Pablo Herrero

Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain

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Publications (57)171.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between BMI and outcome of acute heart failure (AHF). Methods: We carried out a secondary analysis of the Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in Emergency department Registry (prospective, multicenter registry following a cohort of AHF patients from 34 Spanish emergency departments). Follow-up was at 3 months and 1 year after enrolment over the telephone and included medical history review. We analyzed revisits to the emergency department and death in relation to BMI. Significant differences were analyzed using proportional risk models including data on demographic variables, basal status, the acute episode, and patient outcome. Results: We included 1562 patients: low weight 1.3%, normal weight 26.1%, overweight 45.3%, obese 24.3%, and morbidly obese 3.1%. BMI was inversely associated with mortality (P<0.001) but not with revisit (P=0.70). Compared with patients with normal weight, the proportional risk of death among patients with low weight was increased [hazard ratio (HR) 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95-3.23], being reduced in overweight, obese and morbidly obese patients (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.89; HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.58-0.96; and HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.20-0.85, respectively). These differences disappeared after adjusting the model for confounding factors and other predictive variables of mortality. Conclusion: BMI seems to be related to AHF and death, although this relationship disappeared on considering other prognostic factors and confounding variables. This finding limits the use of BMI by emergency physicians when estimating the risk of emergency department reconsultation or death in AHF patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Journal of Emergency Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectives: Prognostic scales are needed in acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure to detect early mortality. The objective of this study is to create a prognostic scale (scale EAHFE-3D) to stratify the risk of death the very short term. Patients and method: We used the EAHFE database, a multipurpose, multicenter registry with prospective follow-up currently including 6,597 patients with acute heart failure attended at 34 Spanish Emergency Departments from 2007 to 2014. The following variables were collected: demographic, personal history, data of acute episode and 3-day mortality. The derivation cohort included patients recruited during 2009 and 2011 EAHFE registry spots (n=3,640). The classifying variable was all-cause 3-day mortality. A prognostic scale (3D-EAHFE scale) with the results of the multivariate analysis based on the weight of the OR was created. The 3D-EAHFE scale was validated using the cohort of patients included in 2014 spot (n=2,957). Results: A total of 3,640 patients were used in the derivation cohort and 102 (2.8%) died at 3 days. The final scale contained the following variables (maximum 165 points): age≥75 years (30 points), baseline NYHA III-IV (15 points), systolic blood pressure<110mmHg (20 points), room-air oxygen saturation<90% (30 points), hyponatremia (20 points), inotropic or vasopressor treatment (30 points) and need for noninvasive mechanical ventilation (20 points); with a ROC curve of 0.80 (95% CI 0.76-0.84; P<.001). The validation cohort included 2,957 patients (66 died at 3 days, 2.2%), and the scale obtained a ROC curve of 0.76 (95% CI 0.70-0.82; P<.001). The risk groups consisted of very low risk (0-20 points), low risk (21-40 points), intermediate risk (41-60 points), high risk (61-80 points) and very high risk (>80 points), with a mortality (derivation/validation cohorts) of 0/0.5, 0.8/1.0, 2.9/2.8, 5.5/5.8 and 12.7/22.4%, respectively. Conclusions: EAHFE-3D scale may help to predict the very short term prognosis of patients with acute heart failure in 5 risk groups.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Medicina Intensiva
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    ABSTRACT: Acute heart failure (AHF) requires considerable use of resources, is an economic burden, and is associated with high complication and mortality rates in emergency departments, on hospital wards, or outpatient care settings. Diagnosis, treatment, and continuity of care are variable at present, leading 3 medical associations (for cardiology, internal medicine, and emergency medicine) to undertake discussions and arrive at a consensus on clinical practice guidelines to support those who manage AHF and encourage standardized decision making. These guidelines, based on a review of the literature and clinical experience with AHF, focus on critical points in the care pathway. Regarding emergency care, the expert participants considered the initial evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms that suggest AHF, the initial diagnosis, first decisions about therapy, monitoring, assessment of prognosis, and referral criteria. For care of the hospitalized patient, the group developed a protocol for essential treatment. Objectives for the management and treatment of AHF on discharge were also covered through the creation or improvement of multidisciplinary care systems to provide continuity of care.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Emergencias
