Andrea Vanossi

Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati di Trieste, Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Publications (87)399.08 Total impact

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    Andrea Benassi · Ming Ma · Michael Urbakh · Andrea Vanossi
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    ABSTRACT: In the framework of a Frenkel-Kontorova-like model, we address the robustness of the superlubricity phenomenon in an edge-driven system at large scales, highlighting the dynamical mechanisms leading to its failure due to the slider elasticity. The results of the numerical simulations perfectly match the length critical size derived from a parameter-free analytical model. By considering different driving and commensurability interface configurations, we explore the distinctive nature of the transition from superlubric to high-friction sliding states which occurs above the critical size, discovering the occurrence of previously undetected multiple dissipative jumps in the friction force as a function of the slider length. These driving-induced commensurate dislocations in the slider are then characterized in relation to their spatial localization and width, depending on the system parameters. Setting the ground to scale superlubricity up, this investigation provides a novel perspective on friction and nanomanipulation experiments and can serve as a theoretical basis for designing high-tech devices with specific superlow frictional features.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Scientific Reports
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Erio Tosatti

    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate theoretically the possibility to observe dynamical mode locking, in the form of Shapiro steps, when a time-periodic potential or force modulation is applied to a two-dimensional (2D) lattice of colloidal particles that are dragged by an external force over an optically generated periodic potential. Here we present realistic molecular dynamics simulations of a 2D experimental setup, where the colloid sliding is realized through the motion of soliton lines between locally commensurate patches or domains, and where the Shapiro steps are predicted and analyzed. Interestingly, the jump between one step and the next is seen to correspond to a fixed number of colloids jumping from one patch to the next, across the soliton line boundary, during each AC cycle. In addition to ordinary "integer" steps, coinciding here with the synchronous rigid advancement of the whole colloid monolayer, our main prediction is the existence of additional smaller "subharmonic" steps due to localized solitonic regions of incommensurate layers executing synchronized slips, while the majority of the colloids remains pinned to a potential minimum. The current availability and wide parameter tunability of colloid monolayers makes these predictions potentially easy to access in an experimentally rich 2D geometrical configuration.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015
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    Rosario Capozza · Andrea Benassi · Andrea Vanossi · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Recent measurements suggest the possibility to exploit ionic liquids (ILs) as smart lubricants for nano-contacts, tuning their tribological and rheological properties by charging the sliding interfaces. Following our earlier theoretical study of charging effects on nanoscale confinement and squeezout of a model IL, we present here molecular dynamics simulations of the frictional and lubrication properties of that model under charging conditions.First we describe the case when two equally charged plates slide while being held together to a confinement distance of a few molecular layers.The shear sliding stress is found to rise as the number of IL layers decreases stepwise. However the shear stress shows, within each given number of layers, only a weak dependence upon the precise value of the normal load, a result in agreement with data extracted from recent experiments.We subsequently describe the case of opposite charging of the sliding plates, and follow the shear stress when the charging is slowly and adiabatically reversed in the course of time, under fixed load. Despite the fixed load, the number and structure of the confined IL layers changes with changing charge, and that in turn drives strong friction variations. The latter involve first of all charging-induced freezing of the IL film, followed by a discharging-induced melting, both made possible by the nanoscale confinement. Another mechanism for charging-induced frictional changes is a shift of the plane of maximum shear from mid-film to the plate-film interface, and viceversa. While these occurrences and results invariably depend upon the parameters of the model IL and upon its specific interaction with the plates, the present study helps identifying a variety of possible behavior, obtained under very simple assumptions, while connecting it to an underlying equilibrium thermodynamics picture.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Two-dimensional (2D) crystalline colloidal monolayers sliding over a laser-induced optical lattice recently emerged as a new tool for the study of friction between ideal crystal surfaces. Here we focus in particular on static friction, the minimal sliding force necessary to depin one lattice from the other. If the colloid and the optical lattices are mutually commensurate, the colloid sliding is always pinned by static friction; but when they are incommensurate the presence or absence of pinning can be expected to depend upon the system parameters. If a 2D analogy to the mathematically established Aubry transition of one-dimensional systems were to hold, an increasing periodic corrugation strength $U_0$ should turn an initially free-sliding monolayer into a pinned state through a well-defined dynamical phase transition. We address this problem by the simulated sliding of a realistic model 2D colloidal lattice, confirming the existence of a clear and sharp superlubric-pinned transition for increasing corrugation strength. Unlike the 1D Aubry transition which is continuous, the 2D transition exhibits a definite first-order character. With no change of symmetry, the transition entails a structural character, with a sudden increase of the colloid-colloid interaction energy, accompanied by a compensating downward jump of the colloid-corrugation energy. The transition value for the corrugation amplitude $U_0$ depends upon the misalignment angle $\theta$ between the optical and the colloidal lattices, superlubricity surviving until larger corrugations for angles away from the energetically favored orientation, which is itself generally slightly misaligned, as shown in recent work. The observability of the superlubric-pinned colloid transition is proposed and discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: The inertial sliding of physisorbed submonolayer islands on crystal surfaces contains unexpected information on the exceptionally smooth sliding state associated with incommensurate superlubricity and on the mechanisms of its disappearance. Here, in a joint quartz crystal microbalance and molecular dynamics simulation case study of Xe on Cu(111), we show how superlubricity emerges in the large size limit of naturally incommensurate Xe islands. As coverage approaches a full monolayer, theory also predicts an abrupt adhesion-driven two-dimensional density compression on the order of several per cent, implying a hysteretic jump from superlubric free islands to a pressurized commensurate immobile monolayer. This scenario is fully supported by the quartz crystal microbalance data, which show remarkably large slip times with increasing submonolayer coverage, signalling superlubricity, followed by a dramatic drop to zero for the dense commensurate monolayer. Careful analysis of this variety of island sliding phenomena will be essential in future applications of friction at crystal/adsorbate interfaces.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Nature Nanotechnology
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Nicola Manini · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Colloidal 2D monolayers sliding in an optical lattice are of recent importance as a frictional system. In the general case when the monolayer and optical lattices are incommensurate, we predict two important novelties, one in the static equilibrium structure, the other in the frictional behavior under sliding. Structurally, realistic simulations show that the colloid layer should possess in full equilibrium a small misalignment rotation angle relative to the optical lattice, an effect so far unnoticed but visible in some published experimental moir\'e patterns. Under sliding, this misalignment has the effect of boosting the colloid monolayer friction by a considerable factor over the hypothetical aligned case discussed so far. A frictional increase of similar origin must generally affect other incommensurate adsorbed monolayers and contacts, to be sought out case by case.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Physical Review Letters
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Nicola Manini · Erio Tosatti

    Full-text · Dataset · Mar 2015
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Nicola Manini · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Colloidal two-dimensional monolayers sliding in an optical lattice are of recent importance as a frictional system. In the general case when the monolayer and optical lattices are incommensurate, we predict two important novelties, one in the static equilibrium structure, the other in the frictional behavior under sliding. Structurally, realistic simulations show that the colloid layer should possess in full equilibrium a small misalignment rotation angle relative to the optical lattice, an effect so far unnoticed but visible in some published experimental moiré patterns. Under sliding, this misalignment has the effect of boosting the colloid monolayer friction by a considerable factor over the hypothetical aligned case discussed so far. A frictional increase of similar origin must generally affect other incommensurate adsorbed monolayers and contacts, to be sought out case by case.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Physical Review Letters
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    Ming Ma · Andrea Benassi · Andrea Vanossi · Michael Urbakh
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    ABSTRACT: Since the demonstration of super-low friction (superlubricity) in graphite at nanoscale, one of the main challenges in the field of nano- and micro-mechanics was to scale this phenomenon up. A key question to be addressed is to what extent superlubricity could persist, and what mechanisms could lead to its failure. Here, using an edge-driven Frenkel-Kontorova model, we establish a connection between the critical length above which superlubricity disappears and both intrinsic material properties and experimental parameters. A striking boost in dissipated energy with chain length emerges abruptly due to a high-friction stick-slip mechanism caused by deformation of the slider leading to a local commensuration with the substrate lattice. We derived a parameter-free analytical model for the critical length that is in excellent agreement with our numerical simulations. Our results provide a new perspective on friction and nano-manipulation and can serve as a theoretical basis for designing nano-devices with super-low friction, such as carbon nanotubes.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Physical Review Letters
  • Andrea Vanossi · Nicola Manini · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Trapping and dragging colloidal monolayers in two-dimensional optical lattices is offering the possibility to mimic friction between crystals (or even quasicrystals) visualizing directly the intimate mechanisms of sliding friction, with the additional possibility to change parameters freely, and to compare directly experiment with theory. Realistic simulations, which we review here, make a number of predictions about static features and dynamic sliding and reproduce well recent observations. Together, they provide a first demonstration of the potential impact of colloid dynamics in nanotribology
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · NanoScience and Technology
  • N. Manini · Oleg M. Braun · A. Vanossi
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    ABSTRACT: Friction with its related nonlinear dynamics is a vast interdisciplinary field, involving complex physical processes over a wide range of length and time scales. The accelerated progress in experimental and computational techniques, often leading to complex detailed dynamical patterns, has vigorously stimulated the search and implementation of idealized experimental frameworks and simplermathematical models, capable of describing and interpreting, in amore immediateway, the essential physics involved in nonlinear sliding phenomena.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    R. Capozza · A. Vanossi · A. Benassi · E. Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Electrical charging of parallel plates confining a model ionic liquid down to nanoscale distances yields a variety of charge-induced changes in the structural features of the confined film. That includes even-odd switching of the structural layering and charging-induced solidification and melting, with important changes of local ordering between and within layers, and of squeezout behavior. By means of molecular dynamics simulations, we explore this variety of phenomena in the simplest charged Lennard-Jones coarse-grained model including or excluding the effect a neutral tail giving an anisotropic shape to one of the model ions. Using these models and open conditions permitting the flow of ions in and out of the interplate gap, we simulate the liquid squeezout to obtain the distance dependent structure and forces between the plates during their adiabatic appraoch under load. Simulations at fixed applied force illustrate an effective electrical pumping of the ionic liquid, from a thick nearly solid film that withstands the interplate pressure for high plate charge to complete squeezout following melting near zero charge. Effective enthalpy curves obtained by integration of interplate forces versus distance show the local minima that correspond to layering, and predict the switching between one minimum and another under squeezing and charging.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: The static friction preventing the free sliding of nanosized rare gas solid islands physisorbed on incommensurate crystalline surfaces is not completely understood. Simulations modeled on Kr/Pb(111) highlights the importance and the scaling behavior of the island's edge contribution to static friction.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Nanoscale
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    ABSTRACT: The surface of a crystal made of roughly spherical molecules exposes, above its bulk rotational phase transition at T= Tr, a carpet of freely rotating molecules, possibly functioning as “nanobearings” in sliding friction. We explored by extensive molecular dynamics simulations the frictional and adhesion changes experienced by a sliding C60 flake on the surface of the prototype system C60 fullerite. At fixed flake orientation both quantities exhibit only a modest frictional drop of order 20% across the transition. However, adhesion and friction drop by a factor of 2 as the flake breaks its perfect angular alignment with the C60 surface lattice suggesting an entropy-driven aligned-misaligned switch during pull-off at Tr. The results can be of relevance for sliding Kr islands, where very little frictional differences were observed at Tr, but also to the sliding of C60 -coated tip, where a remarkable factor 2 drop has been reported.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Nanoscale
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    ABSTRACT: Recent highly idealized model studies of lubricated nanofriction for two crystalline sliding surfaces with an interposed thin solid crystalline lubricant layer showed that the overall relative velocity of the lubricant $v_{\rm lub} / v_{\rm slider}$ depends only on the ratio of the lattice spacings, and retains a strictly constant value even when system parameters are varied within a wide range. This peculiar "quantized" dynamical locking was understood as due to the sliding-induced motion of misfit dislocations, or soliton structures. So far, the practical relevance of this concept to realistic sliding three dimensional crystals has not been demonstrated. In this work, by means of classical molecular dynamics simulations and theoretical considerations, we realize a realistic three-dimensional crystal-lubricant-crystal geometry. Results show that the flux of lubricant particles associated to the advancing soliton lines gives rise here too to a quantized velocity ratio. Moreover, depending on the interface lattice spacing mismatch, both forward and backward quantized motion of the lubricant is predicted. The persistence under realistic conditions of the dynamically pinned state and quantized sliding is further investigated by varying sliding speed, temperature, load, and lubricant film thickness. The possibilities of experimental observation of quantized sliding are also discussed.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Physical Review B
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    Rosalie Laure Woulaché · Andrea Vanossi · Nicola Manini
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the frictional sliding of an incommensurate chain of interacting particles confined in between two nonlinear on-site substrate potential profiles in relative motion. We focus here on the class of Remoissenet-Peyrard parametrized potentials V_{RP}(x,s), whose shape can be varied continuously as a function of s, recovering the sine-Gordon potential as a particular case. The observed frictional dynamics of the system, crucially dependent on the mutual ratios of the three periodicities in the sandwich geometry, turns out to be significantly influenced also by the shape of the substrate potential. Specifically, variations of the shape parameter s affect significantly and not trivially the existence and robustness of the recently reported velocity quantization phenomena [A. Vanossi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 056101 (2006)], where the chain center-of-mass velocity to the externally imposed relative velocity of the sliders stays pinned to exact "plateau" values for wide ranges of the dynamical parameters.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Physical Review E
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Stick slip—the sequence of mechanical instabilities through which a slider advances on a solid substrate—is pervasive throughout sliding friction, from nanoscales to geological scales. Here we suggest that trapped cold ions in an optical lattice can also be of help in understanding stick-slip friction, and also the way friction changes when one of the sliders undergoes structural transitions. For that scope, we simulated the dynamical properties of a 101-ion chain, driven to slide back and forth by a slowly oscillating electric field in an incommensurate periodic “corrugation” potential of increasing magnitude U0. We found the chain sliding to switch, as U0 increases and before the Aubry transition, from a smooth-sliding regime with low dissipation to a stick-slip regime with high dissipation. In the stick-slip regime the onset of overall sliding is preceded by precursor events consisting of partial slips of a few ions only, leading to partial depinning of the chain, a nutshell remnant of precursor events at the onset of motion also observed in macroscopic sliders. Seeking to identify the possible effects on friction of a structural transition, we reduced the trapping potential aspect ratio until the ion chain shape turned from linear to zigzag. Dynamic friction was found to rise at the transition, reflecting the opening of other dissipation channels.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: The physics of sliding friction is gaining impulse from nanoscale and mesoscale experiments, simulations, and theoretical modeling. This Colloquium reviews some recent developments in modeling and in atomistic simulation of friction, covering open-ended directions, unconventional nanofrictional systems, and unsolved problems.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Review of Modern Physics
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    Davide Mandelli · Andrea Vanossi · Erio Tosatti
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    ABSTRACT: Stick-slip -- the sequence of mechanical instabilities through which a slider advances on a solid substrate -- is pervasive throughout sliding friction, from nano to geological scales. Here we suggest that trapped cold ions in an optical lattice can also be of help in understanding stick-slip friction, and also the way friction changes when one of the sliders undergoes structural transitions. For that scope, we simulated the dynamical properties of a 101-ions chain, driven to slide back and forth by a slowly oscillating electric field in an incommensurate periodic "corrugation" potential of increasing magnitude U0. We found the chain sliding to switch, as U0 increases and before the Aubry transition, from a smooth-sliding regime with low dissipation to a stick-slip regime with high dissipation. In the stick-slip regime the onset of overall sliding is preceded by precursor events consisting of partial slips of few ions only, leading to partial depinning of the chain, a nutshell remnant of precursor events at the onset of motion also observed in macroscopic sliders. Seeking to identify the possible effects on friction of a structural transition, we reduced the trapping potential aspect ratio until the ion chain shape turned from linear to zigzag. Dynamic friction was found to rise at the transition, reflecting the opening of newer dissipation channels.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Physical review. B, Condensed matter

Publication Stats

732 Citations
399.08 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009-2015
    • Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati di Trieste
      Trst, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
    • University of Milan
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
    • INO - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 2012
    • National Research Council
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2003-2011
    • Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
      Modène, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2001-2003
    • Los Alamos National Laboratory
      • Center for Nonlinear Studies
      Los Alamos, California, United States
  • 2000-2001
    • University of Bologna
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy