[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although lipid disequilibrium has been documented for several types of cancer including colorectal cancer (CRC), it remains unknown whether lipid parameters are associated with the outcome of metastatic CRC (mCRC) patients. Here, we retrospectively examined the lipid profiles of 453 mCRC patients and investigated whether any of the lipid parameters correlated with the outcome of mCRC patients. Pretreatment serum lipids, including triglyceride, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), were collected in 453 initially mCRC patients. The LDL-C to HDL-C ratio (LHR) was calculated and divided into the first, second, and third tertiles. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of lipids on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Nearly two-fifths of the patients (41.3%) exhibited elevations in LDL-C while most patients (88.3%) showed normal HDL-C levels. Decreased HDL-C (P=0.542) and increased LDL-C (P=0.023) were prognostic factors for poor OS, while triglyceride (P=0.542) and cholesterol (P=0.215) were not. Multivariate analysis revealed that LDL-C (P=0.031) was an independent prognostic factor. Triglyceride, cholesterol, HDL-C, and LDL-C did not correlate with PFS. Among patients with elevations in LDL-C levels, patients in the third tertile of the LHR had a markedly shorter median OS compared to those in the first or second tertile (P=0.012). Thus, increased LDL-C level is an independent prognostic factor for poor prognosis in mCRC patients, and a high LHR predicts poor prognosis for initially mCRC patients with elevations in LDL-C.
Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · OncoTargets and Therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
We had previously showed that the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) are prognostic factors for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. In this study we developed a prognostic model based on these three indices.
Materials and methods:
A total of 243 patients who were initially diagnosed as mCRC between 2005 and 2010 in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were studied. The endpoint was overall survival (OS).
NLR>3, elevated GGT and elevated CEA were confirmed as independent risk factors which could predict poor prognosis. Patients could be divided into three groups according to the number of risk factors they had. Those with two or three were defined as the high risk group, individuals with one risk factor as the modest risk group and patients without risk factor as the low risk group. The OS values for these three groups were 16.2 months (2.80~68.8), 24.2 months (4.07~79.0), and 37.2 months (12.6~87.8), respectively (p<0.001).
We developed a simple but useful model based on NLR, GGT and CEA to provide prognostic information to clinical practice in highly selected mCRC patients. Further prospective and multi-center studies are warranted to test our model.
No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To compare the efficacy of taxane-based regimens in the first line setting retrospectively in Chinese patients with recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer.
We analyzed 102 recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer patients who received taxanes-based regimens in a first-line setting from January 2009 to December 2013. Sixteen (15.7%) patients were administered Nab-PTX based chemotherapy and 86 patients (84.3%) received paclitaxel (PTX) or docetaxel (DTX) based chemotherapy. Patients in the PTX/DTX group could be further divided into TP (71 patients) and TPF (15 patients) groups.
The objective response rate (ORR) of all patients was 20.6%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 67.6%. The median overall survival (OS) was 10.5 months (95% CI 10.1-16.4) and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.04 months (95% CI 5.09-7.91). The DCR was higher in the TPF group than the TP group (93.3% vs. 59.1%; p = 0.015 ). There were no significant differences in ORR, OS, and PFS among Nab-PTX, TPF and TP groups.
The three regimens of Nab-PTX based, TP and TPF proved active in a first line setting of Chinese patients with recurrent and/or metastatic esophageal cancer, and should thus be regarded as alternative treatments.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
Biomarkers have been utilized for prognosis in colorectal cancer; however, relatively few have been identified. We compared the prognostic value of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
Blood samples were collected from 239 patients with mCRC presenting between 2005 and 2010 in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center.
CEA (P < 0.001), CA19-9 (P < 0.001), GGT (P < 0.001), ALP (P < 0.001) and LDH (P = 0.001) were statistically significant prognostic factors of overall survival (OS). CEA (P = 0.002) and GGT (P = 0.021) were validated as independent predictors. On univariate analysis, CEA (P = 0.003), CA19-9 (P = 0.006), GGT (P < 0.001) and ALP (P = 0.001) were statistically significant predictive factors of progression-free survival (PFS) in patients having first-line chemotherapy. CEA (P = 0.011) and GGT (P = 0.027) were independent predictors. GGT (P = 0.001), ALP (P = 0.016) and LDH (P = 0.039) levels were correlated with the tumour response rate assessed by CT, whilst CEA (P = 0.724) and CA19-9 (P = 0.822) were not. There was a statistically significant difference in OS (P < 0.001) and PFS (P < 0.001) among patients who had elevations of both CEA and GGT compared with those in whom only one or neither was elevated.
Among GGT, LDH and ALP, only GGT plays an independent role with CEA in predicting OS and PFS in mCRC. When coupled with CEA, GGT may lead to improved prognostic predictors.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Colorectal Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The standard therapy after failure of the initial non-first line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) treatment in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not yet been established. The aim of the current study was to identify whether the 2(nd) TKI treatment or chemotherapy (paclitaxel-containing or non-paclitaxel regimen) is the appropriate treatment for patients with NSCLC based on the efficacy of the initial TKIs.
Seventy-two advanced NSCLC patients who had accepted 2(nd) TKIs or chemotherapy immediately after failure of the initial TKIs in non-first line setting from May 1, 2004 to January 31, 2010 at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were enrolled. The primary endpoint [2(nd) progression-free survival (PFS)] and the second endpoint [overall survival (OS)] were compared among the 2(nd) TKI and chemotherapy groups as well as their subgroups.
(1) Twenty-one patients were treated with 2(nd) TKIs, and 51 patients were administered chemotherapy after failure of the initial non-first line TKI treatment. There was nonsignificant difference in the responses (P=0.900) [2(nd) PFS (P=0.833) and OS (P=0.369)] between the 2(nd) TKI and chemotherapy groups. (2) In the 2(nd) TKI group, 9 patients exhibited PFS≥7 months. The initial TKI treatment group exhibited a longer 2(nd) PFS than the other 12 patients with an initial PFS<7 months (7 months vs. 2 months, P=0.019). However, these groups had nonsignificantly different OS (P=0.369). (3) In the chemotherapy group, patients with PFS<5 months exhibited longer 2(nd) PFS than those with PFS ≥ 5 months in the initial TKI treatment (3 months vs. 2 months, P=0.039). (4) In the chemotherapy group, patients treated with paclitaxel-containing regimen showed longer 2(nd) PFS than those treated with non-paclitaxel regimen (5 months vs. 2.3 months, P=0.043).
Patients with PFS≥7 months or <5 months under the initial TKI treatment potentially benefit from the 2(nd) TKI treatment or chemotherapy immediately after failure of the non-first line TKIs. The paclitaxel-containing regimen may improve the 2(nd) PFS. However, more patient samples are urgently needed to validate these findings.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Cancer Biology and Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
Data on the efficacy profiles of pemetrexed monotherapy and pemetrexed plus platinum combination therapy in the non-first-line setting for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are limited, and previous studies have reported contradictory results. This study investigated and compared the efficacy and toxicity profiles of these two regimens to provide a broader understanding of their dynamics.
Previously treated patients with advanced and/or recurrent NSCLC who received pemetrexed monotherapy or pemetrexed plus platinum combination therapy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2009, at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were evaluated. The primary endpoint of this study was progression-free survival (PFS), whereas the secondary endpoints were overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was performed to identify the factors potentially influencing OS, and chi-square analysis was carried out to compare ORR and DCR.
Forty-six patients with advanced and/or recurrent NSCLC were analyzed; of these patients, 25 were given pemetrexed monotherapy and 21 received pemetrexed plus platinum combination therapy. The following correspond to the rates recorded for the pemetrexed monotherapy group and the pemetrexed plus platinum group: median PFS, 1.97 and 2.3 months (P=0.565); median OS, 30. 93 and 30.33 months (P=0.877); ORR, 8% (2/25) and 9.5% (2/21) (P=0.857); and DCR, 32% (8/25) and 57.1% (12/21) (P=0.09). Univariate analysis revealed that no factor was correlated with OS from NSCLC (P>0.05 for all). Gastrointestinal toxicity in the pemetrexed plus platinum group was modestly higher than that in the pemetrexed monotherapy group (P=0.034), but other adverse events were similar between the groups.
