Jean-Paul Amoureux

East China Normal University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (99)331.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Quadrupolar echo NMR spectroscopy of solids often requires RF pulse excitation that covers spectral widths exceeding 100 kHz. In a recent work we found out that a four pulse, composite pulse COM-II ( [Formula: see text] ), provided robust broadband excitation for deuterium quadrupolar echo spectroscopy. Moreover, when combined with an eight step phase cycle, spectral distortions arising from finite pulse widths were greatly supressed. In this paper we report on a theoretical analysis COM-II with 8-step phase cycle by average Hamiltonian theory. This treatment is combined with the fictitious spin-1 operator formalism, and the mechanism of the 8-step phase cycling that minimizes the spectral distortions is discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We report a new multidimensional magic angle spinning NMR methodology, which provides an accurate and detailed probe of molecular motions occurring on timescales of nano- to microseconds, in sidechains of proteins. The approach is based on a 3D CPVC-RFDR correlation experiment recorded under fast MAS conditions (νR = 62 kHz), where (13)C-(1)H CPVC dipolar lineshapes are recorded in a chemical shift resolved manner. The power of the technique is demonstrated in model tripeptide Tyr-(d)Ala-Phe and two nanocrystalline proteins, GB1 and LC8. We demonstrate that, through numerical simulations of dipolar lineshapes of aromatic sidechains, their detailed dynamic profile, i.e., the motional modes, is obtained. In GB1 and LC8 the results unequivocally indicate that a number of aromatic residues are dynamic, and using quantum mechanical calculations, we correlate the molecular motions of aromatic groups to their local environment in the crystal lattice. The approach presented here is general and can be readily extended to other biological systems.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Under Magic-Angle Spinning (MAS), a long radio-frequency (rf) pulse applied on resonance achieves the selective excitation of the center-band of a wide NMR spectrum. We show herein that these rf pulses can be applied on the indirect channel of Hetero-nuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (HMQC) sequences, which facilitate the indirect detection via spin-1/2 isotopes of nuclei exhibiting wide spectra. Numerical simulations show that this indirect excitation method is applicable to spin-1/2 nuclei experiencing a large chemical shift anisotropy, as well as to spin-1 isotopes subject to a large quadrupole interaction, such as (14)N. The performances of the long pulses are analyzed by the numerical simulations of scalar-mediated HMQC (J-HMQC) experiments indirectly detecting spin-1/2 or spin-1 nuclei, as well as by dipolar-mediated HMQC (D-HMQC) experiments achieving indirect detection of (14)N nuclei via (1)H in crystalline γ-glycine and N-acetyl-valine samples at a MAS frequency of 60kHz. We show on these solids that for the acquisition of D-HMQC spectra between (1)H and (14)N nuclei, the efficiency of selective moderate excitation with long-pulses at the (14)N Larmor frequency, ν0((14)N), is comparable to those with strong excitation pulses at ν0((14)N) or 2ν0((14)N) frequencies, given the rf field delivered by common solid-state NMR probes. Furthermore, the D-HMQC experiments also demonstrate that the use of long pulses does not produce significant spectral distortions along the (14)N dimension. In summary, the use of center-band selective weak pulses is advantageous for HMQC experiments achieving the indirect detection of wide spectra since it (i) requires a moderate rf field, (ii) can be easily optimized, (iii) displays a high robustness to CSAs, offsets, rf-field inhomogeneities, and fluctuations in MAS frequency, and (iv) is little dependent on the quadrupolar coupling constant.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: Unique information about the atom-level structure and dynamics of solids and mesophases can be obtained by the use of multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. Nevertheless, the acquisition of these experiments often requires long acquisition times. We review here alternative sampling methods, which have been proposed to circumvent this issue in the case of solids and mesophases. Compared to the spectra of solutions, those of solids and mesophases present some specificities because they usually display lower signal-to-noise ratios, non-Lorentzian line shapes, lower spectral resolutions and wider spectral widths. We highlight herein the advantages and limitations of these alternative sampling methods. A first route to accelerate the acquisition time of multidimensional NMR spectra consists in the use of sparse sampling schemes, such as truncated, radial or random sampling ones. These sparsely sampled datasets are generally processed by reconstruction methods differing from the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). A host of non-DFT methods have been applied for solids and mesophases, including the G-matrix Fourier transform, the linear least-square procedures, the covariance transform, the maximum entropy and the compressed sensing. A second class of alternative sampling consists in departing from the Jeener paradigm for multidimensional NMR experiments. These non-Jeener methods include Hadamard spectroscopy as well as spatial or orientational encoding of the evolution frequencies. The increasing number of high field NMR magnets and the development of techniques to enhance NMR sensitivity will contribute to widen the use of these alternative sampling methods for the study of solids and mesophases in the coming years. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: We present an experimental comparison of several through-space Hetero-nuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation experiments, which allow the indirect observation of homo-nuclear single- (SQ) or double-quantum (DQ) (14)N coherences via spy (1)H nuclei. These (1)H-{(14)N} D-HMQC sequences differ not only by the order of (14)N coherences evolving during the indirect evolution, t1, but also by the radio-frequency (rf) scheme used to excite and reconvert these coherences under Magic-Angle Spinning (MAS). Here, the SQ coherences are created by the application of center-band frequency-selective pulses, i.e. long and low-power rectangular pulses at the (14)N Larmor frequency, ν0((14)N), whereas the DQ coherences are excited and reconverted using rf irradiation either at ν0((14)N) or at the (14)N overtone frequency, 2ν0((14)N). The overtone excitation is achieved either by constant frequency rectangular pulses or by frequency-swept pulses, specifically Wide-band, Uniform-Rate, and Smooth-Truncation (WURST) pulse shapes. The present article compares the performances of four different (1)H-{(14)N} D-HMQC sequences, including those with (14)N rectangular pulses at ν0((14)N) for the indirect detection of homo-nuclear (i) (14)N SQ or (ii) DQ coherences, as well as their overtone variants using (iii) rectangular or (iv) WURST pulses. The compared properties include: (i) the sensitivity, (ii) the spectral resolution in the (14)N dimension, (iii) the rf requirements (power and pulse length), as well as the robustness to (iv) rf offset and (v) MAS frequency instabilities. Such experimental comparisons are carried out for γ-glycine and l-histidine.HCl monohydrate, which contain (14)N sites subject to moderate quadrupole interactions. We demonstrate that the optimum choice of the (1)H-{(14)N} D-HMQC method depends on the experimental goal. When the sensitivity and/or the robustness to offset are the major concerns, the D-HMQC sequence allowing the indirect detection of (14)N SQ coherences should be employed. Conversely, when the highest resolution and/or adjusted indirect spectral width are needed, overtone experiments are the method of choice. The overtone scheme using WURST pulses results in broader excitation bandwidths than that using rectangular pulses, at the expense of reduced sensitivity. Numerically exact simulations also show that the sensitivity of the overtone (1)H-{(14)N} D-HMQC experiment increases for larger quadrupole interactions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: Bioinorganic vanadium(V) solids are often challenging for structural analysis. Here, we explore an NMR crystallography approach involving multinuclear (13) C/(51) V solid-state NMR spectroscopy, density functional theory (DFT), and spin dynamics numerical simulations, for the spectral assignment and the 3D structural analysis of an isotopically unmodified oxovanadium(V) complex, containing 17 crystallographically inequivalent (13) C sites. In particular, we report the first NMR determination of C-V distances. So far, the NMR observation of (13) C-(51) V proximities has been precluded by the specification of commercial NMR probes, which cannot be tuned simultaneously to the close Larmor frequencies of these isotopes (100.6 and 105.2 MHz for (13) C and (51) V, respectively, at 9.4 T). By combining DFT calculations and (13) C-(51) V NMR experiments, we propose a complete assignment of the (13) C spectrum of this oxovanadium(V) complex. Furthermore, we show how (13) C-(51) V distances can be quantitatively estimated. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · ChemPhysChem
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    ABSTRACT: This work presents a detailed analysis of a recently proposed nuclear magnetic resonance method [Wang et al., Chem. Commun. 49(59), 6653-6655 (2013)] for accelerating heteronuclear coherence transfers involving half-integer spin quadrupolar nuclei by manipulating their satellite transitions. This method, called Population Transfer Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum Correlation (PT-HMQC), is investigated in details by combining theoretical analyses, numerical simulations, and experimental investigations. We find that compared to instant inversion or instant saturation, continuous saturation is the most practical strategy to accelerate coherence transfers on half-integer quadrupolar nuclei. We further demonstrate that this strategy is efficient to enhance the sensitivity of J-mediated heteronuclear correlation experiments between two half-integer quadrupolar isotopes (e.g., 27Al-17O). In this case, the build-up is strongly affected by relaxation for small T 2′ and J coupling values, and shortening the mixing time makes a huge signal enhancement. Moreover, this concept of population transfer can also be applied to dipolar-mediated HMQC experiments. Indeed, on the AlPO4-14 sample, one still observes experimentally a 2-fold shortening of the optimum mixing time albeit with no significant signal gain in the 31P-{27Al} experiments.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of Chemical Physics
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    ABSTRACT: Quadrupolar echo NMR spectroscopy of static solids often requires RF excitation that covers spectral widths exceeding 100 kHz, which is difficult to obtain due to instrumental limitations. In this work we revisit four well-known composite pulses (COM-I, II, III and IV) for broadband excitation in deuterium quadrupolar echo spectroscopy. These composite pulses are combined with several phase cycling schemes that were previously shown to decrease finite pulse width distortions in deuterium solid-echo experiments performed with two single pulses. The simulations and experiments show that COM-II and IV composite pulses combined with an 8-step phase cycling aid in achieving broadband excitation with limited pulse width distortions.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: The assignment of NMR signals in paramagnetic solids is often challenging since: (i) the large paramagnetic shifts often mask the diamagnetic shifts specific to the local chemical environment, and (ii) the hyperfine interactions with unpaired electrons broaden the NMR spectra and decrease the coherence lifetime, thus reducing the efficiency of usual homo- and hetero-nuclear NMR correlation experiments. Here we show that the assignment of (1)H and (13)C signals in isotopically unmodified paramagnetic compounds with moderate hyperfine interactions can be facilitated by the use of two two-dimensional (2D) experiments: (i) (1)H-(13)C correlations with (1)H detection and (ii) (1)H-(1)H double-quantum↔single-quantum correlations. These methods are experimentally demonstrated on isotopically unmodified copper (II) complex of l-alanine at high magnetic field (18.8T) and ultra-fast Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) frequency of 62.5kHz. Compared to (13)C detection, we show that (1)H detection leads to a 3-fold enhancement in sensitivity for (1)H-(13)C 2D correlation experiments. By combining (1)H-(13)C and (1)H-(1)H 2D correlation experiments with the analysis of (13)C longitudinal relaxation times, we have been able to assign the (1)H and (13)C signals of each l-alanine ligand. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of magnetic resonance (San Diego, Calif.: 1997)
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    ABSTRACT: Host-guest interactions in dealuminated HY zeolite have been investigated by advanced C-13-Al-27 solid-state NMR experiments. This analysis allows us to report new insights into the adsorption geometry of acetone and its interaction with acid sites in the zeolite channels.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We introduce a magic-angle spinning NMR experiment to estimate specific distances in a solid material between a given site occupied by a quadrupolar nucleus and the nearby spin-1/2 nuclei. The new sequence, called DANTE-S-REDOR, consists of a frequency-selective dephasing experiment where heteronuclear dipolar couplings are reintroduced by applying a symmetry-based sequence (S-REDOR). The selectivity is achieved by applying a pulse train, such as Delays Alternating with Nutations for Tailored Excitation (DANTE), to the quadrupolar nucleus. This new method allows quantitative analysis of proximities in the 3-4 angstrom range of protons in OH ligands and one of the V-51 sites in a complex decavanadate cluster, namely Cs-4[H(2)V(10)O(28]center dot)4H(2)O. The high selectivity of the DANTE-S-REDOR sequence offers the possibility to investigate a wide range of materials with different quadrupolar nuclei, including polyoxometalates, oxides, zeolites, and aluminophosphates.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
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    Yi Qian · Ming Shen · Jean-Paul Amoureux · Isao Noda · Bingwen Hu
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    ABSTRACT: The dependence of SNR on number-of-scans relationship in COV2D is analyzed for the first time, and we found SNRcov∝n/2 while SNRFT∝n.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: We show how (27)Al-(13)C proximities in the microporous metal-organic framework MIL-100(Al) can be probed using advanced (27)Al-(13)C NMR methods boosted by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Chemical Communications
  • Xingyu m Lu · Julien Trébosc · Olivier Lafon · Jean-Paul Amoureux
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that the shortest hetero-nuclear distances in multiple-spin systems can be determined using Constant-Time Dipolar-mediated Hetero-nuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (CT-D-HMQC) two-dimensional NMR experiments. We show that this approach is applicable between two spin-1/2 isotopes, such as C-13 and N-15, or between spin-1/2 and half-integer quadrupolar nuclei, such as P-31 and Al-27. Furthermore, numerical simulations of spin dynamics and experiments on L-histidine center dot HCl and microporous aluminophosphate VPI-5 prove that the delay between zero-crossings of CT-D-HMQC trajectories is a reliable estimator of the largest dipolar couplings when the distances with the second neighbors are at least 60% larger than with the first neighbor, and there exists a known number of first neighbors at similar distances with an angle between the inter-nuclear vectors ranging from 30 degrees to 150 degrees.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · CrystEngComm
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    ABSTRACT: We analyze the direct excitation of wide one-dimensional spectra of nuclei with spin I=1/2 or 1 in rotating solids submitted to pulse trains in the manner of Delays Alternating with Nutations for Tailored Excitation (DANTE), either with one short rotor-synchronized pulse of duration τp in each of K rotor periods (D1(K)) or with N interleaved equally spaced pulses τp in each rotor period, globally also extending over K rotor periods (DN(K)). The excitation profile of DN(K) scheme is a comb of rf-spikelets with NνR=N/TR spacing from the carrier frequency, and a width of each spikelet inversely proportional to the length, KTR, of DN(K) scheme. Since the individual pulse lengths, τp, are typically of a few hundreds of ns, DN(K) scheme can readily excite spinning sidebands families covering several MHz, provided the rf carrier frequency is close enough to the resonance frequency of one the spinning sidebands. If the difference of isotropic chemical shifts between distinct chemical sites is less than about 1.35/(KTR), DN(K) scheme can excite the spinning sidebands families of several sites. For nuclei with I=1/2, if the homogeneous and inhomogeneous decays of coherences during the DANTE sequence are neglected, the K pulses of a D1(K) train have a linearly cumulative effect, so that the total nutation angle is θtot=K2πν1τp, where ν1 is the rf-field amplitude. This allows obtaining nearly ideal 90° pulses for excitation or 180° rotations for inversion and refocusing across wide MAS spectra comprising many spinning sidebands. If one uses interleaved DANTE trains DN(K) with N>1, only spinning sidebands separated by intervals of NνR with respect to the carrier frequency are observed as if the effective spinning speed was NνR. The other sidebands have vanishing intensities because of the cancellation of the N contributions with opposite signs. However, the intensities of the remaining sidebands obey the same rules as in spectra obtained with νR. With increasing N, the intensities of the non-vanishing sidebands increase, but the total intensity integrated over all sidebands decreases. Furthermore, the NK pulses in a DN(K) train do not have a simple cumulative effect and the optimal cumulated flip angle for optimal excitation, θtot(opt)=NK2πν1τp, exceeds 90°. Such DN(K) pulse trains allow achieving efficient broadband excitation, but they are not recommended for broadband inversion or refocusing as they cannot provide proper 180° rotations. Since DN(K) pulse trains with N>1 are shorter than basic D1(K) sequences, they are useful for broadband excitation in samples with rapid homogeneous or inhomogeneous decay. For nuclei with I=1 (e.g., for (14)N), the response to basic D1(K) pulse train is moreover affected by inhomogeneous decay due to 2nd-order quadrupole interactions, since these are not of rank 2 and therefore cannot be eliminated by spinning about the magic angle. For large quadrupole interactions, the signal decay produced by second-order quadrupole interaction can be minimized by (i) reducing the length of DN(K) pulse trains using N>1, (ii) fast spinning, (iii) large rf-field, and (iv) using high magnetic fields to reduce the 2nd-order quadrupole interaction.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: A series of transition-metal organometallic complexes with commonly occurring metalchlorine bonding motifs were characterized using (35) Cl solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy, (35) Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy, and first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations of NMR interaction tensors. Static (35) Cl ultra-wideline NMR spectra were acquired in a piecewise manner at standard (9.4 T) and high (21.1 T) magnetic field strengths using the WURST-QCPMG pulse sequence. The (35) Cl electric field gradient (EFG) and chemical shielding (CS) tensor parameters were readily extracted from analytical simulations of the spectra; in particular, the quadrupolar parameters are shown to be very sensitive to structural differences, and can easily differentiate between chlorine atoms in bridging and terminal bonding environments. (35) Cl NQR spectra were acquired for many of the complexes, which aided in resolving structurally similar, yet crystallographically distinct and magnetically inequivalent chlorine sites, and with the interpretation and assignment of (35) Cl SSNMR spectra. (35) Cl EFG tensors obtained from first-principles DFT calculations are consistently in good agreement with experiment, highlighting the importance of using a combined approach of theoretical and experimental methods for structural characterization. Finally, a preliminary example of a (35) Cl SSNMR spectrum of a transition-metal species (TiCl4 ) diluted and supported on non-porous silica is presented. The combination of (35) Cl SSNMR and (35) Cl NQR spectroscopy and DFT calculations is shown to be a promising and simple methodology for the characterization of all manner of chlorine-containing transition-metal complexes, in pure, impure bulk and supported forms.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Chemistry - A European Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced multinuclear solid state NMR experiments were developed to probe the structure of two organometallic aluminum derivatives, Li[Al(CH3)3CH2Si(CH3)3] (1) and Li[Al(CH3)4] (2), which are relevant to olefin polymerization processes. For the first time, NMR observation of 27Al–13C covalent bonds in solids is performed with the natural abundance material 1. Unprecedented triple-resonance (1H–13C–27Al) and quadruple-resonance (1H–7Li–13C–27Al) heteronuclear correlation two-dimensional NMR experiments are also introduced to probe 27Al–13C and 13C–7Li proximities for 2. High-resolution solid-state NMR spectra thus obtained provide information on the local structure of these representative organometallic derivatives that proved to be most complementary and in full agreement with the structures obtained by X-ray diffraction.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
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    ABSTRACT: We explore modulation-sideband recoupling conditions of the (13)C-(13)C Second-order Hamiltonian among Analogous nuclei plus pulse sequence (SHA+), and found that this sequence can be used in two different recoupling regimes. The first regime, νR>Δνiso(max), is recommended for broad-band recoupling to avoid any rotational resonance broadening. In this regime, the spinning speed should be only slightly larger than Δνiso(max), to obtain the best transfer efficiency. The second regime, νR<Δνiso(max), can be used to observe long-range constraints with lower spinning speed, which increases the transfer efficiency, and may allow using bigger rotors to increase the S/N ratio.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
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    ABSTRACT: We show that for half-integer quadrupolar nuclei, the manipulation of the satellite transitions can accelerate and enhance coherence transfer to other isotopes. This novel strategy is demonstrated to improve the sensitivity of (31)P-{(27)Al} J-HMQC experiments for a layered aluminophosphate Mu-4.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Chemical Communications
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    Piotr Paluch · Tomasz Pawlak · Jean-Paul Amoureux · Marek J Potrzebowski
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that a very simple experiment, Cross-Polarization with Variable Contact-time (CP-VC), is very efficient at ultra-fast MAS (νR⩾60kHz) to measure accurately the C-H and N-H distances, and to analyze the dynamics of bio-molecules. This experiment can be performed with samples that are either (13)C or (15)N labeled or without any labeling. The method is very robust experimentally with respect to imperfect Hartman-Hahn setting, and presents a large scaling factor allowing a better dipolar determination, especially for long C-H or N-H distances, or for CH3 or NH3 moieties with three-site hopping. At ultra-fast MAS, it can be used quantitatively in a 2D way, because its scaling factor is then little dependent on the offsets. This robustness with respect to offset is related to the ultra-fast spinning speed, and hence to the related small rotor diameter. Indeed, these two specifications lead to efficient n=±1 zero-quantum Hartman-Hahn CP-transfers with large RF-fields on proton and carbon or nitrogen channels, and large dipolar scaling factor.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Magnetic Resonance

Publication Stats

2k Citations
331.13 Total Impact Points


  • 2013-2015
    • East China Normal University
      • Department of Physics
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2008-2013
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2003-2013
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • University of Colorado Colorado Springs
      Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States
  • 2007
    • Lille Catholic University
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 1996-2006
    • Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1
      • • Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide (UCCS)
      • • Unité de Dynamique et de Structure de Matériaux Moléculaires (UDSMM)
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2002
    • CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune
      Poona, Maharashtra, India