Publications (3)8.91 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Recent results suggest that bone marrow (BM)-derived hematopoietic cells are major components of tumor stroma and play crucial roles in tumor growth and angiogenesis. An E-type prostaglandin is known to regulate angiogenesis. We examined the role of BM-derived cells expressing an E-type prostaglandin receptor subtype (EP3) in tumor-induced angiogenesis and tumor growth. The replacement of wild-type (WT) BM with BM cells (BMCs) from green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice revealed that the stroma developed via the recruitment of BMCs. Selective knockdown of EP3 by recruitment of genetically modified BMCs lacking EP3 receptors was performed by transplantation of BMCs from EP3 knockout (EP3(-/-)) mice. Tumor growth and tumor-associated angiogenesis were suppressed in WT mice transplanted with BMCs from EP3(-/-) mice, but not in mice transplanted with BMCs from either EP1(-/-), EP2(-/-), or EP4(-/-) mice. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was suppressed in the stroma of mice transplanted with BMCs from EP3(-/-) mice. EP3 signaling played a significant role in the recruitment of VEGFR-1- and VEGFR-2-positive cells from the BM to the stroma. These results indicate that the EP3 signaling expressed in bone marrow-derived cells has a crucial role in tumor-associated angiogenesis and tumor growth with upregulation of the expression of the host stromal VEGF together with the recruitment of VEGFR-1/VEGFR-2-positive. The present study suggests that the blockade of EP3 signaling and the recruitment of EP3-expressing stromal cells may become a novel strategy to treat solid tumors.
Article: Ohnuma Y, Toda M, Fujita M, Hosono K, Suzuki T, Ogawa Y, Amano H, Kitasato H, Hayakawa K, Majima MBlockade of an angiotensin type I receptor enhances effects of radiation on tumour growth and tumor-associated angiogenesis by reducing vascular endothelial growth factor expression. Biomed Pharmacother 63: 136-145[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis, the formation of new capillary blood vessels, is essential for tumor progression. We had reported that Type 1 angiotensin receptor (AT1-R) antagonist reduced tumor-associated angiogenesis. Since antiangiogenic agents were reported to enhance efficacy of radiation therapy, we tested here whether or not AT1-R blockade facilitates the effects of radiation. 1 x 10(6) LLC cells were injected into the subcutaneous tissue of male C57BL/6 mice, and when the average tumor volume reached around 0.1 cm(3), radiation doses (3, 5, 10, and 15 Gy) were given on day 1. The mean tumor volumes at day 22 were 6.39 (3 Gy), 6.15 (5 Gy), 5.15 (10 Gy), and 3.07 (15 Gy) cm(3), respectively. Combination of 10 Gy radiation with AT1R antagonist TCV-116 (30 mg/kg) significantly inhibited tumor growth by 83% (1.47 +/- 0.11 cm(3), P < 0.01) in comparison with its inhibition of control tumors (8.81 +/- 0.45 cm(3)). The same was true for mean vessel density, and the combination therapy markedly reduced tumor-associated angiogenesis. This was confirmed by the reduced expression of CD31. LLC tumor growth was blocked by neutralizing antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Real-time PCR analysis of VEGF disclosed a marked reduction in the mice under combination therapy, compared with control mice. These results suggest that combination of radiation with AT1-R blockade markedly reduced the LLC growth rate, and that this was due to reduction of neovascularization by reducing VEGF levels. Combination therapy consisting of radiation and AT1R blockade may become an effective novel strategy for cancer treatment.
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ABSTRACT: E-type prostaglandins have been reported to be proangiogenic in vivo. Thus, we examined prostaglandin receptor signaling relevant to wound-induced angiogenesis. Full-thickness skin wounds were created on the backs of mice, and angiogenesis in wound granulation tissues was estimated. Wound closure and re-epithelization in EP3 receptor knockout mice (EP3-/-) were significantly delayed compared with their wild-type (WT) mice, whereas those in EP1-/-, EP2-/-, and EP4-/- were not delayed. Wound-induced angiogenesis estimated with CD31 immunohistochemistry in EP3-/- mice was significantly inhibited compared with that in WT mice. Immunoreactive vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in wound granulation tissues in EP3-/- mice was markedly less than that in WT mice. Wound closure in WT mice was delayed significantly by VEGF neutralizing antibody compared with control IgG. Wound-induced angiogenesis and wound closure were significantly suppressed in EP3-/- bone marrow transplantation mice compared with those in WT bone marrow transplantation mice. These were accompanied with the reductions in accumulation of VEGF-expressing cells in wound granulation tissues and in mobilization of VEGF receptor 1-expressing leukocytes in peripheral circulation. These results indicate that the recruitment of EP3-expressing cells to wound granulation tissues is critical for surgical wound healing and angiogenesis via up-regulation of VEGF.
Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
- Department of Pharmacology