Désirée van der Heijde

Leiden University Medical Centre, Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (956)6530.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Little is known on how well targeted treatment, for instance targeting towards low DAS, is implemented in clinical practice. Our aim was to evaluate treatment adjustments in response to DAS in RA patients in clinical practice. Methods: We used data from one referral centre, multiple rheumatologists, from the METEOR database. Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) were used to assess whether in case of non-low disease activity (DAS > 2.4) treatment intensifications in DMARD therapy occurred ((change or increase in dose or number of DMARDs, including synthetic (s)DMARDs, biologic (b)DMARDs and corticosteroids compared to the visit before)). Determinants of not intensifying the treatment when DAS > 2.4 were investigated using GEE. Results: Five thousand one hundred fifty-seven registered visits of 1202 patients were available for the analyses. A DAS > 2.4 was weakly (OR: 1.19; 95 % CI 1.07-1.33) associated with a treatment intensification. In 69 % (n = 3577) of the visits patients were in low disease activity. In 66 % (n = 1028) of the visits with DAS > 2.4 treatment was not intensified. These patients had a higher tender joint count and received more often methotrexate plus a bDMARD, or csDMARD monotherapy, as compared to patients that received treatment intensification. Conclusion: In the majority of visits in the METEOR database patients were already in a state of low disease activity, reflecting appropriate treatment intensity. When DAS was greater than 2.4, treatment was often not intensified due to high tender joint count or specific treatment combinations. This data suggest that while aiming for low DAS, physicians per patient weigh whether all DAS elements indicate disease activity or will respond to DMARD adjustment or not, and make treatment decisions accordingly.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2016 · BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To assess in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) whether extra-articular manifestations (EAMs) are associated with worse functioning, worse quality of life (QoL), and more radiographic damage over time. Methods: 12-year follow-up data from the Outcome in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Study were used, complemented with data on EAMs extracted from medical charts. Functioning was assessed by the BASFI and physical component of the SF-36, QoL by ASQoL and EuroQoL, and radiographic damage by the mSASSS. Generalised estimating equations analyses were made to assess whether EAMs were associated with these outcomes over time. Results: 216 patients were included (154 (71%) men, mean age 43.6 years (SD 12.7), mean symptom duration 20.5 years (SD 11.7), and mean follow-up 8.3 years (SD 4.3). In total, 58 (26.9%) patients had acute anterior uveitis (AAU), 24 (11.1%) inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and 14 (6.5%) psoriasis. Univariably, IBD was associated with worse BASFI over time (B=1.26, 95%-CI 0.13 to 2.39, p=0.03), but not in a multivariable model. Furthermore, in a multivariable model, IBD was associated with EuroQoL over time (B=2.93, 95%-CI 0.14 to 5.72, p=0.04). Univariably, psoriasis was associated with radiographic damage (B=-7.25, 95%-CI -14.38 to -0.12, p=0.05) and ASQoL (B= -1.94, 95%-CI -3.32 to -0.57, p<0.01) over time, but not in a multivariable model. AAU was not associated with any outcome over time. Conclusions: In this longstanding AS cohort, the presence of EAMs was not associated with functional disability, QoL or radiographic damage over time, except for IBD, which was associated with a better EuroQoL.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical and experimental rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the benefits and harms of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Methods: Systematic review using Cochrane Collaboration methodology. Inclusion criteria: randomized controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-RCT (to June 2014), investigating NSAID versus any control for axSpA, and observational studies of longterm effects (≥ 6 mos) of NSAID on radiographic progression or adverse events. Main outcomes were pain, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index, radiographic progression, number of withdrawals because of adverse events, and number of serious adverse events. Risk of bias was assessed. Results: Thirty-five RCT, 2 quasi-RCT, and 2 cohort studies were included. Twenty-nine RCT and 2 quasi-RCT (n = 4356) were included in pooled analyses [traditional NSAID vs placebo (n = 5), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) vs placebo (n = 3), COX-2 vs traditional NSAID (n = 4), NSAID vs NSAID (n = 24), naproxen vs other NSAID (n = 3), and low- vs high-dose NSAID (n = 5)]. Compared with placebo, both traditional and COX-2 NSAID were consistently more efficacious at 6 weeks and equally safe after 12 weeks. No significant differences in benefits or harms between the 2 NSAID classes and no important differences in benefits or withdrawals because of adverse events between different NSAID were found, especially if studies with high risk of bias were excluded. Single studies suggest NSAID may retard radiographic progression, especially by continuous rather than on-demand NSAID use. Conclusion: High-quality evidence indicates that both traditional and COX-2 NSAID are efficacious for treating axSpA, and harms are not different from placebo in the short term. Various NSAID are equally effective.