Job van der Palen

University of Twente, Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands

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Publications (262)911.96 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and Aims Individuals with mild or borderline intellectual disability (MBID) are at risk of substance use (SU). At present, it is unclear which strategy is the best for assessing SU in individuals with MBID. This study compares three strategies, namely self-report, collateral-report, and biomarker analysis. Methods and Procedures In a sample of 112 participants with MBID from six Dutch facilities providing care to individuals with intellectual disabilities, willingness to participate, SU rates, and agreement between the three strategies were explored. The Substance use and misuse in Intellectual Disability -Questionnaire (SumID-Q; self-report) assesses lifetime use, use in the previous month, and recent use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, and stimulants. The Substance use and misuse in Intellectual Disability - Collateral-report questionnaire (SumID-CR; collateral-report) assesses staff members' report of participants' SU over the same reference periods as the SumID-Q. Biomarkers for SU, such as cotinine (metabolite of nicotine), ethanol, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and its metabolite THC-COOH, benzoylecgonine (metabolite of cocaine), and amphetamines were assessed in urine, hair, and sweat patches. Results Willingness to provide biomarker samples was significantly lower compared to willingness to complete the SumID-Q (p < .001). Most participants reported smoking, drinking alcohol, and using cannabis at least once in their lives, and about a fifth had ever used stimulants. Collateral-reported lifetime use was significantly lower. However, self-reported past month and recent SU rates did not differ significantly from the rates from collateral-reports or biomarkers, with the exception of lower alcohol use rates found in biomarker analysis. The agreement between self-report and biomarker analysis was substantial (kappas .60 - .89), except for alcohol use (kappa .06). Disagreement between SumID-Q and biomarkers concerned mainly over-reporting of the SumID-Q. The agreement between SumID-CR and biomarker analysis was moderate to substantial (kappas .48 - .88), again with the exception of alcohol (kappa .02). Conclusions and Implications In this study, the three strategies that were used to assess SU in individuals with MBID differed significantly in participation rates, but not in SU rates. Several explanations for the better-than-expected performance of self- and collateral-reports are presented. We conclude that for individuals with MBID, self-report combined with collateral-report can be used to assess current SU, and this combination may contribute to collaborative, early intervention efforts to reduce SU and its related harms in this vulnerable group.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · Research in Developmental Disabilities
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several composite markers have been proposed for risk assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, choice of parameters and score complexity restrict clinical applicability. Our aim was to provide and validate a simplified COPD risk index independent of lung function.The PROMISE study (n=530) was used to develop a novel prognostic index. Index performance was assessed regarding 2-year COPD-related mortality and all-cause mortality. External validity was tested in stable and exacerbated COPD patients in the ProCOLD, COCOMICS and COMIC cohorts (total n=2988).Using a mixed clinical and statistical approach, body mass index (B), severe acute exacerbations of COPD frequency (AE), modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea severity (D) and copeptin (C) were identified as the most suitable simplified marker combination. 0, 1 or 2 points were assigned to each parameter and totalled to B-AE-D or B-AE-D-C. It was observed that B-AE-D and B-AE-D-C were at least as good as BODE (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnoea, exercise capacity), ADO (age, dyspnoea, airflow obstruction) and DOSE (dyspnoea, obstruction, smoking, exacerbation) indices for predicting 2-year all-cause mortality (c-statistic: 0.74, 0.77, 0.69, 0.72 and 0.63, respectively; Hosmer-Lemeshow test all p>0.05). Both indices were COPD specific (c-statistic for predicting COPD-related 2-year mortality: 0.87 and 0.89, respectively). External validation of B-AE-D was performed in COCOMICS and COMIC (c-statistic for 1-year all-cause mortality: 0.68 and 0.74; c-statistic for 2-year all-cause mortality: 0.65 and 0.67; Hosmer-Lemeshow test all p>0.05).The B-AE-D index, plus copeptin if available, allows a simple and accurate assessment of COPD-related risk.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · European Respiratory Journal
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    Full-text · Dataset · Apr 2016
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is an urgent need for consensus on what defines a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management intervention. We aimed to obtain consensus regarding the conceptual definition of a COPD self-management intervention by engaging an international panel of COPD self-management experts using Delphi technique features and an additional group meeting.In each consensus round the experts were asked to provide feedback on the proposed definition and to score their level of agreement (1=totally disagree; 5=totally agree). The information provided was used to modify the definition for the next consensus round. Thematic analysis was used for free text responses and descriptive statistics were used for agreement scores.In total, 28 experts participated. The consensus round response rate varied randomly over the five rounds (ranging from 48% (n=13) to 85% (n=23)), and mean definition agreement scores increased from 3.8 (round 1) to 4.8 (round 5) with an increasing percentage of experts allocating the highest score of 5 (round 1: 14% (n=3); round 5: 83% (n=19)).In this study we reached consensus regarding a conceptual definition of what should be a COPD self-management intervention, clarifying the requisites for such an intervention. Operationalisation of this conceptual definition in the near future will be an essential next step.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2016 · European Respiratory Journal
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The safety and tolerability of nebulized amoxicillin clavulanic acid were determined in patients with stable COPD and during severe exacerbations of COPD. Nine stable COPD patients received doses ranging from 50:10 mg up to 300:60 mg amoxicillin clavulanic acid and eight patients hospitalised for a COPD exacerbation received fixed doses 200/40 mg twice daily. Safety was evaluated by spirometry before and after inhalation. Tolerability was evaluated by questionnaire. Plasma and expectorated sputum samples were assayed for amoxicillin content. Seventeen patients underwent in total 100 nebulizations with amoxicillin clavulanic acid. In this safety and tolerability study no clinically relevant deteriorations in FEV1 were observed. Nebulized amoxicillin clavulanic acid produces sputum concentrations well above the Minimal Inhibiting Concentration of 90% for potential pathogenic micro-organisms, with low concentrations in the central compartment (low systemic exposure). Based on spirometry and reported side effects, inhalation of nebulized amoxicillin clavulanic acid seems to be safe and well tolerated, both in stable patients with COPD as in those experiencing a severe exacerbation. Levels of amoxicillin were adequate.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · COPD Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the influence of type of inhalation device on medication adherence of COPD patients. Methods: Adherence to inhalation medication of 795 patients was recorded from pharmacy records over 3 years. It was expressed as percentage and deemed good at ≥75-≤125%, sub-optimal ≥50-<75%, and poor <50% (underuse) or >125% (overuse). Since most patients used more than one device, 1379 medication periods were analyzed. Results: Patients using a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) or Diskus had a 2.3-fold and 2.2-fold increased risk, respectively, of suboptimal adherence versus good adherence, compared to Handihaler and a 2.1-fold and 2.2-fold increased risk, respectively, of underuse versus good adherence compared to Handihaler. Turbuhaler, MDI, Respimat had a 7.9-fold, 3.5-fold, and 2.0-fold increased risk, of overuse versus good adherence compared to Handihaler. Conclusions: In COPD, adherence to inhalation medication is device-related. Overuse was most pronounced for devices without a dose counter, devices with the ability to load a dosage without actual inhalation, or devices lacking feedback of correct inhalation. The design of the device seems to be related to underuse and overuse of inhaled medication. Future research might investigate whether prescribing a different device with similar medication improves therapy adherence.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and objective: Long-term effectiveness of action plans in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is minimally investigated. We have evaluated the (cost-)effectiveness of a self-management programme with or without self-treatment of exacerbations after 2 years follow-up. Methods: Self-management with or without self-treatment of exacerbations was randomly assigned to patients. All patients participated in four self-management meetings. Patients in the self-treatment group (STG) also learned to use an action plan to start a course of prednisolone and/or antibiotics in case of worsening of symptoms. Primary outcome was the duration and severity of exacerbations. Results: Data of 70 COPD patients in the STG and 72 patients in the control group (CG) were analysed. Over 2 years, the median number of exacerbation days was significantly lower in the STG (50, IQR: 32-115) compared with the CG (82, IQR: 22-186) (P = 0.047), as was the mean symptom score of an exacerbation (STG: 43.4, IQR 27.2-68.6 vs CG: 55.9, IQR: 31.2-96.8) (P = 0.029). Also, patients in the STG visited the respiratory physician and emergency department less frequently than patients in the CG with incidence rate ratios of 1.52 (95% CI: 1.28-1.79) and 2.27 (95% CI: 1.11-4.62), respectively. Direct medical costs per patient over 2 years were €1078 lower in the STG. Conclusion: Self-treatment of exacerbations is beneficial in COPD patients without significant comorbidities because it reduces exacerbation duration, exacerbation severity and health-care utilization leading to considerable cost savings.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Respirology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Information regarding cost-effectiveness of community-based exercise programmes in COPD is scarce. Therefore, we have investigated whether a community-based exercise programme is a cost-effective component of self-management for patients with COPD after 2 years of follow-up. Methods: All included COPD patients participated in four self-management sessions. Additionally, patients in the COPE-active group participated in an 11-month community-based exercise programme led by physiotherapists. Patients trained 3 times/week for 6 months and two times/week during the subsequent 5 months. In both periods, one of these weekly training sessions was home-based (unsupervised). No formal physiotherapy sessions were offered to COPE-active patients in the second year. A decision analytical model with a 24-month perspective was used to evaluate cost-effectiveness. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were calculated and cost-effectiveness planes were created. Results: Data of 77 patients participating in the exercise programme and 76 patients in the control group were analysed. The ICER for an additional patient prevented from deteriorating at least 47.5 meters on the ISWT was €6257. The ICER for an additional patient with a clinically relevant improvement (≥ 500 steps/day) in physical activity was €1564, and the ICER for an additional quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was €10 950. Conclusion: Due to a lack of maintenance of beneficial effects on our primary outcome exercise capacity after 2 years of follow-up and higher costs of the programme, the community-based exercise programme cannot be considered cost-effective compared to self-management programmes only. Nevertheless, the ICERs for the secondary outcomes physical activity and QALY are generally considered acceptable.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · COPD Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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    Muirne C. S. Paap · Lukas Lange · Job van der Palen · Christina Bode
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the experiences of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) while they were completing the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire for COPD patients (SGRQ-C), using qualitative research methods. Methods: Twenty Dutch COPD patients were recruited through pulmonary physicians [13 women; mean age = 63.3 years (SD = 11.4)]. A trained interviewer applied the Three-Step Test Interview which allowed the interviewer to follow the thought process of the patient filling out the SGRQ-C. The official Dutch translation of the SGRQ-C was used. Results: Patients missed a recall period for the Symptoms subscale; were uncertain how to interpret specific words and phrases like "good days", "games", and "housework"; were confused by long-item stems that included a list of activities; and were frustrated by the dichotomous format used for the majority of SGRQ-C items (true/false). Conclusions: Overall, patients were satisfied with the SGRQ-C. Nevertheless, making minor adjustments could further increase its quality. This includes reintroducing a recall period in the first set of items such as used in the previous version and splitting up items consisting of multiple activities. Furthermore, we recommend using the same response format (4 or 5 response categories) for all items.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Quality of Life Research
