Publications (13)23.38 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1), a cytosolic serine/threonine kinase, regulates actin filament dynamics and reorganization and is involved in neuronal development and brain function. Abnormal expression of LIMK1 is associated with several neurological disorders. In this study, we performed a conservation analysis using Vector NTI (8.0) software. The dualluciferase reporter assay and real-time quantitative RT-PCR were used to assess the protein and mRNA levels of the reporter gene, respectively. We found that a region ranging from nt +884 to +966 in the human LIMK1 3' untranslated region (UTR) was highly conserved in the mouse Limk1 3' UTR and formed a structure containing several loops and stems. Luciferase assay showed that the relative luciferase activity of the mutated construct with the conserved region deleted, pGL4-hLIMK1-3U-M, in SH-SY5Y and HEK-293 cells was only ∼60% of that of the wild-type construct pGL4-hLIMK1-3U, indicating that the conserved region is critical for the reporter gene expression. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the relative Luc2 mRNA levels in SH-SY5Y and HEK293 cells transfected with pGL4-hLIMK1-3U-M decreased to ∼50% of that in cells transfected with pGL4-hLIMK1-3U, suggesting an important role of the conserved region in maintaining Luc2 mRNA stability. Our study suggests that the conserved region in the LIMK1 3' UTR is involved in regulating LIMK1 expression at the post-transcriptional level, which may help reveal the mechanism underlying the regulation of LIMK1 expression in the central nervous system and explore the relationship between the 3'-UTR mutant and neurological disorders.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the testis tissues of Fmr1 (fragile X mental retardation 1) knockout and wild-type male mice in different developmental stages, and provide background information for researches on fragile X syndrome. This study included 4, 6, 8 and 10 weeks old Fmr1 knockout and wild-type male mice, 6 in each age group. We identified the genotype of the mice by PCR, and detected and compared the expression of iNOS in the testis tissues of the Fmr1 knockout and wild-type mice by immunohistochemistry. The iNOS expression was weakly positive in the Leydig cells of the 4-week-old mice, moderately positive in the 6-week-old ones, and strongly positive in 8- and 10-week-old ones, significantly weaker in the Fmr1 knockout than in the wild-type ones. The expression of iNOS significantly decreases in the testis of Fmr1 knockout mice, suggesting that iNOS may be involved in the pathogenesis of fragile X syndrome.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abnormal dendritic spine morphology is a significant neuroanatomical defect in fragile X mental retardation. It has been suggested that overactive group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGlu) signaling is associated with the spine dysmorphology occurring in fragile X syndrome (FXS). Thus, group 1 mGlu became a new therapeutic target for the treatment of FXS. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of inhibition of mGlu signaling in FXS. We observed the changes in dendritic spines after pharmacological modulation of mGlu signaling in an Fmr1 knockout (KO) mouse model. The activation of group 1 mGlu resulted in elongation of dendritic spines in the cultured neurons derived from Fmr1 KO mice and wild-type (WT) mice. Antagonism of group 1 mGlu reduced the average spine length of Fmr1 KO neurons. Furthermore, systemic administration of the selective group 1 mGlu5 antagonist 2-methyl-6-phenylethynyl pyridine (MPEP) reduced the average spine length and density in the cortical neurons of Fmr1 KO mice at developmental age. For the adult mice, MPEP administration was less effective for the restoration of spine length. The percentage of immature spines showed a similar reduction in parallel to the changes of spine length. Temporary MPEP intervention with single-dose treatment did not show any effect. These results show that MPEP administration could partially rescue the morphological deficits of dendritic spines in Fmr1 KO mice at developmental age.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) and severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) are associated with sodium channel α-subunit type-1 gene (SCN1A) mutations. Febrile seizures and partial seizures occur in both GEFS+ and SMEI; sporadic onset and seizure aggravation by antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are features of SMEI. We thus searched gene mutations in isolated cases of partial epilepsy with antecedent FS (PEFS+) that showed seizure aggravations by AEDs. Genomic DNA from four patients was screened for mutations in SCN1A, SCN2A, SCN1B, and GABRG2 using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) and sequencing. Whole-cell patch clamp analysis was used to characterize biophysical properties of two newly defined mutants of Na(v) 1.1 in tsA201 cells. Two heterozygous de novo mutations of SCN1A (R946H and F1765L) were detected, which were proven to cause loss of function of Na(v) 1.1. When the functional defects of mutants reported previously are compared, it is found that all mutants from PEFS+ have features of loss of function, whereas GEFS+ shows mild dysfunction excluding loss of function, coincident with mild clinical manifestations. PEFS+ is similar to SMEI clinically with possible AED-induced seizure aggravation and biophysiologically with features of loss of function, and different from SMEI by missense mutation without changes in hydrophobicity or polarity of the residues. Isolated milder PEFS+ may associate with SCN1A mutations and loss of function of Na(v) 1.1, which may be the basis of seizure aggravation by sodium channel-blocking AEDs. This study characterized phenotypes biologically, which may be helpful in understanding the pathophysiologic basis, and further in management of the disease.