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · The Journal of Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To explore the effects of tofacitinib—an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—with or without methotrexate (MTX), on MRI endpoints in MTX-naive adult patients with early active RA and synovitis in an index wrist or hand. Methods In this exploratory, phase 2, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study, patients received tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily + MTX, tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily + placebo (tofacitinib monotherapy), or MTX + placebo (MTX monotherapy), for 1 year. MRI endpoints (Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials RA MRI score (RAMRIS), quantitative RAMRIS (RAMRIQ) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI) were assessed using a mixed-effect model for repeated measures. Treatment differences with p<0.05 (vs MTX monotherapy) were considered significant. Results In total, 109 patients were randomised and treated. Treatment differences in RAMRIS bone marrow oedema (BME) at month 6 were −1.55 (90% CI −2.52 to −0.58) for tofacitinib + MTX and −1.74 (−2.72 to −0.76) for tofacitinib monotherapy (both p<0.01 vs MTX monotherapy). Numerical improvements in RAMRIS synovitis at month 3 were −0.63 (−1.58 to 0.31) for tofacitinib + MTX and −0.52 (−1.46 to 0.41) for tofacitinib monotherapy (both p>0.05 vs MTX monotherapy). Treatment differences in RAMRIQ synovitis were statistically significant at month 3, consistent with DCE MRI findings. Less deterioration of RAMRIS and RAMRIQ erosive damage was seen at months 6 and 12 in both tofacitinib groups versus MTX monotherapy. Conclusions These results provide consistent evidence using three different MRI technologies that tofacitinib treatment leads to early reduction of inflammation and inhibits progression of structural damage. Trial registration number NCT01164579.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the performance of classification criteria sets (Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS), European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG), and Amor) for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in a clinical practice cohort in Colombia and provide insight into how rheumatologists follow the diagnostic path in patients suspected of SpA. Patients with a rheumatologist’s diagnosis of SpA were retrospectively classified according to three criteria sets. Classification rate was defined as the proportion of patients fulfilling a particular criterion. Characteristics of patients fulfilling and not fulfilling each criterion were compared. The ASAS criteria classified 81 % of all patients (n = 581) as having either axial SpA (44 %) or peripheral SpA (37 %), whereas a lower proportion met ESSG criteria (74 %) and Amor criteria (53 %). There was a high degree of overlap among the different criteria, and 42 % of the patients met all three criteria. Patients fulfilling all three criteria sets were older (36 vs. 30 years), had more SpA features (3 vs. 1 features), and more frequently had a current or past history of back pain (77 vs. 43 %), inflammatory back pain (47 vs. 13 %), enthesitis (67 vs. 26 %), and buttock pain (37 vs. 13 %) vs. those not fulfilling any criteria. HLA-B27, radiographs, and MRI-SI were performed in 77, 59, and 24 % of the patients, respectively. The ASAS criteria classified more patients as having SpA in this Colombian cohort when the rheumatologist’s diagnosis is used as an external standard. Although physicians do not perform HLA-B27 or imaging in all patients, they do require these tests if the clinical symptoms fall short of confirming SpA and suspicion remains.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To review and update the existing definition of a positive MRI for classification of axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). Methods: The Assessment in SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) MRI working group conducted a consensus exercise to review the definition of a positive MRI for inclusion in the ASAS classification criteria of axial SpA. Existing definitions and new data relevant to the MRI diagnosis and classification of sacroiliitis and spondylitis in axial SpA, published since the ASAS definition first appeared in print in 2009, were reviewed and discussed. The precise wording of the existing definition was examined in detail and the data and a draft proposal were presented to and voted on by the ASAS membership. Results: The clear presence of bone marrow oedema on MRI in subchondral bone is still considered to be the defining observation that determines the presence of active sacroiliitis. Structural damage lesions seen on MRI may contribute to a decision by the observer that inflammatory lesions are genuinely due to SpA but are not required to meet the definition. The existing definition was clarified adding guidelines and images to assist in the application of the definition. Conclusion: The definition of a positive MRI for classification of axial SpA should continue to primarily depend on the imaging features of 'active sacroiliitis' until more data are available regarding MRI features of structural damage in the sacroiliac joint and MRI features in the spine and their utility when used for classification purposes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ) assesses the influence of health on participation in 11 specific and one general participation role across 4 participation dimensions: ‘importance’, ‘satisfaction with time’, ‘satisfaction with performance’ and ‘physical difficulty’. This study aimed to translate the SRPQ into Dutch, and assess the clinimetric properties and aspects of its validity among patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods Translation was performed using the dual panel approach. For each participation dimension, internal consistency, test-retest reliability (n=31), and construct validity were assessed in 246 patients with AS. Results The translation required only minor adaptations. Cronbach αs were α≥0.7. A strong correlation was present between satisfaction with ‘time’ and ‘performance’(r=0.85). Test-retest reliability was satisfactory (κ=0.79–0.95). Correlations with participation domains of the Short-Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36), the WHO Disease Assessment Score II, and generic as well as disease-specific health outcomes (Physical and Mental component scale of the SF-36, Satisfaction With Life Scale, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functioning Index (BASFI)) were at least moderate (r=−0.41 to 0.75) for all dimensions except for ‘role importance’ where correlations were weak (r≤40). Discriminative ability across 5 self-reported health states was good for all dimensions (p<0.01). The ‘general participation’ role showed similar reliability and validity for each dimension, as the average of the all 11 roles. Conclusions The Dutch version of the SRPQ is available to help understand social role participation of patients with AS. The dimension ‘role importance’ measures a distinct aspect of participation. The general participation item was a good global measure of participation.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Advances in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis have made remission an achievable goal. Rheumatologists monitor disease activity continuously to assess patients’ response to therapy and to make treatment decisions. Calculating and recording disease activity scores can be cumbersome; thus, calculators are often required. Various parameters must be assessed to follow disease activity over time, including joint examination, acute phase reactants and patient and physician global assessments. These must be correlated with the medication history. Measurement of Efficacy of Treatment in the ‘Era of Outcome’ in Rheumatology (METEOR) is a comprehensive international database that captures multiple dimensions of rheumatoid arthritis disease management, allowing rheumatologists to follow disease activity in the setting of routine care while providing opportunities for benchmarking and research.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · International Journal of Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the signal intensity (SI) of the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine on magnetic resonance (MR) fluid sensitive sequences, and correlate this to secondary signs of degeneration on MR and radiographs as well as to age. Material and methods: A total of 265 patients aged ≥16 with back pain (≥3-months, <2-year, onset <45-years) from the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort were included. Sagittal 1.5 T MR images and lateral radiographs of the cervical spine were independently evaluated by two readers for: SI of the intervertebral discs using a grading system based of Pfirrmann (grade 1 normal/bright SI; 2 inhomogeneous/bright SI; 3 inhomogeneous/mildly decreased SI; 4 inhomogeneous/markedly decreased SI; 5 signal void), disc herniation and Modic changes (MRI) and disc space narrowing, osteophytes and sclerosis (radiograph). Readers were blinded for clinical information. Descriptive statistics were used for characteristics and prevalence of findings, and regression analysis was used for age and grades. Results: Of 265 patients (36 % male, mean age 30), 221 (83 %) patients had 1 to 6 discs (median 4) with decreased SI. Of 1,590 discs, 737 (46 %) were grade 1; 711 (45 %) grade 2; 133 (8 %) grade 3; 8 (1 %) grade 4 and 1 (0 %) grade 5. Secondary signs of degeneration were rare and seen predominantly in C5-C7 and appear to be related to signal loss grade 3 and 4. Conclusion: Low signal intensity of intervertebral discs in absence of secondary degenerative signs in the cervical spine on fluid sensitive MR images might be pre-existing and part of the natural course.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Skeletal Radiology
  • Maxime Dougados · Emily Wood · Laure Gossec · Arnaud Dubanchet · Isabelle Logeart · Désirée van der Heijde
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Using data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we assessed the capacity of clinical and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)-sparing endpoints, alone and in combination, to discriminate between treatment effects in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Methods: Patients with active NSAID-resistant axSpA received etanercept (ETN) 50 mg/week or placebo for 8 weeks and tapered/discontinued NSAID. In posthoc logistic regression analyses, OR were calculated that indicated the capacity of the following endpoints to discriminate between the effects of ETN and placebo at Week 8: Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) 50; BASDAI ≤ 3; Assessment of Spondyloarthritis international Society (ASAS) 20; ASAS40; Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) with C-reactive protein (CRP) < 1.3 and ASDAS-CRP < 2.1; ≥ 50% decrease from baseline in ASAS-NSAID score, score < 10, and score = 0; and each clinical and/or each NSAID measure. Results: In 90 randomized patients (ETN, n = 42; placebo, n = 48), disease activity was similar between groups at baseline: mean (± SD) BASDAI (ETN vs placebo) 6.0 ± 1.6 versus 5.9 ± 1.5. NSAID intake was high: ASAS-NSAID score 98.2 ± 39.0 versus 93.0 ± 23.4. OR ranged from 1.6 (95% CI 0.5-5.4) for ASDAS-CRP < 1.3 to 5.8 (95% CI 1.2-29.1) for BASDAI50 and NSAID score of 0; most measures (34/45) reached statistical significance (α = 0.05) favoring ETN. Most combined outcome variables using OR were more discriminant than single outcome measures. Conclusion: These findings suggest that changes in NSAID intake during treatment do not prevent demonstration of clinically relevant effects of biologic treatment, and combined (i.e., clinical with NSAID-sparing) endpoints were frequently more discriminant than single (i.e., clinical) endpoints. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01298531).
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To compare computerised and conventional methodology of radiographic joint destruction assessment in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: We investigated the contribution of the 3rd-to-5th carpometacarpal joints (CMC3-5, which are excluded in computerised assessment so far owing to bone overlapping) to total joint space narrowing (JSN) scores in two cohorts of patients with early RA (n=392). Next, we investigated agreement between JSN scoring using single time point individual joint-based method (individual joint of a single time point (IJSTP), reflecting computerised reading) and conventional JSN scoring using the Sharp-van der Heijde (SvdH) method in a cohort of patients with early RA (n=59). We used intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), Bland and Altman plots, and linear mixed modelling to analyse differences in progression between two methods. Radiographs were available at baseline, and at 1 and 2 years of follow-up. Results: Of all joints affected by JSN at baseline or JSN progression during 2 years of follow-up, 3.9% and 6.6% concerned CMC3-5. Exclusion of CMC3-5 resulted in a decrease of 1.9-4.6% in JSN progression scores during 2 years of follow-up. The ICCs for JSN progression scores using IJSTP with or without CMC3-5 compared with SvdH were 0.71-0.81 and 0.69-0.78 at 1 and 2 years of follow-up. Signal-to-noise ratios for IJSTP-based and SvdH scoring were 0.51 and 0.58, respectively. The progression rate for each year was not statistically significantly different between two scoring methods (p=0.59 and 0.89). Conclusions: This study showed that excluding CMC3-5 has limited influence on JSN (progression) scores and showed the feasibility of using IJSTP-based reading for computerised scoring of JSN (progression) in RA.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction This 28-week, phase IIIb study assessed safety and maintenance of response to certolizumab pegol (CZP) in a diverse population of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, stratified by prior anti-TNF exposure, concomitant methotrexate (MTX) use and disease duration. The ability to predict achievement of low disease activity (LDA) at week 28 from improvements in Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), swollen joint count (SJC) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) up to week 12 was assessed. Methods The 28-week study population included all patients who completed the double-blind (DB) phase and entered the open-label (OL) phase, receiving 200 mg CZP every 2 weeks (Q2W) ≥16 weeks. In the 12-week DB period, patients with active RA and an inadequate response to ≥1 disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) were randomized 4:1 to CZP (400 mg at weeks 0, 2 and 4 then 200 mg Q2W) or placebo (Q2W), stratified by prior anti-TNF use, concomitant use of MTX and disease duration (<2 years vs. ≥2 years). Results A total of 955 patients entered the OL phase. At week 28, similar clinical improvements were seen in those receiving CZP throughout (CZP → CZP; n = 771) and those receiving placebo during the DB phase and switching to CZP in the OL phase (placebo → CZP; n = 184) (ACR20 response rate = 59.7 % vs. 53.3 %; ACR50/ACR70 response rates were also similar). Effect of CZP treatment was similar regardless of prior anti-TNF use, disease duration and concomitant DMARDs, based on ACR20 response rates. The percentage of patients achieving DAS28(ESR) LDA at week 28 was calculated for DAS28(ESR), SJC or CDAI responders at earlier time points. Reductions from baseline (Δ) of DAS28(ESR) <1.2, ΔSJC <25 % or ΔCDAI <10 by week 12 were associated with <9 % chance of achieving LDA at week 28 regardless of prior anti-TNF exposure. Adverse event rates were similar for placebo → CZP and CZP → CZP patients, with no new safety signals identified. Conclusions A diverse population of RA patients with varying disease duration showed rapid and sustained clinical improvements on CZP treatment, regardless of prior anti-TNF or concomitant DMARD use. Failure to achieve improvements in DAS28(ESR), SJC or CDAI within the first 12 weeks of CZP therapy was associated with a low chance of achieving LDA at week 28. No new safety signals were observed. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00717236, 15 July 2008 Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13075-015-0841-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Arthritis Research & Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate efficacy and safety of three different regimens of denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK) ligand (RANKL), for Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods In this multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled phase II study, 350 Japanese patients with RA between 6 months and <5 years, stratified by glucocorticoid use and rheumatoid factor status, were randomly assigned to subcutaneous injections of placebo or denosumab 60 mg every 6 months (Q6M), every 3 months (Q3M) or every 2 months (Q2M). All patients basically continued methotrexate treatment and had a supplement of calcium and vitamin D throughout the study. The primary endpoint was change in the modified Sharp erosion score from baseline to 12 months. Results Denosumab significantly inhibited the progression of bone erosion at 12 months compared with the placebo, and the mean changes of the modified Sharp erosion score at 12 months from baseline were 0.99, 0.27 (compared with placebo, p=0.0082), 0.14 (p=0.0036) and 0.09 (p<0.0001) in the placebo, Q6M, Q3M and Q2M, respectively. Secondary endpoint analysis revealed that denosumab also significantly inhibited the increase of the modified total Sharp score compared with the placebo, with no obvious evidence of an effect on joint space narrowing for denosumab. As shown in previous studies, denosumab increased bone mineral density. No apparent difference was observed in the safety profiles of denosumab and placebo. Conclusions Addition of denosumab to methotrexate has potential as a new therapeutic option for patients with RA with risk factors of joint destruction. Trial registration number JapicCTI-101263.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
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    Sofia Ramiro · Robert Landewé · Désirée van der Heijde · David Harrison · David Collier · Kaleb Michaud
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare discontinuation rates of first and second biologics in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by tumour-necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) status and identify predictors and reasons for discontinuation. Methods From 1998 to 2011, self-reported medication use for RA was assessed every 6 months via questionnaire in a longitudinal study in the USA. Time-on-drug analyses were conducted for individual biologics and groups, and annual rates reported. Time to discontinuation of TNFi and non-TNFi was compared, unadjusted and adjusted using propensity score analyses. Baseline and time-varying predictors of biologic discontinuation were derived through Cox regression. Results Of 2281 patients initiating their first biologic, 1100 (48%) discontinued and of 1097 initiating a second biologic, 537 (49%) discontinued. The annual discontinuation rate was 17% (median 4 years) for first biologic and 20% (median 3.3 years) for second biologic. TNFi had lower discontinuation rates than non-TNFi after propensity score adjustment: HR for first biologic 0.49 (0.34 to 0.71) and 0.68 (0.51 to 0.90) for second biologic. The annual discontinuation rate was significantly lower in patients starting their first biologic before January 2005 vs after (16 vs 25%, p=0.005). Predictors of discontinuation for the first biologic included smoking, higher comorbidity index, worse overall health and not using concomitant methotrexate. Conclusions In this large cohort, patients with RA tended to remain on their first and second biologics for relatively long periods suggesting the drugs’ effectiveness. Discontinuation rates were lower in patients using TNFi, and all rates increased after January 2005 when the number of biologics available increased.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the total amount of physical activity (TPA) and time spent in various activity intensities of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and population controls, and to explore factors related to physical activity (PA). Methods: Subjects were asked to wear a triaxial accelerometer for 7 days and to complete a series of questionnaires. Multivariable regressions were used to assess generic determinants of TPA in patients and controls, and in patients to explore demographic and disease-specific determinants of various PA intensities. Results: One hundred and thirty-five patients [51 ± 13 yrs, 60% men, body mass index (BMI) 26.0 ± 4.3 kg/m(2)] and 99 controls (45 ± 12 yrs, 67% men, BMI 25.1 ± 4.3 kg/m(2)) were included. Patients did not differ from controls regarding TPA (589 vs 608 vector count/min, p = 0.98), minutes/day spent in sedentary (524 vs 541, p = 0.17), and light PA (290 vs 290 p = 0.95), but spent fewer minutes/day in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA; 23 vs 30 min/day, p = 0.006). Perceived functional ability (physical component summary of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36) and BMI were associated with TPA independent of having AS (p interaction = 0.21 and 0.94, respectively). Additional analyses in patients showed that time spent in MVPA was negatively influenced by BMI, physical function (Bath AS Functional Index), and disease duration. In patients ≥ 52 years old, a higher Bath AS Disease Activity Index was associated with less time spent in sedentary and more time spent in light activities. Conclusion: Compared with controls, patients with AS had similar TPA, but may avoid engagement in higher intensities of PA. Lower levels of functional ability and higher BMI were associated with lower TPA in both patients and controls.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The Journal of Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the prevalence of synovitis, pain and radiographic progression in non-erosive and erosive hand osteoarthritis (HOA), and to explore whether the different rate of disease progression is explained by different levels of synovitis and structural damage. Design: We included 31 and 34 participants with non-erosive and erosive HOA at baseline, respectively. Using Generalized Estimating Equations, we explored whether participants with erosive HOA had more synovitis (by MRI, ultrasound and clinical examination) independent of the degree of structural damage. Similarly, we explored whether pain at baseline and radiographic progression after 5 years were higher in erosive HOA, independent of the levels of synovitis and structural damage. .All analyses were adjusted for age and sex. Results: Power Doppler activity was found mainly in erosive HOA. Participants with erosive HOA demonstrated more moderate-to-severe synovitis, assessed by MRI (OR=1.73, 95% CI 1.11-2.70), grey-scale ultrasound (OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.25-3.26) and clinical examination (OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.44-2.25). The associations became non-significant when adjusting for more structural damage. The higher frequency of joint tenderness in erosive HOA was at least partly explained more structural damage and inflammation. Radiographic progression (OR=2.53, 95% CI 1.73-3.69) was more common in erosive HOA independent of radiographic HOA severity and synovitis (here: adjusted for grey-scale synovitis by ultrasound). Conclusion: Erosive HOA is characterized by higher frequency and more severe synovitis, pain and radiographic progression compared to non-erosive HOA. The higher rate of disease progression was independent of baseline synovitis and structural damage.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Peripheral joint complaints (pJTC) and chronic back pain (CBP) are the most common extra-intestinal manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This prospective study evaluates variables associated with joint/back pain, including IBD disease activity. Methods: IBD patients with back pain ≥ 3 months and/or peripheral joint pain/swelling (n=155), and IBD patients without joint complaints (n=100; controls), were followed for a period of one year. Patients were classified as having spondyloarthritis (SpA) according to several sets of criteria. Statistical analysis included logistic regression models and linear mixed model analysis. Results: Of the 155 patients with joint/back pain, 13 had chronic back pain, 80 peripheral joint complaints and 62 axial and peripheral joint complaints. Smoking, female gender and IBD disease activity were independently associated with IBD joint/back pain. The ASAS criteria for axial and peripheral SpA were fulfilled in 12.3% of patients, with 9.7% (n=15) receiving a rheumatologic diagnosis of arthritis. During the 12-month follow-up, the majority of the amount of patients reporting joint/back pain remained stable. Conclusion: In our cohort, the majority of IBD patients reported joint/back pain and SpA was relatively common. To facilitate effective care, gastroenterologists should be aware of the various features of SpA to classify the joint complaints and by making use of an efficient referral algorithm to refer CBP patients to the rheumatologist.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Crohn s and Colitis
