Kwang-Hun Lee

Yonsei University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (40)94.29 Total impact

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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 62-year-old man was admitted, and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) procedure was performed to treat an accidentally detected aortic aneurysm, which was 63 mm in diameter. While performing TEVAR, the passage of the stent-graft introducer system was impossible due to the prolapse of the introducer system into a wide-necked aneurysm; this aneurysm was located at the greater curvature of the proximal descending thoracic aorta. In order to advance the introducer system, a compliant balloon was inflated. Thus, we created an artificial wall in the aneurysm with this inflated balloon. Finally, we were able to advance the introducer system into the target zone.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a patient with a chronic DeBakey type IIIb aneurysm who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair to seal the primary entry tear and stent-graft insertion to cover the re-entry tear at the renal artery. The procedure was performed in order to achieve complete thrombosis in the entire thoracoabdominal false lumen, leading to favorable aortic remodeling. Simultaneously, ethanol ablation and renal artery embolization were performed to treat a renal tumor suspicious of renal cell carcinoma. Radical nephrectomy then confirmed clear cell carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, no other cases of this type have been reported in the Korean literature.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • No preview · Article · Sep 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: The use of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for chronic DeBakey III type b (CDIIIb) aneurysms is controversial. We analyzed the potential prognostic factors affecting aorta remodeling after this procedure. Methods: A total of 20 patients with CDIIIb aneurysms underwent TEVAR, with full coverage of reentry tears at the descending thoracic aorta. The potential factors affecting false lumen (FL) remodeling were analyzed, including reentry tears (communicating channels visible on the computed tomography angiogram), large intimal tears below the stent graft (≥ 2 consecutive axial cuts on the computed tomography angiogram), visceral branches arising from the FL, and intercostal arteries (ICAs) arising from the FL. Results: All the patients had uneventful in-hospital courses; 2 patients (10%) required reintervention during the follow-up period. Thirteen patients (65%) had complete thrombosis of the FL at stent graft segment. Compared with the complete thrombosis group, the partial thrombosis group had more reentry tears (1.8 vs 2.3, P = .48), large intimal tears (0.8 vs 1.7, P < .05), visceral branches arising from the FL (1.2 vs 2.3, P < .05), and ICAs arising from the FL (3.8 vs 5.1, P = .35). Reentry tears, visceral branches, and ICAs from the FL were significant negative prognostic factors for FL shrinkage (P < .05). Conclusions: Although reentry tears above the celiac trunk were fully covered, the visceral branches and ICAs from the FL and all communicating channels below the celiac trunk kept the FL pressurized and were unfavorable prognostic factors for aorta remodeling after TEVAR for CDIIIb aneurysms.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Endoscopic or percutaneous treatments are preferentially attempted for benign biliary stricture (BBS). However, these methods are not feasible if a guide wire cannot be passed through the stricture. This study evaluated the usefulness and technical requirements of magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) in refractory BBS. Patients and methods: MCA was performed in patients with BBS that had not been resolved with conventional treatments. One magnet was delivered through the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage tract and the other magnet was advanced through three different routes. After magnet approximation and recanalization, an internal drainage catheter was placed for 6 months and then removed. Results: Seven patients underwent MCA, and recanalization was successfully achieved in five. MCA failure in two cases was attributed to long stenotic segments and parallel alignment of the axes of the magnets. The mean follow-up period after recanalization was 485.2 days. Five patients with successful recanalization showed no MCA-related complications or restenosis. Conclusions: MCA represents an alternative nonsurgical method of BBS recanalization that cannot be treated with conventional methods.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Endoscopy
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.krcp.2013.04.006.].
