Jun Miki

The Jikei University School of Medicine, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (38)95.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We herein report a refractory case of subclinical antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) due to anti-HLA-DQ antibody in a kidney transplant patient. A 45-year-old man was admitted for a protocol biopsy; he had a serum creatinine (S-Cr) level of 1.8 mg/dL 3 years following primary kidney transplantation. Histological examination revealed moderate to severe inflammatory cell infiltration in the peritubular capillaries. Thorough laboratory examination showed that the patient had donor-specific antibodies (DSAbs) to DR9 and DQ9. Considering both the histological and laboratory findings, we diagnosed acute antibody-mediated rejection. The patient underwent 3 days of consecutive steroid pulse therapy, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and plasma exchange. We also administered rituximab (200 mg/body). Six months after the treatment, a second allograft biopsy revealed the progression of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy and persistence of mild peritubular capillaritis. Further analysis showed that the anti-DR9 antibodies had disappeared, but that the mean fluorescence intensity value of the anti-DQ9 antibodies had increased. Therefore, we repeated the plasma exchange and IVIG. Allograft function was stable throughout the course of treatment, and the S-Cr level remained at 1.8 mg/dL. This case report demonstrates the difficulty of treating AMR due to the presence of anti-DQ DSAbs and the necessity for subsequent therapies in refractory cases. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Herein, we report a complicated case of acute T-cell-mediated rejection (ACR) accompanied by C4d-negative acute antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and cell debris in tubulus. A 32 year-old male was admitted for an episode biopsy with a serum creatinine (S-Cr) level of 1.83 mg/dL and pyuria (20-29 white blood cells per high power field) 49 days following kidney transplantation. Histological features included three distinct entities, mainly, in one of the three specimens: 1) focal aggressive tubulointerstitial inflammatory cell infiltration with moderate tubulitis, 2) inflammatory cell infiltration in peritubular capillaries (including neutrophils) and glomerular capillaries, and 3) cell debris consisting mainly of neutrophils in tubulus. Laboratory examination revealed evidence of non-human leukocyte antigen donor-specific antibodies. However, urinary culture and gram staining were negative. Considering both the histological and laboratory findings, the patient was diagnosed with ACR accompanied by C4d-negative AMR and suspicion of a urinary tract infection (UTI). The patient was treated for three consecutive days with steroid pulse therapy. The patient's S-Cr level decreased to ∼1.5 mg/dL following treatment and did not increase thereafter. A second biopsy 133 days following kidney transplantation showed an excellent response to treatment and revealed no evidence of rejection. This case report demonstrates the difficulty in the diagnosis of, and therapy for, the complicated pathological findings of ACR, AMR and suspicion of a UTI. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that a donor/recipient body weight mismatch affects long-term graft survival and graft function after kidney transplantation. However, the mechanisms are not fully understood. To address the mechanisms, we compared the pathological and physiological features between patients with a donor/recipient body weight mismatch and those without a mismatch 1 yr after kidney transplantation. Furthermore, we investigated the correlation with the donor/recipient body weight ratio. We examined allograft biopsy specimens from 10 recipients with stable kidney function, with body weight mismatch (donor/recipient body weight ratio [D/R BWR] < 0.9), and compared them with samples from 13 patients without mismatch. We measured glomerular volume (GV) using the Weibel-Gomez method and glomerular density (GD) defined by nonsclerotic glomerular number/renal cortical area as pathological findings. The physiological parameters included estimated glomerular filtration rate and proteinuria (mg/day). These data were evaluated to identify a correlation with D/R BWR. The pathological features showed that GV and GD were identical in the two groups. However, when glomerular enlargement was defined by ΔGV (GV at the 1-yr biopsy minus GV at baseline biopsy), ΔGV was higher in mismatch cases compared with that in cases without a mismatch (10.6 ± 4.6 vs. 5.5 ± 7.1 × 10(5) μm(3) ; P = 0.049). Furthermore, D/R BWR was significantly correlated with ΔGV (P = 0.03, r = -0.436). eGFR values were physiologically identical between the two groups, but the mismatch cases had significantly higher proteinuria levels than that of the cases without a mismatch at 1 yr after kidney transplantation. A donor/recipient body weight mismatch could affect glomerular enlargement and increased proteinuria 1 yr after kidney transplantation. How these two features affect long-term graft survival and function must be addressed in the future. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of probable C4d-negative accelerated acute antibody-mediated rejection due to non-HLA antibodies. A 44 year-old male was admitted to our hospital for a kidney transplant. The donor, his wife, was an ABO minor mismatch (blood type O to A) and had Gitelman syndrome. Graft function was delayed; his serum creatinine level was 10.1 mg/dL at 3 days after transplantation. Open biopsy was performed immediately; no venous thrombosis was observed during surgery. Histology revealed moderate peritubular capillaritis and mild glomerulitis without C4d immunoreactivity. Flow cytometric crossmatching was positive, but no panel-reactive antibodies against HLA or donor-specific antibodies (DSAbs) to major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain A (MICA) were detected. Taken together, we diagnosed him with probable C4d-negative accelerated antibody-mediated rejection due to non-HLA, non-MICA antibodies, the patient was treated with steroid pulse therapy (methylprednisolone 500 mg/day for 3 days), plasma exchange, intravenous immunoglobulin (40 g/body), and rituximab (200 mg/body) were performed. Biopsy at 58 days after transplantation, at which time S-Cr levels were 1.56 mg/dL, found no evidence of rejection. This case, presented with a review of relevant literature, demonstrates that probable C4d-negative accelerated acute AMR can result from non-HLA antibodies. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Both immunological and non-immunological etiologies affect graft function after kidney transplantation, including acute rejection, calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, and a recurrence of glomerulonephritis. Glomerular enlargement or glomerular sclerosis due to glomerular hyperfiltration related to increased renal blood flow is another cause. Although the glomerular volume in baseline biopsies predicts late allograft function, the relationship between allograft function and the annual changes in glomerular volume after kidney transplantation are unclear.AimWe investigated changes in glomerular volume after kidney transplantation and their clinicopathological relationship.Methods We enrolled 23 patients with stable kidney function without an episode of rejection or any complication resulting in a functional decrease in the graft. We measured glomerular volume (GV) using the Weibel–Gomez method and glomerular density (GD) using 0,1 h biopsy samples as baseline controls and 1 yr biopsy samples and investigated the association between the changes in them and clinical parameters, including graft function, proteinuria, and renal hemodynamic markers, including effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) and filtration fraction (FF). The ERPF was calculated from a 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) renogram.ResultsThe GV and ERPF increased significantly 1 yr after kidney transplantation. In contrast, proteinuria decreased significantly and Δproteinuria (1 yr – 1 month after transplantation) was correlated with ΔGV (P < 0.05, rs = –0.467).Conclusion Glomerular enlargement 1 yr after transplantation may be related to improved proteinuria. It is possible that glomerular enlargement serves as a renal adaptation after kidney transplantation.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of percutaneous bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) perfusion therapy for carcinoma in situ (CIS) of upper urinary tract after radical cystectomy with ileal neobladder. A 42-year-old man underwent radical cystectomy and ileal neobladder diversion due to the recurrence of CIS in prostatic urethra after transurethral resection of bladder tumor 3 times and 2 courses of intravesical BCG therapy. Final pathological findings showed the presence of CIS in the right distal ureteral margin. After the radical cystectomy, our diagnosis was CIS in the right residual ureter, because of positive urine cytology and negative radiographic findings in the upper urinary tract. We performed the percutaneous BCG perfusion therapy for CIS of the right upper urinary tract after the construction of the percutaneous nephrostomy by intentionally inducing hydronephrosis. No recurrence was found after 3 years of BCG perfusion therapy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