Compared with pemetrexed monotherapy, pemetrexed plus platinum combination therapy causes more gastrointestinal toxicities and does not exhibit improved efficacy, in terms of ORR, DCR, PFS, and OS, in the non-first-line setting for NSCLC. However, further research with a higher patient population is necessary to validate this finding.
No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elevated activity of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis and disease progression by disproportionately increasing translation of mRNAs coding proteins that play significant roles in all aspects of malignancy, providing that eIF4E as an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we showed that inhibition of eIF4E by small interfering RNAs (siRNA) resulted in cell cycle arrest and suppression of colony formation in MDA-MB-231 triple-negative (TN) breast cancer cells. Migration transwell assay revealed that repression of eIF4E effectively inhibited motility of MDA-MB-231 cancer cells. Importantly, we showed that silencing of eIF4E sensitized MDA-MB-231 cells to chemotherapeutic drugs of cisplatin, adriamycin, paclitaxel and docetaxel as assessed by MTT assay. Moreover, Western blot assay showed that eIF4E siRNA increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in MDA-MB-231 cells. Taken together, we showed that knockdown of eIF4E suppressed cell growth and migration, enhanced chemosensitivity, suggesting a potential therapeutic target in TN breast carcinoma.
No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Medical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the utility of Beclin-1 and LC3, two autophagy-related proteins, in predicting the cetuximab efficacy in advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC).
The data of 85 patients with ACRC treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from March 1, 2005 to December 31, 2008 were studied, including 45 cases treated with cetuximab-containing chemotherapy and 40 cases treated with non-cetuximab-containing chemotherapy. Beclin-1 and LC3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and KRAS status was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction.
Beclin-1 and LC3 expression in ACRC was significantly correlated (r = 0.44, P < 0.01); however, LC3 was more highly expressed in cancerous tissues than in normal tissues (Z = -2.63, P < 0.01). In the cetuximab-containing chemotherapy group, patients with low LC3 expression had higher objective response rates (ORRs) than those with high LC3 expression (52.9% vs 17.9%, P = 0.01), and patients with low Beclin-1 expression had a longer median progression-free survival (PFS) than their counterparts with higher Beclin-1 expression (9.0 mo vs 3.0 mo, P = 0.01). However, neither of these predictive relationships was detected in the group treated with non-cetuximab-containing chemotherapy. Patients with wild-type KRAS had higher ORRs (42.3% vs 9.1%, P = 0.049) and disease control rates (DCRs) (73.1% vs 36.4%, P = 0.035), and longer median PFS (5.5 mo vs 2.5 mo, P = 0.02) than those with mutant KRAS in the cetuximab-containing chemotherapy group. Neither Beclin-1 (P = 0.52) nor LC3 (P = 0.32) expression was significantly correlated with KRAS status.
Patients with low Beclin-1 expression had a longer PFS than those with high Beclin-1 expression, and patients with low LC3 expression had a higher ORR in ACRC patients treated with cetuximab-containing chemotherapy.
