Publications (6)45.38 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Effective cytotoxic treatment options for advanced cervical cancer are exceedingly limited. Cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy, the most commonly used cytotoxic therapy, has produced response rates ranging from 20% to 30% and overall survival of less than 10 months. Because of the minimal degree of success with cytotoxic therapies and the poor prognosis of patients with this disease, interest has increased in targeted therapeutics for the treatment of cervical cancer. In recent years, significant improvements in our understanding of the altered molecular events in tumor cells have led to the discovery of new targets and agents for clinical testing. Two of these promising targets are epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway, which play critical roles in tumor growth and angiogenesis. Two monoclonal antibodies, cetuximab, which targets EGFR, and bevacizumab, which target the VEGF signaling pathway, are being evaluated as monotherapy and in combination with other agents and/or radiotherapy for the treatment of cervical cancer. In addition, VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as sorafenib and pazopanib, are being studied in phase I/II clinical trials. In this review, we discuss potential molecular targets and novel therapeutic strategies that are being investigated for the treatment of cervical cancer.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine potential markers of clinical benefit and the effects of erlotinib on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients refractory to platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were given erlotinib (150 mg/d). Tumor biopsies were done immediately before treatment and in a subgroup of patients after 6 weeks' treatment. Of 73 evaluable patients, 7 (10%) had partial response and 28 (38%) had stable disease. In 53 patients with baseline tumor samples, no relationship was observed between pretreatment levels of EGFR, phosphorylated (p)-EGFR, p-AKT, p-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), or p27 and clinical benefit (i.e., response, or stable disease >/=12 weeks). Tumors from 15 of 57 patients had high EGFR gene copy number, assessed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH positive), 10 of whom had clinical benefit, compared with 5 of 42 FISH-negative patients. FISH-positive patients had longer median progression-free [137 versus 43 days, P = 0.002; hazard ratio (HR), 0.37] and overall (226 versus 106 days, P = 0.267; HR, 0.70) survival than FISH-negative patients. In paired biopsy samples from 14 patients, p-EGFR (P = 0.002), p-MAPK (P = 0.001), and Ki-67 (P = 0.025) levels were significantly reduced after 6 weeks' treatment. Apoptosis was significantly increased in patients with clinical benefit (P = 0.029), and may be a marker of clinical benefit. In this study, EGFR FISH-positive status was associated with improved outcome after erlotinib therapy. Erlotinib led to reduced levels of p-EGFR, p-MAPK, and Ki-67, and stimulated apoptosis in tumor samples from patients with clinical benefit.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of extraperitoneal laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for suspected lymph node recurrence of gynecological cancers. Descriptive study. Unit of Gynecologic Oncology of an acute-care teaching hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Between December 2002 and October 2007, eight women underwent extraperitoneal laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for suspected lymph node recurrence, detected by magnetic resonance image (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan or 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) scanning. The suspicious nodes were removed through an extraperitoneal laparoscopic approach. The median age of patients was 66.5 years (range: 54-74). The median operating time was 157.5 minutes (range: 120-240). The median blood loss was 112.5 mL (range: 50-150). The mean nodal yield was 9.4+/-4.72 (range: 1-16). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The median hospital stay was two days. Histological examination revealed metastasis in seven of eight patients. The extraperitoneal laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for lymph node recurrence of gynecological cancers is a safe and feasible procedure which should be considered where there is isolated involvement of retroperitoneal lymph nodes. This procedure is a minimally invasive technique that allows an excellent approach to the paraaortic lymph nodes.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Salivary ductal carcinoma (SDC) is an uncommon malignant tumor of the salivary glands. Although there is no known standard of care for the treatment of advanced disease, the vast majority of patients with SDC may be offered palliative systemic therapy. We report a case of epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic submandibular SDC with a complete and durable clinical response to treatment with trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy. A 62-year-old man was diagnosed with SDC of the left submandibular gland with extensive cervical lymph node involvement. The lesion was completely resected, and the patient underwent postoperative radiotherapy. After 6 months, multiple pulmonary metastatic lesions were detected. A complete response was reached with trastuzumab-based combination therapy, and no evidence of disease progression has been observed after 14 months of initiation of systemic therapy. Trastuzumab-based combination therapies should be considered for advanced SDC.
University Hospital Vall d'Hebron
Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
- Department of Medical Oncology