Anna Lenarczyk

Śląskie Centrum Chorób Serca, Hindenburg, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (7)6.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency current ablation (RFCA) is a safe and efficient method of treatment in adult patients with symptomatic arrhythmias. Recently RFCA is being also used in the treatment of children with cardiac arrhythmias, however its value in this set of patients is poorly documented. Aims of our study were to assess the feasibility and safety of RFCA procedures in children with symptomatic supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, and to identify the parameters which influence the probability of acute success and RFCA course. Consecutive 110 patients aged less than 18, who underwent RFCA due to the symptomatic arrhythmias at our center were included into a retrospective analysis. The patients presented mainly with the preexcitation syndrome (57%), 13.6% had ectopic ventricular arrhythmias, in 17.3% nodal reentrant tachycardia, in 8.2% intraatrial reentry tachycardia (IART), whereas in 5.4% ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) was diagnosed. Three patients had multiple arrhythmias. In ten subjects congenital heart defect was diagnosed in the past, which was treated surgically in 8. Analyzed parameters included: RFCA success-rate, procedure duration, fluoroscopy-time, perioperative complications and arrhythmia recurrence-rate during 6 months follow-up. Ablation was successful in 101 (91.8%) patients and abolished 104 out of 113 (92%) treated arrhythmias. Out of 9 patients with unsuccessful RFCA, three had congenital heart defect. Two complications occurred intra-operatively in two patients: in one patient pneumothorax was observed following jugular vein puncture, which resolved spontaneously without the need of drainage, in the second patient transient atrioventricular conduction block occurred during radiofrequency current application. Mean procedure duration in the studied population was 118.9 +/- 46 min, fluoroscopy exposure equaled 22.3 +/- 17min. In twelve patients (10.9%) arrhythmia recurred during the follow-up period. The longest procedure duration was observed in patients with EAT and IART, the longest fluoroscopy-time in subjects with IART, whereas the shortest fluoroscopy was observed in patients with the ventricular ectopic arrhythmias. Success-rates, complications, and recurrence-rates did not differ irrespectively from arrhythmia treated. The only independent predictor of unsuccessful RFCA was the presence of congenital cardiac defect (adjusted OR 0.15, p<0.05). The presence of cardiac defect, procedure performed without electroanatomic mapping system and less experienced operators were the parameters associated with longer fluoroscopic exposure. Radiofrequency current ablation is a safe and efficient method of treatment in children with arrhythmias. The presence of congenital heart defect was a factor influencing unfavorably the probability of successful RFCA. Procedural course was related to the experience of electrophysiology team, the use of advanced mapping systems and presence of cardiac defect.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Przegla̧d lekarski
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to present our own experience related to frequency of symptomatic tachy- and bradyarrhythmias in patients after transcatheter closure of interatrial defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) using Amplatzer plugs. Transcatheter closure of interatrial communications with Amplatzer devices was carried out on 739 patients in our center. Only patients with new symptomatic arrhythmias (who required pharmacotherapy, cardioversion or pacemaker implantation) were included in to the study. All patients who had had arrhythmias prior to ASD closure, such as supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) or atrial flutter/fibrillation (AF), were excluded. New tachy- and bradyarrhythmias after implantation of Amplatzer devices were observed in 11 patients (1.5%). There were 9 patients (mean age 36.7 years) with atrial tachyarrhythmias (AF in 8 and SVT in 1 patients), which occurred between the first day and 3 months after implantation. Seven patients were treated initially by pharmacotherapy; in 2 of them sinus rhythm returned just after cardioversion. In other 2 patients cardioversion was performed as an initial therapy. In none of these patients, but one recurrence of tachycardia was observed; however, 7 of them had pharmacotherapy prolonged up to 1 year. In 2 patients, aged 15 and 16, complete atrioventricular (AV) block was observed 4.3 and 1.5 years after Amplatzer implantation, respectively. In the first patient intermittent second-degree AV block (Mobitz II) was observed before ASD closure. In both patients, a DDDR pacemaker was implanted. Transcatheter closure of ASD using Amplatzer devices is associated with a risk of new atrial tachyarrhythmias (usually early after the procedure and in older patients). The risk of conduction disturbances such as complete heart block, which can occur in late followup, is low. Thence, close long-term follow-up of these patients is obligatory.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Cardiology journal
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    ABSTRACT: Export Date: 24 July 2012, Source: Scopus