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether prioritization of patients with acute heart failure (AHF) in the Andorran Triage Model/Spanish Triage System (MAT/SET) and the Manchester Triage System (MTS) also allows the identification of different profiles of outcome and prognosis and determine whether either system has a better predictive capacity of outcomes. Patients with AHF included in the Spanish EAHFE registry from hospitals using the MAT/SET or MTS were selected and divided according to the triage system used. Outcome variables included hospital admission, length of stay, death during admission, 3, 7, and 30-day all-cause mortality, and emergency department (ED) reconsultation at 30 days. The results were compared according to the level of priority and the triage system used. We included 3837 patients (MAT/SET=2474; MTS=1363) classified as follows: 4.0% level 1; 34.7% level 2; 55.1% level 3; and 6.3% levels 4-5. Both systems associated greater priority with higher rates of admission and mortality; the MTS associated greater priority with greater ED reconsultation and the MAT/SET found greater priority to be associated with less ED reconsultation. The discriminative capacity of the two scales for adverse outcomes was statistically significant, albeit poor, for almost all the outcome events and it was of scarce clinical relevance (Area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic between 0.458 and 0.661). The prediction of the outcome of patients with AHF determined with the MAT/SET or MTS showed scarce differences between the two systems, and their discriminative capacity does not seem to be clinically relevant.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · European Journal of Emergency Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: en representación del Grupo ICA-SEMES Objetivo. Constatar la calidad percibida de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) dados de alta desde urgencias, compararla con la de los ingresados, e investigar las variables asociadas con la calidad percibida. Método. Estudio diseñado prospectivamente, transversal, tipo caso-control, realizado en 7 servicios de urgencias en pacientes consecutivamente diagnosticados de ICA que valoraron mediante encuesta telefónica la atención médica, atención enfermera, trato global y grado de resolución del problema en urgencias. También se solicitó el grado de acuerdo con la decisión de alta directa desde urgencias. Se compararon los pacientes dados de alta e ingresados, y se investigó si estos resultados diferían en función de la existencia de eventos adversos los 30 días siguientes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 1.147 casos y se entrevistaron 1.003 (87,4%): 253 pacientes (25,2%) fueron dados de alta. No hubo diferencias significativas en la valoración que dieron a la asistencia médica, de enfermería, atención global y resolución del problema entre pacientes dados de alta e ingresados. La puntuación global (entre 0 y 10) fue de 7,34 (1,38) y 7,38 (1,52), respectivamente (p = 0,66). Más del 90% estuvieron de acuerdo o muy de acuerdo con la deci-sión de alta. No hubo diferencias de valoración en función de si habían existido acontecimientos adversos posteriores. Conclusiones. Los pacientes con ICA califican bien los distintos componentes de la atención que reciben en urgen-cias, sin diferencias entre pacientes ingresados y dados de alta. Entre estos últimos, su grado de acuerdo con la deci-sión médica de alta es elevado y su valoración se mantiene estable indistintamente de si con posterioridad se produ-cen eventos adversos.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To determine perception of quality of care for acute heart failure (AHF) of patients discharged from the emergency department in comparison with the perception of admitted patients; to explore the variables associated with perception of quality. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional case control study in 7 emergency departments. Consecutive patients diagnosed with AHF were recruited to answer a telephone survey assessing their view of quality of physician care, nurse care, overall treatment, and degree of resolution of their problem in the emergency department. Discharged patients were also asked to state their level of agreement with the decision to send them home from the emergency department. The answers of patients who were discharged home were compared with patients who were admitted to the ward. The results were analyzed according to whether or not adverse events occurred within 30 days. Results. A total of 1147 patients were enrolled and 1003 (87.4%) were interviewed; 253 of the patients (25.2%) were discharged home. We found no significant differences in any of the assessments (on physician or nurse care, overall treatment, or degree of resolution) between patients who were discharged home and those who were admitted. The mean (SD) overall satisfaction assessments (on a scale of 0 to 10) were 7.34 (1.38) and 7.38 (1.52), respectively, in the 2 groups (P=.66). Over 90% of those discharged home agreed with or strongly agreed with the decision. Evaluations were unrelated to whether or not adverse events occurred in the next 30 dyas. Conclusions. Patients with AHF have high opinions of the different components of care received in the emergency department, and their evaluations are unrelated to whether they were admitted or discharged home. Those discharged home agree with the decision and their opinion remains firm regardless of whether adverse events occur later.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Emergencias
