Jeffrey R Long

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States

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Publications (275)2655.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hydrogen storage properties of a new family of isostructural metal-organic frameworks are reported. The frameworks M2(dobpdc) (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn; dobpdc4– = 4,4′-dioxidobiphenyl-3,3′-dicarboxylate), are analogous to the widely studied M2(dobdc) (M= Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn; dobdc4- = 2,5–dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) family of materials, featuring the same weak-field oxo-based ligand environment for the M2+ metal centers, but with a larger pore volume resulting from the extended length of the dobpdc4– linker. Hydrogen gas adsorption isotherms measured at 77 and 87 K indicate strong H2 binding at low pressures, corresponding to the adsorption of one molecule per M2+ site. Isosteric heats of adsorption indicate adsorption enthalpies ranging from −8.8 to −12.0 kJ/mol, with the trend Zn < Mn < Fe < Mg < Co < Ni. Room-temperature high-pressure adsorption isotherms indicate enhanced gravimetric uptakes compared to the M2(dobdc) analogues, a result of the higher surface areas and pore volumes of the expanded frameworks. Indeed, powder neutron diffraction experiments performed on Fe2(dobpdc) reveal two additional secondary H2 adsorption sites not observed for the non-expanded framework. While displaying higher gravimetric capacities than their non-expanded counterparts, the larger pore volumes result in lower volumetric capacities. Upon comparison with other promising frameworks for hydrogen storage, it becomes evident that in order to design future materials for on-board hydrogen storage, care must be placed in achieving both a high surface area and a high volumetric density of exposed metal cation sites in order to maximize gravimetric and volumetric capacities simultaneously.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemistry of Materials
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    ABSTRACT: Anionic two-coordinate complexes of first-row transition-metal(I) centres are rare molecules that are expected to reveal new magnetic properties and reactivity. Recently, we demonstrated that a N(SiMe3 )2 (-) ligand set, which is unable to prevent dimerisation or extraneous ligand coordination at the +2 oxidation state of iron, was nonetheless able to stabilise anionic two-coordinate Fe(I) complexes even in the presence of a Lewis base. We now report analogous Cr(I) and Co(I) complexes with exclusively this amido ligand and the isolation of a [Mn(I) {N(SiMe3 )2 }2 ]2 (2-) dimer that features a MnMn bond. Additionally, by increasing the steric hindrance of the ligand set, the two-coordinate complex [Mn(I) {N(Dipp)(SiMe3 )}2 ](-) was isolated (Dipp=2,6-iPr2 -C6 H3 ). Characterisation of these compounds by using X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and magnetic susceptibility measurements is provided along with ligand-field analysis based on CASSCF/NEVPT2 ab initio calculations.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemistry - A European Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis of new molecular complexes of U(2+) has been pursued to make comparisons in structure, physical properties, and reactivity with the first U(2+) complex, [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'3 U], 1 (Cp'=C5 H4 SiMe3 ). Reduction of Cp''3 U [Cp''=C5 H3 (SiMe3 )2 ] with KC8 in the presence of 2.2.2-cryptand or 18-crown-6 generates [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp''3 U], 2-K(crypt), or [K(18-crown-6)(THF)2 ][Cp''3 U], 2-K(18c6), respectively. The UV/Vis spectra of 2-K and 1 are similar, and they are much more intense than those of U(3+) analogues. Variable temperature magnetic susceptibility data for 1 and 2-K(crypt) reveal lower room temperature χM T values relative to the experimental values for the 5f(3) U(3+) precursors. Stability studies monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy show that 2-K(crypt) and 2-K(18c6) have t1/2 values of 20 and 15 h at room temperature, respectively, vs. 1.5 h for 1. Complex 2-K(18c6) reacts with H2 or PhSiH3 to form the uranium hydride, [K(18-crown-6)(THF)2 ][Cp''3 UH], 3. Complexes 1 and 2-K(18c6) both reduce cyclooctatetraene to form uranocene, (C8 H8 )2 U, as well as the U(3+) byproducts [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'4 U], 4, and Cp''3 U, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Chemistry - A European Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A three-dimensional network solid composed of Fe(III) centers and paramagnetic semiquinoid linkers, (NBu4)2Fe(III)2(dhbq)3 (dhbq(2-/3-) = 2,5-dioxidobenzoquinone/1,2-dioxido-4,5-semiquinone), is shown to exhibit a conductivity of 0.16 ± 0.01 S/cm at 298 K, one of the highest values yet observed for a metal-organic framework. The origin of this electronic conductivity is determined to be ligand mixed-valency, which is characterized using a suite of spectroscopic techniques, slow-scan cyclic voltammetry, and variable-temperature conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Importantly, UV-Vis-NIR diffuse reflectance measurements reveal the first observation of Robin-Day Class II/III mixed valency in a metal-organic framework. Pursuit of stoichiometric control over the ligand redox states resulted in synthesis of the reduced framework material Na0.9(NBu4)1.8Fe(III)2(dhbq)3. Differences in electronic conductivity and magnetic ordering temperature between the two compounds are investigated and correlated to the relative ratio of the two different ligand redox states. Overall, the transition metal-semiquinoid system is established as a particularly promising scaffold for achieving tunable long-range electronic communication in metal-organic frameworks.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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    ABSTRACT: A variety of strategies have been developed to adsorb and separate light hydrocarbons in metal-organic frameworks. Here, we present a new approach in which the pores of a framework are lined with four different C3 sidechains that feature various degrees of branching and saturation. These pendant groups, which essentially mimic a low-density solvent with restricted degrees of freedom, offer tunable control of dispersive host-guest interactions. The performance of a series of frameworks of the type Zn2 (fu-bdc)2 (dabco) (fu-bdc(2-) =functionalized 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate; dabco=1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane), which feature a pillared layer structure, were investigated for the adsorption and separation of methane, ethane, ethylene, and acetylene. The four frameworks exhibit low methane uptake, whereas C2 hydrocarbon uptake is substantially higher as a result of the enhanced interaction of these molecules with the ligand sidechains. Most significantly, the adsorption quantities and selectivity were found to depend strongly upon the type of sidechains attached to the framework scaffold.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Chemistry - A European Journal
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    ABSTRACT: As a cleaner, cheaper, and more globally evenly distributed fuel, natural gas has considerable environmental, economic, and political advantages over petroleum as a source of energy for the transportation sector. Despite these benefits, its low volumetric energy density at ambient temperature and pressure presents substantial challenges, particularly for light-duty vehicles with little space available for on-board fuel storage. Adsorbed natural gas systems have the potential to store high densities of methane (CH4, the principal component of natural gas) within a porous material at ambient temperature and moderate pressures. Although activated carbons, zeolites, and metal-organic frameworks have been investigated extensively for CH4 storage, there are practical challenges involved in designing systems with high capacities and in managing the thermal fluctuations associated with adsorbing and desorbing gas from the adsorbent. Here, we use a reversible phase transition in a metal-organic framework to maximize the deliverable capacity of CH4 while also providing internal heat management during adsorption and desorption. In particular, the flexible compounds Fe(bdp) and Co(bdp) (bdp(2-) = 1,4-benzenedipyrazolate) are shown to undergo a structural phase transition in response to specific CH4 pressures, resulting in adsorption and desorption isotherms that feature a sharp 'step'. Such behaviour enables greater storage capacities than have been achieved for classical adsorbents, while also reducing the amount of heat released during adsorption and the impact of cooling during desorption. The pressure and energy associated with the phase transition can be tuned either chemically or by application of mechanical pressure.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Nature
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    ABSTRACT: Here we show that sub-micron coatings of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) and even ZIF-ZIF bilayers can be grown directly on polymers of intrinsic microporosity from zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocrystal precursor films, yielding a new class of all-microporous layered hybrids. The ZnO-to-ZIF chemical transformation proceeded in less than 30 min under microwave conditions using a solution of the imidazole ligand in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), water, or mixtures thereof. By varying the ratio of DMF to water, it was possible to control the morphology of the ZIF-on-polymer from isolated crystallites to continuous films. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction was used to confirm the presence of crystalline ZIF in the thin films, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to quantify film purity, revealing films with little to no residual ZnO. The role solvent plays in the transformation mechanism is discussed in light of these findings, which suggest the ZnO nanocrystals may be necessary to localize heterogeneous nucleation of the ZIF to the polymer surface.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Chemistry of Materials
