Yasuko Tanabe

Asahikawa Medical University, Asakhigava, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (25)59.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on the cardiac MRI (CMR) indicates myocardial fibrosis and provides information of possible reentry substrates. QT dynamicity reflecting repolarization abnormalities has gained attention as a potential prognostic predictive factor. To clarify the correlation between the LGE distribution on CMR and QT dynamicity represented by the QT/RR relationship. CMR and QT/RR analyses using Holter monitoring were performed in 34 patients (24 males, 60 ± 11 years) with ventricular tachycardia (VT) and/or ventricular fibrillation (VF). The LGE on CMR was scored using a 4-point score in 17 left ventricular segments. The sum of the LGE scores was calculated for each patient. The QT/RR slope and daytime/nighttime QT/RR ratio (day/night ratio) were calculated. The correlation between the slope or the day/night QT/RR ratio and late enhancement findings was analyzed. All patients were divided into 23 LGE positive (LGE(+)) and 11 LGE negative (LGE(-)) patients. The slopes of the QTe/RR and QTa /RR were significantly steeper in the LGE(+) than in LGE(-) patients (0.21 ± 0.03 vs 0.13 ± 0.02; P < 0.001, 0.19 ± 0.03 vs 0.13 ± 0.02; P < 0.001, respectively), and both slopes were significantly correlated with the total LGE scores (r = 0.83, P < 0.001; r = 0.71, P < 0.001, respectively). In the LGE(+) patients, the QTe day/night (1.37 ± 0.38 vs 0.91 ± 0.33; P = 0.002) and QTa day/night ratios (1.33 ± 0.26 vs 1.06 ± 0.30; P = 0.011) were significantly greater than those in the LGE(-) patients. The LGE distribution was closely related to the QT dynamicity, suggesting that a combination of these markers can be a powerful tool for understanding the background pathophysiology. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of myocardial scar detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has been described as a good independent predictor of mortality in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Time-domain T-wave alternans (TWA) is also a potential predictor of cardiac mortality in patients with LV dysfunction. To elucidate the relationship between the LGE distribution and TWA in patients with HCM. CMR and TWA analyses using Holter monitoring were performed in 42 patients with HCM. The average transmural extent of the LGE was scored as 1 to 4 in each segment and the sum of the LGE scores (Total LGE score) was calculated in each patient. The correlation between the maximal time-domain TWA voltage and LGE findings was analyzed and the differences in the time-domain TWA, total LGE, and cardiac function assessed by CMR in the presence or absence of VT were also compared. The total LGE score was significantly and positively correlated with the maximal time-domain TWA voltage (r=0.59, P<0.001). Furthermore, the total LGE and maximal time-domain TWA voltage were significantly greater in the patients who had episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) (n=21) than in those without [23±7 vs. 10±8 (P<0.001); 87±26 vs. 62±12 μV (P<0.001), respectively]. However, the left ventricular ejection fraction did not statistically differ between the patients with VT and those without (56±14 vs. 61±7%, P=0.102). The magnitude of the localized LGE was significantly correlated with abnormalities in ventricular repolarization as assessed by TWA and QTd. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of a myocardial scar detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has been described as a predictor of all-cause mortality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, the detailed spatial relationship between LGE site and electrical abnormality is unclear in high risk HCM with malignant arrhythmia. To elucidate the detailed relationship between the site on CMR imaging and the electrically damaged site, a potential origin of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with HCM. Fifty consecutive HCM patients underwent contrast-enhanced CMR. Among them, 18 patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) underwent electrophysiologic study including endocardial mapping of the left ventricle (LV). LGE area was calculated at 12 different LV sites; Anterior, Lateral, Posterior and Septal segments of the Basal, Middle and Apical portions. At each LV site, the bipolar electrogram, effective refractory period (ERP), and monophasic action potential (MAP) were recorded. LGE-positive segments demonstrated a significantly lower amplitude (4.0±2.8 versus 7.3±3.6 mV, P<0.001), longer duration (54.7±17.8 versus 40.6±7.8 ms, P<0.001), longer ERP (320±42 versus 284±37 ms, P=0.001), and longer MAP duration measured at 90% repolarization (APD90) (321±19 versus 283±25 ms, P<0.001) than the LGE-negative segments. The LGE area negatively correlated with the