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    ABSTRACT: Background Increased risk of some comorbidities has been reported in spondyloarthritis (SpA). Recommendations for detection/management of some of these comorbidities have been proposed, and it is known that a gap exists between these and their implementation in practice. Objective To evaluate (1) the prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors in different countries worldwide, (2) the gap between available recommendations and daily practice for management of these comorbidities and (3) the prevalence of previously unknown risk factors detected as a result of the present initiative. Methods Cross-sectional international study with 22 participating countries (from four continents), including 3984 patients with SpA according to the rheumatologist. Statistical analysis The prevalence of comorbidities (cardiovascular, infection, cancer, osteoporosis and gastrointestinal) and risk factors; percentage of patients optimally monitored for comorbidities according to available recommendations and percentage of patients for whom a risk factor was detected due to this study. Results The most frequent comorbidities were osteoporosis (13%) and gastroduodenal ulcer (11%). The most frequent risk factors were hypertension (34%), smoking (29%) and hypercholesterolaemia (27%). Substantial intercountry variability was observed for screening of comorbidities (eg, for LDL cholesterol measurement: from 8% (Taiwan) to 98% (Germany)). Systematic evaluation (eg, blood pressure (BP), cholesterol) during this study unveiled previously unknown risk factors (eg, elevated BP (14%)), emphasising the suboptimal monitoring of comorbidities. Conclusions A high prevalence of comorbidities in SpA has been shown. Rigorous application of systematic evaluation of comorbidities may permit earlier detection, which may ultimately result in an improved outcome of patients with SpA.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
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    Denis Poddubnyy · Astrid van Tubergen · Robert Landewé · Joachim Sieper · Désirée van der Heijde

    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Description of use and metric properties of instruments measuring pain, physical function, or patient's global assessment (PtGA) in hand osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Medical literature databases up to January 2014 were systematically reviewed for studies reporting on instruments measuring pain, physical function, or PtGA in hand OA. The frequency of the use of these instruments were described, as well as their metric properties, including discrimination (reliability, sensitivity to change), feasibility, and validity. Results: In 66 included studies, various questionnaires and performance- or assessor-based instruments were applied for evaluation of pain, physical function, or PtGA. No major differences regarding metric properties were observed between the instruments, although the amount of supporting evidence varied. The most frequently evaluated questionnaires were the Australian/Canadian Hand OA Index (AUSCAN) pain subscale and visual analog scale (VAS) pain for pain assessment, and the AUSCAN function subscale and Functional Index for Hand OA (FIHOA) for physical function assessment. Excellent reliability was shown for the AUSCAN and FIHOA, and good sensitivity to change for all mentioned instruments; additionally, the FIHOA had good feasibility. Good construct validity was suggested for all mentioned questionnaires. The most commonly applied performance- or assessor-based instruments were the grip and pinch strength for the assessment of physical function, and the assessment of pain by palpation. For these measures, good sensitivity to change and construct validity were established. Conclusion: The AUSCAN, FIHOA, VAS pain, grip and pinch strength, and pain on palpation were most frequently used and provided most supporting evidence for good metric properties. More research has to be performed to compare the different instruments with each other.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Journal of Rheumatology

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  • 2005-2016
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • Department of Rheumatology
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2012-2015
    • Curium-LUMC
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • University of Leeds
      • Section of Clinical Musculoskeletal Disease
      Leeds, England, United Kingdom
    • Laval University
      Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 2007-2015
    • Diakonhjemmet Hospital (Norway)
      Kristiania (historical), Oslo, Norway
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1995-2015
    • Maastricht University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2014
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      Portland, Oregon, United States
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège
      Luik, Wallonia, Belgium
  • 2013
    • St. Josefs Hospital
      Клоппенбург, Lower Saxony, Germany
    • Ruhr-Universität Bochum
      Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1997-2008
    • Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum
      • Central Diagnostic Laboratory
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2004
    • Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
      • Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology
      Bucharest, Bucuresti, Romania
  • 2000-2002
    • Freie Universität Berlin
      • Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 2001
    • Boston University
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1999
    • Case Western Reserve University
      Cleveland, Ohio, United States
    • St George Hospital
      Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1992
    • University of Groningen
      • Department of Statistics
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1989
    • Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc)
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands