Alain Van Dorsselaer

University of Strasbourg, Strasburg, Alsace, France

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Publications (512)2086.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Vacuolar invertase is a key enzyme of sugar metabolism in grape berries. A full characterisation of this highly N-glycosylated protein is required to help understand its biological and biochemical significance in grapes. We have developed a mass spectrometry (MS)-based glycoproteomic approach wherein deglycosylated peptides are analysed by LC–MS/MS, while intact glycopeptides are characterised using a dedicated MS method to determine the attachment sites and micro-heterogeneity. For grape invertase, in parallel with deglycosylated peptides analysis, different enzymatic digestions were performed and glycopeptide detection was improved by enrichment method, nanoLC–MS and oxonium glycan ions. This MS-based glycoproteomic approach demonstrates that vacuolar invertase is glycosylated at all twelve potential N-glycosylation sites. Glycosylation is heterogeneous, with twelve glycoforms identified at six of the sites. The identification of several types of N-glycans is a major result to correlate with the surface and foaming properties of wine, the solubility, allergenicity, and protease resistance of wine proteins.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2016
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    ABSTRACT: The acid mine drainage (AMD) impacted creek of the Carnoulès mine (Southern France) is characterized by acid waters with a high heavy metal content. The microbial community inhabiting this AMD was extensively studied using isolation, metagenomic and metaproteomic methods, and the results showed that a natural arsenic (and iron) attenuation process involving the arsenite oxidase activity of several Thiomonas strains occurs at this site. A sensitive quantitative Selected Reaction Monitoring (SRM)-based proteomic approach was developed for detecting and quantifying the two subunits of the arsenite oxidase and RpoA of two different Thiomonas groups. Using this approach combined with 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis based on pyrosequencing and FISH, it was established here for the first time that these Thiomonas strains are ubiquitously present in minor proportions in this AMD and that they express the key enzymes involved in natural remediation processes at various locations and time points. In addition to these findings, this study also confirms that targeted proteomics applied at the community level can be used to detect weakly abundant proteins in situ.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2016 · Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: The Low Density Lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is a ubiquitously expressed cell surface receptor that protects from intracellular cholesterol accumulation. However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here we show that the extracellular α chain of LRP1 mediates TGFβ-induced enhancement of Wnt5a which limits intracellular cholesterol accumulation by inhibiting cholesterol biosynthesis and by promoting cholesterol export. We moreover demonstrate that the cytoplasmic (β)chain of LRP1 suffices to limit cholesterol accumulation in LRP1-/- cells. Through binding of Erk2 to the second of its carboxy-terminal NPxY motifs, LRP1 β-chain positively regulates the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and of neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase (NCEH1). These results highlight unexpected functions of LRP1 and the canonical Wnt5a pathway, and new therapeutic potential in cholesterol-associated disorders, including cardiovascular diseases.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Self-assembly driven by crown ether complexation of zinc phthalocyanines equipped with one 18-crown-6 moiety and fullerenes bearing an ammonium head group afforded a novel donor-acceptor hybrid. In reference experiments, fullerenes containing a Boc-protected amine functionality have been probed. The circumvention of zinc phthalocyanine aggregation is important for the self-assembly, which required the addition of pyridine. From absorption and fluorescence titration assays, which provided sound and unambiguous evidence for mutual interactions between the electron donor and the electron acceptor within the hybrids, association constants in the order of 8.0×10(5) M(-1) have been derived. The aforementioned is based on 1:1 stoichiometries, which have been independently confirmed by Job's plot measurements. In the excited state, which has been examined by transient absorption experiments, intermolecular charge separation evolves from the photoexcited zinc phthalocyanine to the fullerene subunit and leads to short-lived charge-separated states. Interestingly, photoexcitation of zinc phthalocyanine dimers/aggregates can also be followed by an intermolecular charge separation between vicinal phthalocyanines. These multicomponent supramolecular ensembles have also been shown by in-depth electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) studies, giving rise to the formation and detection of a variety of non-covalently linked species.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemistry - A European Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are highly cytotoxic drugs covalently attached via conditionally stable linkers to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and are among the most promising next-generation empowered biologics for cancer treatment. ADCs are more complex than naked mAbs, as the heterogeneity of the conjugates adds to the inherent microvariability of the biomolecules. The development and optimization of ADCs rely on improving their analytical and bioanalytical characterization by assessing several critical quality attributes, namely the distribution and position of the drug, the amount of naked antibody, the average drug to antibody ratio, and the residual drug-linker and related product proportions. Here brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®) and trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla®), the first and gold-standard hinge-cysteine and lysine drug conjugates, respectively, were chosen to develop new mass spectrometry (MS) methods and to improve multiple-level structural assessment protocols.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Expert Review of Proteomics
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    ABSTRACT: Biological significance: The responses of the murine J774 macrophage cell lines to two types of metallic oxide nanoparticles (zinc oxide and zirconium dioxide) were studied by a comparative 2D gel based approach. This allows to sort shared responses from nanoparticle-specific responses. Zinc oxide nanoparticles induced specifically a strong decrease in the mitochondrial function, in phagocytosis and also an increase in the methylglyoxal-associated DNA damage, which may explain the well known genotoxicity of zinc. In conclusion, this study allows to highlight pathways that may play an important role in the toxicity of the zinc oxide nanoparticles.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of proteomics
  • Thierry Léveillard · Alain Van Dorsselaer · José-Alain Sahel

    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Medecine sciences: M/S
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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Toxicology Letters
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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluate the potential of native mass spectrometry (MS) and ion mobility (IM-MS) for the screening of protein : ligand complexes when very subtle conformational changes are involved. As a proof of concept, we investigate the interactions between a peptide deformylase (PDF1B), a promising target for the development of new antibiotics, and three of its specific inhibitors that bind in different modes. First, real-time native MS reveals two types of ligands, both interacting in a 1 : 1 stoichiometry with PDF1B but with different affinities and gas phase stabilities. Conformational IM-MS screening then highlights two very close but significantly distinct ligand-induced conformations with collision cross sections that differ by less than 1%. Real-time IM-MS is used to monitor not only the dynamics of ligand binding to apoPDF1B but also the switching between holo conformations. This study provides additional evidence that the most potent ligands inhibit peptide deformylases through a slow-tight binding mechanism, in agreement with previous structural and enzymology studies. Furthermore, this approach, wherein the characteristics obtained by native MS are combined with IM-MS conformational screening, prove valuable in characterizing extremely subtle dynamic conformational changes induced when ligands bind to protein assemblies. We discuss the promise and limitations of IM-MS in the context of detection of very small conformational changes induced upon ligand binding.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Analyst
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    ABSTRACT: Significance: Our paper tackles the open question of the cost of mounting an innate immune response. Evolutionary biologists are familiar since a long time with the concept of trade-offs among key traits of an organism, trade-offs that shape life history trajectories of species and individuals, ultimately in terms of reproduction and survival. On the other hand, medicine and molecular biologists study the intimate mechanisms of immune senescence and underline that oxidative imbalance is probably playing a key role in the progressive loss of immune function with age. This paper merges the two fields by exploring the nature of the cellular pathways that are mainly affected by age when the innate immunity is triggered. To this purpose, a proteomic approach was used to explore liver protein profiles and provide for the first time convincing data supporting the idea that oxidative stress constitutes a cost of innate immune response in old mice, possibly contributing to senescence. Proteomics-derived hypotheses were furthermore validated using biochemical assays. This paper therefore illustrates the added value of using proteomics to answer evolutionary biology questions, and opens a promising way to study the inter-specific variability in the rates of immune-senescence.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of proteomics
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    ABSTRACT: Thiols are among the most frequently used functional groups in the field of bioconjugation. While there exists a variety of heterobifunctional reagents that allow for coupling thiols to other functions (e.g., amines, carboxylic acids), there is no specific reagent for creating heteroconjugates using two different thiols. In response to the ever-increasing demand for bioconjugation tools, we have developed p-(maleimide)-phenylpropionitrile (MAPN)-an efficient reagent for kinetically resolved thiol-to-thiol coupling. In a comparative study with its closest commercially available analogue, p-phenylenedimaleimide, MAPN has shown substantial advantages for the preparation of thiol-thiol heteroconjugates. Namely, an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) with mertansine (DM1), conjugated to the cysteine residues of Trastuzumab, was prepared for the first time.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Bioconjugate Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we applied the combination of one-dimensional gel electrophoresis, immunoblot and nanoliquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) to identify potential immunogenic proteins of Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites that can be used for the development of reliable assays in the serodiagnosis of acquired toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent subjects. For this purpose, we developed an immunoblot using soluble and membrane extracts of GT1 Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites and tested 194 positive and 100 negative sera obtained from pregnant women. Five bands of soluble antigens (98 kDa, 36 kDa, 33 kDa, 32 kDa and 21 kDa) and 4 bands of membrane antigens (41 kDa, 35 kDa, 32 kDa and 30 kDa) were selected as the most valuable in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Among these bands, only 2 bands of soluble antigen (33 kDa and 32 kDa) and 2 bands of membrane antigen (32 kDa and 30 kDa) showed a specificity ≥ 90%. After mass spectrometry and bioinformatics analysis, 7 proteins were identified as potential markers for serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis. These proteins are: SRS34A, GRA7, GRA1, DG32, MIC5, ROP5 and Toxofilin. These proteins showed a 86% to 100% homology with proteins of both VEG and ME49 strains of T. gondii and a 58% to 87% homology with Hammondia hammondi; and can be considered as attractive candidates for the development of an immunochromatography test that can be used for the rapid diagnosis of toxoplasmosis and as a confirmatory test when routine techniques give equivocal results.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we applied the combination of one-dimensional gel electrophoresis, immunoblot and nano liquidchromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) to identify potential immunogenic proteins of Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites that can be used for the development of reliable assays in the serodiagnosis of acquired toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent subjects. For this purpose, we developed an immunoblot using soluble and membrane extracts of GT1 Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites and tested 194 positive and 100 negative sera obtained from pregnant women. Five bands of soluble antigens (98 kDa, 36 kDa, 33 kDa, 32 kDa and 21 kDa) and 4 bands of membrane antigens (41 kDa, 35 kDa, 32 kDa and 30 kDa) were selected as the most valuable in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Among these bands, only 2 bands of soluble antigen (33 kDa and 32 kDa) and 2 bands of membrane antigen (32 kDa and 30 kDa) showed a specificity ≥ 90%. After mass spectrometry and bioinformatics analysis, 7 proteins were identified as potential markers for serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis. These proteins are: SRS34A, GRA7, GRA1, DG32, MIC5, ROP5 and Toxofilin. These proteins showed a 86% to 100% homology with proteins of both VEG and ME49 strains of T. gondii and a 58% to 87% homology with Hammondia hammondi; and can be considered as attractive candidates for the development of an immunochromatography test that can be used for the rapid diagnosis of toxoplasmosis and as a confirmatory test when routine techniques give equivocal results.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Microorganisms, such as bacteria, are one of the first targets of nanoparticles in the environment. In this study, we tested the effect of two nanoparticles, ZnO and TiO2, with the salt ZnSO4 as the control, on the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis by 2D gel electrophoresis-based proteomics. Despite a significant effect on viability (LD50), TiO2 NPs had no detectable effect on the proteomic pattern, while ZnO NPs and ZnSO4 significantly modified B. subtilis metabolism. These results allowed us to conclude that the effects of ZnO observed in this work were mainly attributable to Zn dissolution in the culture media. Proteomic analysis highlighted twelve modulated proteins related to central metabolism: MetE and MccB (cysteine metabolism), OdhA, AspB, IolD, AnsB, PdhB and YtsJ (Krebs cycle) and XylA, YqjI, Drm and Tal (pentose phosphate pathway). Biochemical assays, such as free sulfhydryl, CoA-SH and malate dehydrogenase assays corroborated the observed central metabolism reorientation and showed that Zn stress induced oxidative stress, probably as a consequence of thiol chelation stress by Zn ions. The other patterns affected by ZnO and ZnSO4 were the stringent response and the general stress response. Nine proteins involved in or controlled by the stringent response showed a modified expression profile in the presence of ZnO NPs or ZnSO4: YwaC, SigH, YtxH, YtzB, TufA, RplJ, RpsB, PdhB and Mbl. An increase in the ppGpp concentration confirmed the involvement of the stringent response during a Zn stress. All these metabolic reorientations in response to Zn stress were probably the result of complex regulatory mechanisms including at least the stringent response via YwaC.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of proteomics
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    ABSTRACT: In the framework of the C-HPP, our Franco-Swiss consortium has adopted chromosomes 2 and 14, coding for a total of 382 missing proteins (proteins for which evidence is lacking at protein level). Over the last four years, the French proteomics infrastructure has collected high quality datasets from 40 human samples, including a series of rarely studied cell lines, tissue types and sample preparations. Here, we described a step-by-step strategy based on the use of bioinformatics screening and subsequent mass spectrometry (MS)-based validation to identify what were up to now missing proteins in these datasets. Screening database search results (85,326 .dat files) identified 58 of the missing proteins (36 on chromosome 2 and 22 on chromosome 14) by 83 unique peptides following the latest release of neXtProt (2014-10). PSMs corresponding to these peptides were thoroughly examined by applying two different MS-based criteria: peptide-level False Discovery Rate (FDR) calculation and expert PSM quality assessment. Synthetic peptides were then produced and used to generate reference MS/MS spectra. A spectral similarity score was then calculated for each pair of reference-endogenous spectra and used as a third criterion for missing protein validation. Finally, LC-SRM assays were developed to target proteotypic peptides from 4 of the missing proteins detected in tissue/cell samples which were still available and for which sample preparation could be reproduced. These LC-SRM assays unambiguously detected the endogenous unique peptide for 3 of the proteins. For 2 of these, identification was confirmed by additional proteotypic peptides. We concluded that of the initial set of 58 proteins detected by the bioinformatics screen, the consecutive MS-based validation criteria led to propose the identification of 13 of these proteins (8 on chromosome 2 and 5 on chromosome 14) that passed at least two of the three MS-based criteria. Thus, a rigorous step-by-step approach combining bioinformatics screening and MS-based validation assays is particularly suitable to obtain protein-level evidence for proteins previously considered as missing. All MS/MS data have been deposited in ProteomeXchange under identifier PXD002131.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Proteome Research