Preview · Article · Nov 2011 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The changes in therapeutic strategies were determined and the efficacy of radical mastectomy (RM) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) on Chinese male breast cancer (MBC) patients was compared. Seventy MBC patients, with a median age of 61 years, were enrolled. The characteristics of MBC were compared in cohort A (1969-1997) and cohort B (1998-2009), and the prognosis was compared between the RM and MRM groups. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma accounted for 81.4% of all cases; 93.7% were estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-positive. More patients in cohort B accepted multidisciplinary treatment, MRM, adjuvant chemotherapy, and endocrine therapy than those in cohort A; however, the 5-year overall survival rates were similar in the two cohorts. The overall survival curves, locoregional recurrence rates, and systematic metastatic rates were similar in the RM and MRM groups. Currently, more MBC patients receive conservative surgery; MRM may be equally effective as RM for MBC.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Either cetuximab or bevacizumab can improve the survival of patients with metastastic colorectal cancer (mCRC) if administered combided with cytotoxic agents. However, the effect of two or more target agents in combination is uncertain in these patients. Here, we reported a patient with mCRC successfully treated by a combination of target agents after the failure of chemotherapy. The patient received palliative resection of primary tumor followed by 9 cycles of postoperative XELOX regimen, cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK)-based biotherapy, traditional Chinese medicine, particle implantation in the lung metastatic lesions. The tumor progressed 20 months after the standard treatments. Then, the regimen cetuximab, bevacizumab and cefitinib was applied. During the treatment with targeted agents, grade IV acne-like rash and relatively severe parionychia of the toes occurred. Both of them recovered smoothly. The PET-CT reexamination at 40 days after the target treatment showed that the metabolism of mediastinal lymph nodes basically recovered to a normal level. The combination of multiple targeted agents obtained a progression-free survival(PFS) of 11 months and the patient with a good quality of life during this period.
Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To summarize our experiences with the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with cetuximab and compare the therapeutic effects of cetuximab applied in the first line and non-first line settings.
From October 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009, 16 NSCLC patients were treated with cetuximab combined with standard chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The short-term efficacy of the therapeutic protocols were analyzed.
A total of 115 cycles of cetuximab treatment were administered in these patients with a median of 6 cycles (7.5 in the first line setting and 2 in non-first line setting). In the 10 patients with cetuximab treatment in the first line setting, the ORR was 40.0% (4/10), DCR was 80.0% (8/10), median TTP was 6.5 months (2-19), and median OS was 8.5 months (2-48); in the non-first line setting, these indices were 33.3% (2/6), 33.3% (2/6), 3.5 months (3-4) and 18 months (4-28), respectively. Both ORR and DCR were similar between the first and non-first line settings (P=0.790, P=0.062). Ten of the patients (62.5%) developed acne-like rash within 3 weeks, who had an ORR of 60% (6/10) and DCR of 90% (9/10); the ORR and DCR in patients without acne-like rash were both 10.4% (1/6), showing no significant difference in ORR (P=0.080) but a significant difference in DCR between the two groups (P=0.003). No treatment-associated death or cetuximab-associated discontinuation occurred. Altogether 11 patients (68.8%) developed acne-like rash, which occurred within 3 weeks in 10 cases. Seven patients showed side effects associated with the chemotherapy.
Cetuximab combined with standard chemotherapy is a good option for Chinese patients with NSCLC and the current data support the application of cetuximab in the first line setting.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and Objective: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy has been a great achievements in the treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer in recent years, however, few reports based on large patient cohorts are available In China. This study analyzed the efficacy of cetuximab combined with chemotherapy In 53 patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 53 patients with advanced colorectal cancer, treated by cetuximab combined with chemotherapy at the Sun Yat-sen Cancer Center from March 2005 to April 2008 were analyzed for short-term efficacy and safety. The efficacies of the regimen used as first-line and non-first-llne treatment were compared by a Χ2 test; its prognostic value was analyzed by a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Results: Of the 53 patients, 40 were men and 13 were women, with a median age of 55 years. All patients had colorectal adenocarcinoma. A total of 572 weeks (median 8 weeks) of cetuximab treatment were completed. The overall response rate of the regimen was 39.6% and the disease control rate was 66.0%. The disease control rates when the regimen was used as first-line and non-first-line treatment were similar (P=0.177). For these 53 patients, clinical stage was an Independent prognostic factor (P=0.002, OR >1). The most common adverse events (grades III- IV) included acne-like rash (7.5%), neutropenia (18.9%), and diarrhea (5.6%). No hypersensitive reactions or treatment-related deaths were observed. Only one patient discontinued treatment because of grade IV diarrhea and neutropenia. Conclusions: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy can achieve relatively high rates of disease control for patients with advanced colorectal cancer, with fewer adverse events. Whether cetuximab as a first-line treatment has a better effect than as a non-first-line treatment needs further study.