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    ABSTRACT: We treated 6 patients with renal collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) in our hospital from December 2004 to December 2011. We compared clinico-pathological findings among all patients. The median age was 58 years (range, 37-77 years). Hematuria, back pain, and fatigue were observed in 5 patients with CDC. Five patients were pathologically diagnosed by radical nephrectomy while a patient was diagnosed by percutaneous renal biopsy without radical nephrectomy. Lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were observed at diagnosis in 3 and 2 patients, respectively. Five of the 6 patients received systemic therapy after surgery, cytokine therapy in 2 patients, systemic chemotherapy in a patient, and molecular-targeting therapy in 2 patients, respectively. The median overall survival was 15 months (range, 1-44 months). Overall, the 1- and 3-year survival rates were 67 and 33%, respectively. Most of the patients had symptomatic advanced disease at diagnosis. Even though nephrectomy was performed, systemic treatment was not effective in such patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate and characterize ERG oncoprotein expression in Japanese patients with prostate cancer (PCa), we evaluated 92 index tumors from Japanese patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy for PCa, using an antibody-based detection method to determine ERG expression. Expression status was compared with clinicopathological findings including patient age, body mass index and preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, specimen Gleason score, pathological stage, positive surgical margin, size of index tumor, prostatic volume, zonal origin of index tumor and biochemical failure. Overall, ERG protein was expressed in 16.3% (15/92) of the index tumors, but not in benign glands. Younger patient age, lower Gleason score and negative surgical margins were found to be independently associated with its expression in the multivariate analysis (P= 0.015, 0.003 and 0.038, respectively). ERG expression was not associated with biochemical failure. Though not statistically significant, ERG expression was more frequently observed in peripheral zone than in transition zone cancers (28.2% vs 10%, respectively). In conclusion, ERG protein was less frequently expressed in this Japanese PCa cohort compared with Western reports. ERG expression was associated with a less aggressive tumor phenotype, and its biological significance needs to be further investigated.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Pathology International
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    ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old man underwent living-related kidney transplantation in 2004 as a consequence of primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Four years after the transplantation, we confirmed nephrotic syndrome caused by recurrent FSGS. We performed plasmapheresis and low-density lipoprotein adsorption. We also combined steroid therapy with a reduction in the dose of tacrolimus and an increased dose of mycophenolate mofetil. The nephrotic syndrome improved dramatically with this combined therapeutic approach. However, 10 months after these treatments, he revisited our hospital because of altered consciousness. We detected multiple tumor masses in his brain that were ring enhanced on contrast magnetic resonance imaging. Consequently, we suspected primary central nervous system post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (CNS-PTLD). We performed a craniotomy to biopsy the brain tumors. The biopsy specimen showed Epstein–Barr virus-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. There is no definitive treatment for CNS-PTLD. Therefore, we treated the primary CNS-PTLD successfully with whole-brain radiation and discontinuation of immunosuppression therapy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Transplant Infectious Disease

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Yaginuma T, Yamamoto H, Mitome J, Kobayashi A, Yamamoto I, Tanno Y, Hayakawa H, Miyazaki Y, Yokoyama K, Utsunomiya Y, Miki J, Yamada H, Furuta N, Yamaguchi Y, Hosoya T. Successful treatment of nephrotic syndrome caused by recurrent IgA nephropathy with chronic active antibody-mediated rejection three years after kidney transplantation. Clin Transplant 2011: 25 (Suppl. 23): 28–33. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract: Here, we report the successful treatment of a 38-yr-old Japanese man diagnosed with recurrent immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) with chronic active antibody-mediated rejection (CAAMR), three yr after undergoing living-related donor kidney transplantation. Immediately after transplantation, the allograft function was well maintained with a serum creatinine (S-Cr) level of <1.8 mg/dL. About three yr after transplantation, urine protein excretion had reached 4.59 g/d, and the S-Cr level had increased to more than 2.0 mg/dL. Based on the allograft biopsy, we diagnosed nephrotic syndrome because of recurrence of IgAN with CAAMR. Subsequently, we performed a tonsillectomy, administered three sessions of steroid pulse therapy, and added losartan for the recurrence of IgAN. We also changed his immunosuppressant from mizoribine to mycophenolate mofetil to treat the CAAMR. The nephrotic syndrome improved with the multiple therapeutic approaches; however, the S-Cr level did not decrease below 2.0 mg/dL. We possibly could have performed additional treatments such as rituximab and intravenous immunoglobulin for the CAAMR, but therapeutic strategies for CAAMR have not yet been established.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Clinical Transplantation
  • Jun Miki · Shin Egawa
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    ABSTRACT: Lymph node dissection is a standard procedure for treatment of several cancers, but its role in prostate cancer (PCa) as an adjunct of radical prostatectomy is still debated and controversial. Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is currently the most reliable means of diagnosis of lymph node metastases. A uniform PLND surgical template cannot be determined, but recent evidence shows that extended PLND provides more lymph nodes, increases the accuracy of detection of lymph node metastases, and affects decision making with regard to adjuvant therapy. Several nomograms have been developed to predict those who may need more extensive PLND, while sparing the rest. Importantly, no prospective data indicate that extension of PLND improves cancer control or benefits survival. A well designed prospective randomized study is needed to resolve these issues. We present a comprehensive literature review and critical discussion of the diagnostic and therapeutic role of PLND in PCa.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Research into molecular and genetic mechanisms underlying prostate carcinogenesis in high-risk African American men would be greatly advanced by in vitro models of African American prostate tumors representing primary tumors. However, the generation of immortalized primary African American prostate cancer cells that will accurately reflect the in situ characteristics of malignant epithelium is currently limited but is greatly needed. We have successfully established immortalized cell lines of a pair of non-malignant and malignant tumors derived from an African American prostate cancer patient with HPV-16E6E7 (RC-77N/E and RC-77T/E). RC-77N/E and RC-77T/E cells are currently growing well at passage 40. Both cells exhibit epithelial morphology and are androgen sensitive. The RC-77T/E cells produced tumors in SCID mice whereas the RC-77N/E cells produced no tumor in SCID mice. These cells expressed androgen-regulated prostate-specific homobox gene, NKX 3.1, epithelial cell specific cytokeratn 8, androgen receptor (AR), prostate specific antigen (PSA), and p16. Chromosome analysis showed that both cell lines are similar; near diploid human male (XY) with most chromosome counts in the 45-48 range. However, RC-77T/E cell line has new marker chromosomes: M1B=del/t(4;?)(q28;?), M5=16q+ in addition to those observed in the RC-77N/E cell line (M1=del(4)(q28q34)+hsr in some, M1A=t(4q;?),M2=der(9?),M2A=del(M2p-),M3=iso(?), M4=der(22?)). This is the first documented case of the establishment of pair of non-malignant and malignant tumors derived from an African American prostate cancer patient. These models will provide novel tools to study the molecular and genetic mechanisms of prostate carcinogenesis, especially for high-risk African American men.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · International Journal of Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer offers several advantages, including creation of a pneumoperitoneum that results in less blood loss than is seen with the corresponding open procedure. Transection of the deep dorsal vein complex remains among the most challenging aspects, however. Safe and secure completion of this procedure is important to minimize blood loss and maximize the chance of cure. Liberal use of coagulation for hemostasis at the dorsal vein complex (DVC) risks thermal damage to the sphincteric muscle. DVC ligation before transection, though commonly performed, can cause loss of some sphincteric fibers and potentially result in delayed recovery of urinary continence. Furthermore, ligation may at times prove difficult, especially in obese patients with a short and broad DVC, a large prostate gland, and a narrow pelvis. The presence of prominent pubic tubercles may further increase the difficulty. We have found that bleeding from the DVC is easily controlled without suture ligation through a combination of a modest pneumoperitoneum with pinpoint coagulation of one or two small arteries that are consistently found in the superficial layer of the complex. Precise, even-level transection is possible under direct vision with no more than modest blood loss. A stitch in a Z-shaped fashion is then applied to the entire transected stump of the DVC. This procedure is simple and easily performed, even by those with limited experience. Here we provide an overview of our current technique.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2010 · International Journal of Urology
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    Jun Miki
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    ABSTRACT: Although both prostate epithelial stem cells and prostate cancer stem cells are implicated in the differentiation of the normal prostate gland and carcinogenesis of prostate cancer, there has, until recently, been little information regarding their biology. This review summarizes the recent advancements in cell biological research including various in vitro culture systems that have offered the characterization and isolation of prostate epithelial stem cells and prostate cancer stem cells. In addition, the stromal niche or microenvironment of stem cells plays an essential role in proliferation and differentiation of normal stem cells. Stroma surrounding cancer cells, which also provide another unique niche, may involve the initiation and development of cancer stem cells. Investigation of stem cells and their microenvironments in the prostate should lead to the elucidation of biological features and the development of novel treatments for prostate cancer.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2010 · International Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of lateral view apical dissection in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) on the reduction of positive surgical margin rates and recovery of postoperative continence. One hundred and forty-four consecutive patients underwent LRP from October 2004 to March 2008. Lateral view dissection of the prostato-urethral junction was conducted in 76 of them (Group 2). Standard dissection was used in the remaining patients (Group 1). The effect of this technical modification on the reduction of positive surgical margin rates and postoperative recovery of urinary continence was assessed in the two groups. Overall, the incidence of positive margins decreased from 23 (35.9%) in Group 1 to 16 cases (21.9%) in Group 2 (P = 0.07). Positive margin rates in pT2 decreased from 30.6% to 6.5% (P = 0.006). Apical and dorso-apical margins were reduced from 26.5% to 4.3% (P = 0.009) and from 10.2% to 0% (P < 0.001), respectively. Postoperative recovery of urinary continence improved significantly, with a pad-free rate over the first 3 months of 55.9% in Group 1 vs 71.7% in Group 2 (P = 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed this modified surgical technique to predict a lower rate of positive margins. Lateral view dissection of the prostato-urethral junction is an easily applicable technical modification. It provides better visualization of apical anatomy substantially contributing to the reduction of positive surgical margin rates, especially at the level of prostatic apex.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · International Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Using high molecular-weight proteomic analysis, we previously showed that Staphylococcal nuclease domain-containing protein 1 (SND1) is highly expressed in recurrent androgen-insensitive prostate cancer tissues. SND1 is a component of the RNA-induced splicing complex that mediates RNA interference, leading to degradation of specific mRNAs. The objective of this study was to further characterize SND1 expression and to investigate its biological potential in prostate cancer. Radical prostatectomy specimens were obtained from 62 prostate cancer patients. SND1 immunohistochemical staining patterns were evaluated using an in-house polyclonal antibody. We confirmed SND1 mRNA expression in prostate cancer cells using an in situ hybridization technique. To determine the importance of SND1 mRNA, we knocked down SND1 in vitro with small interfering RNA and observed a significant decrease in cell growth. SND1 was expressed in 60 of 62 prostate cancers (97%), appearing in the cytoplasm as small, granular structures; it was also present at high levels in prostate cancer specimens, while in hyperplasia specimens and normal epithelium, it was weakly or negatively expressed. SND1 expression intensity increased with increasing grade and aggressiveness of the cancer. As SND1 mRNA was overexpressed in cancer cells, the growth of these cells was suppressed following SND1 knockdown in vitro, thus representing a promising prostate cancer biomarker and therapeutic target.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · American Journal Of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the long-term outcome of upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) after surgery. The study population comprised 114 surgically treated patients with upper urinary tract TCC treated at Jikei University Hospital between March 1990 and December 2004. All these patients underwent radical surgery without any type of neoadjuvant therapy. Patterns of failure and patient survival were compared with clinicopathological parameters. The 5- and 10-year overall survival (OAS) rates for the patients were 85% (95% confidence interval [CI], 81%-89%) and 76% (95% CI, 69%-83%). To date, 19 patients (16.7%) have experienced distant or lymph node metastasis at a mean of 13.3 months following surgery (range, 1 to 50 months). The site of the primary tumor did not affect patient survival (P > 0.05). Both lymphovascular involvement (LVI) and positive lymph nodes were found to have poor prognosis in univariate analysis (P = 0.004 and P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis indicated pathological stage and bladder recurrence (bladder recurrence being a better prognostic factor) to be independent predictors of metastasis-free survival, but not of OAS or cause-specific survival (CSS). Pathological stage and bladder recurrence were found to be the predictors of metastasis-free survival in this study. Further searching for reliable biomarkers is needed to accurately predict the prognosis of this malignancy.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between surgical methods and clinical parameters was analyzed retrospectively in 32 patients operated for adrenal pheochromocytoma (laparoscopic surgery, 13 patients; open surgery, 19 patients) in Jikei University Hospital from 1997 to 2006. The mean tumor size was higher in open surgery patients. Preoperative hypertension was recorded in 7 open surgery patients and 15 laparoscopic surgery patients; 5 and 16 patients, respectively, were administered an alpha1-blocker preoperatively. Despite only slight differences in background data, blood loss was significantly less in the laparoscopic surgery patients than in the open surgery patients. However, intraoperative variation in blood pressure was greater in the former, probably because of technical difficulties or inadequate preoperative management. The duration of operation was not significantly different between the 2 groups. Tumor size did not show a significant correlation with either duration of surgery or blood loss. On the other hand, a significant correlation was noted between blood loss and duration of surgery only in open surgery patients. Postoperative recovery time was significantly shorter in laparoscopic surgery patients. After considering factors such as tumor size, hormone activity, preoperative management, and surgeon's skill, we believe that compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery is a less invasive and more useful method for adrenal pheochromocytoma.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnostic criteria for preclinical Cushing's syndrome (PCS) were reported in 1996. However, requirement of postoperative steroid hormone replacement is still controversial issue. In this study, we observed recent surgical cases retrospectively and evaluate the use of postoperative steroid hormone replacement. Eighteen patients with PCS underwent surgery from 1997 to 2007 in Jikei University Hospital. Thirteen of them received postoperative steroid hormone replacement. We investigated preoperative hormone activity by 131I-adosterol scintigraphy and suppression of ACTH and evaluated the requirement of postoperative steroid hormone replacement. Preoperative serum cortisol was normal range in all patients. Serum ACTH was suppressed in 10 of them (56%). In 131I-adosterol scintigraphy, accumulation in ipsilateral side was observed in all patients. Accumulation in contralateral side was observed in 13 patients whose serum ACTH had tendency to be suppressed. Mean period of steroid hormone replacement was 19.8 weeks. Patients with lower preoperative ACTH tended to require longer period until withdrawal of steroid hormone replacement. In addition, patients received steroid hormone replacement with higher starting dose significantly required longer period. Three of them had complications during tapering of steroid hormone. Postoperative adrenal insufficiency is important issue as postoperative management of PCS patients whose function of contralateral adrenal or pituitary gland is suppressed. 131I-adosterol scintigraphy and preoperative serum ACTH were important factors to evaluate the requirement of postoperative steroid hormone replacement. Especially, patients with low preoperative serum ACTH tended to require long duration of postoperative steroid hormone replacement. On the other hand, patients with accumulation of contralateral side in 131I-adosterol scintigraphy and without suppression of serum ACTH may not require steroid hormone replacement. Decrease starting dose of steroid hormone replacement for appropriate patients could shorten the period of steroid hormone replacement safely.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology

Publication Stats

591 Citations
95.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002-2015
    • The Jikei University School of Medicine
      • Department of Urology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2007-2010
    • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Center for Prostate Disease Research
      Maryland, United States
  • 2005-2009
    • Shinshu University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan