[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the efficacy of 200 mg single weekly dose of fluconazole in the secondary prophylaxis of esophageal candidiasis in AIDS, 18 patients who had an endoscopic confirmation of cure after an esophageal candidiasis, were studied. Mean follow up period was 12.5 months (limit: 1.5-18) and 11 patients completed prophylaxis for 11.2 months (limit: 2-18). Fluconazole was interrupted in the 7 remaining patients due to different reasons after 10 months and they were followed for 3.2 more months (limit: 1-5). Ten patients relapsed with a total of 17 episodes (7 oropharyngeal and 10 esophageal). Only 4 of the 18 patients (22%) relapsed while on correct prophylactic treatment. On the other hand, 6 out of 7 patients (86%) relapsed in the absence of fluconazole (p less than 0.001). The relapse incidence rate in both groups was 0.09 and 1.46/100 patients/day respectively (p less than 0.001) and its appearance was much earlier (1.3 versus 9.5 months) in patients not receiving prophylaxis. Relapses did not correlate with CD4 cell level, HIV-Ag level, opportunistic infections, use of other drugs or mortality. Fluconazole was interrupted in 3 patients because of alternations in liver enzymes although its relationship with the drug was not confirmed. These results indicate that the administration of Fluconazole 200 mg/week in a single dose is very efficiency in secondary prophylaxis of esophageal candidiasis in AIDS patients.
No preview · Article · Mar 1992 · Revista Clínica Española
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We determined blood pH, plasma hypoxanthine (Hx) and intraerythrocyte ATP (iATP) concentrations in umbilical cord blood from 20 normal newborn infants (10 delivered by the vaginal route and 10 by caesarean section) and in 18 newborns with clinical signs of perinatal asphyxia (9 with meconium stained amniotic fluid and 9 with fetal bradycardia). Blood pH was significantly lower in infants with clinical signs of perinatal asphyxia (p less than 0.01). Four newborns with meconium or bradycardia had pH values within normal control levels. Hx concentrations were lower in infants delivered by caesarean section with respect to normal infants born by the vaginal route (p less than 0.05). Newborns with meconium or fetal bradycardia showed Hx concentrations higher than normal newborns (p less than 0.01), but 2 infants with signs of perinatal hypoxia had Hx levels within the normal newborn range. All babies with meconium or bradycardia had an iATP concentration lower than control infants (p less than 0.01). These results indicate that: the pH and Hx determinations in the newborn may underestimate hypoxia and, that measurement of iATP may be useful parameters to asses perinatal hypoxia.
No preview · Article · Aug 1989 · Anales espanoles de pediatria
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acquired hemophilia (idiopathic or secondary) is an uncommon clinical condition. A 70-year-old male had a severe hemorrhagic disorder, and an IgG inhibitor of the factor VIII:C was detected in plasma. During the acute phase he was treated with packed red blood cells, frozen fresh plasma and polyvalent immunoglobulins. The hemorrhagic features subsided but the circulating anticoagulant persisted. The administration of an activated prothrombin complex permitted to make the diagnosis of the underlying disease, a highly malignant T type lymphoma. During the treatment with corticosteroids and polychemotherapy the inhibitor activity disappeared.
No preview · Article · Jul 1989 · Medicina Clínica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The transfer of purines through the hematoencephalic barrier is poorly understood. Allopurinol inhibits the enzyme xanthine oxidase and increases xanthine and hypoxanthine plasma levels, but it should not increase the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of these purines owing to the absence of xanthine oxidase in the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study we evaluated the plasma and CSF concentrations of uric acid, hypoxanthine, xanthine and inosine in the baseline state and after 7 days of allopurinol administration (5-10 mg/kg/24 h) in 4 patients with hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency. The CSF uric acid level was positively correlated with its plasma level (r = 0.93, p less than 0.01). The CSF hypoxanthine and xanthine concentrations were, as a mean, 5 and 2 times higher, respectively, in patients with HPRT deficiency than in 4 control individuals. As hypoxanthine basically comes from adenine nucleotides, while xanthine comes from guanine nucleotides, this finding suggests that in the CNS of patients with HPRT deficiency there is a higher degradation level of adenine nucleotides than of guanine nucleotides. Allopurinol increased plasma concentration of hypoxanthine, xanthine and inosine 4, 10 and 3 times, respectively, in relation to baseline values. In CSF, the mean increase of hypoxanthine and xanthine concentration was 17.5 mumol and 7.7 mumol, respectively, whereas inosine level was unchanged. These results suggest that in HPRT deficiency hypoxanthine and xanthine may be transferred to the brain.
