G Ciabattoni

Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara, Chieta, Abruzzo, Italy

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Publications (232)1383.14 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed at comparing exhaled and non-exhaled non-invasive markers of respiratory inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy subjects and define their relationships with smoking habit. Forty-eight patients with stable COPD who were ex-smokers, 17 patients with stable COPD who were current smokers, 12 healthy current smokers and 12 healthy ex-smokers were included in a cross-sectional, observational study. Inflammatory outcomes, including prostaglandin (PG) E2 and 15-F2t-isoprostane (15-F2t-IsoP) concentrations in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and sputum supernatants, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) and sputum cell counts, and functional (spirometry) outcomes were measured. Sputum PGE2 was elevated in both groups of smokers compared with ex-smoker counterpart (COPD: P < 0.02; healthy subjects: P < 0.03), whereas EBC PGE2 was elevated in current (P = 0.0065) and ex-smokers with COPD (P = 0.0029) versus healthy ex-smokers. EBC 15-F2t-IsoP, a marker of oxidative stress, was increased in current and ex-smokers with COPD (P < 0.0001 for both) compared with healthy ex-smokers, whereas urinary 15-F2t-IsoP was elevated in both smoker groups (COPD: P < 0.01; healthy subjects: P < 0.02) versus healthy ex-smokers. FENO was elevated in ex-smokers with COPD versus smoker groups (P = 0.0001 for both). These data suggest that the biological meaning of these inflammatory markers depends on type of marker and biological matrix in which is measured. An approach combining different types of outcomes can be used for assessing respiratory inflammation in patients with COPD. Large studies are required to establish the clinical utility of this strategy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Breath Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Breathomics, the multidimensional molecular analysis of exhaled breath, includes analysis of exhaled breath with gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and electronic noses (e-noses), and metabolomics of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), a non-invasive technique which provides information on the composition of airway lining fluid, generally by high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy or MS methods. Metabolomics is the identification and quantification of small molecular weight metabolites in a biofluid. Specific profiles of volatile compounds in exhaled breath and metabolites in EBC (breathprints) are potentially useful surrogate markers of inflammatory respiratory diseases. Electronic noses (e-noses) are artificial sensor systems, usually consisting of chemical cross-reactive sensor arrays for characterization of patterns of breath volatile compounds, and algorithms for breathprints classification. E-noses are handheld, portable, and provide real-time data. E-nose breathprints can reflect respiratory inflammation. E-noses and NMR-based metabolomics of EBC can distinguish patients with respiratory diseases such as asthma, COPD, and lung cancer, or diseases with a clinically relevant respiratory component including cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia, and healthy individuals. Breathomics has also been reported to identify patients affected by different types of respiratory diseases. Patterns of breath volatile compounds detected by e-nose and EBC metabolic profiles have been associated with asthma phenotypes. In combination with other -omics platforms, breathomics might provide a molecular approach to respiratory disease phenotyping and a molecular basis to tailored pharmacotherapeutic strategies. Breathomics might also contribute to identify new surrogate markers of respiratory inflammation, thus, facilitating drug discovery. Validation in newly recruited, prospective independent cohorts is essential for development of e-nose and EBC NMRbased metabolomics techniques.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Current topics in medicinal chemistry
  • Paolo Montuschi · Giovanni Ciabattoni
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhaled bronchodilators, including long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMA) and long-acting beta2-adrenoreceptor agonists (LABA), are the mainstay of pharmacological treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Among approved LAMA, tiotropium bromide, glycopyrronium bromide and umeclidinium bromide, are administered once daily, whereas aclidinium bromide is administered every 12 hours. New LAMA are under development for COPD. Among the approved LABA, indacaterol has a 24-h duration of action, whereas salmeterol and formoterol require twice-daily administration. New once-daily LABA, including vilanterol, olodaterol, milveterol, carmoterol, and abediterol, are in development. LAMA/LABA fixed dose combinations (FDC) provide the convenience of two bronchodilators with different mechanism of action in a single inhaler. Indacaterol/glycopyrronium, umeclidinium/vilanterol and olodaterol/tiotropium FDC, have been approved or are under approval and are likely to become a standard pharmacological strategy for COPD. Dual-pharmacology compounds, combining muscarinic antagonism and beta2-agonism (MABA) in a single molecule, potentially provide additive or synergistic bronchodilation over either inhaled antimuscarinic or beta2-agonist monotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