amplitude (r=-0.59, P<0.001), and positively correlated with the duration (r=0.64, P<0.001), ERP (r=0.44, P<0.001) and APD90 (r=0.63, P<0.001). All of the observed VTs originated from the LGE positive segments. The spatial distribution of LGE significantly correlates with depolarizing and repolarizing electrical damage in high risk HCM with malignant ventricular arrhythmia. Copyright © 2015 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: We reported impaired QT-rate dependence in early repolarization syndrome (ERS); however, contemporary data have shown peak incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in ERS and Brugada syndrome (BrS) at mid-night and early morning. Taken together, we analyzed the nocturnal QT-rate dependence in both syndromes. Methods and results: A total of 172 subjects were enrolled: 11 ERS, 11 BrS patients, 50 subjects with an uneventful ER pattern (ERP), and 100 non-J-wave control subjects. Ambulatory ECG-derived parameters (QT, QTc, and QT/RR slope) and day-night QT difference were analyzed and compared. Among the groups, there was no significant difference in the average QT or QTc; however, the 24-hour QT/RR slope was significantly smaller in ERS and BrS patients (0.103 ± 0.01 and 0.106 ± 0.01, respectively) than in the control group (0.156 ± 0.03, P < 0.001). Detailed analysis showed a lower day-night QT difference in ERS and BrS patients (19 ±18.7 and 24 ±14 milliseconds, respectively) than in the controls (40 ± 22 milliseconds, P = 0.007) with the lowest QT/RR slopes seen in the ERS and BrS groups from 0 to 3:00 am (QT/RR; 0.076 ± 0.02 vs. 0.092 ± 0.04 vs. 0.117 ± 0.04, for the ERS, BrS, and controls, respectively, P = 0.004) and from 3 to 6 am (QT/RR 0.074 ± 0.03 vs. 0.079 ± 0.02 vs. 0.118 ± 0.04, P < 0.001). Conclusion: In a large population of age- and gender-matched groups, both ERS and BrS patients showed attenuated QT-rate dependence and impaired QT day-night modulation that may provide a baseline reentrant substrate. Importantly, QT/RR maladaptation was most evident at mid-night and early morning, which may explain the propensity of such patients to develop SCD during this critical period.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia that does not infrequently induce ischemic strokes; however, little research has been reported on focal cerebral microangiopathic lesions in patients with AF. Recently cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) have been noticed for their potential implication in cerebral small vessel disease. Therefore, we had 2 goals in the present study: (1) to compare the prevalence of CMBs in patients with AF with that in patients without AF, and (2) to prove that CMBs could be a clinical predictive factor for the development of future cerebral microangiopathy in patients with AF without a history of symptomatic cerebral infarction in a prospective manner. Methods We performed yearly brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments for a maximum of 5 years in 131 patients with AF and 112 control patients. Seventy-seven patients with AF underwent more than 3 yearly MRI scans. Results The Kaplan–Meier curve showed that the development of an asymptomatic cerebral infarction (ACI) was associated with the baseline presence of a CMB (P = .004). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the CMBs at baseline were significantly associated with an increment in not only the occurrence of ACIs (hazard ratio [HR], 5.414; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-28.43; P = .046) but also in the consecutive development of CMBs (HR, 6.274; 95% CI, 1.43-27.56; P = .015). Conclusions Patients with AF had a significantly higher prevalence of CMBs. The presence of CMBs in the baseline MRI may predict the consequent onset of an ACI and increase in CMBs in patients with AF.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association
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    ABSTRACT: We describe three cases of J-wave syndrome in which ventricular fibrillation (VF) was probably induced by corticosteroid therapy. The patients involved were being treated with prednisolone for concomitant bronchial asthma. One of the three patients had only one episode of VF during her long follow-up period (14 years). Two patients had hypokalemia during their VF episodes. Corticosteroids have been shown to induce various types of arrhythmia and to modify cardiac potassium channels. We discuss the possible association between corticosteroid therapy and VF in J-wave syndrome based on the cases we have encountered.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Heart and Vessels
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    ABSTRACT: Almost all current investigations on early repolarization syndrome (ERS) have focused on the J-wave characteristics and ST-segment configuration; however, few have reported on ventricular repolarization indexes in ERS. A total of 145 subjects were enrolled: 10 ERS patients, 45 uneventful ER pattern (ERP) subjects, and 90 healthy controls without J waves or ST-segment elevation. Ambulatory ECG-derived parameters (QT, QTc(B), QTc(F), T peak-Tend(Tpe), and QT/RR slope) were measured and statistically compared. Among the groups, there was no significant difference in the average QT and QTc(B); however, ERS patients had the shortest QTc(F) and longest Tpe (QTc(F): 396.2 ± 19 vs 410.4 ± 20 vs 419.2 ± 19 milliseconds, P = 0.036, Tpe: 84.9 ± 12 vs 70.4 ± 11 vs 66.9 ± 15 milliseconds, P < 0.001, for the ERS, ERP, and control groups, respectively). Importantly, the 24-hour QT/RR slope was significantly smaller in the ERS than ERP and control groups (QT/RR: 0.105 ± 0.01 vs 0.154 ± 0.02 vs 0.161 ± 0.03, respectively; P < 0.001). When analyzing the diurnal and nocturnal QT/RR slopes, ERS patients had small diurnal and nocturnal QT/RR slopes while the ERP and control groups had large diurnal and small nocturnal QT/RR slopes (diurnal QT/RR: 0. 077 ± 0.01 vs 0.132 ± 0.03 vs 0.143 ± 0.03, P < 0.001; nocturnal QT/RR: 0.093 ± 0.02 vs 0.129 ± 0.03 vs 0.130 ± 0.04, P = 0.02 in the ERS, ERP, and control groups, respectively). ERS patients had a continuously depressed diurnal and nocturnal adaptation of the QT interval to the heart rate. Such abnormal repolarization dynamics might provide a substrate for reentry and be an important element for developing ventricular fibrillation in the ERS cohort.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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    ABSTRACT: Large infarcts are associated with a terminal QRS-distortion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on the cardiac MRI (CMR) can depict an infarct distribution. However, less is known about the relationship between the LGE findings and QRS-distortion on admission, including the best ECG-lead location to reveal the QRS-distortion (DIS-lead) in STEMI patients. Fifty STEMI patients successfully treated with percutaneous coronary intervention were classified into two groups according to whether the QRS-distortion was positive (+) or negative (-). The LGE on a recent CMR was classified into 12 left ventricular segments (Basal-Middle-Apical × Anterior-Septal-Inferior-Lateral). The coincidences between the segmental LGE scores and DIS-lead were investigated. All patients were divided into 23 QRS-distortion (+) and 27 QRS-distortion (-) groups. The total LGE score was significantly greater in the QRS-distortion (+) group (14.7 ± 6.8 versus 9.6 ± 6.2, P < 0.01). The highest LGE score in 96% of QRS-distortion (+) patients was 4, and a score 4 segment indicated a good selection of the DIS-lead (86.4%). QRS-distortion in the ECG on admission represents severe transmural infarction in the LGE using CMR, which represents large infarcts in STEMI patients.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: J Wave Syndromes. Introduction: Recently, great attention has been paid to the risk stratification of asymptomatic patients with an electrocardiographic early repolarization (ER) pattern. We investigated several repolarization parameters including the Tpeak-Tend interval and Tpeak-Tend/QT ratio in healthy individuals and patients with J wave syndrome who were aborted from sudden cardiac death. Methods and Results: Ninety-two subjects were enrolled: 12 patients with ventricular fibrillation associated with J waves, 40 healthy subjects with an uneventful ER pattern and 40 healthy control subjects (C) without any evident J waves. Using ambulatory electrocardiogram recordings, the average QT interval, corrected QT interval (QTc), Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval, which is the interval from the peak to the end of the T wave, and Tp-e/QT ratio were calculated. Using ANOVA and post hoc analysis, there was no significant difference in the average QT and QTc in all 3 groups (QT; 396 ± 27 vs 405 ± 27 vs 403 ± 27 m, QTc; 420 ± 26 vs 421 ± 21 vs 403 ± 19 milliseconds in the C, ER pattern and J groups, respectively). The Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were significantly more increased in the J wave group than the ER Pattern group (Tp-e: 86.7 ± 14 milliseconds vs 68 ± 13.2 milliseconds, P < 0.001, Tp-e/QT; 0.209 ± 0.04 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P < 0.001), but they did not significantly differ between the C and ER pattern groups (Tp-e: 68.6 ± 7.5 vs 68 ± 13.2, P = 0.97, Tp-e/QT 0.174 ± 0.02 vs 0.171 ± 0.03, P = 0.4). Conclusion: As novel markers of heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization, Tpeak-Tend interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio are significantly increased in patients with J wave syndromes compared to age and sex-matched uneventful ER. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 23 pp. 1109-1114, October 2012)
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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    ABSTRACT: Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the α-galactosidase A gene (GLA), and the disease is a relatively prevalent cause of left ventricular hypertrophy mimicking idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We assessed clinically 5 patients of a three-generation family and also searched for GLA mutations in 10 family members. The proband had left ventricular hypertrophy with localized thinning in the basal posterior wall and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the near-circumferential wall in cardiovascular magnetic resonance images and her sister had vasospastic angina pectoris without organic stenosis of the coronary arteries. LGE notably appeared in parallel with decreased α-galactosidase A activity and increased NT-pro BNP in our patients. We detected a new GLA missense mutation (G195V) in exon 4, resulting in a glycine-to-valine substitution. Of the 10 family members, 5 family members each were positive and negative for this mutation. These new data extend our clinical and molecular knowledge of GLA gene mutations and confirm that a novel missense mutation in the GLA gene is important not only for a precise diagnosis of heterozygous status, but also for confirming relatives who are negative for this mutation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the α-galactosidase A gene (GLA), and the disease is a relatively prevalent cause of left ventricular hypertrophy mimicking idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We assessed clinically 5 patients of a three-generation family and also searched for GLA mutations in 10 family members. The proband had left ventricular hypertrophy with localized thinning in the basal posterior wall and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the near-circumferential wall in cardiovascular magnetic resonance images and her sister had vasospastic angina pectoris without organic stenosis of the coronary arteries. LGE notably appeared in parallel with decreased α-galactosidase A activity and increased NT-pro BNP in our patients. We detected a new GLA missense mutation (G195V) in exon 4, resulting in a glycine-to-valine substitution. Of the 10 family members, 5 family members each were positive and negative for this mutation. These new data extend our clinical and molecular knowledge of GLA gene mutations and confirm that a novel missense mutation in the GLA gene is important not only for a precise diagnosis of heterozygous status, but also for confirming relatives who are negative for this mutation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of advanced atrioventricular (AV) block, in which treatment with cilostazol was effective in recovering the AV conduction. The patient was referred to our hospital for close examination of the advanced AV block and permanent pacemaker implantation. Although the patient had experienced third-degree AV block with occasional AV synchrony for more than two days, the AV conduction completely recovered after treatment with oral cilostazol at 200 mg/day. Here we discuss the possible mechanism of the improvement in the AV conduction by cilostazol.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a life-threatening disorder which presents with periodic episodes of hypovolemic shock, due to plasma leakage to the extra-vascular space reflected by accompanying hypoalbuminemia, hemoconcentration and edema often with associated monoclonal gammopathy. We describe a 28-year-old woman with SCLS who required aggressive fluid resuscitation and was successfully treated with corticosteroid, terbutaline, and theophylline. At exacerbation, the levels of serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were increased. Thus, G-CSF might play an important role and can be a useful biomarker for the severity of attacks in SCLS.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To elucidate whether the delayed enhancement (DE) distribution on cardiac MRI (CMR) correlates with the rate adaptation pattern and QT/RR diurnal variability in patients with lethal ventricular arrhythmias. Methods: CMR and QT/RR analyses using Holter monitoring were performed in 34 patients (24 males, 59.7±10.5 years) with VT and/or VF. DE on CMR was depicted and the depth was scored as 1 to 4 from the endocardium to epicardium in 17 left ventricular segments. The sum of the scores (Total DE score) was calculated in each patient. The QT/RR slope and day-time/night-time QT/RR ratio (Day/Night ratio) were calculated. The correlation of the slope or Day/Night ratio and DE findings were analyzed. Results: All patients were divided into 23 DE positive (DE(+)) and 11 DE negative (DE(−)) patients. The QT/RR slope was significantly steeper in the DE(+) than DE(−) patients (0.212±0.026 vs. 0.128±0.021 (p<0.001)), and correlated significantly with the Total DE scores (r=0.83 (p<0.001)). The Day/Night ratio was significantly greater in the DE(+) patients than DE(−) patients (1.37±0.38 vs. 0.91±0.33 (p<0.005)). Conclusions: The transmural DE distribution was deeply related to the QT dynamicity pattern in addition to the diurnal QT/RR variability. These results indicate that myocardial scar demonstrated by DE results in increases in the repolarization dispersion in healthy and damaged myocardium, causing severe ventricular arrhythmias in organic heart disease patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of Arrhythmia