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    ABSTRACT: To test how accurate the recently published RELAX-AHF trial was in recruiting real-world patients with acute-decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We compared clinical and outcome data of patients receiving serelaxin in the RELAX-AHF trial (RELAX group, n = 581) with patients included in the EAHFE registry [5497 ADHF from 29 Spanish emergency departments (EDs)]. The EAHFE registry was split into two groups: EAHFE-non-RELAX (patients not fulfilling the RELAX-AHF inclusion criteria; n = 3205, 58.3 %) and EAHFE-RELAX A (patients fulfilling RELAX-AHF inclusion criteria; n = 2292, 41.7 %). The latter group was further refined by also applying exclusion criteria (EAHFE-RELAX B; n = 964, 17.4 %). Both EAHFE-RELAX groups differed from the EAHFE-non-RELAX group in multiple aspects, with the lower the proportion of patients with implantable cardiac defibrillator and with pulmonary diseases the greater the differences found. The RELAX group, compared with the EAHFE-RELAX groups, significantly included fewer females, younger patients, less in NYHA class I/II, less with implantable cardiac defibrillator and on beta-blocker treatment, and patients had lower systolic blood pressure and cardiac and respiratory rates at ED arrival. The EAHFE-RELAX groups had a significantly lower all-cause mortality than EAHFE-non-RELAX group, and qualitative analysis suggested that EAHFE-RELAX groups had a higher mortality than the RELAX group. Patients included in the RELAX-AHF trial showed unanticipated differences when compared with a population from the EAHFE registry fulfilling very similar inclusion and exclusion criteria.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Research in Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the precipitating factors (PF) associated with acute heart failure and their association with medium-term prognosis. Multipurpose prospective study from the EAHFE Registry. We included as PF: infection, rapid atrial fibrillation (RAF), anaemia, hypertensive crisis, non-adherence to diet or drug therapy and non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Patients without PF were control group. Hazard ratios (HR) crudes and adjusted for reconsultations and mortality at 90 days were calculated. 3535 patients were included: 28% without and 72% with PF. Patients with RAF (HR 0.67; 95%CI 0.50-0.89) and hypertensive crisis (HR 0.45; 95%CI 0.28-0.72) had less mortality and patients with NSTEACS (HR 1.79; 95%CI 1.19-2.70) had more mortality. Reconsultation was fewer in patients with infection (HR 0.74; 95%CI 0.64-0.85), RAF (HR 0.69; 95%CI 0.58-0.83) and hypertensive crisis (HR 0.71; 95%CI 0.55-0.91). These differences were maintained in all the adjusted models except for hypertensive crisis. One PF is identified in 3 out of 4 patients and it may influence medium-term prognosis. At 90 days, NSTEACS and RAF were associated with more and less mortality respectively, and RAF and infection with less probability of reconsultation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Medicina Clínica
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To determine perception of quality of care for acute heart failure (AHF) of patients discharged from the emergency department in comparison with the perception of admitted patients; to explore the variables associated with perception of quality. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional case–control study in 7 emergency departments. Consecutive patients diagnosed with AHF were recruited to answer a telephone survey assessing their view of quality of physician care, nurse care, overall treatment, and degree of resolution of their problem in the emergency department. Discharged patients were also asked to state their level of agreement with the decision to send them home from the emergency department. The answers of patients who were discharged home were compared with patients who were admitted to the ward. The results were analyzed according to whether or not adverse events occurred within 30 days. Results. A total of 1147 patients were enrolled and 1003 (87.4%) were interviewed; 253 of the patients (25.2%) were discharged home. We found no significant differences in any of the assessments (on physician or nurse care, overall treatment, or degree of resolution) between patients who were discharged home and those who were admitted. The mean (SD) overall satisfaction assessments (on a scale of 0 to 10) were 7.34 (1.38) and 7.38 (1.52), respectively, in the 2 groups (P=.66). Over 90% of those discharged home agreed with or strongly agreed with the decision. Evaluations were unrelated to whether or not adverse events occurred in the next 30 dyas. Conclusions. Patients with AHF have high opinions of the different components of care received in the emergency department, and their evaluations are unrelated to whether they were admitted or discharged home. Those discharged home agree with the decision and their opinion remains firm regardless of whether adverse events occur later.