A Kijlstra

Maastricht University, Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands

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Publications (511)1371.72 Total impact

  • Zi Ye · Bolin Deng · Chaokui Wang · Dike Zhang · Aize Kijlstra · Peizeng Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Behcet’s disease (BD) is a chronic, systemic and recurrent inflammatory disease associated with hyperactive Th17 and Th1 immune responses. Recent studies have shown that B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) negatively regulates the immune response. In this study, we investigated whether BTLA activation could be exploited to inhibit the development of abnormal immune responses in BD patients. BTLA expression in PBMCs and CD4+ T cells was significantly decreased in active BD patients. Decreased BTLA level was associated with increased Th17 and Th1 responses. Activation of BTLA inhibited the abnormal Th17 and Th1 responses and IL-22 expression in both patients and controls. Addition of an agonistic anti-BTLA antibody remarkably inhibited DC-induced Th17 and Th1 cell responses, resulted in decreased production of the Th17 and Th1-related cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-23 and IL-12p70 and reduced CD40 expression in DCs. In conclusion, decreased BTLA expression in ocular BD may lead to inappropriate control of the Th17 and Th1 immune responses and DC functions. Therefore, BTLA may be involved in the development and recurrence of this disease. Agonistic agents of BTLA may represent a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of BD and other inflammatory diseases mediated by abnormal Th17 and Th1 immune responses.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Scientific Reports
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    Lin Li · Hongsong Yu · Yanni Jiang · Bolin Deng · Lin Bai · Aize Kijlstra · Peizeng Yang
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of five NLR family genes (NOD1, NOD2, NLRP1, NLRP3 and CIITA) are associated with Behcet’s disease (BD) in a Chinese Han population. The study was carried out in 950 BD patients and 1440 controls for 19 SNPs in the selected NLR genes. In the first-stage study, significantly decreased frequencies of the CIITA//rs12932187 C allele (Pc = 1.668E-02) and NOD1//rs2075818 G allele (Pc = 4.694E-02) were found in BD patients as compared to controls . After performing a second stage validation study and combination of data we confirmed the association of CIITA//rs12932187 and NOD1//rs2075818 with BD. In CIITA//rs12932187, the frequencies of the CC genotype and C allele were significantly lower in BD than in controls (Pc = 3.331E-06; Pc = 6.004E-07, respectively). In NOD1//rs2075818, the GG genotype and G allele showed significantly decreased frequencies in BD patients when compared to controls (Pc = 1.022E-02; Pc = 6.811E-05, respectively). Functional experiments showed that carriers with the CC genotype in CIITA//rs12932187 had a lower CIITA mRNA expression level and an enhanced IL-10 secretion as compared to GG and CG carriers. This study provides evidence that the CIITA and NOD1 gene are involved in the susceptibility to Behcet’s disease.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2016 · Scientific Reports
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    Shengping Hou · Zi Ye · Dan Liao · Lin Bai · Yunjia Liu · Jun Zhang · Aize Kijlstra · Peizeng Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Ninety-eight miRNAs are involved in the immune response. However, the genetic roles of these miRNAs remain unclear in Behcet’s disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. This study aimed to explore the association and functional roles of copy number variants (CNV) in several miRNAs with BD and VKH syndrome. Genotyping of CNVs was examined by TaqMan PCR. The expression of miR-23a, transfection efficiency and cytokine production were measured by real-time PCR, flow cytometry or ELISA. First, replication and combined studies for miR-23a, miR-146a and miR-301a demonstrated a similar association with VKH syndrome (Combined: P = 5.53 × 10−8; P = 8.43 × 10−31; P = 9.23 × 10−8, respectively). No association of CNVs of the above mentioned miRNAs was observed in BD patients. mRNA expression of miR-23a showed a positive association with its copy numbers. Additionally, individuals with high copy number of miR-23a show an increased production of interleukin-6 (IL-6), but not IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) by stimulated PBMCs. miR-23a transfected ARPE-19 cells modulated the production of IL-6 and IL-8, but not MCP-1. Our results suggest that CNVs of miR-146a, miR-23a and miR-301a confer susceptibility to VKH syndrome, but not to BD. The contribution of miR-23a to VKH syndrome may be mediated by increasing the production of IL-6.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Several modulatory factors in the TLR signaling pathway including IRF3, IRF7, IRF8, TRIM20, MYD88 and NF-κB1 have been associated with autoimmune disease. In this study, we investigated the association of 13 SNPs for these genes with Behçet’s disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. Haplotype and linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis were performed by Haploview4.2. IRF8 mRNA expression and cytokine production was tested by real-time PCR and ELISA. Two SNPs near IRF8 were associated with BD (for rs17445836 GG genotype, Pc = 9.56 × 10−8, OR = 2.044; for rs11642873 AA genotype, Pc = 9.24 × 10−7, OR = 1.776). No significant association was found for the 13 SNPs tested with VKH syndrome. Haplotype analysis of the two positive SNPs revealed that the AG haplotype was significantly increased in BD patients (Pc = 2.60 × 10−8, OR = 1.646). Functional studies revealed an increased mRNA expression of IRF8 and IFN-γ production and a decreased production of IL-10 in rs17445836 carriers with the GG genotype. Increased expression of IRF8 as well as IFN-γ production and a decreased production of IL-10 were found in individuals carrying the rs11642873/AA genotype. In conclusion, this study indicates that IRF8 may contribute to the genetic susceptibility of BD by regulating IRF8 expression and cytokine production.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Scientific Reports
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the association of autophagy-related genes (ATGs) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with Behçet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Chinese Han population. Methods: A two-stage association study was carried out in 940 BD, 1061 VKH, and 2007 healthy controls. Genotyping for genetic variants of 10 autophagy family genes (ATG5, ATG7, ATG10, ATG16L1, IRGM, LKKR2, ATG2A, DAP, ULK1, and TSC1) was performed using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) or TaqMan SNP assays. Gene expression was quantified by real-time PCR. Results: In the cohort of BD patients, we observed that the TT genotype of rs573775/ATG5 decreased susceptibility to BD (Pc = 8.35 × 10-6, OR = 0.490). In the case of VKH patients, the AC genotype of rs4703863/ATG10 increased susceptibility to VKH syndrome (Pc = 9.94 × 10-5, OR = 1.444), whereas the A allele and AA genotype of rs4703863 (Pc = 7.06 × 10-5, OR = 0.745; Pc = 6.34 × 10-6, OR = 0.669, respectively) acted as protective factors for VKH. Functional experiments showed an increased ATG5 expression by LPS stimulated PBMCs in TT cases of rs573775 compared with controls. The level of ATG5 mRNA in active BD patients not receiving immunosuppression was significantly higher than that in healthy controls. Conclusions: This study demonstrated an association of ATG5 rs573775 with BD and ATG10 rs4703863 with VKH syndrome in a Chinese Han population. Furthermore, a variant of the ATG5 gene was shown to be correlated with ATG5 expression.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We performed a multistage genome-wide association study of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Han Chinese population and identified two novel non-human leukocyte antigen candidate regions previously. The aim of the study was to replicate the association of IL23R-C1orf141 and ADO-ZNF365-EGR2 with VKH syndrome in four sets of multinational populations in Asia. Method: We conducted a candidate genes association study involving 185 patients with VKH syndrome and 287 normal controls from Han Chinese Singaporeans, non-Han Chinese, Thais and Koreans. Genotyping of 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within IL23R-C1orf141 and ADO-ZNF365-EGR2 loci was performed using the Sequenom MassARRAY system or by Taqman SNP assays. Results: Eight SNPs in IL23R-Clorf141 showed an association with VKH syndrome only in Han Chinese Singaporeans (p=8.49×10(-5) to 1.02×10(-3), pcorrection=1.69×10(-4) to 2.04×10(-3)) but not in the other groups tested. One SNP rs1884444 in IL23R-Clorf141 was found to be weakly associated with VKH syndrome in the Han Chinese Singaporeans, but significance was lost following Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. Five SNPs in ADO-ZNF365-EGR2 were found to be associated with VKH syndrome in Thai patients with VKH (p=0.014, pc=0.028) but not in the other three ethnic groups tested. Conclusions: This study confirmed the genetic associations between SNPs in IL23R-C1orf141 and VKH syndrome in Han Chinese Singaporeans but not in other Asian populations. In addition, we also successfully replicated the association of VKH syndrome with ADO-ZNF365-EGR2 in a Thai population.