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy has been used to treat Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years, however, the data from China was rare. This study was to summarize our experiences in treating NSCLC patients with cetuximab in the first line setting. From October 1st 2006 to Jun 30th 2010, twelve NSCLC patients were treated with cetuximab combined standard chemotherapy as first line setting in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center entered the study and the short-term efficacy and safety were analyzed. A total of 132 cycles of cetuximab treatment, with a median of nine cycles in the whole group were administered. The ORR was 41.7% (5/12), DCR was 83.3% (10/12), median TTP was 5.5 months (2-23), and median OS was 9 months (2-48) in the whole group. There were 75% (9/12) patients occurred acne-like rash within first 3 weeks, their ORR was 55.6% (5/9), DCR was 100% (9/9), however, ORR and DCR in patients who didn't occurred acne-like rash within first 3 weeks were 0 and 33.3% (1/3), the difference ORR between two group was insignificant (P = 0.091), however, DCR was significant different (P = 0.007). There no treatment-associated death and no cetuximab-associated discontinuation. The incidence of acne-like rash was 83.3% (10/12) and 75% (9/12) occurred within first 3 weeks, there were eight patients suffered side effects associated with chemotherapy. So we can draw a conclusion that the short-term outcome of cetuximab application in first line setting for patients with NSCLC were promising since the higher ORR and DCR, especially those occurred acne-like rash within the first 3 weeks, and the addition of cetuximab in this population was safe.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Medical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is not clear if there is a difference in prognosis between male breast cancer (MBC) and female breast cancer (FBC) patients. The aim of this study was to compare the prognosis of MBC and FBC patients in China and the prognosis of MBC and their corresponding postmenopausal FBC patients.
Thirty-five MBC patients who were treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 1969 and 2004 were enrolled in the study. Seventy FBC patients who were matched with the MBC patients for TNM stage, year of diagnosis, and age at diagnosis were simultaneously enrolled in the study. A second group comprising 18 MBC patients and their corresponding 36 matched postmenopausal FBC patients were also enrolled. The whole group and the postmenopausal groups were compared for five- and ten-year survivals.
All the factors that could potentially affect prognosis were comparable among the groups except more FBC than MBC patients underwent endocrine therapy and a modified radical mastectomy. The 5- and 10-year survivals in the whole group were 81.6% and 60.3% for men and 90.7% and 73.5% for women (P = 0.02). The 5- and 10-year survival in the postmenopausal group was 82.5% and 100% for men and 66.0% and 85.9% for women (P = 0.159).
Chinese FBC patients had a better prognosis than Chinese MBC patients. However, MBC patients and their corresponding postmenopausal FBC patients had a similar prognosis.
Preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Chinese medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Male breast cancer (MBC) in China usually has been studied retrospectively with small sample size, and studies analyzing the prognostic factors are rare. This study was to investigate the prognostic factors of Chinese patients with MBC based on the data from a single institute with a relatively large sample.
Clinical data of 72 patients with histopathologically confirmed MBC who received treatment at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1969 and March 2009, were collected. Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test and Cox regression model were used for statistical analysis.
The 5-year overall survival rate was 72.4%, and the survival rates for stage I, II, III, and IV were 100%, 74.2%, 57.2%, and 0%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the tumor size (P < 0.001), axillary lymph node status (P = 0.001), TNM stage (P = 0.001), operation model (with vs. without: P < 0.001; classic radical resection vs. modified radical resection, P = 0.336) and endocrine therapy(P = 0.02) significantly influenced the survival. Multivariate Cox regression showed that TNM stage (P = 0.035), operation model (P = 0.021) and endocrine therapy (P = 0.019) were independent prognostic factors for MBC.
Early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment strategy consisting of surgery and endocrine treatment is essential to improve the survival of the patients with MBC, and TNM stage, operation and endocrine treatment are the significant prognostic factors for MBC.
Preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and Objective: Studies showed that cetuximab combined with chemotherapy was effective on advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC) in recent years, however, few reports based on large case cohort are available in China. This study was to analyze the efficacy of cetuximab combined with chemotherapy for 53 chinese patients with ACRC. Methods: Clinical data of 53 patients with ACRC, treated with cetuximab combined with chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen Cancer Center from March 2005 to April 2008, were analyzed for short-term efficacy and safety. The efficacy of the regimen used as first-line and non-first-line treatment was compared by Chi-square test; the effect of the regimen on prognosis was analyzed by multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Of the 53 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma, 40 were men and 13 were women, with a median age of 55 years. A total of 572 weeks (median, 8 weeks) of cetuximab treatment were completed. The overall response rate (RR) of the regimen was 39.6% and the disease control rate 66.0%. The disease control rates were similar when the regimen was used as first-line and non-first-line treatment (80.3% vs. 60.5%, P=0.177). For all 53 patients, clinical stage was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.002, OR>1). The most common Grade 3 to 4 adverse events included acne-like rash (7.5%), neutropenia (18.9%), and diarrhea (5.6%). No hypersensitive reaction or treatment-related death was observed. Only one patient discontinued treatment because of Grade 4 diarrhea and neutopenia. Conclusions: Cetuximab combined with chemotherapy can achieve relatively high disease control rate for ACRC patients, with less adverse events. Whether cetuximab has better effect in first-line treatment than in non-first-line treatment needs further study.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mitotic Aurora-A kinase exerts crucial functions in maintaining mitotic fidelity. As a bona fide oncoprotein, Aurora-A aberrant overexpression leads to oncogenic transformation. Yet, the mechanisms by which Aurora-A enhances cancer cell survival remain to be elucidated.
Here, we found that Aurora-A overexpression was closely correlated with clinic stage and lymph node metastasis in tongue carcinoma. Aurora-A inhibitory VX-680 suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis and markedly reduced migration in cancer cells. We further showed that insulin-like growth factor-1, a PI3K physiological activator, reversed VX-680-decreased cell survival and motility. Conversely, wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor, combined with VX-680 showed a synergistic effect on inducing apoptosis and suppressing migration. In addition, Aurora-A inhibition suppressed Akt activation, and VX-680-induced apoptosis was attenuated by Myr-Akt overexpression, revealing a cross-talk between Aurora-A and PI3K pathway interacting at Akt activation. Significantly, we showed that suppression of Aurora-A decreased phosphorylated Akt and was associated with increased IkappaBalpha expression. By contrast, Aurora-A overexpression upregulated Akt activity and downregulated IkappaBalpha, these changes were accompanied by nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB and increased expression of its target gene Bcl-xL. Lastly, Aurora-A overexpression induced IkappaBalpha reduction was abrogated by suppression of Akt either chemically or genetically.
Taken together, our data established that Aurora-A, via activating Akt, stimulated nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway to promote cancer cell survival, and promised a novel combined chemotherapy targeting both Aurora-A and PI3K in cancer treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cetuximab combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy has been used to treat head and neck cancer in recent years, but few reports are available in China now. This study was to summarize our experiences in treating patients with head and neck cancer cetuximab.
From October 1st, 2005 to September 30th, 2008, six with patients head and neck cancer were treated using cetuximab combined with radiotherapy and five were treated using cetuximab combined with chemotherapy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The short-term efficacy and safety were analyzed.
A total of 82 cycles of cetuximab treatment, with a median of seven cycles, were administered safely. There was no treatment-associated death and no cetuximab-associated discontinuation. In cetuximab combined with radiotherapy group, four patients achieved complete response (CR) and two achieved partial response (PR); all CR patients had hadacne-like rash (three cases were > or = grade III), only one PR patient had grade I rash; five patients had skin reaction in the irradiation field (four cases of skin reaction were > or = grade III); hematological toxicity was slight excepted one case of grade IV. In cetuximab combined chemotherapy group, two patients achieved PR, two had stable disease (SD) and one had progressed disease (PD); the of acne-like rash was low, and three patients experienced bone marrow depression above grade III.
Cetuximab combined with either radiotherapy or chemotherapy are good options for suitable patients with head and neck cancer.
Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer