[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
The prognosis of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is poor, and the best treatment is controversial. Since the majority of AML patients are older than 60 years, identification of those who might benefit from intensive treatment is essential.
Data from electronic charts of consecutive AML patients treated in our center were analyzed. Eligibility criteria included newly diagnosed de novo or secondary AML, an age of 60 years or older, and intensive induction treatment.
Sixty-two patients were included in the analysis. Forty-six patients (74%) achieved complete remission (CR) after 1-2 intensive induction courses. Twenty of them received consolidation with conventional chemotherapy, 20 proceeded to allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), and 6 were ineligible for further treatment. The projected overall survival (OS) at 2 and 3 years was 28 and 23%, respectively. A normal karyotype, CR achievement, and allo-HCT were associated with improved OS, while an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 was borderline associated. The median survival and disease-free survival at 2 years was 18.7 months and 49%, respectively, for patients who underwent allo-HCT in CR1, compared to 12.8 months and 25%, respectively, for those who did not.
Based on our data, selected eligible elderly AML patients might benefit from intensive treatment.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Acta Haematologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Salvage chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard second-line treatment for relapsed and refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, the strategy is less clear in patients who require third-line treatment. Updated outcomes of 203 patients who could not proceed to scheduled ASCT in the Collaborative Trial in Relapsed Aggressive Lymphoma (CORAL) are herein reviewed. In the intent-to-treat analysis, overall response rate to third-line chemotherapy was 39%, with 27% CR or CR unconfirmed, and 12% PR. Among the 203 patients, 64 (31.5%) were eventually transplanted (ASCT 56, allogeneic SCT 8). Median overall survival (OS) of the entire population was 4.4 months. OS was significantly improved in patients with lower tertiary International Prognostic Index (IPI), patients responding to third-line treatment and patients transplanted with a 1-year OS of 41.6% compared with 16.3% for the not transplanted (P<0.0001). In multivariate analysis, IPI at relapse (hazard ratio (HR) 2.409) and transplantation (HR 0.375) independently predicted OS. Third-line salvage chemotherapy can lead to response followed by transplantation and long-term survival in DLBCL patients. However, improvement of salvage efficacy is an urgent need with new drugs.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 14 September 2015; doi:10.1038/bmt.2015.213.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Bone marrow transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: R-CHOP-21 has remained the standard chemotherapy for aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It was suggested that decreasing the treatment interval from three weeks (CHOP-21) to two weeks (CHOP-14) may improve survival and disease control of patients with aggressive lymphoma.
To evaluate the effect of CHOP-like-14 (with or without rituximab) compared to standard CHOP-like -21 on overall survival (OS), disease control and toxicity of patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs. In October 2014 we searched The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, LILACS, conference proceedings, and databases of ongoing trials. Authors were contacted for complementary data. The primary outcome was OS.
We identified seven trials (4073 patients), conducted between the years 1999 and 2008. Trials were at low or unclear risk for selection bias, and at low or unclear risk of attrition bias. CHOP-like-14 improved OS of patients with aggressive lymphoma compared to the same regimen given every 21 days (all trials): HR of death 0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77-0.97. There was no OS difference between rituximab-CHOP-like 14 to rituximab-CHOP-like-21 (3 trials): HR 0.93 95% CI 0.78-1.10. The rates of progression or death, complete response, treatment-related mortality, grade 3-4 infection, and discontinuation were similar between groups.
R-CHOP-21 remains the standard of care for patient with aggressive B-cell lymphoma. CHOP-14 can be considered as in case rituximab is omitted.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to study the risk factors for first and subsequent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection among patients who are CMV seropositive and underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
We performed a historical cohort study of all sequential CMV-seropositive patients who underwent allogeneic HCT at a single center. Between May 2007 and December 2012, 121 patients fulfilled inclusion criteria.
Multivariate model identified myeloablative preparative regimen (hazard ratio [HR] = 4.297, P = 0.033) and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prior to infection (HR = 5.091, P = 0.021) as risk factors for first CMV infection. The cumulative incidences of first CMV infection for patients with 0, 1, and 2 risk factors were 52%, 71%, and 91%, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified the diagnosis of lymphoma/myeloma (HR = 3.5, P = 0.049) and GVHD (HR = 1.280, P = 0.045) as risk factors for subsequent CMV infection. High graft CD3 stem cell dose was associated with a trend of lower rate of subsequent CMV infection (HR = 0.543, P = 0.056). The cumulative incidences for subsequent CMV infection in patients with 0, 1, and 2-3 risk factors were 11%, 41%, and 77%, respectively.
In conclusion, in CMV-seropositive patients, myeloablative conditioning and acute GVHD are risk factors for first CMV infection, while lymphoma /myeloma, ongoing GVHD, and low CD3 graft content are risk factors for subsequent infection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
No preview · Article · May 2015 · Transplant Infectious Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with other treatment modalities to analyze the risk for various secondary malignancies (SMs). Relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals were estimated and pooled. Our search yielded 36 trials. The median follow-up was 55 (range 12-144) months. Overall, the RR for developing SMs was 1.23 ((0.97-1.55), I(2)=4%, 9870 patients). Subgroup analysis of trials assessing TBI-containing preparative regimens and of patients with baseline lymphoproliferative diseases, showed there was a higher risk for SMs in patients given autografts (RR=1.61 (1.05-2.48), I(2)=14%, 2218 patients and RR=1.62 (1.12-2.33), I(2)=22%, 3343 patients, respectively). Among all patients, there was a higher rate of myelodysplastic syndrome MDS/AML in patients given HCT compared with other treatments (RR=1.71 (1.18-2.48), I(2)=0%, 8778 patients). The risk of secondary solid malignancies was comparable in the short term between patients given HCT and patients given other treatments (RR=0.95 (0.67-1.32), I(2)=0%, 5925 patients). We conclude that overall the risk of secondary MDS/AML is higher in patients given autologous HCT compared with other treatments. In the subgroup of patients given a TBI-based regimen and in those with a baseline lymphoproliferative disease, there was a higher risk of overall SMs.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 9 February 2015; doi:10.1038/bmt.2014.325.
No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Bone Marrow Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Total therapy 3 is an intensified protocol for multiple myeloma (MM). The “real life” outcomes of this protocol were seldom reported. Data was obtained for 81 patients (newly diagnosed, n = 49; progressive MM, n = 32), most of which had high risk parameters. Overall response rate following (V)DT-PACE was 96% and 75% for the newly diagnosed and progressive groups, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 42.5 and 9 months, respectively. The 2 year overall survival was 88% and 40%, respectively. Treatment with (V)DT-PACE achieves high response rate among patients with high-risk disease, which can be translated into long-term remission only for newly diagnosed patients.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Leukemia Research