Jay S Wunder

Washington University in St. Louis, San Luis, Missouri, United States

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Publications (189)1059.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tumor-propagating cells (TPCs) are believed to drive cancer initiation, progression and recurrence. These cells are characterized by enhanced tumorigenicity and self-renewal. The ability to identify such cells in primary human sarcomas relies on the dye exclusion ability of tumor side population (SP) cells. Here, we performed a high-throughput cell surface antigen screen and found that CD146 is enriched in the SP population. In vivo serial transplantation assays showed that CD146+ cells are highly tumorigenic, capable of self-renewal and thus enriches for the TPC population. In addition, depletion of SP cells from the CD146+ population show that CD146+ cells and SP cells are a distinct and overlapping TPC populations. Gene expression profiling of CD146+ and SP cells revealed multiple pathways commonly upregulated in both of these populations. Inhibition of one of these upregulated pathways, Notch signaling, significantly reduced tumor growth and self-renewal. Our data demonstrate that CD146 is an effective cell surface marker for enriching TPCs in primary human sarcomas. Targeting differentially activated pathways in TPCs may provide new therapeutic strategies for treating sarcoma.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Oncotarget
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: To describe the surgical treatment of patients with a pathologic fracture through a benign tumor of the proximal femur to determine if there is a difference in local recurrence, complications or functional outcome compared to patients with tumors in the same location without pathologic fractures. Methods: From 1989-2010, of 97 patients, 29 presented with a pathologic fracture (PF) through a proximal femoral benign bone tumor and 68 presented without a pathologic fracture (NPF). Outcomes of the two groups were compared in terms of surgical management, postoperative complications, local recurrence and functional scores. Results: Fibrous dysplasia, giant cell tumor of bone and chondroblastoma were the most common subtypes. Most patients were managed with joint preservation in both PF (86.2%) and NPF (98.5%) groups (P = 0.03). Local recurrence risk was similar for patients in the PF (10.3%) and NPF (8.8%) groups. Mean follow-up was 105.7 months (P = 0.8). Functional outcome scores were high in both groups and not statistically significantly different. Conclusions: The majority of pathologic fractures through a benign bone tumor of the proximal femur can be successfully treated with curettage, burring, bone grafting and internal fixation without increasing the risk of local recurrence or negatively impacting functional outcome. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Studies of related individuals have consistently demonstrated notable familial aggregation of cancer. We aim to estimate the heritability and genetic correlation attributable to the additive effects of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for cancer at 13 anatomical sites.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute
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    ABSTRACT: We carried out whole genome and transcriptome sequencing on four tumor/normal pairs of epithelioid sarcoma. These index cases were supplemented with whole transcriptome sequencing of three additional tumors and three cell lines. Unlike rhabdoid tumor (the other major group of SMARCB1-negative cancers), epithelioid sarcoma shows a complex genome with a higher mutational rate, comparable to that of ovarian carcinoma. Despite this mutational burden, SMARCB1 mutations remain the most frequently recurring event and are probably critical drivers of tumor formation. Several cases show heterozygous SMARCB1 mutations without inactivation of the second allele, and we explore this further in vitro. Finding CDKN2A deletions in our discovery cohort, we evaluated CDKN2A protein expression in a tissue microarray. Six out of sixteen cases had lost CDKN2A in greater than or equal to 90% of cells, while the remaining cases had retained the protein. Expression analysis of epithelioid sarcoma cell lines by transcriptome sequencing shows a unique profile that does not cluster with any particular tissue type nor with other SWI/SNF-aberrant lines. Evaluation of the levels of members of the SWI/SNF complex other than SMARCB1 revealed that these proteins are expressed as part of a residual complex, similarly to previously studied rhabdoid tumor lines. This residual SWI/SNF is susceptible to synthetic lethality and may therefore indicate a therapeutic opportunity.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of Pathology

