pleiotropic effect of β-adrenoceptors antagonists is not yet deeply understood, residing in neurohormonal regulation systems and angiogenesis and proving to be an effective treatment from cardiovascular to oncological illness.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Current Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pediatric inflammatory vulvitis (PIV) is clinically characterized by itching, soreness and inflammation and can be due to both an infective process and a non-specific irritative process, especially in atopic patients. Sometimes these non-specific PIVs, that tend to be recurrent, can be overinfected, with exacerbation of the clinical features. The importance of the cleansers, emollients, and the kind of textiles that enter in direct contact all day long with the inflamed skin, is well known. The study objective is the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the transpiring, slightly elastic knitted silk briefs, with anti-bacterial and non-irritating properties, registered as Dermasilk®, in recurrent PIV.
The study we conducted was a prospective cohort study of 12 pre-pubertal girls, aged between 2 and 10 years, affected by recurrent PIV, that used Dermasilk® briefs in association to conventional treatments.
Dermasilk® briefs have proven to be an effective and safe adjuvant product available for use in association with conventional drugs for the treatment of recurrent PIV.
Dermasilk® briefs play an important role in the management of the flares of recurrent PIV, proven by an earlier resolution of symptoms, as well as in the maintenance of the remission and in the prevention of overinfections.
No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The term "isotopic response" describes the occurrence of a new skin disorder at the site of another, unrelated and already healed one. We report here the case of a 38-year-old woman who referred to us for an infiltrated, red-brownish plaque localized on her left cheek. The patient had been treated for a cutaneous leishmaniasis, confirmed by the histologic examination, localized at the same site. She was completely healed after an appropriate local and systemic treatment. She experienced the occurrence of the new plaque at the site of the previously healed cutaneous leishmaniasis three month later. Histologic examination and laboratory tests were consistent with a diagnosis of discoid cutaneous chronic lupus erythematosus. Treatment with hydroxychloroquine, topical clobetasol and topical tretinoin resulted in flattening and clearing of the lesion. Our case is the first case of isotopic response where a discoid chronic lupus erythematosus had occurred at the site of an already healed cutaneous leishmaniasis. We speculate that the activation of type-1 interferon system may be involved in the pathogenesis of our case.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Dermatologic Therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sunlight during summer holidays and to assess the seasonability of atopic dermatitis in 43 consecutive patients with mild-moderate atopic dermatitis referring to the Pediatric Outpatient Clinic of the University of Bologna.
Patients had to answer an open questionnaire.
The collected data showed that 74.4% of the patients affected by mild-moderate atopic dermatitis had complete resolution during summer holidays, 16.3% had improvement and only 9.3% had no modification of atopic dermatitis severity, confirming the seasonability of the disease, with improvement during summertime and worsening in the other seasons. Seaside holidays produced a significantly greater improvement than mountains holidays, with complete resolution of the disease in 91.2% versus 11.1% of patients, P<0.01. Conclusion. These data support the hypothesis on the positive effect of UV radiation on atopic dermatitis in patients without eczema after local therapy with corticosteroids or immunomodulators, but are in contrast with those reported by other authors from Northern Europe. This discrepancy is probably due to the latitude and different climate. In the Mediterranean area and in southern locations greater improvements are observable.
No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In early infancy, a congenital area of alopecia of the scalp may be the clinical presentation of various diseases, with the two most common being sebaceous naevus and aplasia cutis congenita. Typical lesions are easily diagnosed, but soon after birth, the differential diagnosis may be difficult if the clinical features of the lesion are not distinctive. In this paper, we report the usefulness of dermatoscopy in such cases.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MAS063DP in 60 paediatric patients affected by atopic dermatitis (AD), aged between 2 and 17 years. Using the Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score for AD, patients with a score of 2 (mild) or 3 (moderate) were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly selected to receive MAS063DP (20 patients), MAS060 (20 patients, a similar formulation with lower key ingredients' concentration and no preservatives) or vehicle (20 patients).The study consisted in a treatment period of 43 days, with clinical evaluations at baseline (day 1), days 8, 15, 22, 29 and 43, at which time the treatment was stopped. MAS063DP showed nearly 80% improvement in IGA score at day 22, compared with 16.6% and 26.3% with the MAS060 and vehicle respectively. A statistically significant difference was found by comparing MAS063DP with MAS060 (p < 0.0001); a similar result was evidenced comparing MAS063DP and vehicle (p = 0.001). By contrast, no significant difference was found between MAS060 and vehicle. A statistically significant difference was sustained until the end of the study. MAS063DP may therefore be considered as one of the available regimens effective in the treatment of mild-to-moderate AD in children and adolescents.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a 6-year-old boy with a diffuse acute pustular eruption which appeared after an erysipela. On the basis of the history and clinical features we made a diagnosis of pustulosis acuta generalisata. An 8-day antibiotic course with amoxicillin and clavulanic acid was instituted. After 1 week the erysipela and the pustular eruption had healed and no relapse of the rash occurred in the following month.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Pediatric Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Juglone is the active ingredient of the green flesh of walnuts and is known to be a strong irritant. We report the first two paediatric cases of contact pigmentation and acute irritant contact dermatitis due to the juice of green walnut husks in two young nursery-school playmates.
No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Contact Dermatitis
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the association between nummular eczema and atopic dermatitis (AD) in children, given that in adults nummular eczema is associated with AD in about 10% of cases. 5,700 children affected by eczema were referred to the Pediatric Unit of our Dermatology Department between 1992 and 2002. Of these, 515 (9%) presented nummular eczema. The patients consisted of 333 males (64.7%) and 182 females (35.3%). The patches of eczema were multiple in 477 (92.6%) cases, while the remaining 38 (7.4%) had only one lesion. The onset of clinical manifestations ranged between 40 days of life and 12 years; 420 (81.6%) patients were under 2 years. Allergologic tests and a follow-up of at least 6 months were available in 376 patients: 261 (69.4%) were affected by AD, 14 (3.7%) had contact dermatitis and in 101 (26.9%) cases a definitive cause could not be established. Our data show that the association between nummular eczema and AD is higher in children than in adults.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · European Journal of Pediatric Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Short anagen syndrome (SAS) is a recently described disease, but is rarely reported in the literature probably because of its under-recognized status. It is characterized by the inability to grow long hair because of an idiopathic short anagen phase. The condition is not associated with hair shaft fragility or hair unruliness. The patients complain of abnormally short scalp hair and report that they never had a haircut. The condition is benign and most of the reported cases had no associated systemic diseases or skin disorders. Hair length tends to improve spontaneously after puberty. The main differential diagnoses include loose anagen hair syndrome (LAS).
No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · Pediatric Dermatology