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objective To study the factors associated with prolonged hospitalization in patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF) in Spanish short-stay units (SSUs). Patients and methods This was a multicentre, multipurpose cohort study with prospective follow-up including all patients admitted for AHF in the 11 SSUs of the EAHFE registry. Demographic data, previous illness, baseline cardiorespiratory and functional status, acute episode and admission and follow up variables at 60 days were recorded. The primary outcome was prolonged hospitalization in the SSU (> 72 h). A logistic regression model was used to control the effects of confounding factors. Results Eight-hundred and nineteen patients were included with a mean age of 80.9 (SD 8.4) years, 483 (59.0%) being women. The median length stay was 3.0 (IQR 2.0-5.0) days with an in-hospital mortality of 2.7%. The independent factors associated with prolonged hospitalization were the coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (odds ratio [OR] 1.56; 95% IC 1.02-2.38; P = .040) and anaemia (OR 1.72; 95% CI 1.21-2.44; P = .002), basal oxygen saturation < 90% on arrival to the Emergency Department (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.51-3.23; P < .001), hypertensive episode as the precipitating factor of the AHF (protective factor OR 0.49; 95% CI 0.26-0.93; P = .028) and admission on Thursday (OR 1.90; 95% CI 1.19-3.05; P = .008). There were no significant differences between both groups regarding to in-hospital mortality (2.4 vs. 3.0%), mortality (4.1 vs. 4.2%) or revisit at 60 days (18.4 vs. 21.6%). Conclusions Several factors including hypertensive episode, insufficiency respiratory, anaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and admission on Thursday should be taken into account in patients with AHF admitted in SSU stay to avoid prolonged hospitalization.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Medicina Clínica

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Annals of Emergency Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: To study the factors associated with prolonged hospitalization in patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF) in Spanish short-stay units (SSUs). This was a multicentre, multipurpose cohort study with prospective follow-up including all patients admitted for AHF in the 11 SSUs of the EAHFE registry. Demographic data, previous illness, baseline cardiorespiratory and functional status, acute episode and admission and follow up variables at 60 days were recorded. The primary outcome was prolonged hospitalization in the SSU (>72h). A logistic regression model was used to control the effects of confounding factors. Eight-hundred and nineteen patients were included with a mean age of 80.9 (SD 8.4) years, 483 (59.0%) being women. The median length stay was 3.0 (IQR 2.0-5.0) days with an in-hospital mortality of 2.7%. The independent factors associated with prolonged hospitalization were the coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (odds ratio [OR] 1.56; 95% IC 1.02-2.38; P=.040) and anaemia (OR 1.72; 95% CI 1.21-2.44; P=.002), basal oxygen saturation<90% on arrival to the Emergency Department (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.51-3.23; P<.001), hypertensive episode as the precipitating factor of the AHF (protective factor OR 0.49; 95% CI 0.26-0.93; P=.028) and admission on Thursday (OR 1.90; 95% CI 1.19-3.05; P=.008). There were no significant differences between both groups regarding to in-hospital mortality (2.4 vs. 3.0%), mortality (4.1 vs. 4.2%) or revisit at 60 days (18.4 vs. 21.6%). Several factors including hypertensive episode, insufficiency respiratory, anaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and admission on Thursday should be taken into account in patients with AHF admitted in SSU stay to avoid prolonged hospitalization.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Medicina Clínica
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    ABSTRACT: Determinar si en función de la edad hay diferencias en el perfil, la clínica, el manejo y los resultados a corto plazo en los pacientes atendidos por insuficiencia cardiaca aguda en los servicios de urgencias españoles.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Revista Espa de Cardiologia
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate possible age-related differences in the profile, clinical symptoms, management, and short-term outcomes of patients seen for acute heart failure in Spanish emergency departments. We performed a multipurpose, multicenter study with prospective follow-up including all patients with acute heart failure attended in 29 Spanish emergency departments. The following variables were collected: demographic, personal history, geriatric syndromes, data of acute episode, discharge destination, in-hospital and 30-day mortality and 30-day revisit. The sample was divided into 4 age groups: <65, 65-74, 75-84, and ≥85 years. We included 5819 patients: 493 (8.5%) were <65 years old, 971 (16.7%) were 65-74 years old, 2407 (41.4%) were 75-84 years old, and 1948 (33.5%) were ≥85 years old; 4424 patients (76.5%) were admitted from the emergency department, 251 of whom (4.5%) died during hospitalization. Statistically significant differences were observed in relation to cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities, geriatric syndromes, clinical presentation, and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures based on an increase in the age of the groups. A statistically significant linear trend was observed between age group and the probability of hospital admission (P<.001), and hospital (P<.001) and 30-day mortality (P<.001). The management of acute heart failure in elderly patients requires a multidimensional approach which goes beyond merely cardiological aspects of treatment.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Revista Espanola de Cardiologia
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To determine prognostic role of NT-proBNP as predictor of 30 day-mortality and readmission in the elderly with acute heart failure (AHF) treated in Spanish Emergency Departments (EDs), and to analyse the confounding factors when the NT-proBNP value is interpreted. Material and methods A multicentre and multi-purpose cohort study with prospective follow-up was conducted on all patients aged 65 years or older with AHF treated in Spanish EDs. The variables recorded include demographic characteristics, comorbidity, details of episode, and NT-proBNP value. The outcome variables were 30 day-mortality and readmission. An NT-proBNP≥5,180 pg/ml was adopted as the cut-off limit. The statistical package SPSS® 18.0 was used to analyse the data. Results A total of 585 patients were included, with a mean age of 80.4 (SD: 6.9) years old. The cut-off NT-proBNP≥5,180 pg/ml was independently associated with a severely impaired glomerular filtration (<30 ml/h) (P<.001) and severe episode (NYHA II-IV) (P=.012). The NT-proBNP area under curve (AUC) for 30 day-mortality was 0.71 (CI95%: 0.63-0.77; P<.001) and for 30 day-readmission, was 0.50 (CI95%: 0.45-0.56; P=.846). A multivariable analysis showed that the cut-off NT-proBNP ≥5,180 pg/ml was an independent factor associated with 30 day-mortality in the elderly with AHF attended in Spanish EDs. Conclusions The NT-proBNP value is associated with short-term mortality in the elderly with AHF attended in the EDs independently of the presence of confounding factors, such as the severity of the episode and glomerular filtration reduction, but not with 30 day-readmission.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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    ABSTRACT: The mainstay of treatment for acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is intravenous diuretic therapy either as a bolus or via continuous infusion. We evaluated the clinical effects and safety of three strategies of intravenous furosemide administration used in emergency departments (EDs) for ADHF. We performed a multicentre, randomised, parallel-group study. Patients with ADHF were randomised within 2 h of ED arrival to receive furosemide by continuous infusion (10 mg/h, group 1) or boluses (20 mg/6 h, group 2; or 20 mg/8 h, group 3). The primary end point was total diuresis, and secondary end points were dyspnoea, orthopnoea, extension of rales and peripheral oedema, blood pressure, respiratory and heart rates, and pulse oximetry, which were measured at arrival and 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after treatment onset. We also measured serum creatinine, sodium and potassium levels at arrival and after 24 h. Group 1 patients (n=36) showed greater 24 h diuresis (3705 mL) than those in groups 2 (n=37) and 3 (n=36) (3093 and 2670 mL, respectively; p<0.01), and this greater diuretic effect was observed earlier. However, no differences were observed among groups in the nine secondary clinical end points evaluated. Creatinine deterioration developed in 15.6% of patients, hyponatraemia in 9.2%, and hypokalaemia in 19.3%, with the only difference among groups observed in hypokalaemia (group 1, 36.3%; group 2, 13.5%; group 3, 8.3%; p<0.01). In patients with ADHF attending the ED, boluses of furosemide have a smaller diuretic effect but provide similar clinical relief, similar preservation of renal function, and a lower incidence of hypokalaemia than continuous infusion. This randomised trial was registered in the European Clinical Trial Database (EudraCT) with the reference number 2008-004488-20.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Emergency Medicine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate whether the addition of copeptin measurement to the first troponin determination allows non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction to be ruled out in patients consulting the emergency department (ED) for nontraumatic chest pain (NTCP) suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) whose first electrocardiogram and troponin determination are nondiagnostic, thereby avoiding a second determination of troponin and shortening ED stay. Methods: We carried out a multicentric, prospective, observational, longitudinal, cohort study. Copeptin and troponin determination was performed on arrival of the patient to the ED. We selected consecutive patients with NTCP of less than 12 h of evolution suggestive of ACS with nondiagnostic electrocardiogram and normal troponin values on arrival to the ED. A second troponin determination was performed at 6 h. The negative predictive values and the global discriminative capacity of copeptin were calculated. Results: We studied 1018 patients (66.4±14.9 years, 62.8% men), 107 (10.5%) having non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction. The negative predictive value of copeptin was 94.2% and was significantly greater in patients older than 70 years of age (95.1 vs. 92.6%; P<0.05), without diabetes mellitus (95.4 vs. 90.4%; P=0.01) and arriving at the ED 6 h after the onset of NTCP (97.8 vs. 93.9%; P<0.01). The area under the copeptin receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.71 (95% confidence interval: 0.65-0.76; P<0.001). Conclusion: The determination of copeptin on arrival to the ED in patients with NTCP suggestive of ACS, in addition to routine troponin determination, does not allow the presence of myocardial infarction to be ruled out quickly and safely and does not avoid ED stay for a second determination of troponin.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · European Journal of Emergency Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine prognostic role of NT-proBNP as predictor of 30 day-mortality and readmission in the elderly with acute heart failure (AHF) treated in Spanish Emergency Departments (EDs), and to analyse the confounding factors when the NT-proBNP value is interpreted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicentre and multi-purpose cohort study with prospective follow-up was conducted on all patients aged 65 years or older with AHF treated in Spanish EDs. The variables recorded include demographic characteristics, comorbidity, details of episode, and NT-proBNP value. The outcome variables were 30 day-mortality and readmission. An NT-proBNP≥5,180pg/ml was adopted as the cut-off limit. The statistical package SPSS(®) 18.0 was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: A total of 585 patients were included, with a mean age of 80.4 (SD: 6.9) years old. The cut-off NT-proBNP≥5,180pg/ml was independently associated with a severely impaired glomerular filtration (<30ml/h) (P<.001) and severe episode (NYHA II-IV) (P=.012). The NT-proBNP area under curve (AUC) for 30 day-mortality was 0.71 (CI95%: 0.63-0.77; P<.001) and for 30 day-readmission, was 0.50 (CI95%: 0.45-0.56; P=.846). A multivariable analysis showed that the cut-off NT-proBNP ≥5,180pg/ml was an independent factor associated with 30 day-mortality in the elderly with AHF attended in Spanish EDs. CONCLUSIONS: The NT-proBNP value is associated with short-term mortality in the elderly with AHF attended in the EDs independently of the presence of confounding factors, such as the severity of the episode and glomerular filtration reduction, but not with 30 day-readmission.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Journal of cardiac failure
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    ABSTRACT: Aims To test the utility of a single copeptin determination at presentation to the emergency department (ED) as a short-term prognosis marker in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). To compare the results with those achieved with conventional troponin. Methods A multicentric, prospective, observational, longitudinal, cohort study involving 15 Spanish EDs. Inclusion: consecutive patients with chest pain (<12 h) finally diagnosed of NSTEACS. Measurements: copeptin and troponin at arrival. Cut-off point for copeptin: 25.9 pmol/l. Follow-up: within 2 months after ED attendance to identify 30-day adverse events. Discriminatory capacity of copeptin and troponin was compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results We included 377 patients with NSTEACS. Adverse events: 11 (2.9%) patients died, 27 (7.2%) had an adverse coronary event, 14 (3.7%) had a stroke, and 48 (12.7%) a composite endpoint. The initial copeptine value was over 25.9 pmol/l in 114 patients, and they presented a higher mortality rate (OR: 4.2, (95% CI 1.2 to 14.8); p=0.03). This association disappeared after adjusting by clinical variables or troponin level. No significant differences were found for the remaining endpoints. The area under the curve of the ROC curve of 30-day mortality was 0.73 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.87) for copeptin, and 0.80 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.87) for troponin. Conclusions In patients with NSTEACS, determination of copeptin at presentation to the ED is associated with risk of death during the subsequent month. This association, however, disappears after adjusting by baseline features or troponin level, so copeptin does not add complementary prognostic information over that provided by troponin.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Emergency Medicine Journal

Publication Stats

269 Citations
171.88 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009-2015
    • Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias
      Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
    • Hospital Clínic de Barcelona
      • Servicio de Urgencias
      Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2009-2013
    • Hospital Clínico San Carlos
      • Servicio de Geriatría
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    • University of Oviedo
      Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
  • 2012
    • Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge
      l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2008-2012
    • Hospital Central de Asturias
      Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
  • 2010
    • IDIBAPS August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain