Publications (5)38.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AMG 102 is a fully human monoclonal antibody that selectively targets and neutralizes hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF). A detailed biochemical and functional characterization of AMG 102 was done to support its clinical development for the treatment of cancers dependent on signaling through the HGF/SF:c-Met pathway. In competitive equilibrium binding experiments, AMG 102 bound to human and cynomolgus monkey HGF with affinities of approximately 19 pmol/L and 41 pmol/L, respectively. However, AMG 102 did not detect mouse or rabbit HGF on immunoblots. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that AMG 102 preferentially bound to the mature, active form of HGF, and incubation of AMG 102/HGF complexes with kallikrein protease indicated that AMG 102 had no apparent effect on proteolytic processing of the inactive HGF precursor. AMG 102 inhibited human and cynomolgus monkey HGF-induced c-Met autophosphorylation in PC3 cells with IC(50) values of 0.12 nmol/L and 0.24 nmol/L, respectively. AMG 102 also inhibited cynomolgus monkey HGF-induced migration of human MDA-MB-435 cells but not rat HGF-induced migration of mouse 4T1 cells. Epitope-mapping studies of recombinant HGF molecules comprising human/mouse chimeras and human-to-mouse amino acid substitutions showed that amino acid residues near the NH(2)-terminus of the beta-chain are critical for AMG 102 binding. Bound AMG 102 protected one trypsin protease cleavage site near the NH(2)-terminus of the beta-chain of human HGF, further substantiating the importance of this region for AMG 102 binding. Currently, AMG 102 is in phase II clinical trials in a variety of solid tumor indications. Mol Cancer Ther; 9(2); 400-9.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor, c-Met, have been implicated in the growth and progression of a variety of solid human tumors. Thus, inhibiting HGF/SF:c-Met signaling may provide a novel therapeutic approach for treating human tumors. We have generated and characterized fully human monoclonal antibodies that bind to and neutralize human HGF/SF. In this study, we tested the effects of the investigational, human anti-human HGF/SF monoclonal antibody, AMG 102, and a mixture of mouse anti-human HGF/SF monoclonal antibodies (Amix) on HGF/SF-mediated cell migration, proliferation, and invasion in vitro. Both agents had high HGF/SF-neutralizing activity in these cell-based assays. The HGF/SF:c-Met pathway has been implicated in the growth of sarcomas; thus, we also investigated the effect of AMG 102 on the growth of human leiomyosarcoma (SK-LMS-1) in HGF/SF transgenic C3H severe combined immunodeficient mice engineered to express high levels of human HGF/SF, as well as tumor growth of an autocrine variant of the SK-LMS-1 cell line (SK-LMS-1TO) in nude mice. The results indicate that interrupting autocrine and/or paracrine HGF/SF:c-Met signaling with AMG 102 has profound antitumor effects. These findings suggest that blocking HGF/SF:c-Met signaling may provide a potent intervention strategy to treat patients with HGF/SF:c-Met-dependent tumors.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor c-Met have previously been shown to be up-regulated in multiple human cancers, including glioblastoma multiforme. To better understand if AMG 102, a fully human, anti-HGF/SF-neutralizing antibody, could be incorporated into current clinical practice, AMG 102 was tested preclinically in combination with temozolomide or docetaxel to determine if enhanced efficacy was observed compared with AMG 102 alone. The effects of AMG 102 were tested for antiproliferative activity in combination with temozolomide or docetaxel on U-87 MG cells in vitro and for antitumor activity in a U-87 MG xenograft model in vivo. Apoptotic activity was also measured for AMG 102 and docetaxel combined in vitro. Treatment with temozolomide combined with AMG 102 resulted in increased inhibition of cell growth in vitro compared with treatment with either single agent alone. In U-87 MG xenografts in vivo, AMG 102 combined with temozolomide or docetaxel significantly increased the inhibitory effect on tumor growth when compared with treatment with either agent alone (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.015, respectively). In vitro, docetaxel alone induced both caspase-3/7 activity as well as poly(ADP)ribose polymerase and caspase-7 cleavage in U-87 MG cells; these events were enhanced when used in combination with AMG 102. Importantly, there was no evidence of interference between AMG 102 and either temozolomide or docetaxel in vitro or in vivo. These studies support testing of AMG 102 in combination with temozolomide or docetaxel. Such combinations may represent promising, novel clinical therapeutic strategies for cancers that are dependent on the HGF/SF/SF:c-Met pathway in the oncology setting.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Many proteins are proteolytically released from the cell surface by a process known as ectodomain shedding. Shedding occurs under normal physiologic conditions and can be increased in certain pathologies. Among the many receptors for which ectodomain shedding has been shown is c-Met, the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor tyrosine kinase. HGF stimulates mitogenesis, motogenesis, and morphogenesis in a variety of cellular targets during development, homeostasis, and tissue regeneration. Inappropriate HGF signaling resulting in unregulated cell proliferation, motility, and invasion occurs in several human malignancies. This can occur through paracrine signaling, autocrine loop formation, receptor mutation, gene amplification, or gene rearrangement, accompanied frequently with overexpression of ligand and/or receptor proteins. We hypothesized that c-Met overexpression in cancer might result in increased ectodomain shedding, and that its measure could be a useful biomarker of tumor progression. We developed a sensitive electrochemiluminescent immunoassay to quantitate c-Met protein in cell lysates, culture supernatants, and biological samples. A survey of cultured cell models of oncogenic transformation revealed significant direct correlations (P < 0.001, t test or ANOVA) between malignant potential and the rate of c-Met ectodomain shedding that was independent of steady-state receptor expression level. Moreover, weekly plasma and urine samples from mice harboring s.c. human tumor xenografts (n = 4 per group) displayed soluble human c-Met levels that were measurable before tumors became palpable and that correlated directly with tumor volume (R2 > 0.92, linear regression). For a variety of human cancers, c-Met ectodomain shedding may provide a reliable and practical indicator of malignant potential and overall tumor burden.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2006 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: c-Met is a well-characterized receptor tyrosine kinase for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Compelling evidence from studies in human tumors and both cellular and animal tumor models indicates that signaling through the HGF/c-Met pathway mediates a plethora of normal cellular activities, including proliferation, survival, migration, and invasion, that are at the root of cancer cell dysregulation, tumorigenesis, and tumor metastasis. Inhibiting HGF-mediated signaling may provide a novel therapeutic approach for treating patients with a broad spectrum of human tumors. Toward this goal, we generated and characterized five different fully human monoclonal antibodies that bound to and neutralized human HGF. Antibodies with subnanomolar affinities for HGF blocked binding of human HGF to c-Met and inhibited HGF-mediated c-Met phosphorylation, cell proliferation, survival, and invasion. Using a series of human-mouse chimeric HGF proteins, we showed that the neutralizing antibodies bind to a unique epitope in the beta-chain of human HGF. Importantly, these antibodies inhibited HGF-dependent autocrine-driven tumor growth and caused significant regression of established U-87 MG tumor xenografts. Treatment with anti-HGF antibody rapidly inhibited tumor cell proliferation and significantly increased the proportion of apoptotic U-87 MG tumor cells in vivo. These results suggest that an antibody to an epitope in the beta-chain of HGF has potential as a novel therapeutic agent for treating patients with HGF-dependent tumors.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Cancer Research