[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This clinical case and the literature review show possible development of methemoglobinemia due to the use of local anesthetics, included in drugs for the gastrointestinal diseases treatment, in particular benzocaine, which is the methaemoglobin forming agent. These drugs are common and often taken by the patients themselves without any control. The aim of our paper is to draw the attention of physicians to the risk of the widely known drug administration which can be purchased without a prescription.
No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Ėksperimental'nai͡a i klinicheskai͡a gastroėnterologii͡a = Experimental & clinical gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study comprised a total of fifty-three patients after endured operations performed on the infrarenal portion of the aorta and large vessels of the lower extremities. The work was aimed at evaluating quality of postoperative analgesia in various regimens of multimodality analgesia based on non-narcotic analgesics. The following combinations of the drugs were used: ketoprofen + tramadol; lornoxicam + tramadol; paracetamol + tramadol; paracetamol + lornoxicam + tramadol. The use in the postoperative period of the above mentioned regimens of multimodality analgesics makes it/nmpfble to achieve a good analgesic effect without administration of narcotic analgesics. The inclusion of paracetamol into the postoperative multimodality analgesia results in a rapid onset of an analgesic effect and decreased requirements in prescribing tramadol. In patients running a high risk of an ulcerogenic effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, postoperative analgesia should be carried out based on paracetamol and tramadol whose combination appears to provide a beneficial analgesic effect.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Angiologii͡a i sosudistai͡a khirurgii͡a = Angiology and vascular surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Data of 53 patients, operated on infrarenal aorta and large vessels were analyzed. Different combinations of nonopioid drugs were compared, used postoperatively. These were: ketoprofen+tramadol; lornoxicam+tramadol; paracetamol+tramadol; paracetamol+lornoxicam+tramadol. All of the combinations provided good analgesic effect. Inclusion of paracetamol allowed faster pain relief and decrease of tramadol intake. In patients with an increased ulcer risk, postoperative analgesia should be based on paracetamol and tramadol.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-invasive lung ventilation (NILV) is one of the most up-to-date methods of respiratory support at acute respiratory failure (ASF). The study is devoted to evaluation of efficacy, safety and tolerance (comfort) of this treatment mode for the patient. NIVL was carried out in 483 patients divided into 5 groups against the leading etiopathogenetic development mechanism of ASF. The greatest success of NIVL was achieved in the groups of patients with acute left ventricle failure and respiratory failure with restrictive-like ventilation disturbances. The greatest frequency of complications was noted in groups of patients with acute parenchymatous lung damage and chronic obstructive lung disease. Use of NILV allows to improve gas exchange indices and mechanical property of lungs noticeably. This treatment mode is an efficacious and safe enough alternative to intubation of trachea in patients with ASF in resuscitation units of multiply-discipline surgical hospitals.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment results of 336 patients in critical state who had required prolonged (3-115 days) artificial pulmonary ventilation were analyzed. 3 groups were defined: 98 patients with complications after operations on thoracic and abdominal organs and organ failure development; 55 patients with surgical infection and sepsis; 183 patients with extensive burning injury III AB-IV degrees. Particular features of prolonged artificial pulmonary ventilation were studied. Optimum modes of respiratory therapy were determined. Frequency of complications was controlled.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of the balanced feeding formulas "Peptamen" and "Nutren" ("Nestle Swisse", Switzerland) on the immune status was studied in 30 patients immediately after pancreas surgery. 15 patients with full-fledged parenteral alimentation were controls. The catabolic trend of metabolic processes was detected in the early postoperative period. The use of "Peptamen" and "Nutren" inverts metabolism towards anabolism. Profound immunologic disorders were observed both in the cellular and humoral chains immediately after surgery. The early enteral feeding normalized, first, the immunity humoral chain (from the 1st postoperative day) and, then, the immunity cellular chain (by the 6th postoperative day).
No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · Anesteziologiia i reanimatologiia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-nine angiosurgical patients with disordered ventilation-perfusion correlations were examined. Effects of CMV (controlled mechanical ventilation) + PEEP (positive end expiratory pressure) and IRV (inverse ratio of ventilation) on gas exchange and hemodynamics of the lungs were studied. Gas exchange improved in all patients, but sooner in the CMV + PEEP group. CI increase was more pronounced in the IRV group.
No preview · Article · May 2002 · Anesteziologiia i reanimatologiia