Zubier Ali

University of London, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (3)8.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Allografting is currently used in lower limb reconstruction surgery. Demineralised bone matrix (DBM) is more osteoinductive compared with allografts but lacks mechanical strength. Osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) can improve the osteoinductivity of the allograft, however recent reports indicate significant allograft resorption when it is combined with OP-1. Our hypothesis was that hydroxyapatite (HA) with human-mesenchymal stem cells (h-MSCs) and OP-1 (HA+h-MSCs+OP-1) has similar osteoinductive properties to human-DBM+h-MSCs. The objective was to evaluate h-MSC proliferation (by tritiated thymidine incorporation, total DNA Hoechst 33258 and scanning electron microscopy) and osteogenic differentiation (from alkaline phosphatase activity) in human demineralised bone matrix (h-DBM) and HA, with or without OP-1. H-MSC proliferation on HA+OP-1 was significantly higher compared with that on HA at all time points (p < 0.05) and compared with DBM alone [day 1, (198.4 vs 95.4) p = 0.042; day 14 (286.1 vs 119.9), p < 0.001]. H-MSC proliferation was higher in DBM+OP-1, at all time points compared with HA+OP-1 but the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). H-MSC differentiation was significantly higher in HA+OP-1 compared with HA (p < 0.05) but not significantly different from diffferentiation on DBM alone (p > 0.05). Differentiation was significantly higher on DBM+OP-1 at all time points compared with HA (p < 0.05) and with HA+OP-1 [day 1, (21.1 vs 10.1) (p = 0.03); day 7 (39.4 vs 7.1) (p < 0.01); day 14 (40.2 vs 14.4) (p < 0.001)]. When HA+h-MSCs is combined with OP-1 in vitro its osteogenic potential is similar to that of DBM+h-MSCs alone which may be adequate for non-weight-bearing applications. Mechanical testing however is of great importance for weight-bearing applications and the in vivo testing of the composite graft HA+h-MSCs+OP-1 vs DBM+h-MSCs is recommended.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Expert opinion on biological therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Impaction allografting is a bone tissue engineering technique currently used in lower limb reconstruction orthopedic surgery. Our hypothesis was that biological optimization can be achieved by demineralization and addition of osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) to the allograft. The objective of our in vitro study was to evaluate human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) proliferation (Alamar Blue assay, titrated thymidine assay, total DNA Hoechst 33258, and scanning electron microscopy) and osteogenic differentiation (alkaline phosphatase assay) in two types of impacted carrier, namely, demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and insoluble collagenous bone matrix (ICBM), with or without OP-1. The objective in vivo was to compare the osteogenic potential of impacted DBM with or without OP-1, with that of impacted fresh frozen allograft (FFA), again with or without OP-1. DBM + OP-1 optimized osteoinduction and significantly improved (p < 0.05) proliferation and differentiation in comparison to the majority of all other graft preparation in vitro. In addition, DBM + OP-1 was significantly superior, with regard to osteogenesis, compared to the impacted FFA alone (p < 0.001), FFA + OP-1 (p = 0.01) and DBM alone (p = 0.02) in vivo. We propose that partial demineralization and addition of OP-1 provides a good method for improving the osteoinductive properties of fresh allograft currently used in the impaction grafting technique.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Journal of Orthopaedic Research
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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxyapatite (HA) has been widely used as a bone graft substitute. In this study, we investigated whether the addition of osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) further enhanced the weak osteoinductive properties of hydroxyapatite when loaded with human mesenchymal stem cells (h-MSCs). Over a 14 day period, cell proliferation in both groups was assessed qualitatively using SEM and quantitatively using alamar blue assay. Cell differentiation was also evaluated by measurement of ALP activity, which was expressed against total DNA. HA/MSC loaded with OP-1 demonstrated a statistically significant increase (p<0.001) in cell proliferation at all time points in comparison to unloaded samples. ALP activity per DNA was also significantly enhanced (p<0.001) in loaded samples when compared to unloaded controls. SEM demonstrated increased cellular attachment and proliferation into HA pores at all time points in the loaded samples. Our study suggests that the osteoinductive potential of HA can be improved in vitro by the combined incorporation of MSCs and OP-1.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Injury