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · British Journal of Ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose . Complement plays an important role in the pathogenesis of age related macular degeneration (AMD) and trials are currently being conducted to investigate the effect of complement inhibition on AMD progression. We previously found that the plasma level of factor D (FD), which is the rate limiting enzyme of the complement alternative pathway, was significantly decreased following lutein supplementation. FD is synthesized by adipose tissue, which is also the main storage site of lutein. In view of these findings we tested the hypothesis whether lutein could affect FD synthesis by adipocytes. Methods . A cell line of mature human adipocytes was incubated with 50 μ g/mL lutein for 24 and 48 h, whereafter FD mRNA and protein expression were measured. Results . Lutein significantly inhibited adipocyte FD mRNA expression and FD protein release into adipocyte culture supernatants. Conclusions . Our earlier observations showing that a daily lutein supplement in individuals with early signs of AMD lowered the level of circulating FD might be caused by blocking adipocyte FD production.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Behçet's disease (BD) is a common uveitis entity in China. The endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1), has a significant influence on the stability and immunological properties of MHC-I loaded peptides. In the present study, we investigated the association of ERAP1 gene polymorphisms with BD in a Chinese Han population. Methods: A two-stage case-control study was carried out in 930 BD patients and 1704 healthy controls. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ERAP1 gene were determined using a PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay and one SNP was genotyped by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. Furthermore, ERAP1 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was examined in genotyped individuals by real-time PCR. Results: The result demonstrated that the frequencies of the A allele of rs1065407 and C allele of rs10050860 were significantly decreased in BD patients (Pc = 8.5 × 10-8, OR = 0.51; Pc = 1.1 × 10-5, OR = 0.54, respectively). No significant association was observed for the other six SNPs. ERAP1 expression in AA carriers of rs1065407 and CC carriers of rs10050860 was higher than that observed in AC/CC carriers (P = 0.022) or CT/TT carriers (P = 0.018) by LPS-stimulated PBMCs, respectively. In addition, the expression of ERAP1 in active BD patients not receiving immunosuppression was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (P = 3.8 × 10-4). Conclusions: Our study showed that rs1065407 and rs10050860 of the ERAP1 gene may contribute to the genetic susceptibility of BD by modulating the expression of ERAP1.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
  • Shengping Hou · Aize Kijlstra · Peizeng Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Uveitis is usually considered as an intraocular inflammation characterized by variety of clinical features. Behcet's disease (BD), Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome, acute anterior uveitis (AAU), and birdshot chorioretinopathy (BCR) are examples of noninfectious forms of uveitis. Although the precise pathogenesis remains unclear, accumulating evidence shows that complex genetic backgrounds coupled with an aberrant immune response may be implicated in the development of uveitis. The complement and pattern recognition systems are both important factors of the innate immune system and are involved in the pathogenesis of uveitis. Copy number variants (CNVs) of complement component 4 have been found to be associated with BD and VKH syndrome, but not with AAU. Several CNVs and gene polymorphisms of toll-like receptors were found to be associated with BD. Leukocytes are an important part of the adaptive immune system and various molecules on these cells play an important role in the development of uveitis. Genes encoding for human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) have been shown to be associated with certain uveitis entities, including BD (HLA-B51), VKH syndrome (HLA-DR4, DRB1/DQA1), AAU (HLA-B27), and BCR (HLA-A29). Genome wide association studies showed that the IL-23R locus was a shared risk factor for multiple uveitis entities including BD, AAU, and VKH syndrome. In addition, various other non-HLA genes are also associated with BD or VKH syndrome, such as IL-10, STAT4, STAT3, and UBAC2. These studies support the hypothesis that genetic factors play a key role in the pathogenesis of uveitis. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Progress in molecular biology and translational science
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    ABSTRACT: Complement is involved in many immune-mediated diseases. However, the association of its copy number variations (CNVs) and polymorphisms with Behcet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) is unknown. We examined copy number and mRNA expression by real-time PCR. Cytokine production by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in genotyped individuals was measured by ELISA. The frequencies of having more than two copies of C3 were significantly increased in BD and VKH, whereas CNV of C5 was only associated with BD. Increased frequencies of the GG genotype of C3 rs408290 and C5 rs2269067 were found in BD. No association was observed between C3 and C5 SNPs and VKH. mRNA expression in the high CNV group and GG cases of C3 and C5 was significantly higher compared to other genotypes. Increased interleukin-17 and IFN-γ was observed in the high CNV group and GG genotype cases of C3. Interleukin-17 but not IFN-γ was increased in the high CNV group and GG genotype cases of C5. No effect of C3 or C5 genetic variants was seen on the production of TNF-α, IL-10, IL-1β, MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-8. Our study thus provides further evidence for a role of complement in the pathogenesis of uveitis.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have identified that disturbed apoptosis was involved in the pathogenesis of Behçet disease (BD) and VKH syndrome. This study aims to investigate whether copy number variations (CNVs) of apoptosis-related genes, including FAS, CASPASE8, CASPASE3 and BCL2, are associated with BD and VKH syndrome in Han Chinese. A two-stage association study was performed in 1014 BD patients, 1051 VKH syndrome patients and 2076 healthy controls. TaqMan(®) Copy Number Assays and real-time PCR were performed. The first-stage study showed that increased frequency of high FAS copy number (>2) was found in BD (P = 1.05×10(-3) ) and VKH syndrome (P = 2.56×10(-3) ). Replication and combined study confirmed the association of high copy number (>2) of FAS with BD (P = 3.35×10(-8) ) and VKH syndrome (P = 9.77×10(-8) ). A significant up-regulated mRNA expression of FAS was observed in anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies-stimulated CD4(+) T cells from individuals carrying a high gene copy number (>2) as compared to normal diploid 2 copy number carriers (P = 0.004). Moreover, the mRNA expression of FAS both in active patients with BD and VKH syndrome was significantly higher than that in controls (P = 0.001 and P = 0.007, respectively). Our findings suggest that a high copy number of FAS gene confers risk for BD and VKH syndrome. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Human Mutation
  • L Liang · X Tan · Q Zhou · Y Tian · A Kijlstra · P Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is considered to be an autoimmune disease possibly triggered by an abnormal response to infection. Activation of TLRs signaling pathways by microbial products can drive inflammatory responses and adaptive immunity. In the present study, we investigated the role of TLRs in the pathogenesis of VKH disease. We showed that the expression of TLR3 and TLR4, but not TLR2, was significantly increased in monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) from VKH patients with active uveitis compared to controls. VKH patients with active uveitis showed an elevated level of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in MDMs. IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α production could be significantly upregulated and downregulated by a ROS activator or inhibitor, respectively. Downregulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome significantly inhibited the production of IL-1β but not IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α. The phosphorylation levels of p38 and ERK1/2 were significantly higher in MDMs from active VKH patients compared to controls. Inhibition of p38 or ERK1/2 significantly decreased IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α expression. These results suggest that the increased expression of TLR3/4 in MDMs may be involved in the pathogenesis of VKH disease by the induction of inflammatory cytokines which is mediated by enhanced production of ROS.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Current Molecular Medicine
  • Aize Kijlstra · Tos T J M Berendschot
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive eye disease affecting many elderly individuals. It has a multifactorial pathogenesis and is associated with numerous environmental (e.g. smoking, light and nutrition) and genetic risk factors. A breakthrough in the mechanisms causing AMD is emerging; the involvement of the alternative pathway of the complement system appears to play a pivotal role. This has led to the statement that AMD is a disease caused by a hyperactive complement system, allowing the term 'complementopathy' to define it more precisely. Abundant evidence includes: the identification of drusen components as activators of complement, immunohistochemical data showing the presence of many species of the complement system in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch's membrane-choroidocapillary region of AMD eyes, a strong association of AMD with certain genetic complement protein variants, raised complement levels in blood from AMD patients and the preliminary successful treatments of geographic atrophy with complement factor D (FD) inhibitors. FD is the rate-limiting enzyme of the alternative complement pathway, and is produced by adipose tissue. Recent findings suggest that nutrition may play a role in controlling the level of FD in the circulation. Addressing modifiable risk factors such as smoking and nutrition may thus offer opportunities for the prevention of AMD. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Ophthalmic Research