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to identify a protein marker that can differentiate between fresh skinless and frozen-thawed sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fillets using the two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) technique. Distinct gel patterns, due to proteins with low molecular weight and low isoelectric points, distinguished fresh fillets from frozen-thawed ones. Frozen-thawed fillets showed two specific protein spots as early as the first day of the study. However, these spots were not observed in fresh fillets until at least 13 days of storage between 0 and 4°C, fillets were judged, beyond this period, fish were unfit for human consumption as revealed by complementary studies on fish spoilage indicators namely total volatile basic nitrogen and biogenic amines. Mass spectrometry identified the specific proteins as parvalbumin isoforms. Parvalbumins may thus be useful markers of differentiation between fresh and frozen-thawed sea bass fillets.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Food Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Rod-derived cone viability factor (RdCVF) is an inactive thioredoxin secreted by rod photoreceptors that protects cones from degeneration. Because the secondary loss of cones in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) leads to blindness, the administration of RdCVF is a promising therapy for this untreatable neurodegenerative disease. Here, we investigated the mechanism underlying the protective role of RdCVF in RP. We show that RdCVF acts through binding to Basigin-1 (BSG1), a transmembrane protein expressed specifically by photoreceptors. BSG1 binds to the glucose transporter GLUT1, resulting in increased glucose entry into cones. Increased glucose promotes cone survival by stimulation of aerobic glycolysis. Moreover, a missense mutation of RdCVF results in its inability to bind to BSG1, stimulate glucose uptake, and prevent secondary cone death in a model of RP. Our data uncover an entirely novel mechanism of neuroprotection through the stimulation of glucose metabolism. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Cell
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    ABSTRACT: The high throughput characterization of protein N-termini is becoming an emerging challenge in the proteomics and proteogenomics fields. The present study describes the free N-terminome analysis of human mitochondria-enriched samples using trimethoxyphenyl phosphonium (TMPP) labeling approaches. Owing to the extent of protein import and cleavage for mitochondrial proteins, determining the new N-termini generated after translocation/processing events for mitochondrial proteins is crucial to understand the transformation of precursors to mature proteins. The dN-TOP strategy based on a double light/heavy TMPP labeling has been optimized in order to improve and automate the workflow for efficient, fast and reliable high throughput N-terminome analysis. A total of 2714 proteins were identified and 897 N-terminal peptides were characterized (424 N-α-acetylated and 473 TMPP-labelled peptides). These results allowed the precise identification of the N-terminus of 693 unique proteins corresponding to 26% of all identified proteins. Overall, 120 already annotated processing cleavage sites were confirmed while 302 new cleavage sites were characterized. The accumulation of experimental evidence of mature N-termini should allow increasing the knowledge of processing mechanisms and consequently also enhance cleavage sites prediction algorithms. Complete datasets have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium with identifiers PXD001521, PXD001522 and PXD001523. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Proteomics

Publication Stats

17k Citations
2,086.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1985-2016
    • University of Strasbourg
      • • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC)
      • • Faculty of pharmaceutical sciences
      • • Laboratoire de Chimie Organique des Substances Naturelles
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 1982-2015
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      • • Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
      • • Institute for Molecular and Cellular Biology (IBMC)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2007-2014
    • Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
    • University of Leipzig
      • Institut für Biochemie
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2013
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2010
    • University of Bologna
      • "Giacomo Ciamician" Department of Chemistry CHIM
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
    • Centre de Recherche Pierre Fabre
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2008
    • Etablissement Français du Sang Alsace
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
    • Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
      Villeurbanne, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2006
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      • Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
      Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • 2004-2005
    • Institut de Physique et Chimie des Matériaux de Strasbourg
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 2002
    • University of Waterloo
      • Department of Chemistry
      Waterloo, Quebec, Canada
  • 1997
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1987-1992
    • Natural Product Chemistry Institute
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1991
    • Odense University Hospital
      • Molecular biology laboratory
      Odense, South Denmark, Denmark