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the utility of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of uterine leiomyoma for prediction of the potential response to uterine artery embolization (UAE). This prospective study included 49 patients with uterine leiomyomas who underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before UAE between May 2011 and January 2012. All patients also underwent 3-month follow-up MR imaging after UAE. Using conventional and diffusion-weighted MR imaging sequences, 72 uterine leiomyomas ≥ 3 cm were prospectively evaluated. The volume of each leiomyoma was calculated, and quantitative measurement of ADC was performed. Regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between ADC and volumetric response after UAE. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ADC for prediction of the potential response to UAE. Interclass correlation coefficient analysis was used to assess interobserver variability between two radiologists. Volume reduction rates of leiomyomas after UAE ranged from 0.2%-89.1% (mean, 44.1%). ADC ranged from 0.559 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s to 1.814 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s (mean, 1.170 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s). ADC was statistically significantly related to volumetric response of leiomyomas (P = .014). Using a threshold of 1.092 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s, the sensitivity and specificity of ADC for prediction of > 50% volume reduction of the leiomyoma after UAE were 82.6% and 52.3%, respectively. Using a threshold of 1.023 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s, the sensitivity and specificity of ADC for prediction of < 30% volume reduction were 80.8% and 33.3%, respectively. The interclass correlation coefficient for measuring ADC of uterine leiomyomas between two radiologists was 0.98. ADC of uterine leiomyomas was significantly related to the volume reduction after UAE. ADC may be useful in predicting the potential response to UAE. A high ADC of the uterine leiomyoma may be associated with a greater volume reduction after UAE.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 37-year-old man was referred to Division of Nephrology for a new renal cystic lesion that was found on ultrasonography. Four years prior to presentation, a percutaneous renal biopsy had been performed. Computed tomography scan showed a 4.4-cm-sized renal artery pseudoaneurysm in the left kidney. Selective renal angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm in the left lower pole of the kidney. The renal pseudoaneurysm was successfully embolized with coil. Follow-up Doppler ultrasonography showed no internal blood flow into the aneurysmal sac. His renal function remained stable after coil embolization.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic findings of uterine arteries (UAs) and to evaluate the diagnostic utility of this imaging modality for the prediction of ovarian artery (OA) embolization (OAE). The authors retrospectively evaluated 349 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced MR angiography before UA embolization (UAE) for symptomatic fibroid tumors or adenomyosis. The diameters of the UAs were compared with those of the inferior mesenteric arteries (IMAs) and classified into two groups: group I, in which the diameters of both UAs were the same as or greater than that of the IMA; and group II, in which at least one UA was smaller than the IMA or was not visible. The presence of an enlarged OA was also evaluated. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for UA diameter, enlarged OA, and the combination of the two. Nine of 22 patients (40.9%) in group II underwent OAE, which was a significantly higher incidence (P < .001) than in group I (nine of 327; 2.8%). Among eight patients with enlarged OAs, six (75%) underwent OAE. Relative UA diameter had a sensitivity of 50% and specificity of 96.1%; the respective values for enlarged OAs were 33.3% and 99.3%. The combination of UA diameter and enlarged OAs showed a sensitivity and specificity of 72.2% and 95.4%, respectively. In addition to the identification of enlarged OAs, contrast-enhanced MR angiography allows a comparison between UA and IMA diameters and therefore can be helpful for the prediction of OAE.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to assess CT enhancement patterns of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within 1 month after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using drug-eluting beads and to determine whether enhancement patterns may be useful for predicting local tumor progression. Forty-one patients with 50 HCCs underwent CT within 1 month after TACE with drug-eluting beads. Two blinded readers independently reviewed the arterial phase images and classified enhancement patterns as follows: no enhancement, peripheral ring enhancement, and peripheral nodulelike enhancement. Enhancement patterns were correlated with time to tumor progression of enhancing tissue by log-rank test. In the group with no enhancement, 92.3% (24/26) had not progressed and 7.7% (2/26) showed progression; for peripheral ring enhancement, 83.3% (10/12) had not progressed and 16.7% (2/12) showed progression; and for peripheral nodulelike enhancement, 16.7% (2/12) had not progressed and 83.3% (10/12) showed progression. The time to progression of enhancing tissue was significantly different between the group with no enhancement plus peripheral ring enhancement and the group with peripheral nodulelike enhancement (p < 0.001). Analysis of enhancement patterns at the arterial phase of the first follow-up CT after TACE with drug-eluting beads is helpful for predicting progression of treated HCC.