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: The etiologic contribution of germline genetic variation to sporadic osteosarcoma is not well understood. Osteosarcoma is a sentinel cancer of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), in which approximately 70% of families meeting the classic criteria have germline TP53 mutations. We sequenced TP53 exons in 765 osteosarcoma cases. Data were analyzed with χ(2) tests, logistic regression, and Cox proportional hazards regression models. We observed a high frequency of young osteosarcoma cases (age <30 years) carrying a known LFS- or likely LFS-associated mutation (3.8%) or rare exonic variant (5.7%) with an overall frequency of 9.5%, compared with none in case patients age 30 years and older (P < .001). This high TP53 mutation prevalence in young osteosarcoma cases is statistically significantly greater than the previously reported prevalence of 3% (P = .0024). We identified a novel association between a TP53 rare variant and metastasis at diagnosis of osteosarcoma (rs1800372, odds ratio = 4.27, 95% confidence interval = 1.2 to 15.5, P = .026). Genetic susceptibility to young onset osteosarcoma is distinct from older adult onset osteosarcoma, with a high frequency of LFS-associated and rare exonic TP53 variants. Published by Oxford University Press 2015. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of the National Cancer Institute
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    ABSTRACT: Standard clinical management of extremity soft tissue sarcomas includes surgery with radiation therapy. Wound complications (WCs) arising from treatment may occur due to bacterial infection and tissue breakdown. The ability to detect changes in these parameters during treatment may lead to earlier interventions that mitigate WCs. We describe the use of a new system composed of an autofluorescence imaging device and an optical three-dimensional tracking system to detect and coregister the presence of bacteria with radiation doses. The imaging device visualized erythema using white light and detected bacterial autofluorescence using 405-nm excitation light. Its position was tracked relative to the patient using IR reflective spheres and registration to the computed tomography coordinates. Image coregistration software was developed to spatially overlay radiation treatment plans and dose distributions on the white light and autofluorescence images of the surgical site. We describe the technology, its use in the operating room, and standard operating procedures, as well as demonstrate technical feasibility and safety intraoperatively. This new clinical tool may help identify patients at greater risk of developing WCs and investigate correlations between radiation dose, skin response, and changes in bacterial load as biomarkers associated with WCs. © 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Biomedical Optics
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    ABSTRACT: Metastasis is the leading cause of death in osteosarcoma patients, the most common pediatric bone malignancy. We conducted a multi-stage genome-wide association study of osteosarcoma metastasis at diagnosis in 935 osteosarcoma patients to determine whether germline genetic variation contributes to risk of metastasis. We identified a SNP, rs7034162, in NFIB significantly associated with metastasis in European osteosarcoma cases, as well as in cases of African and Brazilian ancestry (meta-analysis of all cases: P=1.2x10(-9), OR 2.43, 95% CI 1.83-3.24). The risk allele was significantly associated with lowered NFIB expression, which led to increased osteosarcoma cell migration, proliferation, and colony formation. Additionally, a transposon screen in mice identified a significant proportion of osteosarcomas harboring inactivating insertions in Nfib, and had lowered Nfib expression. These data suggest that germline genetic variation at rs7034162 is important in osteosarcoma metastasis, and that NFIB is an osteosarcoma metastasis susceptibility gene. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Cancer Discovery
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical resection with curative intent for giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) may be associated with severe morbidity. This interim analysis evaluated reduction in surgical invasiveness after denosumab treatment in patients with resectable GCTB. Patients with primary or recurrent GCTB, for whom the initially planned surgery was associated with functional compromise or morbidity, received denosumab 120 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks (additional doses on days 8 and 15 of the first cycle). Planned and actual GCTB-related surgical procedures before and after denosumab treatment were reported. Patients were followed for surgical outcome, adverse events, and recurrence following resection. Overall, 222 patients were evaluable for surgical downstaging (54 % were women; median age 34 years). Lesions (67 % primary and 33 % recurrent) were located in the axial (15 %) and appendicular skeleton (85 %). At the data cutoff date, most patients had not yet undergone surgery (n = 106; 48 %) or had a less morbid procedure (n = 84; 38 %) than originally planned. Median (interquartile range) time on denosumab was 19.5 (12.4-28.6) months for the 106 patients who had not undergone surgery and were continuing on monthly denosumab. Native joint preservation was 96 % (n = 24/25) for patients with planned joint/prosthesis replacement and 86 % (n = 30/35) for patients with planned joint resection/fusion. Of the 116 patients who had surgery (median postsurgical follow-up 13.0 [8.5-17.9] months), local recurrence occurred in 17 (15 %) patients. For patients with resectable GCTB, neoadjuvant denosumab therapy resulted in beneficial surgical downstaging, including either no surgery or a less morbid surgical procedure.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of the time interval between completion of preoperative radiation therapy (RT) and surgical resection on wound complications (WCs) in extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Overall, 798 extremity STS patients were managed with preoperative RT and surgery from 1989 to 2013. WCs were defined as requiring secondary operations/invasive procedures for wound care, use of vacuum-assisted closure, prolonged dressing changes, or infection within 120 days of surgery. Mean tumor size was 8.8 cm. A total of 743 (93 %) tumors were primary presentations, 565 (71 %) patients had lower extremity tumors, and 238 patients (30 %) had a prior unplanned excision. Of 242 patients (30 %) who developed a WC, 206 (37 %) had lower extremity tumors and 36 (15 %) had upper extremity tumors. Mean time from RT completion to surgery was 41.3 (range 4-470) days; 42.0 (range 4-470) days for upper extremity cases, and 41.1 (range 4-109) days for lower extremity cases. Similarly, mean time interval for patients who developed a WC was 40.9 (range 4-100) days, and 41.5 (range 4-470) days for those who did not develop a WC (p = 0.69). Thirty-nine cases (5 %) had surgery within 3 weeks of RT; 15 (38 %) patients developed WCs versus 227 (30 %) patients who had their tumors excised after 3 weeks (p = 0.28). One hundred and twenty-nine (16 %) patients had surgery within 4 weeks, and 39 (30 %) patients developed WCs versus 203 (30 %) patients who had their tumors excised after 4 weeks (p = 1.0). A trend towards a higher rate of WCs was seen for those patients who had surgery after 6 weeks (28 % prior vs. 34 % after; p = 0.08). There was no difference in WCs with intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) versus non-IMRT cases (p = 0.6). The time interval between preoperative RT and surgical excision in extremity STS had minimal influence on the development of WCs. Four- or 5-week intervals showed equivalent complication rates between the two groups, suggesting an optimal interval to reduce potential WCs.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: A common and aggressive subtype of soft-tissue sarcoma, undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) was examined to determine the role of micro-RNAs (miRNAs) in modulating distant metastasis. Following histopathologic review, 110 fresh frozen clinically annotated UPS samples were divided into two independent cohorts for Training (42 patients), and Validation (68 patients) analyses. Global miRNA profiling on the Training Set and functional analysis in vitro suggested that miRNA-138 and its downstream RHO-ROCK cell adhesion pathway was a convergent target of miRNAs associated with the development of metastasis. A six-miRNA signature set prognostic of distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was developed from Training Set miRNA expression values. Using the six-miRNA signature, patients were successfully categorized into high- and low-risk groups for DMFS in an independent Validation Set, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 2.25 (p = 0.048). After adjusting for other known prognostic variables such as age, gender, tumor grade, size, depth, and treatment with radiotherapy, the six-miRNA signature retained prognostic value with a HR of 3.46 (p < 0.001). A prognostic miRNA biomarker for clinical validation was thus identified along with a functional pathway that modulates UPS metastatic phenotype.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Oncotarget
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    Full-text · Dataset · Mar 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Analyses of genome-wide association study (GWAS) data have revealed that detectable genetic mosaicism involving large (>2 Mb) structural autosomal alterations occurs in a fraction of individuals. We present results for a set of 24,849 genotyped individuals (total GWAS set II [TGSII]) in whom 341 large autosomal abnormalities were observed in 168 (0.68%) individuals. Merging data from the new TGSII set with data from two prior reports (the Gene-Environment Association Studies and the total GWAS set I) generated a large dataset of 127,179 individuals; we then conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the patterns of detectable autosomal mosaicism (n = 1,315 events in 925 [0.73%] individuals). Restricting to events >2 Mb in size, we observed an increase in event frequency as event size decreased. The combined results underscore that the rate of detectable mosaicism increases with age (p value = 5.5 × 10(-31)) and is higher in men (p value = 0.002) but lower in participants of African ancestry (p value = 0.003). In a subset of 47 individuals from whom serial samples were collected up to 6 years apart, complex changes were noted over time and showed an overall increase in the proportion of mosaic cells as age increased. Our large combined sample allowed for a unique ability to characterize detectable genetic mosaicism involving large structural events and strengthens the emerging evidence of non-random erosion of the genome in the aging population. Copyright © 2015 The American Society of Human Genetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · The American Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Enchondromas are benign cartilage tumors and precursors to malignant chondrosarcomas. Somatic mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase genes (IDH1 and IDH2) are present in the majority of these tumor types. How these mutations cause enchondromas is unclear. Here, we identified the spectrum of IDH mutations in human enchondromas and chondrosarcomas and studied their effects in mice. A broad range of mutations was identified, including the previously unreported IDH1-R132Q mutation. These mutations harbored enzymatic activity to catalyze α-ketoglutarate to d-2-hydroxyglutarate (d-2HG). Mice expressing Idh1-R132Q in one allele in cells expressing type 2 collagen showed a disordered growth plate, with persistence of type X-expressing chondrocytes. Chondrocyte cell cultures from these animals or controls showed that there was an increase in proliferation and expression of genes characteristic of hypertrophic chondrocytes with expression of Idh1-R132Q or 2HG treatment. Col2a1-Cre;Idh1-R132Q mutant knock-in mice (mutant allele expressed in chondrocytes) did not survive after the neonatal stage. Col2a1-Cre/ERT2;Idh1-R132 mutant conditional knock-in mice, in which Cre was induced by tamoxifen after weaning, developed multiple enchondroma-like lesions. Taken together, these data show that mutant IDH or d-2HG causes persistence of chondrocytes, giving rise to rests of growth-plate cells that persist in the bone as enchondromas.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: This Sawbones and cadaver study was performed to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of pelvic bone cuts made with use of a novel navigation system with a navigated osteotome and oscillating saw. Using a novel navigation system and a three-dimensional planning tool, we navigated pelvic bone cuts that were representative of typical cuts made in pelvic tumor resections. The system includes a prototype mobile C-arm for intraoperative cone-beam computed tomography, real-time optical tracking (Polaris), and three-dimensional visualization software. Three-dimensional virtual radiographs were utilized in addition to triplanar (axial, sagittal, and coronal) navigation. In part one of the study, we navigated twenty-four sacral bone cuts in Sawbones models and validated our results in sixteen similar cuts in cadavers. In part two, we developed three Sawbones models of pelvic tumors based on actual patient scenarios and compared three navigated resections with three non-navigated resections for each tumor model. Part three assessed the accuracy of the system with multiple users. There were ninety navigated cuts in Sawbones that were compared with fifty-four non-navigated cuts. In the navigated Sawbones cuts, the mean entry and exit cuts were 1.4 ± 1 mm and 1.9 ± 1.2 mm from the planned cuts, respectively. In comparison, the entry and exit cuts in Sawbones that were not navigated were 2.8 ± 4.9 mm and 3.5 ± 4.6 mm away from the planned osteotomy site. The navigated cuts were significantly more accurate (p ≤ 0.01). In the cadaver study, navigated entry and exit cuts were 1.5 ± 0.9 mm and 2.1 ± 1.5 mm from the planned cuts. The variation among three different users was 1 mm on both the entry and exit cuts. Navigation to guide pelvic bone cuts is accurate and feasible. Three-dimensional radiographs should be used for improved accuracy. Navigated cuts were significantly more accurate than non-navigated cuts were. A margin of 5 mm between the target tumor volume and the planned cut plane would result in a negative margin resection in more than 95% of the cuts. The accuracy of pelvic bone tumor resections and pelvic osteotomies can be improved with navigation to within 5 mm of the planned cut. Copyright © 2015 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Complex anatomy of the forearm may impact on local control and survivals of soft tissue sarcoma. Little is known about characteristics and oncologic outcomes following surgical treatment. Methods Demographic and tumor data of 117 patients with forearm soft tissue sarcoma were collected and analyzed. Following limb salvage, survivals, and prognostic factors were studied. ResultsSeventy-three patients were males (62%) and 53 (45%) were referred after unplanned excision. Pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma was most frequent (45%). The average tumor size was 5.1cm and grade III histology was mostly identified (53%). With radiotherapy, local recurrence occurs in 8 patients (7%) and 30 patients (24%) developed metastasis. Overall survival, disease free survival, local recurrence free survival, and metastasis free survival were 83%, 74%, 93%, and 74%, respectively. Better survival was found for grade I (80% vs. 60%) and small size (<5cm) (72% vs. 47%). Large size tumor, extra-compartmental site, extramuscular, and virgin tumor were positive predictors of metastasis. Conclusion Soft tissue sarcomas of the forearm are often referred after unplanned excision. Limb salvage was achieved for most and local recurrence remained low in context of radiotherapy. Metastatic progression remained frequent. Low grade and small size were predictors of survival. J. Surg. Oncol. 2014 110:676-681. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Although telomeres are maintained in most cancers by telomerase activation, a subset of tumors utilize alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to sustain self-renewal capacity. In order to study the prevalence and significance of ALT in childhood brain tumors we screened 517 pediatric brain tumors using the novel C-circle assay. We examined the association of ALT with alterations in genes found to segregate with specific histological phenotypes and with clinical outcome. ALT was detected almost exclusively in malignant tumors (p = 0.001). ALT was highly enriched in primitive neuroectodermal tumors (12 %), choroid plexus carcinomas (23 %) and high-grade gliomas (22 %). Furthermore, in contrast to adult gliomas, pediatric low grade gliomas which progressed to high-grade tumors did not exhibit the ALT phenotype. Somatic but not germline TP53 mutations were highly associated with ALT (p = 1.01 × 10−8). Of the other alterations examined, only ATRX point mutations and reduced expression were associated with the ALT phenotype (p = 0.0005). Interestingly, ALT attenuated the poor outcome conferred by TP53 mutations in specific pediatric brain tumors. Due to very poor prognosis, one year overall survival was quantified in malignant gliomas, while in children with choroid plexus carcinoma, five year overall survival was investigated. For children with TP53 mutant malignant gliomas, one year overall survival was 63 ± 12 and 23 ± 10 % for ALT positive and negative tumors, respectively (p = 0.03), while for children with TP53 mutant choroid plexus carcinomas, 5 years overall survival was 67 ± 19 and 27 ± 13 % for ALT positive and negative tumors, respectively (p = 0.07). These observations suggest that the presence of ALT is limited to a specific group of childhood brain cancers which harbor somatic TP53 mutations and may influence the outcome of these patients. Analysis of ALT may contribute to risk stratification and targeted therapies to improve outcome for these children.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Acta Neuropathologica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose There are few reports detailing recurrence rates or functional outcomes after combined arthroscopic and open synovectomy to treat diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS) of the knee. Methods Patients with DPVNS of the knee treated with combined synovectomy, followed for a minimum of 12 months at a tertiary orthopaedic oncology centre, were identified. We extracted data pertaining to demographics, complications, clinical outcomes and recurrence. Functional status was evaluated prospectively using the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) and the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) 1987 and 1993 surveys. Data were reported descriptively as mean (SD) unless otherwise specified. Results Fifteen patients [80 % female; mean age 38.9 (SD 14.2) years] representing 15 knees were treated with combined synovectomies and followed for 81 (SD 55) months. Posterior arthroscopy was utilized in 73 % of patients. External beam radiation was utilized post-operatively in 73 % of patients. Two patients (13 %) experienced symptomatic disease recurrence. The mean post-operative knee range of motion was 1° (range 0–10°) to 115° (range 90–135°). TESS and MSTS 1987/1993 scores all suggested excellent patient function. Post-operative complications included one posterior wound dehiscence, one case of femoral condyle avascular necrosis and one patient with lymphedema. Conclusions Combined synovectomy resulted in a low rate of symptomatic disease recurrence and good to excellent functional outcomes for diffuse PVNS of the knee. A literature review identified this as largest case series focusing on combined synovectomies for DPVNS of the knee and the only one describing functional outcomes or the use of external beam radiotherapy. Level of evidence Retrospective case series, Level IV.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the risk of local recurrence and survival after soft tissue sarcoma (STS) resection with positive margins and to evaluate the safety of sparing adjacent critical structures. Methods: One hundred sixty-nine patients with localized STS who had positive resection margins were identified from a prospective database. Patients who had positive margins were stratified into 3 groups, each representing a specific clinical scenario: critical structure positive margin (eg major nerve, vessel, or bone), tumor bed resection positive margin, and unexpected positive margin. The rates of local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) were calculated and compared with relevant control patients who had negative margins after STS resection. Results: After planned close dissection to preserve critical structures, the 5-year LRFS and CSS rates both depended on the quality of the surgical margins (97% and 80.3%, respectively, for those with negative margins vs 85.4% and 59.4%, respectively, for those with positive margins; P = .015 and P = .05, respectively). Negative margins achieved through resection of critical structures because of tumor invasion or encasement only slightly improved the 5-year rates of LRFS (91.2%) and CSS (63.6%; P = .8 and P = .9, respectively). The lowest 5-year LRFS and CSS rates were 63.4% and 59.2%, respectively, after an unexpected positive margin during primary surgery. Conclusions: After patients undergo resection of STS with positive margins, oncologic outcomes can be predicted based on the clinical context. Sparing adjacent critical structures in this setting is safe and contributes to improved functional outcomes.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Creating spontaneous yet genetically tractable human tumors from normal cells presents a fundamental challenge. Here we combined retroviral and transposon insertional mutagenesis to enable cancer gene discovery starting with human primary cells. We used lentiviruses to seed gain- and loss-of-function gene disruption elements, which were further deployed by Sleeping Beauty transposons throughout the genome of human bone explant mesenchymal cells. De novo tumors generated rapidly in this context were high-grade myxofibrosarcomas. Tumor insertion sites were enriched in recurrent somatic copy-number aberration regions from multiple cancer types and could be used to pinpoint new driver genes that sustain somatic alterations in patients. We identified HDLBP, which encodes the RNA-binding protein vigilin, as a candidate tumor suppressor deleted at 2q37.3 in greater than one out of ten tumors across multiple tissues of origin. Hybrid viral-transposon systems may accelerate the functional annotation of cancer genomes by enabling insertional mutagenesis screens in higher eukaryotes that are not amenable to germline transgenesis.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Nature Genetics

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,059.59 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • Division of Urologic Surgery
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 1998-2015
    • Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto
      • • Department of Medical Imaging
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1997-2015
    • University of Toronto
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2005-2013
    • Sinai Hospital
      • Department of Surgery
      Mount Sinai, New York, United States
  • 1990-2013
    • Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2012
    • McMaster University
      • Department of Surgery
      Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • 2010
    • SickKids
      • Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2009
    • Beijing University of Technology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2007
    • Mount Sinai Hospital
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1996-2005
    • The Princess Margaret Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2002
    • University of Ottawa
      Ottawa, Ontario, Canada