No preview · Article · Mar 1989 · Medicina Clínica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pyrazinamide and probenecid tests were used to study the renal mechanisms for urate excretion in 10 normal subjects in the state of low serum uric acid levels (below 3.5 mg/dl), normal serum urate concentrations (between 3.6 and 6.4 mg/dl) and high serum uric acid levels (above 6.5 mg/dl). Presecretory reabsorption of urate was above 99% in all three conditions of uricemia, indicating that filtered urate is nearly completely reabsorbed in the proximal tubule regardless of serum uric acid concentrations. Urate secretion was significantly higher and postsecretory reabsorption was significantly lower when serum uric acid was raised than when serum urate levels were normal or low. The findings indicate that both urate secretion and postsecretory reabsorption play a role in urate homeostasis in states of hyperuricemia.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This report concerns the analysis of 100 cases of fever of unknown origin, defined according to the criteria of Petersdorf and Beeson. An etiological diagnosis could be reached in 77 cases, distributed as follows: infections, 32 cases; tumors, 14 cases; collagen diseases, 13 cases; various etiologies, 18 cases; and idiopathic, 23 cases of whom 20 had selflimited fever. There were 51 male and 49 female. The incidence of infectious diseases was significantly higher below age 40 when compared with the group of collagen diseases. Recurrent fever was common (43 cases) while continuous fever was unusual (3 cases). Recurrent fever was most frequent in neoplastic diseases, the difference in relation to the other groups being statistically significant (p less than 0.05). Chills, diffuse perspiration and myalgia were more frequent in infectious diseases (p less than 0.01) than in the other groups. Collagen diseases had significantly higher (p less than 0.05) white blood cell counts than neoplastic diseases, while the latter had significantly higher (p less than 0.01) serum lactic-dehydrogenase and alpha 2 globulin levels than infectious and collagen diseases. Hepatosplenomegaly was present more frequently in neoplastic than in infectious diseases. When evaluating diagnostic procedures it was noted that invasive techniques (arteriography, biopsy, laparoscopy, laparotomy) were essential to arrive to the final diagnosis in 47 cases, while noninvasive procedures (serological and immunological tests, bacteriology, conventional radiology, clinical course, and response to therapy) were sufficient in 22 cases. In eight cases the etiology of the fever could only be determined by post-mortem examination.
No preview · Article · Feb 1981 · Medicina Clínica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Out of 23 cases with a final diagnosis of idiopathic fever, 20 had self-limited fever with complete resolution. Comparing the cases of self-limited fever with other groups of patients with fever of unknown origin, the following differences were apparent: compared with tumoral and collagen diseases, self-limited fever occurred more frequently below age 40, the difference being significant (p less than 0.01). Chills occurred more frequently in self-limited fever than in tumoral and collagen diseases, while the incidence was similar in infectious diseases. Infectious, tumoral and collagen diseases presented with significantly greater weight loss (p less than 0.01) than self-limited fever. A greater incidence of hepatosplenomegaly was noted in self-limited fever than in infectious diseases. Hemoglobin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were significantly higher in self-limited fever than in the other illnesses. The NBT test was positive, with a reduction superior to 30% in the six cases in whom it was performed. In nine cases various invasive procedures were utilized: radiology, biopsy, laparoscopy (two cases), and laparotomy (one case). The data on the present series of self-limited idiopathic fever support an infectious origin of the disease because of the following: absence of an age difference with the group with a demonstrated infectious cause; fever of less than two months duration in most cases; presence of chills and less incidence of weight loss, anemia, and elevated ESR in relation to the other groups of fever of unknown origin; a positive NBT test; and spontaneous evolution to complete resolution of the disease.
No preview · Article · Feb 1981 · Medicina Clínica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Clinical manifestations and immunological characteristics in a series of 15 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and renal involvement are presented. These findings have been correlated to different pathologic lesions and compared to another series of patients without renal involvement. The overall rate of renal involvement was 25 percent, with ages ranging from 14 to 47 years. A female predominance was noticed. Histopathologic findings were as follows: focal glomerulonephritis (five cases), and minimal changes (one case). Under a histological glomerulonephritis (two cases); membranous glomerulonephritis (one case), and minimal change (one case). Under a histological standpoint the earliest lesions had the worse prognosis. Patients with diffuse glomerulonephritis showed a high degree of renal function impairment. Urinary infection was present in half of the cases. A significant hyperlipidemia was found in patients with nephrosis. Proteinuria and abnormal urinary sediment were common findings in all histologic types. Antinuclear antibodies, were positive in 14 cases, with statistical significant high titres in diffuse glomerulonephritis. Serum immunoglobulins IgG and IgA were elevated. Decrease of serum complement levels (C3, C4, C3PA and C5) were found in patients with renal involvement.
No preview · Article · Nov 1980 · Medicina Clínica