F Crucitti

The Catholic University of America, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States

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Publications (163)361.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The number of hepatic resections for benign and malignant lesions has constantly increased over the past 20 years, as a consequence, surgical experience acquired over the past few years has decreased post-operative morbidity and mortality rates. Analysing the relation between potential preoperative risk factors and the occurrence of severe post-operative complications, an attempt is made to identify the variables determining surgical risk in elective hepatic surgery both in normal and cirrhotic liver. The hospital records of 254 patients who underwent elective liver surgical procedures for hepatic lesions in our department, between 1984 and 1999, were reviewed. The following variables were entered into univariate and multivariate analysis: age, sex, nature of liver lesion (benign or malignant), presence of cirrhosis or cholestasis, synchronous resection of other organs, disorders of blood coagulation, intraoperative blood requirement, the extent of surgical procedures and Pringle's manoeuvre. The multivariate analysis of the 254 surgical operations on the liver indicates that the most powerful independent predictors favouring a serious adverse effect includes intra-operative blood transfusions, advanced age and cirrhosis. Scrupulous preoperative clinical evaluation and expert surgical skills minimize intra-operative bleeding and proved to be the most significant factors influencing morbidity and mortality rates.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2001 · Digestive and Liver Disease
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    ABSTRACT: The hospital records of 639 patients affected by primary gastric cancer who were consecutively admitted to our unit during the period 1981-1995 were reviewed. Overall 220 underwent total gastrectomy (38 palliative), 12 had resection of the gastric stump, 195 had distal subtotal gastrectomy (55 palliative), 78 had bypass procedures, 72 had explorative laparotomy, and 62 had no operation. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate 5-year survival with respect to the main clinical, pathologic, and treatment variables after both curative and palliative treatments. Overall the 5-year survival after curative treatment (320 patients-operative mortality excluded) was 55.5%: 91.1% for stage IA, 71.5% IB, 62.4% II, 37.5% IIIA, 31.5% IIIB. Among patients who underwent palliative treatment 5-year survival was 13.1% after gastric resection (total or distal subtotal), 4.9% after the bypass procedures, 0 after explorative laparotomy, and 0 after no operation. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses showed that variables independently associated with poor survival were advanced stage, upper location and D1 lymphadenectomy after curative treatment, tumor spread to distant sites, and nonresectional surgery after palliative treatment. Multivariate analysis showed that even though survival with gastric cancer depends on predetermined factors, the type of surgery can have a significant effect on prognosis after both curative and palliative treatment.
    No preview · Article · May 2000 · World Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the results of surgical treatment in a series of patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcomas consecutively treated by the same surgical team. The hospital records of 42 patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcomas who underwent surgical exploration at our unit from 1984 to 1995 were reviewed. A univariate analysis was used to identify the main clinical, pathologic, and treatment-related factors affecting long-term survival. Twenty-five patients (59.6%) underwent radical surgery. The 5-year survival and 5-year disease-free survival after radical resection were 48.1% and 38.8%, respectively. According to the univariate analysis of survival tumor classification (T), stage and gross surgical margins significantly affected prognosis. The study indicates that even though there are predetermined and unmodifiable tumor-related factors, such as tumor classification (T) and stage, that influence survival in patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas, wide surgical excision offers a concrete chance for long-term survival.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1999 · World Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: After trauma or surgery, researchers have suggested that medium-chain triglycerides have metabolic advantages, although they are toxic in large doses. To try to reduce this potential toxicity, structured lipids, which provide a higher oxidation rate, faster clearance from blood, improved nitrogen balance, and less accumulation in the reticuloendothelial system, could be used. Therefore, we evaluated, through a blind randomized study, the safety, tolerance, and efficacy of structured triglycerides, compared with long-chain triglycerides (LCT), in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Nineteen patients were randomized to receive long-chain or structured triglycerides as a lipid source. They received the same amount of calories (27.2/kg/d), glucose (4 g/kg/d), protein (0.2 g/kg/d), and lipids (11.2 kcal/kg/d). Patients were evaluated during and after the treatment for clinical and laboratory variables, daily and cumulative nitrogen balance, urinary excretion of 3-methyl-histidine, and urinary 3-methylhistidine/creatinine ratio. No adverse effect that required the interruption of the treatment was observed. Triglyceride levels and clinical and laboratory variables were similar in the two groups. A predominantly positive nitrogen balance was observed from day 2 until day 5 in the LCT group and from day 1 until day 4 in the structured triglycerides group. The cumulative nitrogen balance (in grams) for days 1 to 3 was 9.7+/-5.2 in the experimental group and 4.4+/-11.8 in the control group (p = .2). For days 1 to 5 it was 10.7+/-10.5 and 6.5+/-17.9 (p = .05), respectively. The excretion of 3-methylhistidine was higher in the control group but decreased in the following days and was similar to the experimental group on day 5. This study represents the first report in which structured triglycerides are administered in postoperative patients to evaluate safety, tolerance, and efficacy. It suggests that Fe73403 is safe, well tolerated, and efficacious in terms of nitrogen balance when compared with LCT emulsion.
    No preview · Article · May 1999 · Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: Few reports of the Western countries have investigated the value of palliative surgery for stomach cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of palliative surgery in a large series of patients affected by gastric carcinoma, consecutively treated by the same surgical team. The hospital records of 305 patients affected by gastric cancer who did not undergo surgical treatment or who underwent a palliative surgical procedure at our unit between 1981 and 1995 were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to calculate the 5-year survival probabilities with respect to the following variables: demographic data, tumor location and gross appearance, spread of the disease, histological type according to P. Lauren, and type of treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that resectional surgery and tumor spread limited to local sites were independently associated with better survival. The study indicates that even though there are host-related factors that govern survival in far-advanced stomach cancer, the type of surgery can have a significant effect on prognosis; resectional surgery should be undertaken whenever possible in such patients.
    No preview · Article · May 1999 · The American surgeon
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    ABSTRACT: Few reports from the Western hemisphere have investigated the impact of pathological features and surgical modalities on the prognosis of patients affected by early gastric cancer (EGC). In particular, the extent of lymphadenectomy (limited vs. extended) and the type of gastric resection (subtotal vs. total) remain controversial issues in the management of EGC. The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing prognosis in patients affected by EGC. Hospital records and pathological specimens of 72 patients with EGC undergoing resective surgery during the period 1981-1995 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient status was determined by follow-up examination or by telephone contact. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to calculate the 5-year survival probabilities with respect to the following variables: age (< or = 65, > 65), sex, depth of invasion (mucosal, submucosal) tumor location (upper, middle and lower third), gross appearance (type I, type II and type III), size (< or = 1.5 cm, > 1.5 cm), presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, histological type (intestinal, diffuse), extent of lymphadenectomy (limited or extended), and type of gastrectomy (total or distal subtotal). Survival was the outcome variable studied. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, nodal involvement and depth of invasion were independently associated with poor survival. Results showed a significant dominance of host- and tumor-related factors over the type of surgical procedure on prognosis of EGC patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 1999 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Lymph-node involvement is the most important prognostic factor in colorectal cancers. Many staging systems adopted node status as a parameter of tumor classification. However, the number of identified and positive glands varies across articles, depending on specimen examination. There is a consistent risk of substaging tumors and undertreating patients. Aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of different pathologic methods. Eight hundred one patients who underwent curative resection of colorectal cancer entered the study and were divided into two groups. In Group 1 the specimen was "en bloc" fixed, and nodes were identified by sight and palpation. In Group 2 the mesentery of the excised specimen was dissected away from the bowel, stretched, and pinned to cork board. The mesenteric segment surrounding the origin of principal vessels was divided from the segment surrounding the colic vessels. All specimen segments were fixed, node identification being performed by sight and palpation. Examined and positive nodes were recorded, and metastatic rate and incidence was calculated in the two groups. Patients were classified with use of different staging systems. Survival rates were calculated, related to tumor stage, and compared statistically. Pathologic procedures were included in a multivariate analysis. A significantly higher number of detected and positive nodes and metastatic rate (37.5 vs. 30.2 percent; P < 0.05) were observed in Group 2; 45.2 percent of Group 2 and 25.3 percent of Group 1 cases had more than three positive nodes (P < 0.05). In Group 2 several patients shifted from earlier to more advanced stages compared with Group 1 cases. Five-year and ten-year survival rates were significantly higher (P = 0.04) in Group 2 (81.5 and 77.2 percent) than in Group 1 (76.7 and 61.5 percent), mostly in patients with TNM Stage N0. Survival analysis related to Astler and Coller's and Tang's classifications confirmed such features. Higher rates of local recurrences and distant metastases were found in Group 1, particularly if related to node status (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated the pathologic method is an independent prognostic factor. This study demonstrates the prognostic impact of specimen examination. Inaccurate methods could down-stage the tumor and exclude the patient from adjuvant therapies, with detrimental effects on the outcome of the case.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
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    ABSTRACT: Aim of this study was to evaluate the preliminary outcomes of a multidisciplinary treatment of carcinoma of the head of the pancreas. Fourteen patients were treated with 39.8 Gy of preoperative radiotherapy combined with continuous infusion of 5FU (1000 mg/m2, days 1-4), followed by radical surgery if feasible. No patients had grade 3-4 acute toxicity during chemoradiation. Two out 14 patients showed minor response and 3 patients a disease progression. Four patients were suitable for radical surgery. Median survival of the whole group is 12 months. The treatment was feasible but new drugs should be tested to intensity the combined preoperative approach.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1999

  • No preview · Article · Nov 1998 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Tumour growth is angiogenesis dependent. Some authors suggest a prognostic role of microvessel count in colorectal cancer. We tested the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the switch to the angiogenic phenotype in 35 patients with colorectal cancer at different stages of disease. We evaluated the two angiogenic factors, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in tumour, peritumoral mucosa, pathological mesenteric and peripheral blood. We used ten endoscopic intestinal biopsies and ten peripheral blood samples from healthy subjects as control. bFGF was significantly lower in tumour tissues and in peritumoral mucosas than in healthy mucosas, whereas VEGF was up-regulated in tumours but not in peritumoral mucosa. Both angiogenic factors were greatly increased in mesenteric blood. VEGF tumour and serum levels were significantly correlated with the stage of disease. bFGF tumour and serum concentration were not correlated with the stage of disease. The high levels of bFGF in mesenteric blood suggest that this growth factor might be abnormally released from tumour tissue and peritumoral mucosa and could function as an early effector in the switch to the angiogenic phenotype. In contrast, VEGF, whose levels show a significant correlation with the stage of disease, could act in a following step, supporting tumour progression.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1998 · British Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Immunosuppression associated with homologous blood transfusion was first observed in renal allograft transplantation. Clinical effects of transfusion-induced immunosuppression in surgical patients have been debated in the literature for more than a decade with contradictory results. To investigate whether homologous blood transfusions significantly affect postoperative septic morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing elective surgery for gastric cancer. Case series. Hospitalized care. The hospital records of 209 patients who underwent elective surgery for gastric cancer at the Department of Surgery of the Hospital del Mar, Autonomous University of Barcelona in Spain, and at the Department of Surgery of the Catholic University of Rome in Italy from April 1984 to December 1990 were reviewed, and 179 patients were included in the study. The following variables were entered into univariate and multivariate analyses to identify factors potentially affecting postoperative septic morbidity: demographic data, weight loss, preoperative serum albumin level and lymphocyte count, type and duration of operative procedure, amount and timing of blood transfusion, and stage of disease. Univariate analysis showed that a large quantity of blood transfused (> 1500 mL) and transfusion in the postoperative period (group C) were associated with a worse clinical outcome. Postoperative transfusion was an independent predictor of septic morbidity in multivariate analysis. Despite transfusion-induced immunomodulation, homologous blood transfusion should not be considered a risk factor for postoperative septic morbidity in patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery. The timing-response relationship between transfusions and septic morbidity in multivariate analysis may be the effect of uncontrolled confounders such as variation of volemia induced by stress response in patients who were developing or had just developed infectious complications.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1998 · Archives of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Immunosuppression associated with homologous blood transfusion was first observed in renal allograft transplantation. Clinical effects of transfusion-induced immunosuppression in surgical patients have been debated in the literature for more than a decade with contradictory results.Objective To investigate whether homologous blood transfusions significantly affect postoperative septic morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing elective surgery for gastric cancer.Design Case series.Setting Hospitalized care.Patients The hospital records of 209 patients who underwent elective surgery for gastric cancer at the Department of Surgery of the Hospital del Mar, Autonomous University of Barcelona in Spain, and at the Department of Surgery of the Catholic University of Rome in Italy from April 1984 to December 1990 were reviewed, and 179 patients were included in the study.Main Outcome Measures The following variables were entered into univariate and multivariate analyses to identify factors potentially affecting postoperative septic morbidity: demographic data, weight loss, preoperative serum albumin level and lymphocyte count, type and duration of operative procedure, amount and timing of blood transfusion, and stage of disease.Results Univariate analysis showed that a large quantity of blood transfused (>1500 mL) and transfusion in the postoperative period (group C) were associated with a worse clinical outcome. Postoperative transfusion was an independent predictor of septic morbidity in multivariate analysis.Conclusions Despite transfusion-induced immunomodulation, homologous blood transfusion should not be considered a risk factor for postoperative septic morbidity in patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery. The timing-response relationship between transfusions and septic morbidity in multivariate analysis may be the effect of uncontrolled confounders such as variation of volemia induced by stress response in patients who were developing or had just developed infectious complications.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Archives of Surgery
  • I M Civello · D Frontera · G Viola · G Cina · G Sganga · F Crucitti
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    ABSTRACT: The surgical treatment of pancreatic carcinoma, and particularly the decision to resect locally advanced non-metastatic cancer is extremely controversial. The aim of this study is to report our experience in extensive pancreatectomy and draw conclusions regarding its effectiveness in treating locally advanced pancreatic cancer. In our Department of Surgery, 12 patients underwent pancreatic resective surgery extended to the portal vein (6 cases), to the superior mesenteric vein (1 case) or to other peripancreatic organs (5 cases). The procedure was considered curative in 7 cases. The mortality rate was 16.6% and the morbidity 25%. Four out of the five patients who had undergone vascular resection and had not died in the postoperative period survived for more than 12 months, while the 5 cases in whom the resection was extended to other organs survived from 9 to 93 months. In all cases, the quality of life was satisfactory until tumor recurrence, which occurred in 8 cases (66.7%). Two of the cases with vascular resection are still alive after 17 and 22 months. In all of these 12 cases, we were forced to perform "extensive" resective surgery, which was apparently curative, although we were not able to prevent recurrence in a high percentage of cases. Moreover, aggressive surgery seems justified in particular histotypes, such as in the carcinoid case reported in our study; debulking enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapy and permits relief of the endocrine symptoms eventually induced by the tumor.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical characteristics and patient outcome of a group of patients treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) were analyzed in order to assess the relative influence of different prognostic factors. We retrospectively reviewed data about sex, age, size and histologic behavior of the tumor, extrathyroid extension of the tumor, lymph node status, distant metastasis at diagnosis, surgical procedures, and overall survival from 234 patients treated for DTC. Data were submitted to a statistical analysis. Using a univariate analysis, we found that survival rates were significantly influenced by age (P = 0.0001), size (P = 0.018), extrathyroidal extension (P = 0.000001), lymph node involvement (P = 0.03), and distant metastases (P = 0.049). Age and size were independent prognostic factors at multivariate analysis (t = 2.694 and t = 2.443, respectively). On the basis of our results and of a review of the literature, we conclude that total thyroidectomy is the treatment of choice in DTC, except for small (<1 cm) papillary carcinoma, that could be treated by lobectomy plus isthmectomy, while lymphadenectomy is indicated only in case of macroscopic involvement.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
  • C Ratto · L Sofo · M Ippoliti · M Merico · G B Doglietto · F Crucitti
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of prognostic factors is a primary basis for planning the treatment and predicting the outcome of patients with colorectal cancer. Reviewing studies from the literature performed using univariate and multivariate analyses and their own study, the authors critically discuss the prognostic value of the clinicopathologic parameters of the tumor. Among 853 patients with colorectal tumors seen at the Department of Clinical Surgery of the Catholic University of Rome, Italy, 690 cases that were curatively resected the study. Overall survival rate, related to the clinicopathologic variables, was calculated, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Five-year and ten-year overall survival rates were 70 and 55 percent, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that node involvement, distant metastases, bowel obstruction, and patient gender are factors independently related to outcome. Data from the literature and the present study suggest that only a few clinical parameters, particularly bowel obstruction, and some pathologic factors (tumor stage, vessels invasion, and tumor ploidy) are related to patient survival rate and are the most reliable prognostic criteria. In prospective clinical studies, any other new pathologic or molecular factors should be matched with these parameters to confirm their value in outcome prediction.