  • G. Ciabattoni · F. Pugliese · M. Spaldi · G. A. Cinotti · C. Patrono
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Techniques are described in detail for the radioimmunological measurement of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and F2α in human urine. 50 ml urine samples are extracted with an organic solvent system and then purified by silicic acid column chromatography. The overall recovery after extraction and purification, calculated with labeled as well as unlabeled compounds, is in the order of 70%. The column eluates are assayed at 1:12–1:60 dilution in the “standard diluent” of the assay: 8 pg PGE2.or PGF2a/ml of whole urine represents the lowest measurable concentration. A urine blank and a solvent blank were evaluated separately, subjecting 50 ml of urine obtained from an indomethacin treated subject (“PG-free” urine) or 50 ml of distilled water, respectively, to the extraction-purification procedures. Both were found not to interfere with the antigen-antibody reaction. Urinary PG-like immunoreactivity (LI) was characterized in terms of immunochemical and thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) behavior. Both urinary PGE2-LI and PGF2α-LI behaved as authentic PGE2 and PGF2α, upon dilution and on TLC. In 33 healthy female subjects (aged 19–58 yr), urinary excretion rates averaged 178 ± 80 (mean ± SD) ng/day for PGE2 and 498 ± 181 ng/day for PGF2α. In a group of 8 healthy men, both PGE2 and PGF2α crexcretion rates were higher and more scattered than the female values. When two healthy women were given indomethacin (200 mg/day), urinary PGE2 and PGF2α dropped to undetectable levels during the 4th day of drug therapy. I ntravenous injection of furosemide (50 mg) in a female volunteer was followed by an immediate rise of urinary sodium, PGE2, PGF2α and PGE2/PGF2α ratio and plasma renin activity. Ina 10 year old girl with Bartter’s syndrome, urinary PG excretion rate was elevated with a 3 times higher than normal PGE2/PGF2α ratio. Indomethacin therapy resulted in a prompt drop of PG excretion rate and of plasma renin activity. These results show that a combi nation of adequate purification steps and antisera with optimal characteristics provides a reliable method for measuring PGE2 and PGF2α in urine, and therefore a valuable tool to further our knowledge of the physiology and physiopathology of the renal PG-system.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of endocrinological investigation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interest in cypress allergy is widely rising: an increasing number of studies have pointed out the efficacy of immunotherapy to reduce cypress-related symptoms and drug use. Cypress immunotherapy is well tolerated, but there are few studies dealing with its sub-clinical effects on the airways. The aim of this investigation is to assess the effects of immunotherapy on airways by the analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), nasal lavage fluid (NAL) and nasal cytology. Fifteen mono-sensitized to cypress pollen patients have been observed, among them 9 have been treated with sub-cutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), 3 with sub-lingual immunotherapy (SLIT) and 3 which were not treated underwent EBC, NAL and nasal cytology out of the pollen season. 8-isoprostane in EBC, Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and inflammatory cells in nasal cytology were also evaluated. The median value of 8-isoprostane in EBC was 18.58 pg/ml in patients who did not undergo immunotherapy, 49.38 pg/ml in SCIT patients and 13.41 pg/ml in SLIT subjects. The median value of ECP in nasal lavage was higher in non- treated subjects (27.3 mg/l) than in those treated with SCIT (1 mg/l)(p less than 0,05) or SLIT (2.6 mg/l). All nasal cytology specimens did not show any sign of inflammation. In conclusion SLIT seems to be well tolerated and to reduce significantly the levels of ECP in nasal lavage. In addition the levels of 8-isoprostane in EBC among SCIT patients were unexpectedly high and need to be further evaluated.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677 C→T polymorphism may be associated with elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) levels, an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It was the study objective to evaluate in vivo lipid peroxidation and platelet activation in carriers of the MTHFR 677 C→T polymorphism and in non-carriers, in relation to tHcy and folate levels. A cross-sectional comparison of urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F2α and 11-dehydro-thromboxane (TX)B2 (markers of in vivo lipid peroxidation and platelet activation, respectively) was performed in 100 carriers and 100 non-carriers of the polymorphism. A methionine-loading test and folic acid supplementation were performed to investigate the causal relationship of the observed associations. Urinary 8-iso-PGF2α and 11-dehydro-TXB2 were higher in carriers with hyperhomocysteinaemia than in those without hyperhomocysteinaemia (p<0.0001). Hyperhomocysteinaemic carriers had lower folate levels (p=0.0006), higher urinary 8-iso-PGF2α (p<0.0001) and 11-dehydro-TXB2 (p<0.0001) than hyperhomocysteinaemic non-carriers. On multiple regression analysis, high tHcy (p<0.0001), low folate (p<0.04) and MTHFR 677 C→T polymorphism (p<0.001) independently predicted high rates of 8-iso-PGF2α excretion. Methionine loading increased plasma tHcy (p=0.002), and both urinary prostanoid metabolites (p=0.002). Folic acid supplementation was associated with decreased urinary 8-iso-PGF2α and 11-dehydro-TXB2 excretion (p<0.0003) in the hyperhomocysteinaemic group, but not in the control group, with substantial inter-individual variability related to baseline tHcy level and the extent of its reduction. In conclusion, hyperhomocysteinaemia due to the MTHFR 677 C→T polymorphism is associated with enhanced in vivo lipid peroxidation and platelet activation that are reversible, at least in part, following folic acid supplementation. An integrated biomarker approach may help identifying appropriate candidates for effective folate supplementation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metabolomics could provide new insights into the pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) by identifying profiles of endogenous metabolites. To investigate whether metabolomics of exhaled breath condensate could discriminate between patients with unstable CF, stable CF and healthy subjects, and whether selected metabolites were responsible for between-group differences. Twenty-nine patients with stable CF, 24 with unstable CF and 31 healthy subjects (age 9-24 years) participated in a cross-sectional study. Metabolomics was performed with high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis was used as classifier. The results were validated in a second independent study. Intraclass correlation coefficients for between-day and technical repeatability were 0.93 and 0.96, respectively. Bland-Altman analysis showed good within-day repeatability. Correct classification rate of CF (n=53) vs. healthy subjects (n=31) was 96% (R2=0.84; Q2=0.79). Model validation with a testing sample set obtained from subjects not included in the primary analysis (23 CF and 25 healthy subjects) showed a sensitivity of 91% and a specificity of 96%. The classification rate of stable CF (n=29) vs. unstable CF patients (n=24) was 95% (R2=0.82; Q2=0.78). Model external validation in 14 patients with stable CF and 16 with unstable CF showed a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 94%. Ethanol, acetate, 2-propanol and acetone were most discriminant between patients with CF and healthy subjects, whereas acetate, ethanol, 2-propanol and methanol were the most important metabolites for discriminating between patients with stable and unstable CF. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of exhaled breath condensate is reproducible, discriminates patients with CF from healthy subjects and patients with unstable CF from those with stable CF, and identifies the metabolites responsible for between-group differences.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Thorax
  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2011
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the time-dependent effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on in vivo oxidative stress and platelet activation, to assess whether these phenomena are related to any pleiotropic effect of any statin or to their LDL-lowering effect. We also asked whether the presence of specific allele frequencies in carriers of the 3'UTR/lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) polymorphism may influence the effect of either statin. We included 60 hypercholesterolemic subjects, previously screened for LOX-1 3'UTR polymorphism, randomized, according to genetic profile (15 T and 15 C carriers for each arm), to atorvastatin 20mg/day or rosuvastatin 10mg/day. After 8 weeks, atorvastatin and rosuvastatin were associated with comparable, significant reductions in LDL cholesterol (40.8% and 43.6%, respectively), plasma hs-CRP (9.5% vs. 13.8%), urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane (TX) B(2) (38.9% vs. 27.1%) and 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG) F(2α) (39.4% vs. 19.4%). The impact of rosuvastatin or atorvastatin on CRP, 8-iso-PGF(2α), and 11-dehydro-TXB(2) did not differ according to the LOX-1 haplotype. On multiple regression analyses, only CRP and LDL were independent predictors of 11-dehydro-TXB(2), and only LDL was a significant predictor of 8-iso-PGF(2α). Both atorvastatin and rosuvastatin cause comparable reductions of thromboxane-dependent platelet activation, lipid peroxidation and inflammation. The presence of 3'UTR/LOX-1 polymorphism does not affect the changes induced by either statin.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Atherosclerosis
