Yue-Chao Zhao

Northeast Agricultural University, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (8)25.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although decidualization is crucial for the establishment of successful pregnancy, the molecular mechanism underlying decidualization remains poorly understood. Crystallin αB (CryAB), a small heat shock protein (sHSP), is up-regulated and phosphorylated in mouse decidua. In mouse primary endometrial stromal cells, CryAB is induced upon progesterone treatment via HIF1α. In addition, CryAB is strongly phosphorylated through the p38-MAPK pathway under stress or during in vitro decidualization. Knockdown of CryAB results in the increase of apoptosis of stromal cells and inhibits decidualization under oxidative or inflammatory stress. Our data indicate that CryAB protects decidualization against stress conditions.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · FEBS Letters
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    ABSTRACT: L-Arginine (L-Arg), a conditional essential amino acid in adults, has been shown to enhance pregnancy outcome. Argininosuccinate synthase (Ass1) and argininosuccinate lyase (Asl) are the key enzyme for L-Arginine (L-Arg) biosynthesis. Based our microarray analysis, Ass1 expression is upregulated significantly at implantation site on day 5 of pregnancy compared to that at inter-implantation site. However, the expression, regulation and function of Ass1 during early pregnancy remain unknown. Here we found that Ass1 is highly expressed in mouse decidua and uterine stromal cells undergoing decidualization, and Asl is weakly expressed in mouse decidua and uterine stromal cells undergoing decidualization. α-methyl-DL-aspartic acid (MDLA), a specific inhibitor for Ass1, can significantly increase the rate of embryonic reabsorption. Under in vitro induced decidualization, MDLA clearly inhibits the expression of decidual/trophoblast prolactin-related protein (Dtprp), a marker for decidualization in mice. Only Ass1 expression is induced by cAMP through PKA/p-Creb signaling pathway. Results from our cell culture models further indicates that the high level of L-Arg enhances stromal proliferation, while enzymatic activity or Ass1 expression level is essential to determine the magnitude of both mouse and human decidualization. Interestingly, L-Arg at high concentration down-regulates Ass1 and Asl expression by negative feedback to maintain L-Arg homeostasis. These findings highlight that cAMP-induced Ass1 expression is important in controlling the magnitude of decidualization through regulating L-Arg level.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Sec63 is a key component of the protein translocation machinery in the mammalian endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and involved in the post-translation processing of secretory proteins. The aim of this study was to determine the expression pattern of SEC63 gene in mouse uterus during the early pregnancy. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analyses were used to evaluate the alteration in levels of uterine SEC63 gene expression during the peri-implantation period in mice. Further, both in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to examine the spatial localization of SEC63 gene expression in mouse uterine tissues. The presence of Sec63 protein in human uterine tissue was also detected by immunohistochemical analysis. Statistical analysis was carried out using Tukey test. Uterine SEC63 gene expression was up-regulated and predominantly localized in mouse decidual cells during days 5-8 of pregnancy. More interestingly, Sec63 protein was also detected in human decidua of 10-week pregnancy, whereas was not observed in human endometrial tissues both at proliferative and secretory phases of menstrual cycle. The pattern of SEC63 gene expression is consistent with a possible role for SEC63 in decidualization.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Polyamines are key regulators in cell growth and differentiation. It has been shown that ornithine decarboxylase (Odc) was essential for post-implantation embryo development, and overexpression of spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase will lead to ovarian hypofunction and hypoplastic uteri. However, the expression and function of polyamine-related genes in mouse uterus during early pregnancy are still unknown. In this study we investigated the expression, regulation, and function of polyamine-related genes in mouse uterus during the peri-implantation period. Odc expression was strongly detected at implantation sites and stimulated by estrogen treatment. The expression of Odc antizyme 1 and spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase was also highly shown at implantation sites and regulated by Odc or polyamine level in uterine cells. Embryo implantation was significantly inhibited by alpha-difluoromethylornithine, an Odc inhibitor. Moreover, the reduction of Odc activity caused by alpha-difluoromethylornithine treatment was compensated by the up-regulation of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase gene expression. Collectively, our results indicated that the coordinated expression of uterine polyamine-related genes may be important for embryo implantation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Although implantation types differ between species, the interaction between blastocyst trophectoderm and apical surface of the uterine epithelium is a common event during the implantation process. In this study, uterine luminal epithelium at implantation and inter-implantation sites was isolated by enzymatic digestion and used for microarray analysis. In a mouse microarray containing 12 345 unigenes, we found 136 genes upregulated more than twofold at the implantation site, while 223 genes were downregulated by at least twofold. Reverse transcription-PCR was used to verify the differential expression of seven upregulated and six downregulated genes chosen randomly from our microarray analysis, and the expression trends were similar. The differential expression patterns of eight upregulated genes were verified by in situ hybridization. Compared with the inter-implantation site on day 5 of pregnancy and the uterus on day 5 of pseudopregnancy, protease, serine, 12 neurotrypsin, endothelin-1, gamma-glutamyl hydrolase, Ras homolog gene family, member U, T-cell immunoglobulin, and mucin domain containing 2, proline-serine-threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 2, 3-monooxgenase/tryptophan 5-monooxgenase activation protein, gamma-polypeptide, and cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61) were upregulated in the luminal epithelium at implantation site on day 5 of pregnancy. These genes may be related to embryo apposition and adhesion during embryo implantation. Cyr61, a gene upregulated at the implantation site, was chosen to examine its expression and regulation during the periimplantation period by in situ hybridization. Cyr61 mRNA was specifically localized in the luminal epithelium surrounding the implanting blastocyst at day 4 midnight and on day 5 of pregnancy, and in the activated uterus, but not expressed in inter-implantation sites and under delayed implantation, suggesting a role for Cyr61 in mediating embryonic-uterine dialog during embryo attachment. Our data could be a valuable source for future study on embryo implantation.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2006 · Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Although oligonucleotide chips, cDNA microarrays, differential display reverse transcription-PCR, and other approaches have been used to screen implantation-related molecules, the mechanism by which embryo implantation occurs is still unknown. The aim of this study was to profile the differential gene expression between interimplantation site and implantation site in mouse uterus on day 5 of pregnancy by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). In our two SAGE libraries of 11-bp tags, the total numbers of tags sequenced were 48,121 for the interimplantation site and 50,227 for the implantation site. There were 1,039 tags specifically expressed at interimplantation site, and 1,252 tags specifically expressed at the implantation site. Based on the p value, there were 195 tags significantly up-regulated at the interimplantation site and 261 tags significantly up-regulated at the implantation site, of which 100 genes were single matched at the interimplantation site and 127 genes were single matched at the implantation site, respectively. By reverse transcription-PCR, the tag ratio between the implantation site and interimplantation site was verified on 14 significantly changed genes. Using in situ hybridization, 1810014L12Rik, Psmb5, Cd63, Npm1, Fads3, and Tagln2 were shown to be highly expressed at the implantation site compared with the interimplantation site. Compared with the interimplantation site, Ddx39 was strongly expressed in the subluminal stromal cells at the implantation site on day 5 of pregnancy. Ddx39 expression at the implantation site was specifically induced by active blastocysts. Additionally, Ddx39 expression was significantly up-regulated by estrogen in the ovariectomized mice. In our SAGE data, many implantation-related genes were identified in mouse uterus. Our data could be a valuable source for future study on embryo implantation.
    Full-text · Article · May 2006 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
  • Yue-Chao Zhao · Zeng-Ming Yang

    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Sheng li ke xue jin zhan [Progress in physiology]
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    Jing Cong · Hong-Lu Diao · Yue-Chao Zhao · Hua Ni · Yun-Qin Yan · Zeng-Ming Yang
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    ABSTRACT: It has been shown that both prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) and PGE2 are essential for mouse implantation, whereas only PGE2 is required for hamster implantation. To date, the expression and regulation of cyclooxygenase (COX) and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES), which are responsible for PGE2 production, have not been reported in the rat. The aim of this study was to examine the expression pattern and regulation of COX-1, COX-2, membrane-associated PGES-1 (mPGES-1), mPGES-2 and cytosolic PGES (cPGES) in rat uterus during early pregnancy and pseudopregnancy, and under delayed implantation. At implantation site on day 6 of pregnancy, COX-1 immunostaining was highly visible in the luminal epithelium, and COX-2 immunostaining was clearly observed in the subluminal stroma. Both mPGES-1 mRNA and protein were only observed in the subluminal stroma surrounding the implanting blastocyst at the implantation site on day 6 of pregancy , but were not seen in the inter-implantation site on day 6 of pregnancy and on day 6 of pseudopregnancy. Our data suggest that the presence of an active blastocyst is required for mPGES-1 expression at the implantation site. When pregnant rats on day 5 were treated with nimesulide for 24 h, mPGES-1 protein expression was completely inhibited. cPGES immunostaining was clearly observed in the luminal epithelium and subluminal stromal cells immediately surrounding the implanting blastocyst on day 6 of pregnancy. mPGES-2 immunostaining was clearly seen in the luminal epithelium at the implantation site. Additionally, immunostaining for prostaglandin I synthase (PGIS) was also strongly detected at the implantation site. In conclusion, our results indicate that PGE2 and PGI2 should have a very important role in rat implantation.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Reproduction (Cambridge, England)

Publication Stats

123 Citations
25.13 Total Impact Points


  • 2006-2014
    • Northeast Agricultural University
      Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China
  • 2008-2009
    • Xiamen University
      • • School of Life Sciences
      • • Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education For Cell Biology and Tumor Cell Engineering
      Amoy, Fujian, China