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Identification of prognostic factors is a primary basis for planning the treatment and predicting the outcome of patients with colorectal cancer. Reviewing studies from the literature performed using univariate and multivariate analyses and their own study, the authors critically discuss the prognostic value of the clinicopathologic parameters of the tumor. METHODS: Among 853 patients with colorectal tumors seen at the Department of Clinical Surgery of the Catholic University of Rome, Italy, 690 cases that were curatively resected entered the study. Overall survival rate, related to the clinicopathologic variables, was calculated, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Five-year and ten-year overall survival rates were 70 and 55 percent, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that node involvement, distant metastases, bowel obstruction, and patient gender are factors independently related to outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Data from the literature and the present study suggest that only a few clinical parameters, particularly bowel obstruction, and some pathologic factors (tumor stage, vessels invasion, and tumor ploidy) are related to patient survival rate and are the most reliable prognostic criteria. In prospective clinical studies, any other new pathologic or molecular factors should be matched with these parameters to confirm their value in outcome prediction.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1998 · Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy have been investigated in several studies about their role in primary (neoadjuvant) treatment before surgery in breast cancer. We proposed a pilot study to evaluate a primary scheme of alternate radio-chemotherapy in the treatment of operable (T2- small T3) breast cancer. 14 patients were recruited. Cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) were administered on days 1 and 8, every 4 wk, for two cycles. Radiotherapy was administered during the 3rd and 4th wk (5 d/wk) after the beginning of chemotherapy. The patients were operated on within 24 wk. All the patients received four additional cycles of chemotherapy within 1 mo after surgery. We observed: 1 (8.3%) complete remission (CR), 8 (66.7%) partial remission (PR), 3 (25%) stationary disease (SD); no progressive disease was observed. Modified radical mastectomy was performed on 7 patients (58.3%). Conservative surgery was performed on 5 cases (41.7%). No major complications were observed. No patient has shown local or distant recurrence. This study shows the feasibility of a primary chemoradiotherapy treatment for breast cancer. But to evaluate the impact of this therapy on overall survival and recurrence risk and its possible introduction in clinical practice, we need larger series and longer follow-up.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1998 · Journal of Surgical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 1998 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: A series of 101 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatic resection for cancer was retrospectively analyzed to define factors that may affect the immediate postoperative outcome. Overall morbidity and mortality were 28.7% and 10.9%, respectively, although these figures were greatly reduced during the last years; the complication rate dropped from 55.6% (1981-1987) to 20.0% (1993-1995) and the mortality from 16.7% to 6.7%. At univariate statistical analysis the patient characteristics (sex, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] class, nutritional status, jaundice), tumor characteristics (site, size, TNM stage, and grading), and type of surgery were found not to affect postoperative morbidity and mortality. In contrast, a significantly lower rate of complications was observed in patients not undergoing gastric resection, in those who received 3 units or less of blood intraoperatively, and in subjects operated more recently (after 1990). At multivariate analysis the period when the operation was performed was the only independent variable that affected the immediate postoperative outcome. Among the examined factors, only the experience acquired over time regarding the intra- and perioperative treatment of these patients seems able to lower the rate of postoperative complications.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 1998 · World Journal of Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Apr 1998 · Gastroenterology

Publication Stats

3k Citations
361.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1979-2000
    • The Catholic University of America
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1987-1999
    • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
      • • Institute of Clinical and Surgical Therapy
      • • Institute of Special Surgical Pathology
      • • Dipartimento di Semeiotica Chirurgica
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1983-1999
    • Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1998
    • Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara
      Chieta, Abruzzo, Italy
  • 1996-1998
    • Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli
      Roma, Latium, Italy