[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APAM) is a benign mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumor. Histologically, an APAM features a biphasic proliferation of atypical endometrial glands within myofibromatous stroma. To emphasize the potential risk for myometrial invasion, APAM with markedly complex glands is designated "atypical polypoid adenomyoma of low malignant potential" (APA-LMP). We report a case of a 27-year-old infertile woman with an atypical polypoid adenomyoma coexistent with atypical endometrial hyperplasia. She underwent hysteroscopic transcervical resection followed by medroxyprogesterone acetate therapy. After a complete response was achieved, she received clomiphene therapy and subsequently underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Although APAM is a benign tumor, a persistent lesion or recurrence is frequently observed. Occasionally, APAM coexists with endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma. Clinical management of APAM has not been elucidated; however, fertility conservation should be considered if it is followed by careful observation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minimal deviation endometrioid adenocarcinoma (MDA-E) of the endometrium is a rare pathological entity, and its radiological features are rarely documented. A 73-year-old Japanese woman was referred to the authors when an endometrial biopsy revealed moderately differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Preoperative radiological examinations, including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed no evidence of cancer nests. In the hysterectomy specimen, mildly atypical glands were scattered throughout the entire depth of the myometrium, without stromal desmoplastic reaction, and a tiny focus of typical, ruptured, endometrioid adenocarcinoma glands was found in the atrophic endometrium. MRI had not been able to identify this unusual, scattered, myometrial invasion. It should be kept in mind that in cases showing Stage IA endometrial carcinoma without endometrial thickening on MRI, this rare form of invasion may be present.
No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · European journal of gynaecological oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors of the mixed connective tissue type (PMT-MCTs) are rare neoplasms, most of which are benign and cause tumor-induced osteomalacia because of overproduction of a phosphaturic hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). This entity may have been unrecognized or misdiagnosed as other mesenchymal tumors, such as giant cell tumor, hemangiopericytoma, and osteosarcoma. Ten percent of these tumors, without phosphaturia, were diagnosed only by their histologic features. We report here the first case of malignant PMT-MCT, nonphosphaturic variant, resulting in fatal multiple lung metastases. Chondromyxoid matrix with "grungy" calcification, multinucleated giant cell proliferation, and expression of FGF23 mRNA (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) and fibroblast growth factor 23 protein (immunohistochemistry) were seen in the primary and recurrent tumors of the right foot. The lung metastases showed flocculent calcification and FGF23 protein expression as well as giant cell proliferation. This unique case highlights the need for careful histologic assessment of PMT-MCTs, especially the nonphosphaturic variant, and the need for recognition of its rare malignant behavior.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary malignant cardiac tumors occur extremely rarely. Among these, leiomyosarcomas are exceptionally rare. We described a case of left atrial leiomyosarcoma in which surgical intervention was followed by adjuvant radiation therapy. A 74-year-old male was admitted for dyspnea. Chest X-ray showed severe pulmonary congestion. Echocardiography revealed large tumor in the left atrium. Emergency operation was performed. The tumor invaded the left atrial wall and the mitral valve, and the lesion was resected as extensively as possible. Postoperative pathologic examination confirmed leiomyosarcoma. He underwent adjuvant radiotherapy postoperatively. However, early local recurrence was recognized. He died due to sudden circulatory collapse in 8th postoperative month. As cardiac leiomyosarcomas have extremely poor prognosis, complete resection and effective postoperative adjuvant therapy are necessary.
No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report herein a rare case of typical carcinoid occurring primarily in the epiglottis. The patient was a 70-year-old man. On initial examination, a polypoid lesion with irregular surface near the center right-hand side of the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis was observed, and a biopsy was performed. Pathological examination of the specimen suggested the possibility of adenocarcinoma. Surgical excision was performed by means of laryngomicrosurgery. A Weerda-type laryngoscope was used to open the larynx, supplemented by rigid nasal sinus surgery endoscopes, and the right-hand half of the epiglottis were excised was ensured using a CO(2) laser. Postoperative pathological diagnosis was negative for adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer; typical carcinoid was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization criteria. Aspiration occurred postoperatively, swallowing training was therefore provided, and the patient was discharged from hospital 2 months after surgery when he was able to eat normally. As of 4 years after surgery, the patient remains under follow-up observation by means of PET-CT and neck, thoracic, and abdominal CT administered at appropriate intervals, but no findings indicating obvious recurrence or metastasis have been observed, and the patient displays good swallowing function.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to review the clinical, pathologic, and MRI findings of mediastinal neurogenic tumors according to the three tumor origins: the peripheral nerves, sympathetic ganglia, and paraganglia. CONCLUSION: MRI findings reflect pathologic features of mediastinal neurogenic tumors. Integrating consideration of age and clinical findings of the patient, lesion location, and imaging findings is important in the diagnosis of mediastinal neurogenic tumors.
No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · American Journal of Roentgenology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The thyroid is composed of thyroid follicles supported by extracellular matrix, capillary network, and stromal cell types such as fibroblasts. The follicles consist of thyrocytes and C cells. In this microenvironment, thyrocytes are highly integrated in their specific structural and functional polarization, but monolayer and floating cultures cannot allow thyrocytes to organize the follicles with such polarity. In contrast, three-dimensional (3-D) collagen gel culture enables thyrocytes to form 3-D follicles with normal polarity. However, these systems never reconstruct the follicles consisting of both thyrocytes and C cells. Thyroid tissue-organotypic culture retains 3-D follicles with both thyrocytes and C cells. To create more appropriate experimental models, we here characterize four culture systems above and then introduce the models for studying thyroid biology and disorders. Finally, we propose a new approach to the cell type-specific culture systems on the basis of
microenvironments of various cell types.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MET, a receptor tyrosine kinase for hepatocyte growth factor, is associated with tumor progression and acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI). Therefore, MET gene alterations could be both prognostic and predictive. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is one method for assessing gene alteration, but the frequency of positive cases varies due to a lack of standardized criteria. We evaluated MET gene copy number in lung adenocarcinoma and its association with clinicopathological characteristics. FISH was applied to evaluate high MET gene copy number and true amplification in 138 lung adenocarcinoma patients using two criteria: the Cappuzzo scoring system and PathVysion. MET positive cases according to the Cappuzzo scoring system evidenced both aneuploidy and true amplification, whereas PathVysion revealed only amplification. Proportion of MET FISH positive cases was 15% and 4% determined by the Cappuzzo system and PathVysion, respectively. PathVysion demonstrated higher frequencies of MET FISH positives among men and smokers and evidenced no MET FISH positives in patients with bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. Prognosis was significantly associated with MET FISH positive only as defined by the PathVysion system (gene amplification), not by the Cappuzzo system. However, progression-free survival time of patients with both EGFR mutations and MET FISH positive defined by the Cappuzzo scoring system was significantly shorter than with EGFR mutations alone. These results suggest that MET FISH is a potential prognostic factor and coexistence of MET FISH with EGFR mutations signifies worse prognosis.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thecoma of the ovary is a stromal tumor composed of lipid-containing cells with a variable component of fibroblasts. To our knowledge, there have been no reports in the English literature describing detection of intracellular lipid in thecomas by preoperative imaging. We present 2 cases of thecomas of the ovary, in which intratumoral lipid was detected using dual-echo chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal of computer assisted tomography
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The air-liquid interface (ALI) is a common microenvironment of the skin, but it is unknown whether the ALI affects melanoma cell behaviors. Using a collagen gel invasion assay, immunohistochemistry, and Western blots, here we show that melanoma cell proliferation in cultures with an ALI is higher than melanoma cell proliferation in submerged cultures. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) uptake, an indicator of cell proliferation, of melanoma cells at the ALI was about 3 times that of submerged cells, while ALI and submerged melanoma cells had similar levels of single-stranded DNA (a marker of apoptosis). The ALI enhanced the expression of Raf-1, MEK-1 and pERK-1/2 components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, in cells more than the submerged condition did. The increases in BrdU uptake and pERK-1/2 expression promoted by ALI was abolished by the MEK inhibitor, PD-98059. ALI-treated and submerged melanoma cells did not infiltrate into the collagen gel, and they showed no significant difference in the expression of the invasion- and motility-related molecules, matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -9, laminin 5, and filamin A. Our data indicate that the ALI, a skin microenvironment, accelerates the growth, but not the apoptosis or invasion, of melanoma cells through MAPK activation.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old female with Wilson's disease had been treated with D-penicillamine for 24 years. A hypervascular hepatic tumor was found in S6 and it was diagnosed as a hemangioma at that time. Seventeen months later, the hepatic tumor number and size increased. There were more than 4 tumors and the maximum size of the tumor was over 5 cm. The liver function was evaluated as Child-Pugh Grade A. These tumors were diagnosed as multiple HCC and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization was performed. Six weeks later, CT showed viable lesions and all tumors existed in S5-6. The neurological symptoms were stable, and therefore all of the tumors were removed by a hepatic resection (S5-6). A pathological examination showed liver cirrhosis and all tumors were moderately differentiated HCC. No copper deposition was observed with rhodamine stain. The post-operative course was good and both the liver function and neurological signs have since remained stable. No tumor has appeared during the 14 months post-operative period.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori infection is acquired by oral ingestion. H. pylori has been reported to be present in the palatine tonsils. To clarify the route and mode of infection, the prevalence of tonsillar H. pylori was evaluated, and an attempt was made to culture tonsillar H. pylori.
In a prospective study, 55 patients with recurrent pharyngotonsillitis or IgA nephropathy underwent a tonsillectomy. The carbon 13-urea breath test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of H. pylori IgG antibodies in the serum were performed. Tonsillar H. pylori was cultured under conventional culture conditions for gastric H. pylori with or without the following shock methods; heat shock, hydrogen-peroxide-degrading compounds, or parasitizing amoebae. Immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy using antibodies against H. pylori and cytotoxin-associated antigen A were used to identify tonsillar H. pylori.
H. pylori in the coccoid form was present in tonsillar crypts. Of 55 patients, 43 (78.2%) had tonsillar H. pylori, and 15 (27.3%) were infected with gastric H. pylori. All patients with gastric H. pylori also had tonsillar H. pylori (p < 0.01). Cytotoxin-associated antigen A was observed in 38 (88.4%) of 43 tonsillar H. pylori. Tonsillar H. pylori could not be cultured in any culture conditions. All patients with IgA nephropathy had tonsillar H. pylori (p < 0.01).
The present research might provide some insight into clarifying the route and mode of H. pylori infection. Our findings may indicate that tonsillar H. pylori is one of the antigens causative of IgAN.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many studies have proven the importance of venous invasion in colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastasis. The aim was to clarify the relationship between venous invasion and metachronous liver metastasis, which is not fully understood.
A histological study of venous invasion in colorectal carcinoma was performed using a total of 156 patients, of whom 52 survived without recurrence for 5 years (Group A); 47 had metachronous liver metastasis (Group B), and 57 had synchronous liver metastasis (Group C). The number and the maximum area of venous invasion were estimated in each case per x 40 field of cancerous lesions, which were divided into intramural and extramural lesions. A high incidence and high average number of foci of venous invasion appeared in Groups B and C. The average maximum areas of extramural venous invasion were much larger in Groups B and C than in Group A.
The average number of foci of venous invasion by colorectal cancer with metachronous liver metastasis did not differ significantly from that with synchronous ones. Furthermore, invasion into extramural large veins appeared to be associated with liver metastasis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue consists of mature adipocytes, preadipocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but a culture system for analyzing their cell types within the tissue has not been established. We have recently developed "adipose tissue-organotypic culture system" that maintains unilocular structure, proliferative ability and functions of mature adipocytes for a long term, using three-dimensional collagen gel culture of the tissue fragments. In this system, both preadipocytes and MSCs regenerate actively at the peripheral zone of the fragments. Our method will open up a new way for studying both multiple cell types within adipose tissue and the cell-based mechanisms of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Thus, it seems to be a promising model for investigating adipose tissue biology and regeneration. In this article, we introduce adipose tissue-organotypic culture, and propose two theories regarding the mechanism of tissue regeneration that occurs specifically at peripheral zone of tissue fragments in vitro.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors describe 2 cases in which thymoma spontaneously regressed. The first patient was a 49-year-old woman with myasthenia gravis. A chest radiograph on admission showed an anterior mediastinal mass that spontaneously decreased in size as shown on a radiograph obtained 2 weeks later. Surgical removal of the mass was performed and the histopathologic examination showed a type B2 thymoma with marked coagulation necrosis in the central area. The second patient was a 46-year-old woman who was hospitalized due to chest and back pain. A chest radiograph on admission showed an anterior mediastinal mass and bilateral pleural effusion. The mass decreased in size and the effusion disappeared as shown on a chest radiograph obtained 2 months later. Computed tomography-guided biopsy was performed, and histopathologic examination revealed thymoma with marked necrosis. In both cases, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images showed peripheral ringlike enhancement of the mass. The clinical and radiologic features of spontaneously regressed thymoma may be different from those of common thymoma.
No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Journal of thoracic imaging