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: United airway disease (UAD) concept proposed that asthma and rhinitis are both different clinical manifestation of a single inflammatory process. The aim of this study is to assess in upper and lower airways the level of inflammation and oxidative stress and to investigate the relationship between biomarkers in persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) and in concomitant asthma with PER. By a crosssectional study we measured oral and nasal (FENO) and oral and nasal EBC 8-isoprostane, LTB4 and PGE2 in children with PER (n=14) and with PER and concomitant intermittent asthma (IA; n=25), mild persistent asthma (mA; n=28), moderate persistent asthma (MA; n=13) and in Healthy Controls (HCs; n=13). Oral and nasal FENO concentrations were increased in children with PER, IA, mA and MA when compared with HCs. Nasal 8-isoprostane was higher in EBC of children with PER and asthma than in HCs. Oral and nasal LTB4 were higher in EBC of children with PER and mA than in HCs. Oral and nasal PGE2 concentrations were higher in EBC of children with PER than in HCs. Positive correlations between oral and nasal biomarkers were found in IA for LTB4 and PGE2, in mA for FENO, 8-isoprostane, LTB4 and PGE2, and in MA for PGE2. No correlations were observed in children with PER and HCs. Our results suggest that non-invasive markers of inflammation and oxidative stress might be useful to study the relationships between oral and nasal compartments in allergic children with PER and concomitant asthma with the aim of defining the UAD.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis by platelets and other cells in response to inflammatory triggers may provide a link between chronic inflammatory disease and atherothrombosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we investigated the determinants of TX biosynthesis in RA, with particular reference to enhanced oxidative stress, receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) hyperactivity, and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment. Fifty-four patients with RA and 20 healthy subjects were recruited and a cross-sectional comparison of urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2), 8-iso-PGF(2alpha), and plasma endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) levels was performed between patients and controls. Urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) was significantly higher in RA patients than in healthy controls [425 (309-592) vs 233 (158-327) pg/mg creatinine, P<0.0001]. Furthermore, urinary 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) [323 (221-515) vs 172 (91-292) pg/mg creatinine, P<0.0001] and plasma esRAGE [155 (100-240) vs 377 (195-486) pg/ml, P=0.001] were higher and lower, respectively, in patients than in controls. A direct correlation was found between urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) only in patients not on anti-TNF therapy (r=0.420, P=0.021). Conversely, patients on anti-TNF therapy showed significantly lower urinary 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) [284 (201-373) vs 404 (241-539) pg/mg creatinine, P=0.043] but not 11-dehydro-TXB(2) than anti-TNF-treated subjects, with esRAGE as the only independent predictor of 11-dehydro-TXB(2) in this group of patients (adjusted R(2)=0.496, beta=-0.725, SEM=0.025, P=0.001). In conclusion, we provide biochemical evidence of enhanced TX biosynthesis in patients with RA, driven, at least in part, by lipid peroxidation. Treatment with anti-TNF agents may blunt isoprostane generation in the absence of significant effects on TX biosynthesis. We suggest that RAGE hyperactivity may escape TNF blockade, thus contributing to persistent TX biosynthesis in this setting.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Free Radical Biology and Medicine
  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2010
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic hyperglycemia is a major contributor to in vivo platelet activation in diabetes mellitus. To evaluate the effects of acarbose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, on platelet activation and its determinants in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Forty-eight subjects (26 males, aged 61 +/- 8 years) with early type 2 diabetes (baseline hemoglobin A(1c) < or = 7% and no previous hypoglycemic treatment) were randomly assigned to acarbose up to 100 mg three times a day or placebo, and evaluated every 4 weeks for 20 weeks. The main outcome measures were urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane (TX)B(2) (marker of in vivo platelet activation) and 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F(2alpha) (marker of in vivo lipid peroxidation) excretion rate, 2-h postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) after a test meal, and assessment of glucose fluctuations by mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE). Baseline measurements revealed biochemical evidence of enhanced lipid peroxidation and platelet activation. As compared with the placebo group, patients treated with acarbose had statistically significant reductions in urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) excretion rate as early as after 8 weeks and at each subsequent time point (between-group P < 0.0001 at 12, 16 and 20 weeks), following earlier decreases in PPG and MAGE. Multiple regression analyses in the acarbose group revealed that PPG was the only significant predictor of 11-dehydro-TXB(2) urinary excretion rate (beta = 0.39, P = 0.002) and MAGE the only predictor of 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) urinary excretion rate (beta = 0.42, P = 0.001). Postprandial hyperglycemia is associated with enhanced lipid peroxidation and platelet activation in early type 2 diabetes. A moderate decrease in PPG achieved with acarbose causes time-dependent downregulation of these phenomena, suggesting a causal link between early metabolic abnormalities and platelet activation in this setting.