Publications (24)20.59 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ultrasound as well as the computed tomography arthrography (CTA) findings and arthroscopic findings for the diagnosis of anterosuperior acetabular tear and correlated tear types using the Lage classification system on ultrasound and CTA compared with the arthroscopic findings. We retrospectively reviewed the results of ultrasonographic examinations conducted before injection and after injection of contrast for subsequent CTA in 36 hips (34 patients; 24 men [71%] and 10 women [29%]; mean age, 36 years). All patients had chronic groin pain and a positive impingement test. We analyzed the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy before injection, after injection, and at CTA and compared these with findings with the arthroscopic findings. Interobserver agreement and intraobserver reproducibility of the presence of a tear and tear type in the anterosuperior quadrant of the acetabular labrum on ultrasonography and CTA were calculated by use of κ coefficients. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for sonographic detection of labral tear before injection/after injection were 58%/79%, 67%/58%, and 61%/72%, respectively, for observer 1 and 75%/92%, 25%/42%, and 58%/75%, respectively, for observer 2. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for CTA detection of labral tears were 96%, 92%, and 94%, respectively, for observer 1 and 88%, 92%, and 89%, respectively, for observer 2. When the sonographic classification was compared with the arthroscopic findings of observer 1 and observer 2, the accuracy before injection/after injection was only 53%/67% and 58%/75%, respectively. The accuracy of morphologic classification of CTA and arthroscopic findings of observer 1 and observer 2 was 83% and 75%, respectively. Interobserver correlation before injection and at CTA was poor (κ = 0.056) and moderate (κ = 0.642), respectively. Although intra-articular injection during sonographic examination could improve diagnosis of labral tears, sonographic examination as a diagnostic technique is still of limited use. However, CTA shows reliable validity in the diagnosis of acetabular labral tears. Level IV, therapeutic case series.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence of arterial thrombosis in patients with protein C deficiency is relatively low compared with that of venous thrombosis. To our knowledge, there is no previously published report of a protein C deficiency patient with simultaneous thromboses in the pulmonary artery and innominate artery in the English literature. We present a case of a protein C deficiency in which the presence of concurrent clots in the pulmonary arteries and innominate artery demonstrated on a pulmonary computed tomographic angiography provided an important clue permitting diagnosis of the deficiency.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although triple rule-out CT angiography (TRO) to simultaneously evaluate acute coronary syndrome (ACS), pulmonary embolism (PE), and acute aortic syndrome (AAS) is increasingly used in many institutions, TRO is inevitably associated with increased radiation exposure due to extended z-axis coverage compared with dedicated coronary CT angiography (DCTA). To determine the frequency of exclusion of findings of AAS, PE, and significant incidental non-cardiac pathology that may be the cause of acute chest pain when using a restricted DCTA field of view (FOV). We retrospectively reviewed CT images and charts of 103 patients with acute PE and 50 patients with AAS. Either non-ECG gated dedicated pulmonary or aortic CT angiography was performed using 16- or 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT). We analyzed the incidence of isolated PE, AAS, or significant non-cardiac pathology outside of DCTA FOV (i.e. from tracheal carina to the base of heart). There were two cases of isolated PE (2/103, 1.9%) excluded from the FOV of DCTA. One case of PE was isolated to the subsegmental pulmonary artery in the posterior segment of the right upper lobe. In the second case, pulmonary embolism in the left main pulmonary artery was located out of the FOV of DCTA because the left main pulmonary artery was retracted upwardly by fibrotic scar in the left upper lobe due to prior tuberculosis. There was no case of AAS and significant non-cardiac pathology excluded from the FOV of DCTA. AAS (n = 50) consisted of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (n = 7), intramural hematoma (n = 5) and aortic dissection (n = 38). As isolated PE, AAS, and significant non-cardiac pathology outside of the DCTA FOV rarely occur, DCTA may replace TRO in the evaluation of patients with non-specific acute chest pain and a low pre-test probability of PE or aortic dissection.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate the characteristics of pedicle transverse diameters (PD), vertebral body transverse diameters (VBD), especially the ratios of PD/VBD (CT ratio), which has never been discussed, in Koreans using computed tomography (CT) scans and to evaluate the possibility of obtaining more accurate estimations of PD from plain radiographs using the CT ratios in each spine level. The T1–L5 vertebrae of 50 participants were analyzed prospectively with CT scans (CT-VBD and CT-PD), and the T9–L5 vertebrae of the same participants were investigated with plain radiographs (X-VBD and X-PD). The CT ratio had a higher correlation with the CT-PD (r 2 = 0.630) from T1 to L5, especially in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine (T9–L5, r 2 = 0.737). The correlation of VBDs between the two radiologic tools (r 2 = 0.896) was higher than that of the PDs (r 2 = 0.665). Based on the data, equations for the estimation of a more accurate PD from plain radiographs were developed as follows: estimated PD = estimated VBD × [1.014 × (X-VBD) + 0.152] × the mean CT ratio at each spinal level. The correlation between the estimated PD and the CT-PD (r 2 = 0.852) was improved compared with that (r 2 = 0.665) between the X-PD and the CT-PD. In conclusion, the CT ratio showed a very similar changing trends to CT-PD from T1 to L5 regardless of sex and body mass, and the measurement error of PD from only plain radiographs could be minimized using estimated VBD and the mean CT ratio at each spinal level.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article presents specific examples of delayed diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, acute aortic dissection, and pulmonary embolism resulting from evaluating patients with nonspecific acute chest pain who did not undergo immediate dedicated coronary CT angiography (CTA) or triple rule-out protocol (TRO). These concrete examples of delayed diagnosis may advance the concept of using cardiac CTA (i.e., dedicated coronary CTA versus TRO) to triage patients with nonspecific acute chest pain. This article also provides an overall understanding of how to choose the most appropriate examination based on the specific clinical situation in the emergency department (i.e., dedicated coronary CTA versus TRO versus dedicated pulmonary or aortic CTA), how to interpret the CTA results, and the pros and cons of biphasic versus triphasic administration of intravenous contrast material during TRO examination. A precise understanding of various cardiac CTA protocols will improve the diagnostic performance of radiologists while minimizing hazards related to radiation exposure and contrast use.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidences of various multi-detector CT (MDCT) findings in acute viral hepatitis A (AHA) and to determine if there are associations between these CT findings and the clinical phases of AHA. Eighty-five patients with AHA were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into three groups according to changes in their serum alanine aminotransferase and bilirubin levels before and after performing MDCT: group 1 (n = 16, prodromal phase); group 2 (n = 41, jaundice phase); group 3 (n = 28, recovery phase). Small lymph node enlargement in the hepatoduodenal ligament area, perihepatic fat infiltration, gallbladder (GB) changes (wall thickening, contraction, or an undulating inner margin), periportal edema, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly and pelvic fluid collection were noted in 98.8%, 76.5%, 75.3%, 43.5%, 22.4%, 52.9% and 56.5% of the patients, respectively. Fat infiltration, periportal edema, and pelvic fluid collection were most frequent in group 2. GB changes were least frequent in group 1. At least one of the CT findings suggestive of AHA was noted in 89.4% of the enrolled patients. These CT findings were more frequently identified in patients in the jaundice phase compared to another phases.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the extent of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness or the presence of descending thoracic aortic calcification on multi-detector CT (MDCT) can predict the presence of significant coronary artery stenosis in patients with negative coronary artery calcium (CAC). We enrolled 90 patients with negative CAC in whom both coronary CT angiography (CTA) and conventional angiography had been performed. Group 1 consisted of patients (n=27) with significant coronary artery stenosis (≥50%), whereas group 2 (n=63) had non-obstructive coronary artery stenosis (<50%) on conventional angiography. We analyzed whether or not there is a significant difference in EAT thickness or the incidence of calcification of descending thoracic aorta among the two groups. There was no significant difference between EAT thickness on MDCT among the two groups. There was also no significant difference in the incidence of descending thoracic aortic calcification between group 1 (7/27, 25.9%) and group 2 (14/63, 22.2%) (p>0.05). Neither the presence of abundant EAT nor calcification of descending thoracic aorta is a marker of significant coronary artery stenosis in patients with negative CAC.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A very rare case of multi-organ volvulus, serially involving the spleen, colon and stomach, is presented in a 24-year-old female patient with Down syndrome. This case is of interest because of the three different types of volvulus or torsion that occurred serially over thirteen years in the same patient. We report the imaging findings and suggest possible pathogenesis by a review of the operation record and literature.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in CT findings according to sputum smear-positive or -negative results in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis having a single cavity. Methods: A total of 32 patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis having a single cavity on CT were classified into two groups: smear-positive (n=19) and smear-negative (n=13). The CT findings were reviewed retrospectively. The presence of consolidation, the number of lobes showing consolidation, ground-glass opacity, micronodules and nodule, the maximum diameter of the cavity, and the shape and maximum thickness of the cavity wall were assessed. Result: The maximum diameter of the cavity was 33.84 ± 13.65 mm and 27.06 ± 9.04 mm in the smear-positive and -negative groups, respectively (p>0.05). The amount of consolidation and the number of lobes with consolidation were found to be 89.5% and 30.8% (p=0.01) and 1.37 + 0.90 and 0.31 ± 0.48 (p=0.0002) in the smear-positive and -negative groups, respectively. Consolidations in two or more lobes were only noted in 31.6% of in the sputum smear- positive group (p< 0.05). There were no other significant differences between the two groups. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for the presence of consolidation were 89.5%, 69.2%, 73.9%, and 81.8%, respectively. Conclusion: While the absence of consolidation on CT may be associated with sputum smear-negative results in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis having a single cavity, the presence of consolidation in two or more lobes on CT may be associated with spear-positive results in these patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the usefulness of the method of counting ribs by assessing anatomic variations of the attachments of costal cartilages to the proximal xiphoid. From January to September 2005, 224 subjects (136 men, 88 women, age 13 to 89 years, mean age 55 years) underwent computed tomography examination of the chest. Axial images of the chest were obtained on a 16-slice multidetector computed tomography. Counting ribs was performed by using the medial clavicle as an anatomic landmark to identify the first costal cartilage. We analyzed variety and incidence of the attachment patterns of costal cartilages to the proximal xiphoid. Out of the 224 patients, the last costal attachments to the proximal xiphoid were the sixth costal cartilages bilaterally for 2 (0.9%) subjects, one 6th and one 7th for 4 (1.8%) subjects, bilateral seventh for 191 (85.3%) subjects, one 7th and one 8th for 15 (6.7%) subjects, and bilateral eighth for 12 (5.4%) subjects. The method of counting ribs from the proximal xiphoid is inaccurate because the sixth, seventh, and eighth costal cartilages may each attach to the proximal xiphoid.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma usually shows homogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI), and is accompanied by a monoclonal gammopathy in serum or urine. We report a case of nonsecretory myeloma, the diagnosis was difficult due to the absence of a monoclonal gammopathy and the presence of atypical imaging features.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spontaneous rupture of the diaphragm is an extremely rare condition. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the diaphragm that was caused by violent vomiting and immediately diagnosed by the imaging features before the operation. If there is a mass with an air-fluid level adjacent to the diaphragm on the chest radiograph in a patient who presents with sudden chest pain after violent vomiting, spontaneous rupture of the diaphragm should be suspected and multidetector CT with multiplanar reformatted images should be immediately performed.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the CT findings of pulmonary fat embolism syndrome that was induced by triolein and oleic acid, along with its pathologic correlation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a common complication of thiamine deficiency among chronic alcoholics. However, there have been few reports about MR imaging findings, including the diffusion-weighted changes of this neurologic disorder, in nonalcoholic patients. We present here a rare case of acute Wernicke's encephalopathy that developed in a patient who received prolonged total parenteral nutrition for his pseudomembranous colitis. The MR imaging, including the diffusion-weighted imaging, was performed at the onset of disease and during follow-up. The diagnosis was made by the characteristic MR imaging findings and it was supported by the clinical features. The initial and follow-up MR imaging findings with diffusion-weighted imaging changes are described and correlated with the clinical status.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a case of intradural extramedullary capillary hemangioma of the thoracic spine with a long segment of transient cord edema. Spinal capillary hemangiomas are extremely rare vascular tumors and only a few cases have been reported. On the MR images, the mass showed hypointensity on the T1-weighted images, hyperintensity on the T2-weighted images relative to the spinal cord, and strong homogeneous enhancement on the contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images. The T2-weighted images showed a long segment of ill-defined hyperintense area in the spinal cord which was completely resolved after surgery.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using radiofrequency ablation as the treatment modality for the benign or malignant thyroid nodules in humans. Therefore, we examined the results of using radiofrequency ablation on the thyroid glands in dogs, in respect of the extent of the ablated tissue and the complications.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intracranial epidermoid cysts usually show homogeneous hypodensity on CT scans, hypointensity on T1-weighted MR images and hyperintensity on T2-weighted MR images. Most of them arise in the cerebellopontine angle and parasellar areas. We report a case of middle cranial fossa epidermoid tumor with unusual image findings. The entire tumor mass showed inhomogeneous low density, without any enhancing solid portion on the CT scans. The lateral portion of the tumor showed homogeneous T1 low signal intensity and T2 high signal intensity. The medial portion of the tumor showed heterogeneous T1 and T2 intermediate to high signal intensity. On the gadolinium enhanced MR images, enhancement of the thickened dura was observed behind the tumor. Surgery and pathologic examination revealed the presence of an extradural epidermoid cyst.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor is the most common primary lung mass seen in children, but extraparenchymal involvement is relatively rare. We report here on a case of inflammatory pseudotumor involving the mediastinum and the pulmonary artery. A 48-year-old man presented with enlargement of the right hilum on a simple chest radiograph. He had a history of exertional dyspnea for 1 year. A non-homogeneous enhancing mass was noted in the right pulmonary artery on computed tomography. Mediastinotomy and pulmonary artery angiography with a forcep biopsy revealed inflammatory pseudotumor of the mediastinum and pulmonary artery.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To obtain phVEGF165 for angiogenesis and to compare the effects of its intra-arterial and intramuscular administration in a chronic ischemic rabbit hindimb model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chronic ischemic models were constructed in the left hindlimb of rabbits and divided into control (n=6), intra-arterial (n=7) and intramuscular groups (n=5). Plasmid DNA (phVEGF165) expressing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was obtained from HL60 cells, and transfection into CHO cells and western blot analysis of the medium, as well as proliferation assay of CPAE cells were performed. Two weeks after construction of the models, 500 mug phVEGF165 was injected into both the left common iliac artery and thigh muscles. Angiography was performed and the number of vessels counted, and ELISA was used to determine the quantity of VEGF in blood samples. Wilcoxon signed rank test was employed for statistical analysis. RESULTS: VEGF165 was expressed on western blot of the culture medium. Proliferation assay showed that optical densities were 0.73+/-0.043 in the control study and 1.09+/-0.015 in phVEGF165. The angiographic scores were 1.32+/-0.13 (pre-gene therapy) and 1.30+/-0.07 (post-gene therapy) in the control group, 1.42+/-0.15 and 1.59+/-0.09 in the intra-arterial group, 1.59+/-0.27 and 1.14+/-0.12 in the intramuscular group. The differences were not statistically significant. In the intra-arterial group, serum VEGF levels were 39.96+/-1.08 pg/ml (pregene therapy), 44.99+/-2.13 pg/ml (4th day), 48.18+/-1.49 pg/ml (1st week), 45.70+/-3.77 pg/ml (2nd week), and 46.54+/-5.47 pg/ml (3rd week), but in the control and intramuscular groups there were no increases. CONCLUSION: phVEGF165 affected the proliferation of CPAE cells. There was no difference in angiographic scores and serum VEGF levels between intra-arterial and intramuscular administrations.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A heterotopic pancreas is a relatively uncommon abnormality and usually of no clinical importance. A heterotopic pancreas is subject to various pathologic changes occurring in the pancreas, however, such as acute pancreatitis, cyst or abscess formation, pancreatic cancer, and islet cell tumor. We describe a rare case of a heterotopic pancreas presenting as a gastric submucosal mass with punctate calcifications occurring in a 43-year-old man.
Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
- College of Medicine
Chung-Ang University HospitalSŏul, Seoul, South Korea