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Polski Przeglad Kardiologiczny
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    ABSTRACT: Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) is the most common tachycardia, accounting for 70% of regular narrow-QRS arrhythmias in children. Because of the potential disadvantages of a life-long drug therapy and relatively favourable results from radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) therapy in adults, the indications for ablation therapy in children with preexcitation syndrome (PS) need to be considered. To assess efficacy and safety of RFCA in children and adolescents with PS. The study population consisted of 302 consecutive, symptomatic, drug-refractory patients with PS undergoing RFCA. Two age groups were selected: 52 patients younger than 19 years (24 females, age 15.38+/-2.53 years); and 250 adults (115 females, age 38.67+/-13.1 years). In all study patients electrophysiological study and radiofrequency catheter ablation were performed. Comparative analysis between groups was performed with respect to procedure duration, fluoroscopy exposure time, location of accessory pathways (AP), success rate, recurrences and complications. No significant differences between the groups were noted with respect to procedure duration and exposure time. Success and recurrence rates did not differ between the two-age groups. The mean procedure time for children was 124.12+/-43.48 min (range 45-285) and for adults - 126.3+/-61.49 min (range 25-330) (NS). The mean fluoroscopy time for children was 27.95+/-16.86 min (range 4-75) and for adults - 31.27+/-25.51 min (range 1-131) (NS). The initial RF ablation procedure was successful in 48 (92.31%) children and in 233 (93.2%) adults (NS). Recurrence rate was 12.5% (6 patients) in children vs. 8.58% (20 patients) in adults (NS). In one child (1.92%) and in two adult patients (0.8%) serious complication occurred (NS). Electrophysiological study revealed significantly more frequent presence of the right free wall and right antero-septal AP in children than in adults (21.15 vs. 7.6%, and 17.31 vs. 5.2%, respectively, p <0.01). In adults more frequent left antero-lateral AP was detected: 32.4 vs. 7.69%, p <0.01. Radiofrequency catheter ablation is a safe and efficient procedure in paediatric patients with preexcitation syndrome. Effectiveness, safety, recurrence rate and RFCA procedural aspects, including total procedure time and fluoroscopy time, are comparable in paediatric patients with PS and in adults.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Kardiologia polska
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) in patients with preexcitation syndrome (PS) is the main cause of paroxysmal regular arrhythmias in children and adolescents. While the previously published data most commonly concern clinical consequences of PS in adults, few researchers have evaluated the problem in children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical course of PS between the population of children and adolescents below 19 years of age and the population of adult patients. Method: The study population consisted of 302 consecutive PS patients managed between January 2001 and June 2005 with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 consisting of 52 patients aged 15.38 years on average (7-18 +/- +/- 2.53) and Group 2 consisting of 250 adult patients aged 38.67 years on average (19-72 +/- 13.1). Results: Patients from Groups 1 and 2 experienced their first episode of AVRT at the mean age of 13.3 years and 29.1 years, respectively (p < 0.05). The mean annual numbers of AVRT episodes in Groups 1 and 2 were 12.97 (range, 2-96; median, 8) and 8.86 (range, 2-25; median, 6), respectively (p = non-significant). Two patients from Group 1 (3.85%) and 42 patients from Group 2 (16.8%) experienced episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF) (p < 0.05). Location of the accessory pathways (AP): In Group 1, the right free wall and anteroseptal AP locations were significantly more common [11 (21.15%) and 9 (17.31%) patients, respectively, vs.q 19 (7.6%) and 13 (5.2%) patients in Group 2; p < 0.01]. In Group 2, the left anterolateral AP location was more common [81 (32.4%) vs. 4 (7.69%) in Group 1; p < 0.01]. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with PS, a significantly lower incidence of AF was found. In Group 1, RFCA was performed significantly more frequently due to the development of AVRT caused by right free wall and right anteroseptal AP, while in the group of adults, the left anterolateral AP location was found more commonly. (Cardiol J 2007; 14: 384-390).
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Cardiology journal
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of a neonate who developed cardiogenic shock 24 days after birth. Echocardiography revealed congenital anomaly--isolated non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium. Medical treatment was effective. The whole clinical presentation suggests the Barth syndrome. The diagnosis and treatment of this condition are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Kardiologia polska
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    Full-text · Article · Dec 2003 · Europace