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    ABSTRACT: A new decadentate dinucleating ligand containing a pyridazine bridging group and pyridylic arms has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques. Four new dinuclear cobalt complexes featuring this ligand have been prepared and thoroughly characterized both in the solid state (X-ray diffraction) and in solution (1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, ESI-MS, and electrochemical techniques). The flexible but stable coordination environment provided by the ligand scaffold when coordinating Co in different oxidation states is shown to play a crucial role in the performance of the set of complexes when tested as catalysts for the photochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and chemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Chemistry - A European Journal
  • Jarad A Mason · Lucy E Darago · Wayne W Lukens · Jeffrey R Long
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    ABSTRACT: Metal-organic frameworks featuring pores lined with exposed metal cations have received attention for a wide range of adsorption-related applications. While many frameworks with coordinatively unsaturated M(II) centers have been reported, there are relatively few examples of porous materials with coordinatively unsaturated M(III) centers. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of Ti3O(OEt)(bdc)3(solv)2 (Ti-MIL-101; bdc(2-) = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate; solv = N,N-dimethylformamide, tetrahydrofuran), the first metal-organic framework containing exclusively Ti(III) centers. Through a combination of gas adsorption, X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, and electronic and vibrational spectroscopy measurements, this high-surface-area framework is shown to contain five-coordinate Ti(III) centers upon desolvation, which irreversibly bind O2 to form titanium(IV) superoxo and peroxo species. Electronic absorption spectra suggest that the five-coordinate Ti(III) sites adopt a distorted trigonal-bipyramidal geometry that effectively shields nuclear charge and inhibits strong adsorption of nonredox-active gases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Inorganic Chemistry
  • Michael L Aubrey · Jeffrey R Long
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    ABSTRACT: A redox-active metal-organic framework, Fe2(dobpdc) (dobpdc(4-) = 4,4'-dioxidobiphenyl-3,3'-dicarboxylate), is shown to undergo a topotactic oxidative insertion reaction with a variety of weakly coordinating anions, including BF4(-) and PF6(-). The reaction results in just a minor lattice contraction and a broad intervalence charge transfer band emerges indicative of charge mobility. Although both metal- and ligand-based oxidations can be accessed, only the former were found to be fully reversible and, importantly, proceed stoichiometrically under both chemical and electrochemical conditions. Electrochemical measurements probing the effects of nanoconfinement on the insertion reaction revealed strong anion size and solvent dependences. Significantly, the anion insertion behavior of Fe2(dobpdc) enabled its use in the construction of a dual-ion battery prototype incorporating a sodium anode. As a cathode, the material displays a particularly high initial reduction potential and is further stable for at least 50 charge/discharge cycles, exhibiting a maximum specific energy of 316 Wh/kg.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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    ABSTRACT: A new option for stabilizing unusual Ln2+ ions has been identified in the reaction of Cp′3Ln, 1-Ln (Ln = La, Ce; Cp′ = C5H4SiMe3), with potassium graphite (KC8) in benzene in the presence of 2.2.2-cryptand. This generates [K(2.2.2-cryptand)]2[(Cp′2Ln)2(μ-η6:η6-C6H6)], 2-Ln, complexes that contain La and Ce in the formal +2 oxidation state. These complexes expand the range of coordination environments known for these ions beyond the previously established examples, (Cp″3Ln)1- and (Cp′3Ln)1- (Cp″ = C5H3(SiMe3)2-1,3), and generalize the viability of using three anionic carbocyclic rings to stabilize highly reactive Ln2+ ions. In 2-Ln, a non-planar bridging (C6H6)2- ligand shared between two metals takes the place of a cyclopentadienyl ligand in (Cp′3Ln)1-. The intensely colored (ε = ∼8000 M-1 cm-1) 2-Ln complexes react as four electron reductants with two equiv. of naphthalene to produce two equiv. of the reduced naphthalenide complex, [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp′2Ln(η4-C10H8)].
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Chemical Science
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    ABSTRACT: A thorough experimental and computational study has been carried out to elucidate the mechanistic reasons for the high volumetric uptake of methane in the metal-organic framework Cu3(btc)2 (btc3- = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate; HKUST-1). Methane adsorption data measured at several temperatures for Cu3(btc)2, and its isostructural analog Cr3(btc)2, show that there is little difference in volumetric adsorption capacity when the metal center is changed. In situ neutron powder diffraction data obtained for both materials were used to locate four CD4 adsorption sites that fill sequentially. This data unequivocally shows that primary adsorption sites around, and within, the small octahedral cage in the structure are favored over the exposed Cu2+ or Cr2+ cations. These results are supported by an exhaustive parallel computational study, and contradict results recently reported using a time-resolved diffraction structure envelope (TRDSE) method. Moreover, the computational study reveals that strong methane binding at the open metal sites is largely due to methane-methane interactions with adjacent molecules adsorbed at the primary sites instead of an electronic interaction with the metal center. Simulated methane adsorption isotherms for Cu3(btc)2 are shown to exhibit excellent agreement with experimental isotherms, allowing for additional simulations that show that modifications to the metal center, ligand, or even tuning the overall binding enthalpy would not improve the working capacity for methane storage over that measured for Cu3(btc)2 itself.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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    ABSTRACT: Diamine-appended metal-organic frameworks display great promise for carbon capture applications, due to unusual step-shaped adsorption behavior that was recently attributed to a cooperative mechanism in which the adsorbed CO2 molecules insert into the metal-nitrogen bonds to form ordered ammonium carbamate chains [McDonald et al., Nature, 2015, 519, 303]. We present a detailed study of this mechanism by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. Distinct spectral changes at the N and O K-edges are apparent upon CO2 adsorption in both mmen-Mg2(dobpdc) and mmen-Mn2(dobpdc), and these are evaluated based upon computed spectra from three potential adsorption structures. The computations reveal that the observed spectral changes arise from specific electronic states that are signatures of a quasi-trigonal planar carbamate species that is hydrogen bonded to an ammonium cation. This eliminates two of the three structures studied, and confirms the insertion mechanism. We note the particular sensitivity of X-ray absorption spectra to the insertion step of this mechanism, underpinning the strength of the technique for examining subtle chemical changes upon gas adsorption.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: The recently reported series of divalent lanthanide complex salts, namely [K(2.2.2-cryptand)][Cp'3Ln] (Ln = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm; Cp' = C5H4SiMe3) as well as the analogous trivalent complexes, Cp'3Ln, have been characterized via dc and ac magnetic susceptibility measurements. The salts of the complexes [Cp'3Dy](-) and [Cp'3Ho](-) exhibit magnetic moments of 11.3 and 11.4 μB, respectively, which are the highest moments reported to date for any mononuclear molecular species. The magnetic moments measured at room temperature support the assignments of a 4f(n+1) configuration for Ln = Sm, Eu, Tm and a 4f(n)5d(1) configuration for Ln = Y, La, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er. In the cases of Ln = Ce, Pr, Nd, simple models do not accurately predict the experimental room temperature magnetic moments. Although an LS-coupling scheme is a useful starting point, it is not sufficient to describe the complex magnetic behavior and electronic structure of these intriguing molecules. While no slow magnetic relaxation was observed for any member of the series under zero applied dc field, the large moments accessible with such mixed configurations present important case studies in the pursuit of magnetic materials with inherently larger magnetic moments. This is essential for the design of new bulk magnetic materials and for diminishing processes such as quantum tunneling of the magnetization in single-molecule magnets.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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    ABSTRACT: Multitopic organic linkers can provide a means to organize metal cluster nodes in a regular three-dimensional array. Herein, we show that isonicotinic acid N-oxide (HINO) serves as the linker in the formation of a metal-organic framework featuring Dy2 single-molecule magnets as nodes. Importantly, guest solvent exchange induces a reversible single-crystal to single-crystal transformation between the phases Dy2 (INO)4 (NO3 )2 ⋅2 solvent (solvent=DMF (Dy2 -DMF), CH3 CN (Dy2 -CH3 CN)), thereby switching the effective magnetic relaxation barrier (determined by ac magnetic susceptibility measurements) between a negligible value for Dy2 -DMF and 76 cm(-1) for Dy2 -CH3 CN. Ab initio calculations indicate that this difference arises not from a significant change in the intrinsic relaxation barrier of the Dy2 nodes, but rather from a slowing of the relaxation rate of incoherent quantum tunneling of the magnetization by two orders of magnitude. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Angewandte Chemie International Edition
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    ABSTRACT: Climate change, rising global energy demand, and energy security concerns motivate research into alternative, sustainable energy sources. In principle, solar energy can meet the world's energy needs, but the intermittent nature of solar illumination means that it is temporally and spatially separated from its consumption. Developing systems that promote solar-to-fuel conversion, such as via reduction of protons to hydrogen, could bridge this production-consumption gap, but this effort requires invention of catalysts that are cheap, robust, and efficient and that use earth-abundant elements. In this context, catalysts that utilize water as both an earth-abundant, environmentally benign substrate and a solvent for proton reduction are highly desirable. This Account summarizes our studies of molecular metal-polypyridyl catalysts for electrochemical and photochemical reduction of protons to hydrogen. Inspired by concept transfer from biological and materials catalysts, these scaffolds are remarkably resistant to decomposition in water, with fast and selective electrocatalytic and photocatalytic conversions that are sustainable for several days. Their modular nature offers a broad range of opportunities for tuning reactivity by molecular design, including altering ancillary ligand electronics, denticity, and/or incorporating redox-active elements. Our first-generation complex, [(PY4)Co(CH3CN)2](2+), catalyzes the reduction of protons from a strong organic acid to hydrogen in 50% water. Subsequent investigations with the pentapyridyl ligand PY5Me2 furnished molybdenum and cobalt complexes capable of catalyzing the reduction of water in fully aqueous electrolyte with 100% Faradaic efficiency. Of particular note, the complex [(PY5Me2)MoO](2+) possesses extremely high activity and durability in neutral water, with turnover frequencies at least 8500 mol of H2 per mole of catalyst per hour and turnover numbers over 600 000 mol of H2 per mole of catalyst over 3 days at an overpotential of 1.0 V, without apparent loss in activity. Replacing the oxo moiety with a disulfide affords [(PY5Me2)MoS2](2+), which bears a molecular MoS2 triangle that structurally and functionally mimics bulk molybdenum disulfide, improving the catalytic activity for water reduction. In water buffered to pH 3, catalysis by [(PY5Me2)MoS2](2+) onsets at 400 mV of overpotential, whereas [(PY5Me2)MoO](2+) requires an additional 300 mV of driving force to operate at the same current density. Metalation of the PY5Me2 ligand with an appropriate Co(ii) source also furnishes electrocatalysts that are active in water. Importantly, the onset of catalysis by the [(PY5Me2)Co(H2O)](2+) series is anodically shifted by introducing electron-withdrawing functional groups on the ligand. With the [(bpy2PYMe)Co(CF3SO3)](1+) system, we showed that introducing a redox-active moiety can facilitate the electro- and photochemical reduction of protons from weak acids such as acetic acid or water. Using a high-throughput photochemical reactor, we examined the structure-reactivity relationship of a series of cobalt(ii) complexes. Taken together, these findings set the stage for the broader application of polypyridyl systems to catalysis under environmentally benign aqueous conditions.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Accounts of Chemical Research
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    ABSTRACT: A new family of solid polymer electrolytes based upon anionic tetrakis(phenyl)borate tetrahedral nodes and linear bis-alkyne linkers is reported. Sonogashira polymerizations using tetrakis(4-iodophenyl)borate, tetrakis(4-iodo-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)borate and tetrakis(4-bromo-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl)borate delivered highly cross-linked polymer networks with both 1,4-diethynylbeznene and a tri(ethylene glycol) substituted derivative. Promising initial conductivity metrics have been observed, including high room temperature conductivities (up to 2.7 × 10–4 S/cm), moderate activation energies (0.25-0.28 eV), and high lithium ion transport numbers (up to tLi+ = 0.93). Initial investigations into the effects of important materials parameters such as bulk morphology, porosity, fluorination, and other chemical modification, provide starting design parameters for further development of this new class of solid electrolytes.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Chemical Science
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    ABSTRACT: Mononuclear metalloenzymes in nature can function in cooperation with precisely positioned redox-active organic cofactors in order to carry out multielectron catalysis. Inspired by the finely tuned redox management of these bioinorganic systems, we present the design, synthesis, and experimental and theoretical characterization of a homologous series of cobalt complexes bearing redox-active pyrazines. These donor moieties are locked into key positions within a pentadentate ligand scaffold in order to evaluate the effects of positioning redox non-innocent ligands on hydrogen evolution catalysis. Both metal- and ligand-centered redox features are observed in organic as well as aqueous solutions over a range of pH values, and comparison with analogs bearing redox-inactive zinc(II) allows for assignments of ligand-based redox events. Varying the geometric placement of redox non-innocent pyrazine donors on isostructural pentadentate ligand platforms results in marked effects on observed cobalt-catalyzed proton reduction activity. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution from weak acids in acetonitrile solution, under diffusion-limited conditions, reveals that the pyrazine donor of axial isomer 1-Co behaves as an unproductive electron sink, resulting in high overpotentials for proton reduction, whereas the equatorial pyrazine isomer complex 2-Co is significantly more active for hydrogen generation at lower voltages. Addition of a second equatorial pyrazine in complex 3-Co further minimizes overpotentials required for catalysis. The equatorial derivative 2-Co is also superior to its axial 1-Co congener for electrocatalytic and visible-light photocatalytic hydrogen generation in biologically relevant, neutral pH aqueous media. Density functional theory calculations (B3LYP-D2) indicate that the first reduction of catalyst isomers 1-Co, 2-Co, and 3-Co is largely metal-centered while the second reduction occurs at pyrazine. Taken together, the data establish that proper positioning of non-innocent pyrazine ligands on a single cobalt center is indeed critical for promoting efficient hydrogen catalysis in aqueous media, akin to optimally positioned redox-active cofactors in metalloenzymes. In a broader sense, these findings highlight the significance of electronic structure considerations in the design of effective electron-hole reservoirs for multielectron transformations.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Chemical Science
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    ABSTRACT: We report the photochemical generation and study of a family of water-soluble iron(IV)-oxo complexes supported by pentapyridine PY5Me2-X ligands (PY5Me2 = 2,6-bis(1,1-bis(2-pyridyl)ethyl)pyridine; X = CF3, H, Me, or NMe2), in which the oxidative reactivity of these ferryl species correlates with the electronic properties of the axial pyridine ligand. Synthesis of a systematic series of [Fe(II)(L)(PY5Me2-X)](2+) complexes, where L = CH3CN or H2O, and characterizations by several methods, including X-ray crystallography, cyclic voltammetry, and Mössbauer spectroscopy, show that increasing the electron-donating ability of the axial pyridine ligand tracks with less positive Fe(III)/Fe(II) reduction potentials and quadrupole splitting parameters. The Fe(II) precursors are readily oxidized to their Fe(IV)-oxo counterparts using either chemical outer-sphere oxidants such as CAN (ceric ammonium nitrate) or flash-quench photochemical oxidation with [Ru(bpy)3](2+) as a photosensitizer and K2S2O8 as a quencher. The Fe(IV)-oxo complexes are capable of oxidizing the C-H bonds of alkane (4-ethylbenzenesulfonate) and alcohol (benzyl alcohol) substrates via hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) and an olefin (4-styrenesulfonate) substrate by oxygen atom transfer (OAT). The [Fe(IV)(O)(PY5Me2-X)](2+) derivatives with electron-poor axial ligands show faster rates of HAT and OAT compared to their counterparts supported by electron-rich axial donors, but the magnitudes of these differences are relatively modest.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Inorganic Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have gained much attention as next-generation porous media for various applications, especially gas separation/storage, and catalysis. New MOFs are regularly reported; however, to develop better materials in a timely manner for specific applications, the interactions between guest molecules and the internal surface of the framework must first be understood. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is presented, which proves essential for the elucidation of small-molecule interactions in a model MOF system known as M2 (dobdc) (dobdc(4-) = 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate; M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, or Zn), a material whose adsorption properties can be readily tuned via chemical substitution. It is additionally shown that the study of extensive families like this one can provide a platform to test the efficacy and accuracy of developing computational methodologies in slightly varying chemical environments, a task that is necessary for their evolution into viable, robust tools for screening large numbers of materials. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Advanced Materials

Publication Stats

28k Citations
2,655.52 Total Impact Points


  • 1997-2015
    • University of California, Berkeley
      • Department of Chemistry
      Berkeley, California, United States
    • University of Florence
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 2013-2014
    • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
      Berkeley, California, United States
  • 2010
    • Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal
      Pessac, Aquitaine, France
  • 2007
    • Indiana University Bloomington
      Bloomington, Indiana, United States
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Ángeles, California, United States
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 2004-2006
    • Nanjing University
      • State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 1994-1998
    • Harvard University
      • Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1996-1997
    • Boston University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States