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: In December 2007, a woman was involved in a traffic accident. At first, her vital signs were normal, but electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads. She was diagnosed as a blunt chest trauma-induced myocardial infarction. Her right coronary angiography showed total occlusion. She underwent an emergency coronary artery bypass surgery; 64-multi-detector-row computed tomography (64-MDCT) demonstrated an intravascular protruding lesion, which suggested subintimal hematoma. One month later, repeat coronary angiogram showed spontaneous recanalization, and 64-MDCT showed no discontinuous vessel wall. Coronary artery occlusion secondary to blunt chest trauma is rare, and it's even rarer to have spontaneous recanalization.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence suggests an association between vasospastic angina and Brugada syndrome. Here we present two cases of coronary artery disease who presented with ECG abnormalities which might have been provoked or enhanced by ischemia of the conus branch of the right coronary artery. The 12-lead ECGs demonstrated normal sinus rhythm in these two cases. Interestingly, a saddle back or coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1-V3 was documented either in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty procedure of the proximal right coronary artery or with an intracoronary acetylcholine (Ach) administration into the right coronary artery. These Brugada type ECG changes were restored to the baseline ECG waveform after improvement in the ischemia. In the second case, vasospasms of the conus branch of the right coronary artery were associated with a coved type ST segment elevation in leads V1 to V2. We discuss the possible interaction between ischemia caused by conus branch lesions and Brugada type electrocardiographic changes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a thought-provoking case of Brugada syndrome in which a relationship between the diurnal electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and sex hormone levels was observed. A 36-year-old man who experienced cardiac arrest was referred to our hospital. He had a family history of sudden cardiac death. The 12-lead ECG exhibited a mild coved type ST-segment elevation in leads V1 and V2, which was enhanced by intravenous pilsicainide injection. Hence, this case was diagnosed as Brugada syndrome. The circadian rhythm of the serum testosterone level revealed low levels in the daytime (1.66-1.99 ng/mL) and high levels (2.52-3.42 ng/mL) in the nighttime. Interestingly, augmentation of the ST segment elevation and widening of the P wave were observed at around 2:00 AM, when the serum testosterone was recorded at its highest. Our report discusses the influence of the circadian rhythms of sex hormones on the ECG changes in Brugada syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the ideal control of atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with hypertensive patients depends on the usage of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors or whether it occurs regardless of the kind of antihypertensive agents used. The control of AF was compared in 112 outpatients between 1) those with or without the administration of RAS inhibitors, and 2) those with an ideal or poor control of the blood pressure (BP) regardless of the kind of antihypertensive therapy used. The therapies with or without RAS inhibitors did not yield any significant difference in the AF control states, even though RAS inhibitors had been administered to the patient group with a high proportion of organic heart disease. The ideal BP control group exhibited a significantly better AF control in comparison to the poor BP control group. The former group had a significantly smaller left atrial diameter determined by ultrasonic echocardiography. BP control itself may essentially be important for preventing AF in the general patient population. Poor BP control seemed to have an affect on worsening AF possibly via left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, followed by left atrial overload.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · International Heart Journal