J Blustajn

Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (14)36.62 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · May 2000 · NeuroImage
  • Jean François Meder · François Nataf · Jerry Blustajn

    No preview · Article · Jan 2000 · Journal of Radiosurgery
  • M Zuber · J Blustajn · C Arquizan · D Trystram · J L Mas · J F Meder
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    ABSTRACT: Angiitis of the central nervous system is a rare disease which may result from numerous causes responsible for the presence of inflammatory lesions of the vascular wall. These inflammatory lesions may sometimes be associated with necrosis. Cerebral vessels of all sizes may be involved. The clinical presentation is highly variable, with focal to diffuse manifestations and acute to chronic evolution. Angiography is the cornerstone diagnostic procedure, showing multiple segmental stenoses of the cerebral arteries sometimes separated by fusiform dilatations. Although suggestive, this angiographical pattern is not unequivocal and other causes must be carefully ruled out. Only cerebral and/or leptomeningeal biopsy can provide a definite diagnosis of cerebral angiitis but this invasive diagnostic procedure is not performed in the majority of cases. Among the numerous causes of cerebral angiitis, one can individualize infectious diseases, primary systemic angiitis with cerebral involvement, angiitis secondary to various systemic diseases and other miscellaneous causes such as drug abuse or neoplasm.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1999 · Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: Radiosurgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has slow and progressive vasoocclusive effects. We sought to determine if early posttherapeutic angiography provides relevant information for the management of radiosurgically treated AVMs. Between 1990 and 1993, the progress of 138 of 197 cerebral AVMs treated by linear accelerator (Linac) was regularly followed by angiographic study. On each posttherapeutic angiogram ("early," 6-18-month follow-up; "intermediate," 19-29-month-follow-up; and "late," > 30-month follow-up), the degree of reduction across the greatest diameter of the nidus and hemodynamic modifications were analyzed. Each cerebral AVM was qualitatively classified into one of the following categories after early angiographic study: 0%-reduced, 25%-reduced, 50%-reduced, 75%-reduced, and 100%-reduced or "complete obliteration." Vasoocclusive progress for each category was then studied over time. Three (10%) of the 30 0-25%-reduced, eight (38%) of 21 50%-reduced, and 27 (84%) of 32 75%-reduced cerebral AVMs showed complete obliteration after further follow-up. The three 0-25%-reduced AVMS that went on to complete obliteration underwent very early angiography (6-7 months). Fifty-five cerebral AVMs showed complete obliteration on early angiograms (40%). In this group, more follow-up, when performed, confirmed complete obliteration in all cases (n = 17). An early angiogram is needed to predict the effectiveness of radiosurgery. Important AVM changes seen on early angiograms are highly correlated with treatment success. Moreover, no or minor changes seen on early angiograms are highly predictive of radiosurgical failure. For these patients, further treatment should be discussed promptly.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1999 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: We describe two original cases of internal carotid artery dysgenesis associated with a malformative spectrum, which includes transsphenoidal encephalocele, optic nerve coloboma, hypopituitarism, and hypertelorism. Cephalic neural crest cells migrate to various regions in the head and neck where they contribute to the development of structures as diverse as the anterior skull base, the walls of the craniofacial arteries, the forebrain, and the face. Data suggest that the link between these rare malformations is abnormal neural crest development.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1998 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
  • J Blustajn · P Thomas · C Combes · A.P. Gaston

    No preview · Article · Nov 1998 · Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: We describe four cases of aneurysmal rupture during embolization with Guglielmi electrodetachable coils (GDCs) in an attempt to identify those aneurysms whose rupture during embolization represents a life-threatening risk; our emphasis is on emergency management, in particular, ventriculostomy. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively for 91 aneurysms treated with GDCs 0 to 21 days after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Rupture was ascertained by the presence of extravascular effusion of contrast medium. Of the perforated aneurysms, two involved the anterior communicating artery, one the posterior inferior communicating artery, and one the basilar artery. Only two patients, whose aneurysms were located in the posterior fossa, had major complications (arterial hyperpressure, mydriasis, angiographically documented circulatory arrest or slowing). One of these patients died and the other improved after emergency ventriculostomy. Aneurysmal perforation during embolization may be accompanied by severe intracranial hypertension, which causes either a decrease or arrest of cerebral perfusion, the duration of which determines clinical outcome. Emergency ventriculostomy (which should be performed in the angiographic suite) is an effective means to reduce intracranial pressure. Recognition of aneurysms associated with a high risk of mortality by rupture in the course of embolization (recently ruptured small aneurysms, posterior fossa aneurysms, associated ventricular dilatation, massive cisternal hemorrhage) and use of proper logistics should ensure the effective management of this devastating complication.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1998 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: 3D time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D TOF MRA) and 2D MRA with presaturation were evaluated in 18 patients with 21 giant intracranial aneurysms. 3D TOF MRA gave optimal images of proximal unruptured and nonthrombosed aneurysms. 2D MRA with presaturation was more informative in cases of distal, haemorrhagic or thrombosed aneurysms and in assessment of their components (thrombus, haemorrhage, patent residual lumen).
    No preview · Article · Feb 1998 · Neuroradiology

  • No preview · Article · Nov 1997 · Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy
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    ABSTRACT: To define the morphological patterns of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that influence their response to radiosurgery at 2 years. We retrospectively reviewed the yearly MR and angiographic follow-up studies in 102 patients who had radiosurgical treatment for cerebral AVMs between 1990 and 1992. Parameters studied were maximum length and volume of the nidus, position relative to the midline, anatomic structures involved, sectional anatomic location (depth within the brain tissue), angioarchitecture, and Spetzler and Martin grading. Statistical analysis determined their influence on treatment results at 2 years. Parameters that correlated with obliteration at 2 years were maximum length less than 25 mm, small volume, sectional location deep within brain tissue, and plexiform angioarchitecture. Ventricular and paraventricular locations correlated with nonobliteration at 2 years. This study highlights the role of two new morphological parameters in predicting the efficiency of radiosurgery in the treatment of cerebral AVMs: depth within the parenchyma and angioarchitecture. It also emphasizes the usefulness of sectional imaging in the work-up before radiosurgery.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1997 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a case of transient global amnesia after cerebral angiography in which a nonionic contrast medium was used. The complication observed showed no evidence of any definite cause.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1997 · Acta Radiologica
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    ABSTRACT: We report six cases of segmental agenesis of the internal carotid a. discovered in adult patients: one case of cervical segmental agenesis (no. 1), one case of cervical and petrosal segmental agenesis (no. 2), two cases of vertical cavernous segmental agenesis (nos. 3 and 4) and two cases of distal segmental agenesis, one unilateral (no. 5) and the other bilateral (no. 6). The collateral pathways observed were: the ascending pharyngeal a. which constitutes an "intratympanic course" of the internal carotid a. (no. 1), an intercarotid anastomosis (no. 2), an arterial network at the base of the skull, the so-called "rete mirabile" (nos. 3 and 4) and the posterior communicating a. (nos. 5 and 6). Recognition of these rare dysgenesis relies upon the following radio-anatomic characteristics: reduced caliber of the a., inconsistent sparing of the carotid body, reduced diameter or even absence of the carotid canal and above all, the presence of collateral pathways. The collateral pathways allow an understanding of the segmental nature of carotid a. development and a distinction between congenital and acquired stenoses.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy
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    ABSTRACT: The overall haemorrhagic risk of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (cAVM) is 2-4% per year. However, the individual risk of haemorrhage has never been determined. This study was undertaken to assess the haemorrhage risk of an individual cAVM. Neuroangiographic findings of 160 cAVM were analysed retrospectively, looking at 30 angiographic features. A statistical model was established by logistic regression to evaluate the risk of an individual cAVM. We statistically correlated 15 parameters with the haemorrhage risk. The statistical model includes five independent parameters. Four are unfavourable: exclusively deep drainage, venous stenoses, venous reflux and the radio of afferent to efferent systems; one is favourable: venous recruitment. This model quantifies the individual risk of haemorrhage. When this model is applied to the population studied, the error rate is 5%. This model can contribute to therapeutic strategy, and to a better understanding of the natural history of cAVM.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: A case involving the absence of the midthird portion of the basilar artery (BA) associated with a ruptured fusiform aneurysm of the superior third of the basilar artery discovered after a subarachnoid hemorrhage is reported. Surgical clipping was precluded by the anatomical conditions. The aneurysm was treated by occlusion (surgical clipping and balloon occlusion) of both posterior communicating arteries to decrease the hemodynamic stress on the aneurysm wall. The pericerebellar arterial network was allowed to supply the distal BA and its collateral vessels indirectly. This treatment proved to be efficient; angiography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated shrinkage of the aneurysm cavity. The absence of the midthird of the BA is usually associated with a persisting trigeminal artery (nonexistent in this case) or disclosed in cases of acute BA occlusion in dramatic clinical conditions. A similar anatomical feature has been described only once before. There may be a segmental maldevelopment of the longitudinal neural arteries during embryogenesis or a defect in fusion of these paired structures during the development of the BA itself.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1996 · Journal of Neurosurgery