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Analysis of exhaled breath by biosensors discriminates between patients with asthma and healthy subjects. An electronic nose consists of a chemical sensor array for the detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and an algorithm for pattern recognition. We compared the diagnostic performance of a prototype of an electronic nose with lung function tests and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) in patients with atopic asthma. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 27 patients with intermittent and persistent mild asthma and in 24 healthy subjects. Two procedures for collecting exhaled breath were followed to study the differences between total and alveolar air. Seven patients with asthma and seven healthy subjects participated in a study with mass spectrometry (MS) fingerprinting as an independent technique for assessing between group discrimination. Classification was based on principal component analysis and a feed-forward neural network. The best results were obtained when the electronic nose analysis was performed on alveolar air. Diagnostic performance for electronic nose, FENO, and lung function testing was 87.5%, 79.2%, and 70.8%, respectively. The combination of electronic nose and FENO had the highest diagnostic performance for asthma (95.8%). MS fingerprints of VOCs could discriminate between patients with asthma and healthy subjects. The electronic nose has a high diagnostic performance that can be increased when combined with FENO. Large studies are now required to definitively establish the diagnostic performance of the electronic nose. Whether this integrated noninvasive approach will translate into an early diagnosis of asthma has to be clarified. Trial registration: EUDRACT https://eudralink.emea.europa.eu; Identifier: 2007-000890-51; and clinicaltrials.gov; Identifier: NCT00819676.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2010 · Chest
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thromboembolism is a relatively common complication of chronic heart failure (HF) and the place of antiplatelet therapy is uncertain. We characterized the rate of thromboxane and prostacyclin biosynthesis in chronic HF of ischemic origin, with the aim of separating the influence of HF on platelet activation from that of the underlying ischemic heart disease (IHD). We compared urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane (TX)B(2), 2,3 dinor 6-keto-PGF(1alpha,) 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F(2alpha), and plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), in 84 patients with HF secondary to IHD, 61 patients with IHD without HF and 42 healthy subjects. HF patients not on aspirin had significantly higher urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) as compared with healthy subjects (P < 0.0001) and IHD patients not on aspirin (P = 0.028). They also showed significantly higher 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) (P = 0.018), NT-pro-BNP (P = 0.021) and ADMA (P < 0.0001) than IHD patients not on aspirin. HF patients on low-dose aspirin had significantly lower 11-dehydro-TXB(2) (P < 0.0001), sCD40L (P = 0.007) and 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF(1alpha) (P = 0.005) than HF patients not treated with aspirin. HF patients in NYHA classes III and IV had significantly higher urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) than patients in classes I and II, independently of aspirin treatment (P < 0.05). On multiple linear regression analysis, higher NT-pro-BNP levels, lack of aspirin therapy and sCD40L, predicted 11-dehydro-TXB(2) excretion rate in HF patients (R(2) = 0.771). Persistent platelet activation characterizes HF patients. This phenomenon is related to disease severity and is largely suppressable by low-dose aspirin. The homeostatic increase in prostacyclin biosynthesis is impaired, possibly contributing to enhanced thrombotic risk in this setting.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
  • Paolo Montuschi · Peter J Barnes · Giovanni Ciabattoni
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is functionally involved in the pathophysiology of lung diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 8-Isoprostane, which is derived from free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid, is one of the most reliable biomarkers of oxidative stress. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a completely noninvasive method for collecting airway secretions. We developed a specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay (RIA) that has been applied to the measurement of 8-isoprostane in EBC. This RIA for 8-isoprostane has been validated using high performance liquid chromatography. Measurement of 8-isoprostane in EBC is a useful noninvasive technique for exploring the role of oxidative stress in lung diseases. This technique might provide important insights into the understanding of the clinical pharmacology of antioxidants and might be useful for monitoring the effects of pharmacological therapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We tested whether cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression and unacetylated COX-1 in newly formed platelets might contribute to persistent thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis in aspirin-treated essential thrombocythemia (ET). Forty-one patients on chronic aspirin (100 mg/day) and 24 healthy subjects were studied. Platelet COX-2 expression was significantly increased in patients and correlated with thiazole orange-positive platelets (r = 0.71, P < .001). The rate of TXA(2) biosynthesis in vivo, as reflected by urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) (TXM) excretion, and the maximal biosynthetic capacity of platelets, as reflected by serum TXB(2), were higher in patients compared with aspirin-treated healthy volunteers. Serum TXB(2) was significantly reduced by the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 added in vitro. Patients were randomized to adding the selective COX-2 inhibitor, etoricoxib, or continuing aspirin for 7 days. Etoricoxib significantly reduced by approximately 25% TXM excretion and serum TXB(2). Fourteen of the 41 patients were studied again 21 (+/- 7) months after the first visit. Serum TXB(2) was consistently reduced by approximately 30% by adding NS398 in vitro, while it was completely suppressed with 50 microM aspirin. Accelerated platelet regeneration in most aspirin-treated ET patients may explain aspirin-persistent TXA(2) biosynthesis through enhanced COX-2 activity and faster renewal of unacetylated COX-1. These findings may help in reassessing the optimal antiplatelet strategy in ET.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · Blood
  • No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Thrombosis Research
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Air pollution is associated with respiratory symptoms, lung function decrements, and hospitalizations. However, there is little information about the influence of air pollution on lung injury. In this study we investigated acute effects of air pollution on pulmonary function and airway oxidative stress and inflammation in asthmatic children. We studied 182 children with asthma, 9-14 years of age, for 4 weeks. Daily ambient concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and particulate matter < or = 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5)) were monitored from two stations. Once a week we measured spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and determined thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and 8-isoprostane--two oxidative stress markers--and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in breath condensate. We tested associations using mixed-effects regression models, adjusting for confounding variables. Interquartile-range increases in 3-day average SO2 (5.4 ppb), NO2 (6.8 ppb), and PM(2.5) (5.4 microg/m3) were associated with decreases in forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of forced vital capacity, with changes being -3.1% [95% confidence interval (CI), -5.8 to -0.3], -2.8% (95% CI, -4.8 to -0.8), and -3.0% (95% CI, -4.7 to -1.2), respectively. SO2, NO2, and PM(2.5) were associated with increases in TBARS, with changes being 36.2% (95% CI, 15.7 to 57.2), 21.8% (95% CI, 8.2 to 36.0), and 24.8% (95% CI, 10.8 to 39.4), respectively. Risk estimates appear to be larger in children not taking corticosteroids than in children taking corticosteroids. O3 (5.3 ppb) was not associated with health end points. FeNO, 8-isoprostane, and IL-6 were not associated with air pollutants. Air pollution may increase airway oxidative stress and decrease small airway function of asthmatic children. Inhaled corticosteroids may reduce oxidative stress and improve airway function.
    Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Environmental Health Perspectives
  • No preview · Conference Paper · Apr 2009

Publication Stats

12k Citations
1,383.14 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1990-2011
    • Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara
      • Dipartimento di Medicina e Scienze dell'Invecchiamento
      Chieta, Abruzzo, Italy
  • 2006
    • University of Milan
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1987-2006
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1999
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      • Department of Neurology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1988-1999
    • The Catholic University of America
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1980
    • University of Freiburg
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany