Takafumi Ushiyama

Kagawa University, Takamatu, Kagawa, Japan

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Publications (7)10.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Heart rate variability (HRV) has recently been used to detect autonomic nerve tone, which is affected by various stresses. To test out hypothesis that HRV can determine surgical stress, we examined perioperative HRV in 30 patients with surgical treatment. Relations between HRV and factors of surgical stresses, such as duration of the operation, amount of blood loss at the operation, and developments of complications, were evaluated. Mean heart rate (HR) increased and other HRV indices decreased postoperatively. Most indices correlated significantly to the duration of the operation and amount of blood loss at the operation on postoperative day 1. Only the standard deviation of normal to normal RR intervals (SDNN) and HRV triangular index showed significantly low values in complicated patients. HRV measurement in the perioperative period showed a significant relation to surgical stress. The present results indicated that HRV may provide useful information with respect to surgical stress.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Clinical and Experimental Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) is useful in assessing the function of the autonomic nervous system and in staging of clinical diseases. The purpose of this study is to assess a feasibility of HRV for evaluating surgical stress during the noncardiac perioperative period. Standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) and HRV triangular index derived from 24-h Holter ECC were measured in 24 patients undergoing digestive surgery. Holter ECG was performed at 1 day before operation, the first day (postoperative day 1: POD1), and the 7th day (POD7) after operation. Indices of HRV were compared with factors influencing surgical stress, such as duration of the operation and amount of blood loss during the operation, and postoperative complications. The SDNN and HRV triangular index decreased significantly on POD1 and recovered on POD7 (P < 0.05). Heart rate variability indices correlated significantly to duration and blood loss of operation (both P < 0.05). In 7 patients with postoperative complications, HRV indices were statistically lower than those in patients without complications on POD1 (P < 0.05). Our results indicate that HRV may provide useful information with respect to surgical stress.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Heart and Vessels
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    ABSTRACT: We report a patient with multiple pulmonary metastases from rectal cancer effectively treated with TS-1 and low-dose CDDP combination chemotherapy. The patient was a 61-year-old man with rectal cancer and multiple pulmonary metastases. He had undergone abdominoperineal excision of the rectum at another hospital before this hospitalization. After the operation, we treated the patient by the combination chemotherapy of TS-1 and low-dose CDDP during his hospital stay and in the outpatient clinic after hospital discharge. After the chemotherapy was started, tumor markers decreased, and finally were in the normal range. The pulmonary metastatic lesions were remarkably reduced on CT, and the effect of this therapy was PR. No severe side effect was observed throughout the treatment. This combination chemotherapy is considered to be an effective therapy for colorectal cancer with good QOL.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
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    Hisao Wakabayashi · Takafumi Ushiyama · Kousuke Sao · Hajime Maeta
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We here report a case of a rare composite tumor (endocrine cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma) of the gall-bladder in a 71-year-old woman. The tumor, which was diagnosed as carcinoid tumor preoperatively, was about 10 cm in diameter and compressed the hilar plate of the liver. Methods: After decreasing the tumor size by right and middle hepatic arterial embolization and increasing the liver remnant volume by embolization of the right branch of the portal, it was successfully resected by extended right lobectomy of the liver. Results: The treatments of choice for endo-crine cell or squamous cell carcinoma arising from the gallbladder have not yet been established. In this case, preoperative arterial embolization was effective, and an aggressive approach using por-tal embolization resulted in long-term survival for more than 3 years without any sign of recurrence.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2003 · Digestive surgery
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    ABSTRACT: By comparing the survival rates of patients treated with or without surgery, the significance of, and the indication for, reduction surgery in the multidisciplinary treatment of patients with HCC with multiple intrahepatic lesions were examined. In patients with HCC with multiple intrahepatic lesions, cumulative survival rates were determined and compared for 28 patients (group S) who underwent reductive hepatic resection and 43 (group N) who were treated nonsurgically by transcatheter arterial infusion chemotherapy (TAI), transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), or percutaneous transhepatic ethanol injection therapy. In group S, 20 patients had adjuvant therapy, consisting of ethanol injection therapy or microwave coagulonecrotic therapy for the remaining satellite lesions during hepatectomy, and all patients in this group underwent TAI or TACE postoperatively. The influence of surgery on patient survival was examined by multiple regression analysis using the Cox's hazard model; then, for each prognostic factor, survival rates were obtained and compared between the groups. In group S, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 58.2%, 27.1%, and 21.7%, whereas the corresponding values in group N were 34.3%, 4.7%, and 4.7%, the difference being statistically significant (P = 0.0239). In group S, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates for patients without intraoperative adjuvant therapy were 25%, 0%, and 0%, whereas those for patients with intraoperative adjuvant therapy were 72.7%, 41.3%, and 33.0% (P = 0.001). Multiple regression analysis showed that hepatic resection, the Child-Pugh score, and the size of the main tumor affected survival independently. Univariate analysis of differences in the cumulative survival rates between the groups as a function of prognostic factor showed that group S had statistically significant better survival rates than group N in those subgroups of patients who were <60 years old, with HBV infection, with a Child-Pugh score of 5 or 6, with a main tumor of <5-cm diameter, with <5 tumors, or without portal thrombi. When combined with intraoperative adjuvant therapy for remaining satellite tumors, reduction surgery provided survival benefit for patients with HCC with multiple intrahepatic lesions in those groups of patients selected by criteria determined in this study.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of age on functioning hepatocyte mass and liver blood flow was examined using (99m)Tc-galactosyl-human serum albumin (GSA) liver scintigraphy in patients with liver tumors awaiting surgery. Seventy-two patients with liver tumors, but normal liver parenchyma, were included in this study; patients with compromised hepatic blood flow as a result of vascular invasion or thrombus were excluded. The liver volume, calculated liver volume, and liver blood flow index (K value) were preoperatively determined by liver scintigraphy using GSA. These three parameters and liver volume measured by computed tomography volumetry (CT-LV) and the standard liver volume (ST-LV), calculated from the patient's body surface area, were examined for correlations with the patient's age. The K value was compared with the indocyanine green dye retention rate, and both sets of results were examined for correlation with the patient's age. Both the CT-LV and the ST-LV decreased with age, resulting in an unchanged CT-LV/ST-LV ratio with aging. The liver volume and calculated liver volume measured by scintigraphy both decreased with age, even when body size was taken into account. Therefore, in elderly patients, the liver was not morphologically smaller, but the hepatocyte mass in the liver decreased. Furthermore, liver blood flow per unit of functional liver volume determined from the blood flow index did not change with age. These results, suggesting a discrepancy between liver volume estimated by CT and actual functioning hepatocyte volume in the elderly, may have a critical impact on preoperative liver functional reserve evaluation prior to hepatic resection in elderly patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss a case of surgically treated chronic idiopathic colonic pseudoobstruction (CICP). A 48-year-old man refered to our hospital, reported progressive abdominal fullness for 28 years. Barium enema, colonoscopy, and abdominal radiography findings showed marked dilation of the colon from the splenic flexure to the descending colon without mechanical obstruction or basal diseases. The dilated colon was resected, because conservative therapies, taking drugs and decompression by an anal tube, were not effective. Histopathologically, a thin muscle layer, mild degeneration, and a decrease in ganglion cells of the Auerbach plexus were observed. Postoperatively, he had no problems in flatus and defection and his nutritional status improved. The cause of this disease is not clear. Few reports have benn made in Japan, and we reported this case with some reference consideration.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Nippon Shokaki Geka Gakkai zasshi