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To characterize the promoter region and upstream regulation region of human and mouse SCN3A gene, 5'-Full RACE was performed to identify that the nucleotide "A" was identified as the transcription start site, which locate 27 kb upstream of the translation start site of human SCN3A and 31 kb upstream of the translation start site of mouse SCN3A. Two 5' -untranslated exons of human SCN3A and one 5'-untranslated exon of mouse SCN3A were found by sequence blast. The core promoter region (-80 similar to +70) of human SCN3A showed 96% nucleotide homology with that of mouse. Two core promoter elements, BRE and TATA, were predicted in the region of -80 similar to+70 from both human and mouse. The transcriptional factors PHR1, GATA-1, FOXN2, NF-1 and AP-4 predicted in the region of -400 to +200 of human SCN3A, not found in mouse SCN3A, and the transcriptional factors Sp, Spa and GBF predicted in the region of -400 to +200 of mouse SCN3A, not found in human SCN3A. The comparison between the promoter region of human and mouse SCN3A may provide an important clue to explore the mechanisms of the regulations of human and mouse SCN3A expression.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lamotrigine (LTG), an antiepileptic drug, has been shown to be able to improve cerebral ischemic damage by limiting the presynaptic release of glutamate. The present study investigated further the neuroprotective effect of LTG on hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) in neonatal rats and its relations to administration time and doses. The HIBD model was produced in 7-days old SD rats by left common carotid artery ligation followed by 2 h hypoxic exposure (8% oxygen). LTG was administered intraperitoneally with the doses of 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg 3 h after operation and the dose of 20 mg/kg 1 h before and 3 h, 6 h after operation. Blood and brain were sampled 24 h after operation. Nissl staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) immunohistochemical staining were used for morphological studies. Water content in left cortex and NSE concentration in serum were determined. LTG significantly reduced water content in the cerebral cortex, as well as the number of TUNEL staining neurons in the dentate gyrus and cortex in hypoxic-ischemia (HI) model. Furthermore, LTG significantly decreased the NSE level in serum and increased the number of NSE staining neurons in the cortex. These effects, except that on water content, were dose-dependent and were more remarkable in the pre-treated group than in the post-treated groups. These results demonstrate that LTG may have a neuroprotective effect on acute HIBD in neonates. The effect is more prominent when administrated with higher doses and before HI.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the regulatory effect of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) on the translation of microtubule associated protein 1B (MAP1B). The expressions of MAP1B protein and MAP1B mRNA in the brains of 1-week and 6-week old fragile X mental retardation-1 (Fmr1) knockout (KO) mice were investigated by immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and in situ hybridization, with the age-matched wild type mice (WT) as controls. The mean optical density (MOD) of MAP1B was significantly decreased in each brain region in KO6W compared with WT6W, whereas in KO1W, this decrease was only found in the hippocampus and cerebellum. MAP1B in 6-week mice was much less than that in 1-week mice of the same genotype. The results of Western blot and in situ hybridization showed that MAP1B protein and MAP1B mRNA were significantly decreased in the hippocampus of both KO1W and KO6W. The decreased MAP1B protein and MAP1B mRNA in the Fmr1 knockout mice indicate that FMRP may positively regulate the expression of MAP1B.
Article: 微맜相关蛋白 1B 在 Fmr1 基因敲除小鼠脑组织内的表达变化
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the changes of the potassium channels voltage gated potassium channel (Kv) 4.2, Kv4.3, and Kv interacting protein 1 (KChIP1) during the process of amygdala kindling epilepsy and possible role thereof. Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (n = 12, receiving the implantation of bipolar electrode into the right amygdala only), and kindling model group which was re-divided into 2 subgroups: low grade seizure subgroup (n = 8, undergoing stimulation 40 times a day for 7 days so as to induce seizure of stage 1 approximately 3 according to Racine grading) and high grade seizure subgroup (n = 2, undergoing stimulation 40 times a day for 7 days so as to induce seizure of stage 4 approximately 5) The rats were killed in 7 days and their bilateral amygdala were taken out. RT-PCR was used to examine the mRNA expression of Kv 4.2, Kv4.3, and KChIP1 and Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of Kv 4.2, Kv4.3, and KChIP1. The mRNA expression of KChIP1 in the high and low grade seizure subgroups were (47.0 +/- 3.6) and (41.3 +/- 10.2) respectively, both significantly higher than that of the sham operation controls (20.0 +/- 10.6) (P(h) = 0.000 and P(l) = 0.001). The expression levels of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 of the 2 kindling epilepsy subgroups were also both significantly higher compared with the sham operation controls. No significant differences were found in the mRNA and protein expression of Kv 4.2, Kv4.3, and KChIP1 between left and right amygdala in any groups. Changes of Kv4.2, KV4.3 and KChIP1 are not the causes of kindling of the epileptic foci. The increased levels of Kv4.2, KV4.3, and KChIP1 are more likely to be a protective reaction to seizures.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To explore the possible role of voltage-gated potassium channel-interacting protein 1 (KChIP1) in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Methods Sprague Dawley female adult rats were treated with pentylenettrazole (PTZ) to develop acute and chronic epilepsy models. The approximate coronal sections of normal and epilepsy rat brain were processed for immunohistochemistry. Double-labeling confocal microscopy was used to determine the coexistence of KChIP1 and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Results KChIP1 was expressed abundantly throughout adult rat brain. KChIP1 is highly co-localize with GABA transmitter in hippocampus and cerebral cortex. In the acute PTZ-induced convulsive rats, the number of KChIP1-postive cells was significantly increased especially in the regions of CA1 and CA3 (P < 0.05); whereas the chronic PTZ-induced convulsive rats were found no changes. The number of GABA-labeled and co-labeled neurons in the hippocampus appeared to have no significant alteration responding to the epilepsy-genesis treatments. Conclusion KChIP1 might be involved in the PTZ-induced epileptogenesis process as a regulator to neuronal excitability through influencing the properties of potassium channels. KChIP1 is preferentially expressed in GABAergic neurons, but its changes did not couple with GABA in the epileptic models.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of rhein on the progression of renal injury and cell apoptosis in glomerulosclerosis, and further explore the protective mechanism of rhein on glomerulosclerosis. Glomerulosclerosis models were made for SD rats by unilateral nephrectomy and being injected with Adriamycin into caudal vein, and randomly divided into control group, renal disease group, Rhein treatment group and Benazepril treatment group, and 6 rats in each group were killed at the 6th, 8th, 10th, 12th week respectively. The apoptosis protease-3 (caspase-3) in renal cortex was determined by immunohistochemistry stain method, and the activity of caspase-3 was measured by colorimetry, and the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) was analyzed by gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), and renal tissue cell apoptosis was tested by terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) in order to observe expressions of caspase-3 and NF-kappaB and cell apoptosis of renal tissue. Renal disease group presented with distinct proteinuria, decreasing of blood albumin content and increasing of cholesterol concentration. Glomerulosclerosis index, apoptosis index, activity of NF-kappaB and expression of caspase-3 in renal disease group were more significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) as time passed. Compared with the other time points in renal disease group, there were a great number of TUNEL-positive cells observed at the 10th week, slightly higher than that at the 12th week (9.3 +/- 2.3 vs 8.4 +/- 1.2, P > 0.05), the expression of Caspase-3 was also most obvious at the 10th week, significantly higher than that at the 12th week (11.4 +/- 2.5 vs 8.2 +/- 1.7, P < 0.05), which mainly located around capillary vessel in renal cortex, tending to be consistent with apoptosis cells expression. After the 8 weeks treatment of rhein or Benazepril, the number of TUNEL-positive cells significantly decreased and maintained at a certain level, and the activity of NF-kappaB and expression of caspase-3 decreased (P < 0.05), and renal pathological changes and biochemical changes improved magnificently, moreover, the expression of caspase-3 showed positive correlation with apoptosis index (r = 0.836, P < 0.01). Rhein could have significant protective effects on the progression of renal injury, and might regulate pathological changes by influencing the activities of NF-kappaB and caspase-3 in the early phase of glomerulosclerosis. Therefore, down-regulating caspase-3 expression in kidney might be one of the molecular mechanisms in the way that rhein could alleviate renal tissue cell apoptosis in glomerulosclerosis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the antiepileptic properties of extracts from rhizomes of Acorus tatarinowii Schott (ATS). The decoction and volatile oil were extracted from rhizomes of ATS by traditional decocting and supercritical CO(2) fluid extraction (SFE-CO(2)) methods. Maximal electroshock (MES), pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) maximal seizure, and prolonged PTZ kindling models were used to test their anticonvulsive properties. The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) immunohistochemical reaction (IR) was used to study GABAergic neuron changes in the PTZ kindling model and the effects of treatment. Both decoction (dose; 10-20 g/kg) and volatile oil (1.25 g/kg) of ATS decreased the convulsive rate significantly in the MES model. Decoction of ATS was shown to be effective in the PTZ model with both decreased convulsive and mortality rates. The volatile oil of ATS failed to prevent seizures in the dose range tested, although prolonged seizure latency and decreased mortality were found at a dose of 1.25 g/kg. In the PTZ kindling model, GABA-IR neurons decreased obviously compared with the normal group. In the groups treated with the decoction and volatile oil, the seizure intensity decreased significantly after treatment. Increased GABA-IR neurons also were found when compared with PTZ kindling controls. Morphologic observation also showed that GABA-IR neuron damage was less severe in the drug-treated groups. Both decoction and volatile oil extracted from the rhizome of Acorus tatarinowii Schott have anticonvulsive effects. The volatile oil is shown to be less effective for PTZ-induced convulsions. Both extracts can prevent convulsions as well as convulsion-related GABAergic neuron damage in the brain in the prolonged PTZ kindling model.