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: T cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of uveitis. Recent studies have indicated that the TNFSF15 gene that encodes the TL1A protein can regulate the differentiation and activation of T cells. TNFSF15 gene polymorphisms have been found to be associated with several autoimmune disorders. A possible association of TNFSF15 with acute anterior uveitis (AAU) has not yet been reported and was therefore the purpose of our study. Methods: Eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were examined using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay or PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 983 AAU patients and 1128 healthy controls. Genotype distributions and allele frequencies were compared using χ2 analysis between AAU patients and healthy controls. Stratified analysis was also performed according to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) status. The TNFSF15 mRNA expression was quantified by real-time PCR. Results: A significantly decreased frequency of the TT genotype in TNFSF15-rs3810936 was found in AAU patients (P = 6.36 × 10−6, corrected P[Pc] = 1.52 × 10−4, OR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.5–0.8). Stratification according to AS status did not reveal a difference concerning the association with TNFSF15-rs3810936. None of the other TNFSF15 SNPs tested were associated with AAU. Conclusions: This study shows an association between TNFSF15-rs3810936 and AAU and suggests that the TL1A/DR3 pathway may be implicated in the pathogenesis of this disease.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the genes encoding C3 and C5 are associated with several immune-mediated diseases. However, the association of C3 and C5 SNPs with acute anterior uveitis (AAU) has not yet been investigated and was the purpose of the study described. Genotyping was performed for six SNPs in C3 and four SNPs in C5 in 395 AAU patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 397 AAU patients without AS, and 597 healthy controls by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) or TaqMan SNP assay. The mRNA expression was detected by real-time PCR. Cytokine production and total C5 serum concentrations were measured by ELISA. The frequency of the GG genotype of rs2269067 in C5 was increased in AAU patients with or without AS compared to controls (Pc = 4.0 × 10-5, odds ratio [OR] = 1.94 and Pc = 9.4 × 10-5, OR = 1.89, respectively). The mRNA and serum concentrations of C5 were significantly increased in rs2269067 GG cases as compared to that in CG or CC cases (P = 0.012, P = 0.002; P = 0.021, P = 0.006, respectively). An increased production of interleukin-17 was observed in rs2269067 GG cases compared to CG or CC cases (P = 5.1 × 10-4, P = 1.4 × 10-4, respectively). The C5 rs2269067 GG genotype confers risk for AAU in a Chinese population and is associated with an elevated C5 serum concentration and an increased IL-17 production.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the association of interleukin (IL)-10 gene polymorphisms with Behcet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in the Chinese Han population. A two-stage association study was performed on 718 BD patients, 300 VKH patients, and 1,753 controls. Genotyping of the IL-10 gene was performed for six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs1800871, rs1800872, rs1800896, rs3021094, rs3790622, and rs1554286 using PCR-restricted fragment length polymorphism or TaqMan SNP assays. Real-time PCR was performed to test the IL-10 mRNA expression of the associated polymorphisms. The first-stage result showed significantly increased frequencies of the rs1800871 T allele, rs1800872 A allele, and rs1554286 T allele in BD patients compared with controls (Pcorrected (Pcorr) = 1.82×10(-5), OR = 1.837; Pcorr = 6.1×10(-5), OR = 1.780; Pcorr = 3.15×10(-5), OR = 1.794, respectively). There was no association of the tested six SNPs with VKH syndrome. A second-stage study was therefore performed in BD patients to validate the result of the first stage, showing a significantly increased frequency of the rs1800871 T allele (Second stage, Pcorr = 5.59×10(-5), OR = 1.493; Combined data, Pcorr = 3.65×10(-11), OR = 1.632). Compared to the controls, an increased frequency of the rs1800871 T allele was observed in BD patients with extraocular findings, including genital ulcers, skin lesions, and a positive pathergy test. No difference was found among the mRNA expressions of IL-10 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of controls with different genotypes of rs1800871 after stimulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies. The findings showed that IL-10 is a risk gene for BD but not for VKH syndrome.
    Preview · Article · May 2015 · Molecular vision
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the role of genetic variants including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy number variants (CNVs) of TBX21, GATA3, Rorc and Foxp3 genes in Behcet's disease (BD) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Chinese Han population. Genotyping of 25 SNPs was performed by iPLEX system (Sequenom) or polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). TaqMan real time PCR was used to assess CNVs. The expression of Rorc and Foxp3 were examined by real-time PCR and cytokine production was measured by ELISA. High Rorc CNV was associated with the susceptibility to BD (P = 8.99 × 10(-8), OR = 3.0), and low Foxp3 CNV predisposed to BD in female patients (P = 1.92 × 10(-5), OR = 3.1). CNVs for the investigated genes were not altered in VKH syndrome. Further functional studies demonstrated that the relative mRNA expression levels of Rorc were increased in individuals with high Rorc copy number, but not for Foxp3. Increased production of IL-1β and IL-6 was found in individuals carrying a high CNV of Rorc. Our study showed that high CNVs of Rorc and low CNVs of Foxp3 confer risk for BD but not for VKH syndrome. The tested 25 SNPs in TBX21, GATA3, Rorc and Foxp3 did not associate with BD and VKH syndrome.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Scientific Reports
  • Xu Gao · Xiaoyu Tan · Jieying Qin · Sha Lv · Shengping Hou · Aize Kijlstra · Peizeng Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Bach2 was reported to play a key role in T lymphocyte development and maturation to mediate immunological homeostasis. Several autoimmune and immune-related diseases were shown to be associated with Bach2 gene polymorphisms. The current study was designed to explore the association between Bach2 gene polymorphism with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome and Behcet's disease (BD) in a Chinese Han population. -427 patients with BD, 422 patients with VKH and 623 controls were recruited for the first stage from a Chinese Han population. The second stage included another set of 388 patients with BD and 460 healthy subjects. PCR fragment length polymorphism methodology was used for genotyping. Frequencies of genotypes and alleles were measured by direct counting and compared between cases and controls by χ(2) test. No difference could be detected between patients suffering from BD or VKH with healthy controls concerning allele and genotype frequencies of rs11755527, rs3757247, rs12212193 and rs2474619. Although in the first stage the frequencies of genotype CC and AC of rs2474619 showed a weak statistical difference between BD and the control group (Pc=0.02), the difference was lost after the second stage and combined stage experiment. The investigated Bach2 gene polymorphisms (rs11755527, rs3757247, rs12212193 and rs2474619) are not related to the susceptibility to either VKH or BD in our investigated Chinese Han population. This project was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR-CCC-12002184). Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · The British journal of ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To test whether gene copy number variations(CNVs) of TLRs are associated with uveitis. Methods: CNVs of the TLRs were detected by Real-time PCR. The first stage study comprised 400 Behcet's disease(BD) patients, 400 VKH syndrome patients, 400 acute anterior uveitis associated with or without ankylosing spondylitis patients and 600 healthy subjects. The second stage included another set of 578 BD patients and 1000 healthy controls. The frequencies of TLR gene copy number types (TLR1,TLR2,TLR3,TLR5,TLR6,TLR7,TLR9, TLR10), were compared between patients and controls using the χ2 test. Real-Time PCR was used to detect mRNA expression from PBMCs obtained from healthy controls following stimulation with the TLR7 agonist R848. Levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Results: All TLRs tested except TLR7 had a gene copy number of 2 in more than 98% of individuals tested. In the first stage study, we found a significantly increased frequency of >1 copy of TLR7(located on the X chromosome) in male BD patients and >2 copies in female patients(Pc=0.021; Pc=0.048, respectively). A second stage and combined study confirmed the association (PC=1.14×10-6, PC=9.12×10-5, respectively). TLR7 mRNA expression in PBMCs was increased in male healthy carriers having >1 copy of TLR7 or females having >2 copies following stimulation with R848(P=0.021, P=0.006, respectively). No effect of the various TLR7 copies on the release of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β could be detected. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that a high copy number of TLR7 confers risk for BD in a Chinese Han population. Copyright © 2015 by Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

Publication Stats

11k Citations
1,371.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005-2015
    • Maastricht University
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2006-2014
    • Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum
      • Central Diagnostic Laboratory
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2004-2011
    • Wageningen University
      • Division of Division of Dierlijkeproductie systemen
      Wageningen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2008-2009
    • Wageningen UR
      Wageningen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2007-2008
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • State Key Laboratory of Oncology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 1989-2005
    • University of Amsterdam
      • • Faculty of Medicine AMC
      • • Department of Dermatology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2000-2002
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
    • University Medical Center Utrecht
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Utrecht, Provincie Utrecht, Netherlands
    • Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
    • Merck Animal Health Netherlands
      Boksmeer, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 1997-2001
    • Erasmus University Rotterdam
      • • Department of Immunology
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1977-2000
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      • • Department of Nephrology
      Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1999
    • Utrecht University
      Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
    • University of Helsinki
      • Department of Pathology
      Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
  • 1989-1999
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      • Department of Ophthalmology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1998
    • University of Groningen
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1992
    • University of Indonesia
      • Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Mata
      Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • 1979-1982
    • Leiden University
      • Molecular Cell Biology Group
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Torrance, California, United States