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · American Journal of Roentgenology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effectiveness of the coupling stent-graft technique and outcomes on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). All patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) between 2007 and 2010 at a single institution were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 161 cases, 19 patients who had coupling stent-grafting because of AAA proximal neck angulation greater than 60°, conical neck, or iliac tortuosity were included. Patient age ranged from 62 to 87 years (mean, 73.3 y). Mean follow-up was 18.7 months (range, 1-36 mo). The coupling stent-graft technique was defined by the use of suprarenal fixation device main bodies (Zenith or Talent) with one or more EXCLUDER limbs to adapt tortuous and angulated iliac arteries. Pretreatment contrast-enhanced CT was analyzed based on three-dimensional and multiplanar reformatted images. Follow-up contrast-enhanced CT was also analyzed. Mean aneurysm diameter was 68.9 mm ± 14.0, neck length was 32.7 mm ± 15.1, and neck angulation was 68.9° ± 11.5. Conical neck shapes were present in four patients (21.1%) and ruptured AAAs were present in two (10.5%). Among 38 iliac arteries, the mean iliac artery tortuosity index was 1.52 ± 0.27 and iliac angle was 106.8° ± 18.1. Three patients (15.8%) underwent repeat intervention: placement of a balloon-expandable stent in the proximal neck for type I endoleak (n = 1), endovascular embolization for proximal type I endoleak (n = 1), and percutaneous approach following endovascular embolization for type II endoleak (n = 1). No type III endoleak, limb occlusion, limb kinking, or stent-graft migration developed. The coupling stent-graft technique is technically feasible, with acceptable midterm outcomes in EVAR of AAA in patients with unfavorable neck and iliac anatomies.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic multiple uterine fibroids with collateral aberrant right ovarian artery that originated from the right external iliac artery. We believe that this is the first reported case in the literature of this collateral uterine flow by the right ovarian artery originated from the right external iliac artery. We briefly present the details of the case and review the literature on variations of ovarian artery origin that might be encountered during UAE.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant mixed Müllerian tumors (MMMT) are rare aggressive tumors that typically arise fromthe female genital tract. This malignancy has an extremely poor prognosis due to its rapid growthand the high associated incidence of both local recurrence and distant metastases. Althoughintraperitoneal metastasis from MMMT is relatively common, no reports exist regarding theradiologic findings of intestinal metastasis from MMMT. Here, we report a case of MMMT withsecondary small bowel metastasis and the associated radiologic findings.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated whether adjuvant hepatic arterial infusional chemotherapy (HAIC) with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin reduces the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection. Between January 2006 and December 2008, 31 HCC patients received four cycles of adjuvant HAIC with 5-FU and cisplatin via port system after curative resection. During the same period, 62 patients, who did not take any adjuvant therapy, were selected as controls. Tumor characteristics, such as distribution of TNM stage, pathologic differentiation, portal vein invasion, or microscopic invasion did not differ between control and adjuvant groups. During follow-up, recurrence developed in 11 adjuvant (35.5%) and 24 control patients (38.7%; p = 0.823). Tumor progression after recurrence was the cause of death in 2 adjuvant (28.6%) and 7 control patients (38.8%; p = 0.912). The 2-year recurrence rate was 9.1% in the adjuvant group and 4.2% in the control group, with the median recurrence-free survival time being 10.5 and 7.5 months, respectively (p = 0.324). The 3-year cumulative survival rate was 73.3% in the adjuvant group and 68.3% in the control group (p = 0.355). Adjuvant HAIC with 5-FU and cisplatin did not offer any beneficial effect on the recurrence after curative resection of HCC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol for preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) before hemihepatectomy of the liver. From March 2006 to October 2008, foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol was performed in 16 patients (male-to-female ratio of 12:4, age range 48-75 years [mean 62]) for PVE. Patients were diagnosed with Klatskin tumor (n = 13), gallbladder (GB) cancer (n = 2), or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (n = 1). The foam was composed of a 1:2:1 ratio of 3% polidocanol (Aethoxysklerol; Kreussler Pharma, Wiesbaden, Germany), room air, and contrast media (Xenetix 350; Guerbet, Aulnay-Sous-Bois, France). The total amount of polidocanol used (2 to 8 mL [mean 4.6]) varied according to the volume of the target portal vein. We calculated the volume of future liver remnant (FLR) before and after PVE and evaluated complications associated with the use of polidocanol foam sclerotherapy for PVE. Technical success was achieved in all patients. All patients were comfortable throughout the procedure and did not experience pain during sclerotherapy. No periprocedural morbidity or mortality occurred. Patients underwent a liver dynamic computed tomography (CT) scan 2-4 weeks after PVE. FLR increased significantly after PVE using polidocanol foam from 19.3% (range 16-35%) before PVE to 27.8% (range 23-42%) after PVE (p = 0.001). All patients were operable for hemihepatectomy of the liver and achieved effective resection. Foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol is clinically safe and effective for preoperative PVE.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the technical feasibility and effectiveness of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization using a percutaneous transabdominal or a transarterial approach in the failed secondary endovascular treatment of type I endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. From 2000-2007, seven patients with failed secondary endovascular treatment of type I endoleaks (five patients with type Ia endoleak, one patient with type Ib endoleak, and one patient with type Ia and Ib endoleaks) were treated with embolization using NBCA with or without a coil. Embolizations were performed using either a percutaneous transabdominal (n = 5) or a transarterial (n = 5) approach. Four patients underwent a single session of embolization, and three underwent two sessions of embolization. The duration between EVAR and endoleak treatment was 9.6 months ± 15.3 (mean ± standard deviation; range 0-42 months). Follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans were evaluated for changes in size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The follow-up period after endoleak treatment was 18.0 months ± 20.4 (mean ± standard deviation; range 0-53 months). Technical success was achieved in six patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT scans. One technical failure was observed in a patient who eventually underwent surgical conversion. There were no procedure-related complications. Embolization with NBCA by a percutaneous transabdominal or a transarterial approach for the treatment of type I endoleaks after EVAR was technically feasible and clinically effective, with no major complications.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol for the treatment of gastric fundal varices by balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO). From November 2005 to June 2009, foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol for the treatment of gastric fundal varices by BRTO was performed in 16 patients (male/female 11:5; age range 46-84 years, median 67 years). Foam was made of 3% polidocanol (Aethoxysklerol; Kreussler Pharma, Wiesbaden, Germany), room air, and contrast media, with a ratio of 1:2:1, respectively. The amount of polidocanol (2-24 mL; median 7 mL) depended on the volume of varices. Technical success was achieved in 15 of 16 patients (93.8%). Technical failure occurred in one patient. All patients were without pain during sclerotherapy. One patient experienced pulmonary edema after the procedure but completely recovered with medical treatment. There was no procedure-related mortality. Patients were followed by endoscopy, computed tomography, or both. Four patients were lost to follow-up. Clinical success was achieved in 10 of 11 patients (91%). Rebleeding occurred in one case during follow-up. Foam sclerotherapy using polidocanol is clinically safe and effective for the treatment of gastric fundal varices during BRTO.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · European Radiology
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    Jong Yun Won · Kwang-Hun Lee · Do Yun Lee · Myoung Soo Kim · Byung-Chul Kang · Seung-Jung Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe how to make a swine hemodialysis fistula model and report our initial experience to test the feasibility of endovascular radiation therapy with Holmium-166 filled balloon catheters.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2011
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We assessed the outcomes of a simplified technique for the percutaneous placement of a hepatic artery port-catheter system for chemotherapy infusion in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein invasion. From February 2003 to February 2008, percutaneous hepatic artery port-catheter insertion was performed in 122 patients who had hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein invasion. The arterial access route was the common femoral artery. The tip of the catheter was wedged into the right gastroepiploic artery without an additional fixation device. A side hole was positioned at the distal common hepatic artery to allow the delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into the hepatic arteries. Coil embolization was performed only to redistribute to the hepatic arteries or to prevent the inadvertent delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into extrahepatic arteries. The port chamber was created at either the supra-inguinal or infra-inguinal region. Technical success was achieved in all patients. Proper positioning of the side hole was checked before each scheduled chemotherapy session by port angiography. Catheter-related complications occurred in 19 patients (16%). Revision was achieved in 15 of 18 patients (83%). This simplified method demonstrates excellent technical feasibility, an acceptable range of complications, and is hence recommended for the management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein thrombosis.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a 64-year-old woman with left leg swelling for 1 year. Computed tomography imaging showed a large pelvic arteriovenous malformation that consisted of multiple fine shunts between the left internal iliac artery and the long segment of the left external iliac vein. A stent graft was inserted within the left external iliac vein to occlude the arteriovenous shunts with consecutive transarterial sclerotherapy using absolute ethanol. This resulted in complete resolution of the pelvic arteriovenous malformation. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of stent graft insertion within a large vein for treating arteriovenous malformation.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter

Publication Stats

483 Citations
94.29 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2015
    • Yonsei University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002-2006
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Wonju Severance Christian Hospital
      Genshū, Gangwon-do, South Korea