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Study objectives: To develop and evaluate a screening questionnaire and a two-step screening strategy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in healthy workers. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting and participants: A total of 1,861 employees comprising healthy blue- and white-collar workers in two representative plants in the Netherlands from a worldwide consumer electronic company were approached to participate. Interventions: Employees were invited to complete various sleep questionnaires, and undergo separate single nasal flow recording and home polysomnography on 2 separate nights. Measurements and results: Of the 1,861 employees, 249 provided informed consent and all nasal flow and polysomnography data were available from 176 (70.7%). OSAS was diagnosed in 65 (36.9%). A combination of age, absence of insomnia, witnessed breathing stops, and three-way scoring of the Berlin and STOPBANG questionnaires best predicted OSAS. Factor analysis identified a six-factor structure of the resulting new questionnaire: snoring, snoring severity, tiredness, witnessed apneas, sleep quality, and daytime well-being. Subsequently, some questions were removed, and the remaining questions were used to construct a new questionnaire. A scoring algorithm, computing individual probabilities of OSAS as high, intermediate, or low risk, was developed. Subsequently, the intermediate risk group was split into low and high probability for OSAS, based on nasal flow recording. This two-step approach showed a sensitivity of 63.1%, and a specificity of 90.1%. Specificity is important for low prevalence populations. Conclusion: A two-step screening strategy with a new questionnaire and subsequent nasal flow recording is a promising way to screen for OSAS in a healthy worker population. Trial registration: Development and validation of a screening instrument for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in healthy workers. Netherlands Trial Register (, number: NTR2675.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of clinical sleep medicine: JCSM: official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of first degree relative (FDR) of young breast cancer patients. Methods: Data were used from our prospective population-based cohort study which started in 1983. The family history (FH) was registered with regard to FDR: the presence or absence of invasive breast cancer in none vs. one or more FDRs at any age. Results: A total of 1109 women, ≤50 years with 1128 breast conserving treatments was seen. The incidence of FDR was 17.0% for one FDR and 3.2% ≥2 FDR. The three groups, none, 1 or ≥2 FDR, were comparable. The local failure rate is comparable for all three groups. Women with a positive FH and metachronous bilateral breast cancer (MBBC) showed a lower local failure (HR 0.2; 95% CI 0.05-0.8). A positive FH was an independent predictor for a better disease-specific survival (HR 0.6; 95% CI 0.4-0.9). Conclusion: A positive FH, based on FDR implies a better prognosis in relation to survival for young women treated with BCT. In contrast to no FH for FDR, MBBC in women with a positive FH was not associated with an increased risk of local recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Physical inactivity and overweight are risk factors for postmenopausal breast cancer. The effect of physical activity may be partially mediated by concordant weight loss. We studied the effect on serum sex hormones, which are known to be associated with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, that is attributable to exercise by comparing randomly obtained equivalent weight loss by following a hypocaloric diet only or mainly by exercise. Overweight, insufficiently active women were randomised to a diet (N = 97), mainly exercise (N = 98) or control group (N = 48). The goal of both interventions was to achieve 5-6 kg of weight loss by following a calorie-restricted diet or an intensive exercise programme combined with only a small caloric restriction. Primary outcomes after 16 weeks were serum sex hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). Body fat and lean mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Both the diet (-4.9 kg) and mainly exercise (-5.5 kg) groups achieved the target weight loss. Loss of body fat was significantly greater with exercise versus diet (difference -1.4 kg, P < 0.001). In the mainly exercise arm, the reduction in free testosterone was statistically significantly greater than that of the diet arm (treatment effect ratio [TER] 0.92, P = 0.043), and the results were suggestive of a difference for androstenedione (TER 0.90, P = 0.064) and SHBG (TER 1.05, P = 0.070). Compared with the control arm, beneficial effects were seen with both interventions, diet and mainly exercise, respectively, on oestradiol (TER 0.86, P = 0.025; TER 0.83, P = 0.007), free oestradiol (TER 0.80, P = 0.002; TER 0.77, P < 0.001), SHBG (TER 1.14; TER 1.21, both P < 0.001) and free testosterone (TER 0.91, P = 0.069; TER = 0.84, P = 0.001). After adjustment for changes in body fat, intervention effects attenuated or disappeared. Weight loss with both interventions resulted in favourable effects on serum sex hormones, which have been shown to be associated with a decrease in postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Weight loss induced mainly by exercise additionally resulted in maintenance of lean mass, greater fitness, greater fat loss and a larger effect on (some) sex hormones. The greater fat loss likely explains the observed larger effects on sex hormones. identifier: NCT01511276 . Registered on 12 January 2012.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Breast cancer research: BCR
  • No preview · Conference Paper · Sep 2015
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · European Respiratory Journal
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · European Respiratory Journal
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · European Respiratory Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhaling medication in a standard body posture leads to impaction of particles in the sharp angle of the upper airway. Stretching the upper airway by extending the neck in a forward leaning body posture may improve pulmonary deposition. A single dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) offers acute, but moderate protection against exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). This study investigated whether inhaling a single dose of ICS in a forward leaning posture improves this protection against EIB. 32 Asthmatic children, 5-16 years, with EIB (Median fall in FEV1 or FEV0.5 30.9%) performed two exercise challenge tests (ECT's) with spirometry in a single blinded cross-over trial design. Children inhaled a single dose of 200 μg beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) 4 h before the ECT, once in the standard posture and once with the neck extended in a forward leaning posture. Spirometry was also performed before the inhalation of the single dose of BDP. Inhalation of BDP in both body postures provided similar protection against EIB (fall in FEV1 or FEV0.1 in standard posture 16.7%; in forward leaning posture 15.1%, p = 0.83). Inhaling ICS in a forward leaning posture significantly delayed EIB compared to inhaling in the standard posture (respectively 2.5 min ± 1.0 min vs. 1.6 min ± 0.8 min; difference 0.9 min (95CI 0.25; 1.44 min); p = 0.01). Inhalation of a single dose BDP in both the forward leaning posture and the standard posture provided effective and similar protection against EIB in asthmatic children, but the forward leaning posture resulted in a delay of EIB. NTR3432 ( Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Respiratory medicine
  • J J Jobsen · J van der Palen · F Ong · S Riemersma · H Struikmans
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were twofold: to analyze the incidence of patients having synchronous or metachronous bilateral invasive breast cancer (SBBC and MBBC) and to assess the characteristics and outcome compared to those having unilateral breast cancer (UBC). The used data were obtained from our prospective population-based cohort study which had been started in 1983. Bilateral breast cancer (BBC) was categorized as SBBC (≤3 months of the first primary) or MBBC (>3 months after the first primary). The incidence of SBBC was 1 % and that of MBBC 7.0 %. Patients with UBC showed more ductal carcinoma compared to patients with BBC. MBBC status was an independent significant predictor of local failure (HR 1.9; 95 % CI 1.3-2.7). SBBC status was an independent predictor of distant metastases (HR 2.6; 95 % CI 1.4-4.5). Overall survival (OS) was better for MBBC (HR 0.6; 95 % CI 0.4-0.8) and worse for SBBC (HR 2.3; 95 % CI 1.5-3.6) compared to UBC. We noted: (1) MBBC showed a significant higher local failure compared to UBC, (2) SBBC, compared to MBBC and UBC had a significant higher distant metastases rate, (3) disease-specific survival and OS were significantly worse for SBBC compared to UBC and MBBC, and (4) that the OS for MBBC compared to UBC, was significantly better.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether a double dose of intraarticular triamcinolone acetonide is more effective for knee arthritis than a 40-mg dose. Methods: In this 12-week randomized controlled clinical trial, 40 mg and 80 mg of intraarticular triamcinolone acetonide were compared in patients with knee arthritis. Evaluated variables included a Likert burden scale, visual analog scale pain scale, degree of arthritis activity, presence of swelling, and presence of functional limitation. Results: Ninety-seven patients were randomized. No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding any outcomes. Conclusion: An 80-mg dose of triamcinolone acetonide had no additional benefit compared with 40 mg as treatment for knee arthritis. Trial registration: Nederlands Trial Register; trial registration number: NTR2298.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Journal of Rheumatology

Publication Stats

4k Citations
911.96 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2015
    • University of Twente
      • Department of Research Methodology, Measurement and Data Analysis (OMD)
      Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands
    • Saxion University of Applied Sciences
      Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands
  • 1997-2015
    • Medisch Spectrum Twente
      • • Medical School Twente
      • • Pulmonary Medicine
      • • Cardiology Department
      • • Hospital Medical Spectrum Twente
      • • Radiotherapy Department
      Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands